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It would have been nice to convince him he should use his skills (and it didn’t take long to determine that he knew the Amiga inside and out) creating virus killers or games or just about anything other than viruses, but Pm not an evangelist or a psychologist, and I’m not vain enough to think that one phone conversation with me is going to change his thinking. I also got the impression that he wasn’t going to be sitting at his computer all day working on dozens of new and more devious viruses. 1 think this was a one- shot deal. He likes the Amiga for what it is (even with its problems) and hopes that viruses aren’t going to hurt future sales of the Amiga. Now, there isn’t any way to condone this person’s actions, but it is worth noting that perhaps it was not completely intentional. The creator of this virus may not be an evil vampire, sleeping by day; dreaming of ways to terrorize by night, but more of a Dr. Frankenstein whose creation gets out of control and starts terrorizing the local villagers. Yes, the result is the same. Either way, we local villagers get the short end of the stick. A lot of people, including many here at the AmigaWorld offices, are all set to sharpen die stakes, light the torches and head out for the castle. I’m not convinced that this will do much good at this point. The Byte Bandit isn’t the monster, the virus is, and it has come out of die lab and into the streets. We should be draping garlic on our windows, bolting the doors, and systematically destroying the viruses we encounter. A curious question occurred to me while going over all this. Have the Byte Bandit and the other virus creators broken any laws? They don’t sell their viruses. They aren’t stealing data. Is it vandalism? Perhaps it is equivalent to leaving- poisoned candy bars on a park bench. I’m not sure. So, what do we do about the mad scientists out there sewing together new creatures? The death penalty is a bit extreme, and doing nothing isn’t much of a deterrent either. Finding the creator of a virus is difficult, and in most cases, impossible. If you are curious about testing your own programming skills by writing a virus of your own, how about working on a virus killer instead. Tougher challenge, better result. On the constructive side, AmigaWorld is going to start compiling information about viruses and virus killers.
Click image to download PDF
U. SA. $ 3.95 Canada $ 4.50 UK £2.50 An IDGC J Publication
DELIVERS ULTIMATE GRAPHICS POWER
Bring the world into your Amiga with Digi-View, the 4096 color video digitizer. In seconds you can capture any photograph or object your video camera can see in full color and with clarity never before available on a home computer. Digi-View’s advanced I features include:
L •Dithering routines give up to I 100,000 apparent colors on screen I •NewTek's exclusive Enhanced Hold-and-Modify mode allows for exceptionally detailed images
• Digitize images in any number of colors from 2 to 4096
• Print, animate, transmit, store, or manipulate images with available IFF compatible programs
• Digitize in all Amiga resolution modes (320x200, 320x400, 640x200,
“Digi-View sets new standards for graphics hardware’Vn oWbr d
Digi-View is available now at your local
Amiga dealer or call: 1-913-354-1146 or 1-800-843-8934
ONLY $ 199.95
All photos actual unretouched Digi-View pictures shot directly off the 1080 Amiga monitor.
C-rcle 102 on Reader Service ca'd
During a recent wave of terrorism, bombs were planted throughout the famous buddings of the world. You, as leader of the crack bomb squad. Bomb Busters, have been summoned to defuse the bombs. Equipped with only a fet pack, you must fight your way through 100 levels on two disks and save the world
* 4 • 7,;: - •'*
But hurry,.. time is running out!
the freedom of their planet After years nf bitter fighting, the remnants of Lord Matrex's force gathered to face the final assault by the Tyran Deathbots.
You, as Lord Mantrex, must defeat the Tyrans and win back the freedom of Ganymei
Please rush me
@ $ 29.95 us($ 34.95
@ $ 29.95us($ 34.95
txp*> Date Signature
Please add 14.00 far stopping and handing Ontario residents please add 8% PSJ No C O D piease
Ready Soft Inc PO. Box 1222 Lewiston. N.Y. 14092
odore 5 a regi:
rk fcf Com
VOLUME 4, NUMBER 9
I i : Vi l R K 8
Ducks in a Row: A Roundup of Amiga Databases
By Guy Yvright and Barbara Gefvert ... . . “
If managing your data has been giving you fits, we’ll help you get all your duc ks in a row with our compendium of databases for the Amiga. We've got everything from simple file managers to sophisticated, fully relational data-management systems.
The Amiga Home Video Companion By Wayhnd w. strkkiand .....40
learning a few basic video-tilting procedures and video-graphics techniques will help you spice up your home movies with snappy titles and deceptively simple special effects.
The Big Picture By David T. McClellan ..... : "
Graphics programming in Modula-2 and C can be a great deal easier and more satislymg d you know how to use SuperBiiMap windows to scroll oversize images. And this tutorial and sample program listing will show you how.
Zeitgeist ..... 6
Was the mysterious caller who recently spoke with the editor really the infamous Byte Bandit, creator of a dread new Amiga virus?
BASIC By The Numbers By Bob Rya>, .. 20
Bob continues his forav into Amiga Basic animation with some more nifty collision-handling routines to help you keep the balls bouncing in the right direction.
INFO.PHILE By Bill Cat citings and Mark I. Van Name .. 56
Our info.phile “mini-series" on the new 1.3 version of AmigaDOS moves on to Episode 2 for a discussion of the numerous changes to existing CLI commands.
Repartee ...... 8
Reach out. . .and blast someone.
Eun and games at CES. . . Fighting back against the Byte Bandit. . .Big Video opening. . .
Killer Demo Contest.
HORS D’OEUVRES ....12
Keep those 11 ps and techniques coming!
Reviews .. 14
excellence! I ProNet and ProBoatd TV he Wedge D-fiO Parameter Editor. Caged Artist s
l) f)0 Editor I.ibrarian, and The D-30 Master Editor I.ibrarian Animation: Effects and Animation: Stand. Games: Emerald Mine
What’s New? 80
The fall line of Amiga products is out. And while we can’t tell whether hemlines are up or down, we do know that quantity and variety are on the rise.
Help Key ...86
Lou keeps fielding those technical questions like O .zie Smith fields ground balls at short.
Win an Amiga 2000!
Plus a Getaway Weekend for 2. This is it were at the third and final part uf Amiga World's Summer ’88 Treasure Hunt. Your last set of clues is waiting on page 62. If you’ve missed one or both of the previous legs, check out the “Contest Rules" to find out how to order- back issues.
COVER PHOTOGRAPH BY I'ACl. AX IS
Power user quality memory expansion meeting full Zorro I and Zorro II standards. 0, 1 2, I, and 2 megabyte or 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 megabyte boards in A1000 and A2000 formats.
One of the top 10 selling Amiga programs for 1987, Face II boosts floppy access speeds by as much as 12 fold. All Amigas. More than 512K suggested.
Industry standard daughter board interface. Hundreds of modules available. IEEE-488, A D, D A, DIO.
Parallel, servo, SCSI, bar code and MUCH more.
A1000 owners keep current with the 2000-and-] which provides Zorro I, Zorro 11 IBM and hard drive expansion for the A1000.
Also the Mini Rack family provides lower cost Zorro I compatibility.
A blend of shoot'em up action, strategic thinking, dozens of sounds and smooth animation make Cubemaster a well balanced and captivating game. All Amigas. Joystick suggested.
Because you get what you pay for. .. . . .get ASDG.
925 Stewart Street Madison, WI 53713
Guy Wright, Editor-in-chief SHAWN LAFLAMME, Managing Editor Robert . Ryan, Technical Editor Linda J. Barrett, Senior Editor Dan Sullivan, Senior Editor Barbara GEE-VERI; Review Editor
Bill Catchings, David T. McClfxlan,
Mark L. Van Name, Lou Wallace, Contributing Editors
HOWARD G. HAPP, Art Director ROGER Goode, Assistant Art Director
Anne Dillon, Designer
RUTH Benedict. Production Advertising Supervisor LAURA JOHNSON, Production Assistant
Kenneth Blakeman, Sales Manager Michael McGoldrick, Sales Representative Heather Paquette, PuU Lkmm Menu Sales, 1-800-441-4403
LINDA M, BUSSIERE, Advertising Coordinator GlORGIO SALUTE Manager, West Coast Sales 1-415-328-3470 DANNA CARNEY, Pull Down Menu Sales Assistant. West Coast 3350 W. Bayshore Road, Suite 201 Palo Alto, CA 94303
Margot L. Swanson, Secretary
WENDIE HAINES, Marketing Manager LAUR.A LIVINGSTON, Marketing Coordinator
BARBARA Harris, Business Manager LlSA LaELEUR, Customer Service Representative
MICHAEL S. PERUS, President CEO ROGER MURPHY, Vice-President General Manager Stephen Twombly, Vice President
DENNIS CHRISTENSEN, Director of Corporate Production LlNDA PALMISANO, Typesetting Manager
Doreen Means, Typographer
SUSAN Gross, Manufacturing Manager Leslie Walden, Assistant Manufacturing Manager
Frank S. Smith, Director of Circulation BONNIE Welsh, Circulation Manager PAUL RUESS, Direct Marketing Manager LlNDA Ruth, Newsstand Sales Michael Carroll, Direct Sales Manager soo-343-0728 William M. Boyer, Director of Credit Sales Collections
AmigaWorl t (ISSN 0883-2390) is an independent journal not connected with Commodore Business Machines. Inc. ArmgaWorUi is published monthly by 11)0 Communications Peterborough, Inc.. 80 Kim St.. Ivlerborough. NH 03458. U.S. subscription rate is $ 21.97. one year: 38.00. two sears: $ 33.0(1. three years. Canada S3-I.97 (U.S. funds), one year nnlv. Mexico $ 32.97. Foreign Surface $ 47,97. Foreign Airmail $ 82.97 (U S. funds drawn on U.S. bank). All rates are one-year only. Second class postage paid at Peterborough, NH, and at additional mailing offices. Phone: 003-9219471 Entire contents copyright 1988 by IIK1 Communications Peterborough, Inc. No part of this pub lication may be printed or otherwise reproduced without written permission from the publisher. Postmaster: Send address changes xnAmiguWbdd. Subscription Services. I’O Box 58801. Boulder, CO 80322-8804, Nationally distributed bv International Circulation DistribulorsAm nllbrfr makes even, el lort to assure the accuracy of articles, listings and circuits published m t)K. Maga inr AmignWbrtd as sumes no responsibility for damages due to errors or omissions.
Available for Amiga. Commodore 64, IBM PC, Apple llgs, and Alan ST. which are trademarks respectively of Commodore-Amiga. Commodore Electronics. Ltd.. International Business Machines, Apple Computer Inc., and Atari Inc.
Cinemaware Corporation, 4165 Thousand Oaks Blvd., Westlake Village, CA 91362
Conversation with a virus creator:
RETURNING FROM A meeting Iasi week, I got a message saying that someone had called claiming lo be the Bvte
Bandit. He would call back in exactly one hour and he would talk to no one except me. OK. I get calls from all sorts of people. At the top of the appointed hour, he called back.
He said that he had seen something in AmigaWorld about his virus, and he wanted to give us a temporary solution (see Notepad p. 10). It was a strange conversation for a number of reasons, and it has some strange implications. For one thing, I wasn't sure if this person really was the Byte Bandit, if his solution would really work, if he would hangup at any second, or, if he was the Byte Bandit, would his solution end up doing more harm than good? I decided that the more information I could get the better, and 1 might even learn something of value about viruses. We started talking about the reasons behind his creating a virus in the first place.
What was his thinking?
He said it was partly for fun. He said it was partly to see if he could do it. He said he can't stand A500 owners.
He said he was angry at Commodore tor coming out with the 500 and 2000 because it
was a wav for Commodore to
cheat the original Amiga 1000 designers out of royalties.
He said that at first it was a challenge for him to write a virus that was Install immune, but admits that it is not really a very clever piece of code. “It was never intended to get out. It was a mistake really. I wrote it for myself to see if I could do it and infected some of my own disks bv accident. A friend borrowed an infected disk and it was out. I was really amazed at how fast it spread. I had no idea. Plus, I know people who export stuff to Europe.. .Oh well.”
He doesn’t really think that it is a true virus either, because it has a “trap door” (in this case, a way around the “crash,” but in classic hacker parlance, a “trap door” is a way for the original designers of a system to bypass any and
It would have been nice to convince him he should use his skills (and it didn’t take long to determine that he knew the Amiga inside and out) creating virus killers or games or just about anything other than viruses, but Pm not an evangelist or a psychologist, and I’m not vain enough to think that one phone conversation with me is going to change his thinking. I also got the impression that he wasn’t going to be sitting at his computer all day working on dozens of new and more devious viruses. 1 think this was a one- shot deal. He likes the Amiga for what it is (even with its problems) and hopes that viruses aren’t going to hurt future sales of the Amiga.
Now, there isn’t any way to condone this person’s actions, but it is worth noting that perhaps it was not completely intentional. The creator of this virus may not be an evil vampire, sleeping by day; dreaming of ways to terrorize by night, but more of a Dr. Frankenstein whose creation gets out of control and starts terrorizing the local villagers.
Yes, the result is the same. Either way, we local villagers get the short end of the stick. A lot of people, including many here at the AmigaWorld offices, are all set to sharpen die stakes, light the torches and head out for the castle. I’m not convinced that this will do much good at this point. The Byte Bandit isn’t the monster, the virus is, and it has come out of die lab and into the streets. We should be draping garlic on our windows, bolting the doors, and systematically destroying the viruses we encounter.
A curious question occurred to me while going over all this. Have the Byte Bandit and the other virus creators broken any laws? They don’t sell their viruses. They aren’t stealing data. Is it vandalism? Perhaps it is equivalent to leaving- poisoned candy bars on a park bench. I’m not sure.
So, what do we do about the mad scientists out there sewing together new creatures? The death penalty is a bit extreme, and doing nothing isn’t much of a deterrent either. Finding the creator of a virus is difficult, and in most cases, impossible.
If you are curious about testing your own programming skills by writing a virus of your own, how about working on a virus killer instead. Tougher challenge, better result.
On the constructive side, AmigaWorld is going to start compiling information about viruses and virus killers. As soon as we can, we'll publish an article about virus killers. If you have heard about a good virus killer (or have written one yourself), then let us know
about it. If vou have encoun-
tered a new strain of virus, then let us know about that, too. All we can do is provide information. Eventually, we will try to set up a virus information BBS (or something like it) for the exchange of programs, ideas, information, whatever. If you have other ideas or suggestions, then let me know. Send everything to AmigaWorld Virus Killers, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458 (include your name, address, and phone number). If we use your material, your name will be printed in the magazine. Who knows, someday vou might be mentioned in the same breath with Pasteur and Salk.
Don’t limit your potential! Experience excellence!, a wordprocessor designed for your Amiga, with 250 available fonts, a Spell-As-You-Type 90,000+ word Dictionary, Grammatical Style Checker, Thesaurus, Index and Table of Contents generator, Headers, Footers and Footnotes! Sail through PostScript output, True WYSIWYG, automatic Hyphenation, Math, beautiful resizable Color Graphics, flexible Mail Merge, Columns and an easy-to-use Macro-Language making complex actions a breeze! The fastest wordprocessor
For your Amiga is the only one you’ll ever need! Have an excellence! Summer!
Micro- Systems Sottvore
Committed to excellence since 1978
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See your local dealer or call for an excellence! Brochure. Dealers Distributors contact Brown-Wagh 800 451-0900 (408 395-3838 in CA), Amiga is a registered trademark of Commodore Business Machines • PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc.
cxecellcnce! Is a registered trademark of Micro-Systems Software, Inc.
Circle 163 on Reader Service card
Comments, complaints, and concerns from AmigaWorld readers.
IN RECENT ISSUES of AmigaWorld, I’ve been reading complaints about the difficulty of telecommunicating [see Zeitgeist, April '88, p. 6 and Repartee, June '88, p. 10]. 1 enjoy telecommunicating, and I don’t consider myself a hacker at all!
I use a Mitac 2400BD modem and Micro Systems Software’s Online! Terminal program. I currently belong to CompuServe, PeopleLink, and various local boards, I use the hoards approximately three hours a week, and I keep my telecommunicating bill down to $ 20 a month. 1 was disappointed to see four letters in June’s Repartee complaining about lelecommunications, and none supporting it. Are all you people out there spoiled to the point that you can’t handle a little typing (or thinking)? Arc you the same people who complain about using the CLI?
Kenneth J. Howland Fra m it igh a m, MA
FRED KUHLMAN’S letter in your May ’88 issue sounded familiar [“Eat Agnus on the Loose,” Re[?artee. May ’88, p. 10]. I’ve been trying to get my
500 fixed since Christmas. My
Fat Agnus chip burned out after six weeks of light use, I took the little monstrosity to a repair shop and waited four months for Commodore to send a replacement chip. The shop had ten other Aniigas hanging around waiting for the same chip. Ten! After waiting all that time, my replacement chip burned out after only six or eight hours of use.
The store where I purchased my Amiga has stopped carrying Commodore equipment because they can never gel through to Commodore, or get any help from them. The shop where I’m taking it this time to get it fixed (I hope) is planning on dropping Commodore for the same reasons.
I spent over SI500 on my Amiga setup. I have much better uses for that cash than off- white plastic sculpture. The Amiga has turned me right off home computers, and if I can unload it and recover some of my loss, I think Fll stay away from them all from now on.
If it takes them months to come through with another replacement chip, or if the new one bites the dust, or if the shop decides they can’t fix this turkey, I think it will be time to talk to some consumer groups about Commodore.
John E. Payne Franklin Lakes, NJ
IN RESPONSE TO Fred Little’s attack on Timothy Leary [“Bronx Cheers for Dr. Tim,” Repartee, July ’88, p. 8], it is
the drug laws that are responsible for more deaths than all drugs combined.
Dr. Leary’s work with LSD, when it was legal, was responsible for reducing the recidivism rate of prisoners in the Massachusetts penal system by some 85%. Leary’s current position in advocating altered states via computer devices shows a most enlightened approach. Dr. Ijeary may just be entering his “prime”!
May the Peace of the Cosmic Abide With You. I am
Master of the Unheard of Brooklyn, NY
Br ain Drain in U.S.
RFC A RDIN G A miga World's Summer '88 Treasure Hunt, I suggest that next time you do a contest, make it a little more worth the reader’s while. In the three months that 1 would be wasting on your infantile little game, 1 could get a fulltime job, earn enough money to buy an Amiga 2000 with hard drive, 2400-baud modem, IBM Bridgeboard, and a library of software, plus go on a weekend trip with my girlfriend to Hawaii, and have enough money left over to make three month’s worth of payments on a new Ferrari. This contest is a cheap trick to sell a few more copies of AmigaWorld.
I believe you would make more money if you made the Treasure Hunt easier to win.
As it is, very few people will even bother to play the game. If you made the game open to people who are on a sub-genius level, I think you would sell more copies, if that’s what you’re trying to do. Clue 1 is a good example of what I mean [see Part One of the Treasure Hunt, July ’88, p. 61]. If you had made the clues more clear, 1 think you would sell a lot more copies. No one will win this game unless he knows all the answers to all the questions, and I doublt if there is a single mind in the entire U.S. (or a single library, for that mailer) that contains all that information, [italics ours] Next time, make it a little more worth the reader’s time. Otherwise, you’ll end up with a hidden Amiga 2000 with no one to find it, and a pair of expired plane tickets. That may still happen if I am speaking for the majority of readers, Adam Kortepeter Skill man, NJ
Thanks, Adam, for your endorsement of our Treasure Hunt. We hope your fellow Ami ga Worl cl readers will he inspired to take up the challenge and go further than Glue 4. By the way. We’ll let you know how many correct solutions we receive at the end of the contest.
Send your letters to: Repartee, AmigaWorld Editorial, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. Letters may be edited for space and clarity. ¦
GODZILLA MEETS DAN
YOU WANT LIVE ACTION, FAST MOTION AND SPECIAL EFFECTS, AND YOU WANT IT
ALL AT ONCE. INVISION GIVES IT TO YOU
Compiled by Linda Barrett
Game for the Challenge
FOR A FEW days this summer, Chicago became Fun town, USA. I lie Consumer Electronics Show was in town, chock full of new Amiga games.
Rainbird blasted off with Star- glider 2. T he seas arc thick with missies, too, as Carrier Command puts you in control of a futuristic battle cruiser. Rain- bird also premiered Enlightenment, an arcade game. Black
Lamp, a medieval romp, and the Universal Military Simulator.
Interplay made chess a contact sport in Battle Chess, which lets the pieces act out their aggressions.
Microlllusions’ booth was bursting at the seams with the long-anticipated Music-X, Photon Video: Cell Animator, and Transport Controller, and several new games. Craps Academy gives you a list of buzz words so you can sound cool while you shoot. Mainframe gives von the job of destroying the crazed TriComplcx III computer. In Turbo, you streak around in a race car avoiding and exploding obstacles.
Broderbund demonstrated the official version of Star Wars and its upcoming animation program, Fantavision.
Arcade-fans should enjoy Konami’s Contra and Rush N' Attack, Capcom’s Street Fighter, and Taito’s Bubble Bobble, Operation Wolf, Rastan, Renegade, and Sky Shark.
Sierra unfolded new chapters in its Quest series: King’s Quest 4: The Perils of Rosella, Police Quest 2: The Vengeance, and Space Quest 2: The Pirates of Pestulon. Manhunter: New York casts you as a reluctant agent for hideous aliens. In Leisure Suit Larry 2, the lounge lizard is still alter his dream girl.
In Cinema ware's Lords of the Rising Sun. you try to become the supreme ruler, the Shogun, in 12th-century Japan. Closer to home, TV Sports Football features individual and team statistics and plenty of action on the field.
In Psygnosis’ Aquaventura, you jet through a dangerous underwater landscape, while Psy- clapse places you in a futuristic spacecraft.
F. pyx added to the pot with simulat ions ranging from Street Sports Football to Final Assault. The Games: Summer Edition continues the quest for the gold.
Virgin Gaines tried to tempt board-game enthusiasts with adaptations of Risk, Scruples, and Scrabble.
DataSoff s Cosmic Relief casts von as one of five detectives who must find a crazed scientist. Paragon's Twilight Ransom pits you against the underworld of Liberty City.
IfCES was any indication, you had belter limber up your joystick. T he fun has just begun.
Marshal M. Rosenthal
The Creator Is the Killer
A MAN IDENTIFYING himself as the Byte Bandit recently called AmigaWorld and revealed an escape hatch in his infamous Byte Bandit virus (see "Quarantine the Bandit," p. 14, in the June '88 issue of AmigaWorld). Although his virus appears to crash your Amiga, the machine is not really dead, and you can salvage its RAM,
When your system locks up, press the five keys at the bottom of your keyboard In order from the left. The exact sequence is:
LEFT-ALT, LEFT-AMIGA, SPACE BAR, RIGHT-AMIGA, RIGHT-ALT This should bring your computer back to life for awhile. Quickly save any work in progress, close up all your activities
and turn the computer off. Reboot your system with a virus-klller program, destroy the virus on the infected disk, and then turn your computer back off again (otherwise the Byte Bandit virus will infect the virus-killer disk).
The five-key sequence will restore your Amiga every time the Byte Bandit virus strikes, but you should destroy the virus as soon as possible and notify whoever gave you the infected disk. Unlike the Swiss Cracking Association (SCA) virus, which you can eradicate by running INSTALL on the infected disk, the Byte Bandit virus rewrites the INSTALL command, so it is INSTALL-immune. You must destroy it with a virus -killer program, not merely a fancy INSTALL program. You will find several commercial programs and many virus killers in the public domain that should work.
Remember, this should work only on the Byte Bandit virus. As we do not have any infected disks at the offices, we could not test the cure ourselves. It may not even work at all, but anything that might save a day’s work from destruction is worth a try. GSW
The Honor of the BADGE
THE BAY AREA Amiga Developers GroupE (BADGE) wants you to show off for its second annual Killer Demo Contest. You can enter only one demo, so decide if your expertise lies in the custom programs or tool-based demos (Anim) class. Your program should run under the 1.3 operating system from Workbench or the CL! Cm all Kickstart-supported processors. Demos should return all memory and not write to disk. All entries must he freely redistrib- utable, as BADGE will send the best submissions to Fred Fish for his public-domain library. See Fred Fish disks 112-127 for last
Before sending a disk, you need to submit a letter of intent by September 15, 1988. BADGE must receive entries by September
29, 1988. No entry fee is required, but a five-dollar donation will buy you a floppy disk of the three best demos and a list of all entries. Final judging will take place at the October 20, 1988 meeting of the Bay area Amiga Developers GroupE. Everyone present at the meeting will he eligible to vote. BADGE will award at least nine prizes (cash, hardware, and software), but the exact prizes and their corresponding categories have yet to he announced. For a complete list of prizes, technical qualifications, suggestions, and judging procedures, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to: BADGE Killer Demo Contest, c o Randy Spencer, PO Box 4542, Berkeley, CA 94704, or call 415 222-7595 (voice) or 415 222-9416 (BBS). LJB
THE LONG DISPARATE worlds of computers and video were united this June at the grand opening of RGB Computer and Video Creations’ new store in Palm Beach Gardens, FL. Known for its Deluxe Help software series, the company has branched into the retail and post-production video businesses.
Several company representatives were on hand to help RGB celebrate and to show their wares. C Ltd demonstrated its hard drives, along with a newly released 300-dots-per-inch laser scanner and printer. Hash Enterprises showed Animatlon:Apprentice
3. 0 and the Animation:Multiplane digital compositor, a new program that lets you layer animations created by one or more programs into a single animation. Commodore liaisons discussed the new one-megabyte Fat Agnus coprocessor under development, as well as the 1.3 versions of Kickstart and Workbench. From the video side, VideoMedia displayed its
V-LAN animation controller in a double demo with Panasonic's AG-7500 Super VHS video tape recorder.
In lieu of representatives, some companies let the products speak for themselves. From Mimetics came the AmiGen genlock and the Frame Buffer, which can grab a color freeze frame of live video and display 16.7 million colors. Sci-Tech also supplied a prototype of its Y C Genlock. Computer System Associates (CSA) displayed the 68020 turbo board with Kickstart 1.3 in ROM. For three-dimensional fanatics, Haitex Resources sent a pair of X-Specs 3D glasses. To keep operations stable, version 3.0 of
G. O.M.F. was on hand, trapping Guru Meditation errors.
RGB will add several Deluxe Help packages to their own software line, including one for AmigaDOS 1.3.
Behind the bustle of the retail store are the editing suites, with both Super VHS format and J 4-inch equipment. Via software developed by RGB
Computer & Video Creations, an Amiga 2000 acts as an A B roll editing controller for the post-production service. An Amiga 500 provides character and logo generation. One of the facility’s unique features is the ability to transfer single-frame animations from Amiga software to videotape.
You can send your compressed animation files by disk or modem. Send your files and questions to RGB Computer & Video Creations, 3944 Florida Blvd., Suite 102, Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410, 407 622-0138 (BBS line, 407 622-7049).
Hints, tips, and techniques from your fellow Amiga users.
BASIC Subroutine Names
WHEN1 PROGRAMMING IN Amiga Ba-
sic, all of inv subroutine names clearly
define the operation of that subroutine. For example:
CALCULATED IVISIONSTANDINGS: INPUTDIVISIONNUM:
Now all of my GOSUBs make sense. The only drawback I have encountered, especially in a long source, is listing by subroutine name. Typing things like "LISTCALCULATEWINLOSSRECORDS” gets very tedious with debugging and enhancing. My solution to this is to alphabetize the subroutines as I type them in and precede each group with its letter of the alphabet. Then, LIST C gets me as close as I need to be.
I SEEM TO remember reading somewhere that if you use the CLI FILENOTE command on a file, it is there for life (unless you use COPY, in winch case the comment is dropped) and can only be viewed from the CLI. Well, that ain’t so.
It turns out that these comments are also visible from the Workbench.
First, under the CLI: you can assign a comment to a file by using the FILENOTE command, w'hich has this format:
FILENOTE FILE A, COMMENT A:
You should know w'hat to use for FILE (note that the A indicates that the parameter must be supplied). For COMMENT, use any text comment that you want. If the comment has spaces in it, then you must enclose the comment in quotes (e.g., “This is a test”). Now, to remove that comment, you have to supply double quotes (" ”) for the COMMENT A parameter. If you simply want to change the comment, just enter the command normally using your new' comment (you need not erase the previous comment).
Second, under Workbench: this method will work with any file that is represented with an icon on the Workbench. If you select the icon and use the Workbench menu option Info, you will see assorted information displayed about the file. One of these happens to be a file comment. If you put a comment on a file under the CLI, then look at that file using its icon on the Workbench as I’ve described, you’ll see the same comment in the comment box that you saw under the CLI. Of course, you can get rid of the comment or change it here as well, although it requires several steps. Whether you change or delete the comment from the Workbench, you must select the Save gadget at the bottom of the Info requester to save the updated information; otherwise, it will stay the same. A quick keyboard shortcut for clearing the comment box is to press and hold the right Amiga key and press the X key. If you want to erase the comment, do this, then select the Save gadget. When you go back into the CLI and use the LIST command, the comment will be gone.
Greg Epley Lexington, NC
PC BASIC Programs On Amiga
MICROSOFT BASICA AS used on the IBM PC is very similar to Amiga Basic (also written by Microsoft), so it is often possible to run BASICA programs on the Amiga with little or no modification.
The problem has been transferring the programs from 5.25-inch IBM disks to the 3.5-inch Amiga disks. With the PC
Utilities on the 1.2 Extras disk, this has become much easier.
If you have a BASICA program on an MS-DOS disk, first save a copy in ASCII format on the MS-DOS disk. The BASICA command to accomplish this is SAVE “ProgName’ A. Next, use the PC Utility copy program on the Extras disk to transfer the ASCII file to vour Amiga
disk. You can now load the file on the Amiga disk into Amiga Basic, edit it if necessary and run it.
Of course, you must have a 5.25-inch disk drive to read MS-DOS disks. Commodore’s 1020 drive, sold for use with the Transformer, is ideal for the task.
Theodore V. Brown Hyde Park, NY
More Workbench Space
HERE IS A simple tip to give you more room on your Workbench disk. The directory FONTS contains numerous font description files and directories. Most users will not need more than one or tw-o fonts. Delete the unused files (that have a .font suffix) and the corresponding directory. Be sure to retain your default font. For those who have not altered the default font from the original disk, the default is topaz, so be sure to retain topaz.font and the directory SYS:FONTS TOPAZ, as wrell as the contents of SYS:FONTS TOPAZ. Deleting all but the topaz font information will return approximately 185 blocks, or 10% of the total disk space.
If you have an idea you’d like to share with our readers, send it to Hors d’oeuvres,
Amiga World Editorial, SO Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. If your idea gets published, you 'll receive an AmigaWorld surprise gift, fl
You Can t Buy Time.
You can't buy time, but you can save it if you have the right tools. WordPerfect Corporation’s latest creation for the Amiga is WordPerfect Library a collection of integrated programs to organize your appointments, notes and files. Whether you’re a home manager or an office manager. Library was made for you.
Calendar keeps track of your daily schedule and will remind you of important appointments by sounding preset alarms. From your Calendar, you can print a daily list of appointments, notes, and things to do. Accomplishing is easier when you can chart your progress on paper, and Calendar lets you do just that.
At home, you’ll want to use Nofebook to organize important information. Addresses, phone numbers, recipes, home fix-it instructions, even decorating ideas can be easily soiled and accessed according to your instructions.
Notebook is every bit as practical in the business world. You can organize your telephone files in various ways: alphabetically, according to area code, or using any other factor you choose. Lists of clients and associates, too, are easily collected and categorized. All Notebook files are saved in WordPerfect format for easy transfer to WordPerfect documents.
Calculator; as you might guess, calculates. You can choose any of its financial, programming, and scientific functions. You might, for example, create a payment plan for a home or car
loan, or calculate the future value of a savings bond. The scientific calculator can also help students, since logarithms, exponents, and trigonometry are among its functions.
Of course, Calculator is us valuable in the office as it is at home. You can access the Calculator without exiting your document, and then save your current state in Calculator. When you flip back to your document, your calculation remains intact for easy reference.
The list of Library’s features goes on and on. File Manager helps you arrange, mark, edit, and print your files. Program Editor, with powerful features like hex edit and multiple block functions, lets vou see and edit the codes behind your documents,
WordPerfect Library for the Amiga is now shipping. Save yourself some time by looking into it; you’ll be glad you did. You can learn more about Library by contacting your local dealer or
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WordPerfect is a registered trademark and WordPerfect Lii>niry i> a trademark of WordPerfect Corporation. All other brand and product names art* trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Does it live up to its name?
AS THE SECOND heavy-weight word processor on the market, excellence! Had time to learn from WordPerfect’s (WordPerfect Corp.) deficiencies. It has a raft of professional features and a true “Amiga feel." With their Amiga-born champion, excellence!, Micro-Systems Software hopes to slay the giant, or at least put a dent in its armour.
Excellence! Is so easy to learn and use that on the surface it does not appear to have the same power as its rival. A quick glance at the package tells you otherwise. Excellence! Offers PostScript-prime! Support. Up to eight print-and-display colors, automatic index and table of contents generation, IFF graphics support within
Excellence! Comes with two non-copy- protected disks, a Workbench disk and a program disk. The Workbench disk contains the hard disk installation program that works perfectly, as long as you add the omitted ASSIGN statements described in the manual. If you are using the 512K version, excellence! Hoots up in two-color mode; sliders let you adjust the colors. The one-megabyte version hoots in four-color mode. On startup, a scrolling message gives you updates and errata. Unfortunately, it takes about five minutes to display. You can disable the message, but you must read it once for the instructions. A Read_Me file would have been nicer.
Flic excellence! File requester system helps speed operations. You don’t have to wait for the program to list an entire directory before you indicate a new
drive or subdirectory to search. By default the requester lists only document files, but mouse clicks instruct it to display picture files or all files. If you see a file you want before the director}' is finished, just double-click and that file loads. For an accurate record of your writings, each directory listing includes the date and time the file was last saved.
Before or after you commit your words to the screen, you can adjust the display and output. The page setup requestor lets you adjust the document’s format one to four columns, page size, pitch, header, footer, right and left margins, page numbering and more. You can adjust the default colors, choose between interlaced and non-interlaced modes, and specify whether the screen flashes as ?
Documents, up to four text columns per page, mathematical operations on columns of numbers, multiple headers and footers, super- and subscripts, footnotes, math functions, a 70,000-word thesaurus with synonyms and antonyms, a 90,000- word spelling checker that monitors your document continuously or reads it all at once, a grammar checker, mail merge, programmable macro keys, full mouse and keyboard support, and more.
tUi W Jim: it treats
eaefs picture as one
and crop, even
The manual is clear, well structured, and contains many illustrations. The on- disk example files help you understand the written instructions. Hard disk owners will need help sifting through the BOO plus pages, because critical installation information is buried near the end.
The documentation’s remaining flaws are of omission; the index could he more extensive, and the Preview Page mode, among other things, is never described. From the manual it is a simple step to using the program. This page uses only fonts provided on the excellence! Disk; you can add others.
Publishing Partner Professional,™ designed to be better than the desktop publishing “standard.”
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Publishing Partner Professional
We think desktop publishing should be enjoyable. Our user interface reflects this have fun! And, if you need help, look in the manual, it even has an index!
Your text will flow automatically around any irregular-shaped graphics giving a very professional look quickly.
A picture tells a thousand words so who needs words?
They knew these functions are essential but leading only down to 1 2 a point?
Create crisp-looking, readable paragraphs. You can, with our auto- ......
hyphenation, auto kerning, user definable kerning pairs, and auto- .::. ‘ ‘ v ‘ jt ' ~
leading control all in increments down to 1 3600th of an inch! . T
Import those beautiful Amiga graphics from virtually any art
program and print them in color or shades of gray. Or you can draw them as you go with our complete graphics toolbox.
Hopefully you are a good speller.
And, if you spell something wrong, the spell checking feature will find it for you, saving you time and perhaps embarrassment.
It is vitally important to support word processors and they knew this._
They also realized that if the printer support is weak, why bother?
Do it right the first time.
Import from most all word processors including those with ASCII or IFF text formatting or have them running in the background.__
We include drivers for virtually every printer, dot matrix or laser at no extra charge. So, now, you can create beautiful documents using the printer you already own.___
Need to change a word in one place or throughout the document? Our search and replace feature will make it quick and easy for you. _
It would sell better if they did.
It will always look great quickly, using our premade style sheets. Or, do it yourself wrth the tag and master page system.
If you are average, the range of 4 to 127 points one point at a time should suffice.
You are very precise and you need flexibility, so our font point size range is from 1 50th of a point to 1.310 points in 1 50th of a point increments! And, we use scalable fonts so no jaggies!
You can view your document in only the five different ways they have picked for you.
You can view your document in 50%, full width, full page, multiple page, actual size, or 200%, or set your own between 15 and 999%!
They too, know that professionals don't cheat. Facing pages only please.
We don't copy protect.
You can open multiple windows with different documents or different pages and go from one to the other editing as you go.
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well as beeps when an error occurs. Upon startup, you can set the default drives and load predefined macro-keys (glossaries).
Carriage returns, special characters (like soft hyphens), and dotted lines for margin boundaries are hidden until you specify the proper mode. The Page Preview mode shows how an entire document will look on paper. In interlaced mode you can read the document, but in non-interlaced the mock up is just to give you the overall effect.
You can open multiple document windows, then cut and paste between documents. Text is displayed in typical Amiga word-processor fashion with the screen topped by front-to-back gadgets and a ruler that shows margins, justification, tabs, indents, and line spacing. You can even hide the ruler or copy it to other parts of the document. Line spacing and font size are measured in points; everything else is done either in inches or centimeters. The zoom gadget is a handy addition for working with multiple windows. Shrink the window and click the zoom gadget; the window opens to fill the screen. Click the gadget again and the window reduces to the smaller size.
You move around a document using drag bars, arrow kevs, and mouse clicks.
T he pointer will disappear when vou start typing and reappear when vou move the mouse. Cutting, pasting, and copying are accomplished by highlighting text and using the menu items or keyboard equivalents. To revert to a previous idea, you can use the Undo Typing selection, and, if you change your mind again, Redo Typing will undo the Undo Typing changes. If you mess things up, retreat to the disk files with the Revert To Saved and Revert To Backup options.
As usual, you can customize text with underlining, bold, italics, super- and subscript, and. In addition, choose foreground and background colors. Headers and footers occupy their own windows; you can place multiple headers that show date, time, and page number, and even display different information for even- and odd-numbered pages. You can force page breaks, insert soft hyphens, or let excellence! Take care of hyphenation for vou. At any time, you can flag a word or sentence as an index or table-of-con- tcnts entry; when you finish the document. Excellence! Will generate an index or table of contents.
Id make your document’s presentation as slick as its contents, you can use as many as 120 fonts at a time, depending on your RAM, You choose fonts in the standard fashion with one exception. When you start excellence!, it searches the disk for fonts and then adds them to the Font menu. If it finds more than one column’s worth of fonts, the program adds another column of choices to the pull-down menu. If you are working in one font and return to a previous section of the document that uses another font, excellence! Reverts automatically to the proper font.
You can include low-, medium-, and high-resolution IFF graphics within your document. You can scale and dip pictures, and except for the fact that you cannot search and replace them, excellence! Treales graphics like any other character.
To polish your text, use the spelling checker. On one-megabyte Amigas you can load the 90,0000-word dictionary into RAM and retain normal speed, but on 512K machines you will notice typing delays. For esoteric terms, vou can build dictionaries that are limited only by disk space and memory,
T he thesaurus will give you synonyms and antonyms. You can highlight a word in the svnonvm list, ask for svnonyins for
J j 7
it, and so on, deeper and deeper in the levels. Both thesaurus and dictionary can be active simultaneously. Unfortunately, excellence! Has no keyboard equivalents for clicking on thesaurus or dictionary options like Find and Guess.
When you finish your document, the grammar checker will search for a selection of common errors such as misused words, punctuation errors, double words, clumsy or awkward phrases, and so on. It displays the number of problems, the document's reading level, and statistics such as total sentences and words, number of sentences using passive voice, and more. To put your manuscript in some sort of perspective, the program then compares the prose to a Hemingway short story, the Gettysburg Address, and a life insurance policy: A series of graphs depict the reading levels, words per sentence. Use of passive tense, and so on for the four documents. A major drawback is that the grammar checker does not work with lair-sized documents on a 512K machine. I got an out-of-memory error at four pages. Be warned: As the manual points out. The grammar checker is not an English teacher, copy editor, or a crutch to be relied upon. "It ain’t got real swell smarts. II ya know what 1 means.” The preceding quote passed the checker’s tests without a hitch.
The Final Grade
My first impressions are that excellence! Is the kind of word processor Tcxcraft was meant to be and WordPerfect should have been. It is very easy to use and vet has the power and flexibility to handle just about any word-processing task.
After using excellence! For a while, 1 have a few reservations about the program. It has no glaring problems, just minor quirks that probably could have been cleaned up with a few hours more of work. T he hard disk installation routine. Some incompatibilities with Text- craft files, and a few minor, yet annoying, bugs here and there make excellence! Less than it could have been. The speed could also be improved, especially when you are inserting new text in a document. I kept typing ahead of the program, even at a moderate pace. You need one megabyte or more to take full advantage of all features.
While there is still room for improvement, excellence! Is definitely a top-of- the-line word processor that ranks with the best. When battling with the other giant, excellence! Has enough going for it to put up a good light,
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Put a trace on that board.
By Douglas E. Reich
INDEPENDENTLY OR IN concert, Pro- Net and Pro-Board help you design electronic printed circuit boards (PC! ?
‘EXPLORE LECE 9 EW ‘WORLD
You’ve heard the words. You probably know a bit about what they mean, too. You might associate them with white coats, Russian accents and shiny silver robots. What you might not know is that you can explore AI on your Amiga.
MAGELLANtm by Emerald Intelligence offers performance and interface features UNAVAILABLE on the IBM-PC*, PS 2* or Apple Macintosh*. It was designed, developed and tested on the AMIGA lor the AMIGA.
MAGELLAN turns your AMIGA into a powerful knowledge engineering workstation. It simplifies some of the complexities of artificial intelligence by using the power of the AMIGA. It is advanced enough to be simple.
The AMIGA’s unique capabilities to support inexpensive desktop video, desktop publishing, audio voice synthesis, extended memory, networking and high-resolution graphics make it ideal for advanced artificial intelligence development. Advanced to the state of being useful, not a graduate-school curiosity. Advanced enough to interface with the real world, and get to work. Advanced enough to be useful.
Use MAGELLAN to capture the expertise of your best salesperson, to help junior salespeople “learn the ropes”. Build a system to diagnose sick AMIGA's and prescribe repair procedures. Weigh purchasing options in your job or at home. Evaluate performance of the hockey team. Drive animations with rules of behavior of the “actors” or objects. Create original computer art and music. Add real artificial intelligence to games to take them to the edge.
Best of ail. Use MAGELLAN to write programs. No BASIC, no “C”, no compiler, no linking, no waiting. No kidding. With programs written with rules, changes can be made interactively like BASIC] but much, much more efficiently. People don’t think in flow charts, or “C” language structures or little curly brackets or parentheses. People think in terms of “IF THEN”. As a child your mother would say “If you take that cookie, then I’ll . , .” Rules like this are how people work, how people decide. This is how computers will be programmed by our children.
Welcome artificial intelligence to the real world, ExDlore MAGELLAN.
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* IBM-PC, PS 2 arc registered trademarks of International Business Machines, Inc. *Apple Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer Corp. * AMIGA is a registered trademark of Commodore Business Machines, Ltd.
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purposes change depending on the mode you are in. Click on the gadgets with the mouse or press the corresponding function keys. Above these gadgets is a line for instructions, helpful hints, error messages, and text entry. You can display the X and Y coordinates of your pointer and set the origin's (0,0) position. The Help key provides a list of hot keys that toggle various functions. For a larger perspective, you can zoom out to an expanded view of the circuit.
boards). Together, they can take an electronic circuit from the concept to the point where the manufacturing machinery takes over. In between, these object- oriented CAD programs semi-automate much of the documentation and electrical checks and balances necessary for a successful design.
I he display is similar for both mouse- driven programs. Across the bottom of the screen are ten gadgets called “Intelligent Function Keys” whose labels and
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The programs use color to associate and differentiate the elements of the schematic diagrams and PC boards, such as devices, lines, and signal names. The screen colors are fixed, but well chosen, and this consistency helps you to keep track of what is displayed. Both programs operate in interlaced mode onlv, so be prepared for flicker.
The minimum one megabyte of RAM is sufficient for a moderate-size circuit, hut PC boards larger than 8x 12 inches require more memory. None of the disks are copy protected, and you can install the programs on a hard disk with the included script files.
The programs will output directly to an Epson-compatible printer, Hewlett- Packard (7475A, 7570A) or Houston Instruments (695, 695A, DMP-41, 42. 51.
52, 56) plotters (A through E size), an I IPGL-compatible laser printer (AST, I I. and so on), or create an ASCII file for a Gerber-compatible photo plotter. You can limit output to individual layers or any combination of a hoard's layers.
Pro-Net (PROfessional NET list generator) is a schematic capture program for creating schematic diagrams of electronic circuits. Pro-Net also creates a net list (i.e., an ASCII file that lists all the connections between the devices on the diagram). You can call a large number of popular electronic components from the existing libraries of standard I I I.,
MT I L (military), MOS, VLSI (microprocessors, and so on), and Discrete devices (resistors, capacitors, memories). If you don't find the device you need, you can use graphic symbols or CAD-type tools to add devices to the libraries or modify existing ones. If you enter the electrical current characteristics, I O type, and pin numbers of each pin, the program will check the entire circuit for overloads and contention between outputs. By entering the total power consumption of a device, you can calculate the size of the power supply needed to drive the board. For on-screen references that will not be printed, simply specify text and graphics as hidden.
Before you begin to draw, you must select the size of the page and scale of the template for all pages. To create a schematic diagram, type in a device name (such as 74LS138), position the symbol
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Obliteraior is a new and very exciting product from Psygnosis, which takes full advantage of the features of the Commodore Amiga and Atari ST. whilst supporting the full range of 68000. 68010 and 68020 processors.
When compared to Psygnosis's previously released animated graphic adventure - Barbarian, the player will find over 100 separate locations within the products three-dimensional play- field. The effect ot the detail and complexity of the graphics must be seen to be fully appreciated.
Two other features which Psygnosis have added to this product are a "Save Game” facility and stunning music and amazing sound effects.
All this should combine to make for yet another award winning product from Psygnosis.
OBLITERATOR $ 39.95
Other Psygnosis Titles Terrorpods $ 3
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BASIC By The Numbers
Learning to juggle GELs is simply a matter of finding the right handle.
By Bob Ryan
Two for One
BESIDES BEING ABLE to handle ob- ject-border collisions, Amiga Basic can also handle collisions between different objects. The foliowing program, a modification to the one in ft46, demonstrates this point. Once again, I use the Ball object from the Extras:BasicDemos drawer. This time, however, I use a variation of the OBJECT.SHAPE statement to make a duplicate of Ball and then set both objects In motion. Here's the listing:
OPEN “Ball" FOR INPUT AS OBJECT.SHAPE 1, INPUTS(L0F(1),1) CLOSE 1
OBJECT.SHAPE 2, 1
OBJECT.X 1, 30 OBJECT.Y 1, 30 OBJECT.VX 1, 40 OBJECT.VY 1, 30
OBJECT.X 2, 500 OBJECT.Y 2, 150 OBJECT. VX 2, - 30 OBJECT.VY 2, - 40
ON COLLISION GOSUB c_handler COLLISION ON
OBJECT.ON x = 1
WHILE x = 1 OBJECT.START
REM check for correct window wind = COLLISlON( -1)
IF wind > 1 THEN REM Rule 1 bad window id REM end program x - 0 RETURN END IF
REM check for id of object j = COLLISION )
IF j > 1 OR j > 2 THEN REM Rule 2 bad object id REM end program x = 0 RETURN END IF
REM what did j collide with? H = COLLISION(j)
REM hit other object IF h = 1 or h = 2 THEN
REM Rule 3 reverse direction REM of bumped object OBJECT.VX h, - OBJECT.VX(h) OBJECT.VY h, -OBJECT.VY(h) count = count + 1 IF count = 10 THEN
REM Rule 3A quit program REM after ten object REM collisions x = 0 END IF RETURN END IF
REM hit one of the sides Ifh=-2orh--4 THEN REM Rule 4 reverse x-direction REM of object
OBJECT.VX j, - OBJECT.VXfl) RETURN END IF
REM hit top or bottom IF h = -1 or h= -3 THEN REM Rule 5 reverse y-direction REM of object
OBJECT.VY j, - OBJECT.VY(j) RETURN END IF
REM hit nothing, something is weird REM Rule 6 get out! X = 0 RETURN
Line four of the program demonstrates the alternate form of the OBJECT.SHAPE statement. This form makes a copy of an already defined object (Object 1), and defines the copy as another object (Object 2). The program then gives the initial positions and veloc
ities to the objects before setting them in motion and watching for collisions.
Because this program handles ob- ject-object collisions as well as ob- ject-window collisions, it has a more complex collision-handling routine than the one I used last month. You should think of a collision-handling routine as a set of rules that govern what happens when a collision occurs. I lay out my rules in the routine c handler. The first rule says that if the collision did not occur in my output window, then it’s time to quit because something is wrong. The second rute says that if it was not one of my objects involved in the collision, then once again quit the program.
Rule 3 states that if the object collides with another object, the second object gets both its x- and y- direction reversed. Rule 3A states that after 10 object-object collisions, the program ends.
Rules 4 and 5 cover object-border collisions. Rule 4 reverses the x-di- rection of objects that collide with one of the sides; Rule 5 reverses the y-direction of objects that collide with the top or bottom of the window. Rule 6 is a catchall; if none of the other rules have been applied by this point, something is wrong and the program ends. ?
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Discovery Software International products are available at your favorite retailer.
Call 1-800-34-AMIGA for details. Arkanoid. $ 29.95. ZOOM! $ 29.95. Prices may vary.
Discovery Software International, Inc., 163 Conduit Street, Annapolis, MD 21401. 301-268-9877.
Arkanoid and ZOOM! Are compatible with any AMIGA TM model. AMIGA TM is the registered trademark of Commodore-Aroiga, Inc, j n_» tj. Are registered trademarks of Taito America Corporation. *1987 Taito America Corporation.
Taito- and Arkanoid'
All rights reserved. *1987 Discovery Software International. Inc.
Save the Clippings
WHEN YOU RESIZE the output window of the program above, you will notice that the objects don’t bounce off the new borders of your window; instead, objects continue to bounce off the old borders. To change the border used for collisions, you have to use the OBJECT.CLIP statement.
OBJECT.CLIP defines the area that Amiga Basic can draw objects into. When you start an animation program, this area defaults to the entire output window. This default remains in force even if you change the size of the window. If you want the clip area to always match the borders of your window, then your program must be prepared to respond to window-sizing events.
The program below is a simple animation demo with a twist it responds to mouse events as well as collision events. Specifically, the program monitors mouse events to see if the user has pressed the left mouse button. If so, the program waits until the button is released and then resets the clip area to reflect the current coordinates of the output window. Note that pressing and holding the left button does not necessarily mean that the window was resized. The program can make this assumption, however, because all other mouse events are meaningless to the program and nothing bad happens if the assumption is false.
OPEN “BasicDemos Ball” FOR INPUT AS 1 OBJECT.SHAPE T, INPUTS L0F(1),1)
ON MOUSE GOSUB m_handler
OBJECT.X 1, 50
OBJECT.Y 1, 50
OBJECT.VX 1, 40
OBJECT.VY 1, 40
ON COLLISION GOSUB c_handler COLLISION ON x = 1
WHILE x = 1 OBJECT.START SLEEP WEND
REM simplified handler, assumes REM window and object are kosher bump = COLLISION )
IF bump = -2 or bump = -4 THEN OBJECT.VX 1, - OBJECT.VX 1)
OBJECT.VY 1, - OBJECT.VY(1)
count = count+ 1
IF count = 20 THEN x = 0
MOUSE OFF WHILE MOUSE(O) 0 WEND
OBJECT.CLIP (0,0) - (WINDOW(2),WINDOW(3))
MOUSE ON RETURN
The collision handling routine used here is a simplified version of the one I've used in other animation examples. This is the first program in BASIC by The Numbers, however, that traps mouse events. Like menu- and collision-even! Trapping, vou enable mouse-event trapping with the MOUSE ON statement and designate the mouse-handling routine with the ON MOUSE GOSUB statement.
My mouse-handling routine, m_handler, uses just one of the MOUSE( ) functions. Listed on pages 8-84 and 8-85 of vour Amiga Basic manual, the mouse functions return various data about the state of the mouse. In my program, I only use the MOUSE(O) function. When this function returns a negative number, it indicates that the mouse button is still being held down. The WHILE. . .WEND loop in m_handlcr waits until the button is released (and the window is resized) before ending. Once out of the loop, the routine resets the clip area by calling two WINDOW ) functions that indicate the current size of the window. The routine then reenables mouse events and returns to the main program.
Take a Break
STII.L LEFT IN our discussion of Amiga Basic animation are OBJEC'T.HLI] ObjECT.PLANES, and OIL JhC'LPRIOR1TY. won't cover these statements until the November issue, however, because next month's column is devoted to an examination of many oj the programming utilities available to BASIC programmers. Until then, send questions and comments to BASIC By The Numbers, Amiga World, SO Elm St., Peterborough. NH 03458. M
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A ROUNDUP OF AMIGA DATABASES
Whether it's recipes for cheesecake, duckling production figures for the third quarter of '88, or worldwide sales records for a giant multinational our roundup of Amiga databases will help you find the program to fi your data-management needs.
By Guy Wright and Barbara Gefvert
LIKE DISNEY’S PRUNELLA and Grisclda to Cinderella, or Shakespeare's Goneril and Regan to Cordelia, file managers and databases arc the grim sisters of computer applications (compared with t he beauty of all the more snazzy and exciting things you can do with your Amiga). But sometimes it’s simply an unpleasant necessity to get all your ugly data ducklings in a tow. So put aside your graphics and animation programs, your sound digitizers, your Earl Weaver Baseball, and your nifty C routines for just a moment. We’re going to sort, search, sift, sniff, and systematize all your data management concerns in Amiga World's first “database roundup.”
Over a number ofback issues, we've reviewed quite a few database programs. Everything from simple file managers to full-fledged relational data-management systems. Return with us now to those thrilling... while we take a look back to some of those reviews, update them, and add a few new titles that have come our way since. What we’ve put together is an even dozen capsule presentations of the best-selling Amiga databases. These snapshots summarize the major points of each program without placing any real judgements on them. In the case of programs reviewed previously in Amiga World, we include a citation of the original review at the end of the snapshot, should you wish to see how our reviewer felt about the program.
PHOTOGRAPHED BY PAUL AVIS
We will start with the simple and work up to the more complicated and comprehensive. Most programs excel in performing particular tasks. Keep in mind that bigger and more complicated is not always better. If you have a limited number of things to keep track of but need to refer to them often, then a small file manager might be your best choice. If you are going to be adding records every day, then a balch- entry program might best serve your needs. If you need to manipulate the data in various ways, search and report-generating features are what you should look for.
You should consider not only your present needs, but also what you might want to do with your data in the future. Imagine finding, after you've just entered a hundred records with five-digit zip codes, that you need to add seven-character Canadian .ip codes, but your zip code field cannot accommodate you.
Each capsule description is headed by the name of the program, followed by the name of the manufacturer and the suggested retail price, for further information about the product, contact the manufacturer or distibutor (see the ‘’Company List" for addresses and telephone numbers).
A chart. “Amiga Database Roundup: Comparative Features and Functions,” also accompanies this article, as well as a “Glossary of Database Terms”
The Computer Black Book
Mcggido F.nier'prises $ 85.95. The Computer Black Book is a simple program that keeps lists ol names, addresses, and phone numbers. It will also dial the telephone for you, recite a message, and print lists.
The program employs an Intuition-style interface. You need at least four records to build a file; each record is limited to a f irst and last name (28 characters each), a title, a three-line address, an eight-digit zip code, telphone number, and a 59-space comment line. You are not limited as to character types.
The Computer Black Book allows you to keep one file open at a time. You can display one entire record on screen, or scroll through the names and phone numbers in your file (eight file entries are shown at once). Click on any line and select dial, and the program emulates touch tones to dial the corresponding number. You can also use the Amiga to dial numbers not in the database simply by pointing and clicking on the numerals in the keypad window. The program keeps one phone number in a buffer, so redialing takes only one click.
The program will sort your file by name, zip code, or phone number. You can print any file, complete or partial, and determine which lines of the records are to be printed. You can specify the order in which names are printed, whether the title will be used, and select one of three print styles in two sizes.
Rolobase + Plus
Equal Plus Inc. $ 89.99. Rolobase + Plus, from Equal Plus, is designed to replace the name-and-address file that sits on your desk. This program is covered by a 90-dav defeet-in-wuiknianship warranty. The non- Amiga specific manual guides you through the features, function "help” keys display keyboard layout for your computer, and an on-screen tutorial familiarizes you with the system.
You can define your entries by personal and business classifications. In addition to name, title, address.
City, stale, zip code, country, and phone number. Rolobase + Plus will hold up to 255 80-column lines of information per entry in a text extension. You can set entry and printing defaults, and configure the system to skip the country field for input.
You can add, c hange, or delete records at any time. The program can select data by distinguishing between personal and business records, and you can further qualify data using the Match Keywords option (yes or no to match) and ranges (name, country, and zip code). L alike some programs, this one distinguishes between uppercase and lowercase letters it locates capital letters first.
Pressing certain letter keys in the Rolobase + Plus menu takes you to various windows within which von can perform specific functions. For example, the A key allows you to print addresses on labels, postcards, or envelopes, while the F key sets up to print information on file cards. You can send reports to die screen or printer in four formats: complete, with address and phone number, phone number only, and text extension information. The program lets you choose, line-by-line from a list of options, the way you want to output the data. You can store multiple printer confl gu rations.
A particularly useful feature of this database is its ability to accept files from the Financial Plus integrated accounting package (also from Equal Plus, at $ 295). Simply select categories within files, and the program transfers the information automatically.
Software Visions Inc. I $ 99. Microfiche Filer, one of the first file managers for the Amiga, is one of the simplest and most elegant. L’nlike any other database program, ii displays almost everything on the screen at one lime. I.ikc* traditional microfiche machines used in schools and libraries (where information is stored in reduced format on thin plastic sheets and then viewed in single, magnified sections). Microfiche Filer allows you to scroll through lire entire file to find and then view information.
Microfiche Filer stores information in boxes that are reduced on the Amiga's screen (the number is limited only by memory). You scroll with the mouse to find the record you need, and then dick on the box to “magnify” it. The program offers few sorting options, but once you have things organized, roving through the information is highly intuitive and fast.
Moving, cutting, pasting, adding, and copying sections of the database are accomplished with the mouse, and nearly every function has keyboard equiv alents. You can generate reports easily bv using predesignated formats. Search options include equal to, greater than, less than, chaining, and character position (f irst or last in a field), but sophisticated logical operators are not available. While von can search only one field at a time, you can use multi-pass searches to zero in on the information vou need.
Microfiche Filer accepts IFF graphics of up to 32 colors, but translates them into four colors (an editor lets you modify the process). An option lets you see graphics in their original palette and resolution in a separate window.
Microfiche Filer may be limited in options, but it can't be beat for case of use. It’s fast, non-copy-pro* tected, works well on a hard disk, and ideal for simple applications, Microfiche Filer was reviewed by Ted Sal- a mo tie on p. 86 in the November '87 issue of Amiga World.)
Note: V, a professional database in the sytle of Microfiche Filer, is due out this fall.
Eastern Telecom Inc. I $ 49,95. With Info + , a simple list manager, creating and updating files is simple. A field can contain up to 80 characters, and each file will hold 32,765 records. Info + works in either 60- or HO-charactcr-pcr-linc mode, and you can modify the display colors. You must use the mouse for most operations, but some commands have keyboard options.
To create a new file, simply modify the generic template. Only two field types are available: numeric, which is permanently set with a dollar sign and two decimal places, and alpha. Once you have designed your file format, you can customize the display (and hence the data-entry order) by click-and-drag mouse action. You can change the names, types, and sizes of fields, and add or remove fields at any time.
Info+ can sort low to high only-one field at a time. The program searches for matches anywhere in a field (you specify greater than, less than, or NOT) and will follow the last sort criteria. You can also direct the results of a search to a new file.
Report generation is limited to printing one record, a range of records, or all records. You can vary the order in which the fields are printed, and temporarily replace the field names with column headers. There is also an option for sending the results of a search to a new file, which should enable you to customize reports, but this is not Info + ’s strong suit.
Info+ is ideal for simple file keeping that does not require much data manipulation or report generating. Because you can use the files in RAM or on disk, short files such as personal address books should work fairly fast. There aren't too many bells or whistles here, but an address book doesn’t need them.
Softwood File llsg
Softwood Company $ 99.95. SoftWood File llsg, formerly MiAmiga File, is not quite a full database, but it is more than a simple file manager. Information is stored in fields or boxes often types: text, amount, date, time, yes no. Phone, alpha, alphanumeric (numbers and letters in ASCII format), picture, and sound. These definitions serve as error checkers during data entry; they arc not functional for sorts and searches. Data entry is simple and, unlike some programs, does not rely on the mouse.
SoftWood File allows you to display data as a list or a form. In List mode, the data is laid out like a spreadsheet; each record occupies one line. You can move horizontally through the fields and vertically through the records with scroll bars. In Form mode, one record appears on the screen at a time. In either mode, vou can resize and transpose boxes with the mouse. If a box is too small, simply stretch it; if you want the last name first instead of second, merely rearrange the boxes on the screen. You can save each layout to disk with its own name.
Low to high or high to low, you can sort fields one at a time. The “progressive” mode, which remembers the last sort, is available for multiple-level sorting. Once you define search parameters by example or range, you can ask the program to either include or exclude matching information. SoftWood File does not let you specify logical operators, but it gives you the basics (greater than, less than, and so on). Because all information is memory-resident, it is fast. Report generation is a bit limited but does include a number of useful features: variable date formats; 17 currency symbols; headers; page numbering; totaling of amount columns; left, right, and center justification; and some degree of printer control (not present in the original version).
The program also allows you to do quick screen dumps. Label printing is a simple matter of moving the boxes you want printed to the top five lines of the form-mode screen. Another feature handy for generating reports is the ability to hide fields; a "hidden" field is simply not printed or displayed.
The "sg” in SoftWood File llsg stands for sound and graphics. You can store names of graphic and sound files in the database and display or play them simply by clicking on them. There are also slide- and sound-show capabilities, and a "movie" option for playing series of sounds and graphics. Another feature will "dial” the telephone for you. Simply hold your telephone receiver to the Amiga’s speaker and click on the Phone box, and the program plays the appropriate touch tones to dial that number.
SoftWood File llsg has been improved a great deal since our original review. The SoftWood Company has added many disk commands, including SAVE-AS and import, as well as ASCII-save and mail-merge capabilities. The program lacks sophisticated sort, search, and rcport-generation features, but it does a good job and it’s outstanding in the way it lets you manipulate forms and files. SoftWood File llsg was reviewed under the name MiAmiga File by Bob Ryan on p. 108 in the November December '86 issue of AmigaWorld.)
Note: A relational database compatible with SoftWood File llsg will be released this fall.
Micro-Svstems Software $ 79.95. Organize! Is a me* dium-size, medium-featurc database with a strong
Amiga Database Roundup:
Comparative Features and Functions
Computer Black Book
Rolobase + Plus
SoffWood File Msg
Equal + Plus
max. length (chars)
editable w mouse
fields per record
records per file
Open multiple files
exchange between files
import export files
save as any format
save custom display
edit display w mouse
save search output
save search forms
search and replace
save custom forms
date currency options
The Other Guys
math basis. It is compatible with the Scribble! Word processor and Analyze! Spreadsheet, also by Micro- Systems Software. (You can purchase it alone, or in a three-part package called The Works! At $ 199.95.)
Organize! Can handle 4.2 billion records containing 128 fields, each with up to 254 characters. You cannot keep more than one file open at a time, however. Program utilities let you merge Organize! Files.
There are four field types text, numeric, date, and yes no and a variety of formats available. The program normally displays information in list format, but by using “forms” (custom screens used for data entry and reports) you can create a wide variety of displays and printer output.
Organize! Employs another type of form to sort and calculate. While you can save multiple forms on disk, sorts and calculations do not change or rearrange the data itself, but rather the way it is displayed. The program sorts on an index basis, and while you can create multiple indexes, they will not work si*
Glossary of Database Terms
batch entry a method of entering data into a database. All new data is stored in a file and then merged with the existing data in programs that employ batch entry.
Boilerplating a method of integrating data from different files to produce customized output in a standard format. Mailmerge is a type of boilerplating wherein names and addresses from a list are substituted for specified variables in a form letter.
Data types the type of data a field can hold. Most databases allow you to specify data types. Common types are text fields, amount fields, date fields, and numeric fields. For example, in an inventory database, you would specify a name field to type text and a price field to type amount.
Field the fundamental building block of a data file or a database. A field contains one discrete piece of information, such as a name, zip code, or phone number.
File a grouping of records that share identical field definitions. For example, a student file would be a grouping of student records, each containing the same types of fields about each student.
Index a table that contains a pointer to each record in a file. Indexes are normally ordered according to an index or key field. Often, a file itself is not searched or sorted; rather, these operations are performed on the index to the file. Operations performed on an index are faster than operations performed on an entire file.
Range a criteria you choose for extracting information from a database. For example, if you want to extract white-collar crime statistics for the 1980’s from a police database, you would specify a range where date is greater than December 31, 1979 and crime-type equals white-collar.
Record a grouping of fields that contain related information. For example, a client record might contain a name field, an address field, and a phone-number field.
Relational database a database where fields can be shared by two or more files. If your inventory and income files share an amount field, for instance, a sale posted to either file can change the other one. Shared fields define the relationship between the files that make up the database.
Report a listing of information from a database. Normally, information reports fit an indicated form or criteria.
Search a means of retrieving specific information from a database. When you instigate a search, you supply the conditions or range of the data you want to locate. For example, you could have the database search and retrieve alt information concerning Michael Dukakis. You can further refine the information you’re searching for by specifying compound range criteria,
sort a process by which the order of records in a file is changed. Normally, you select one field as a key field. The sort routine then orders the records based upon the contents of the key field in each record. For example, an alphabetical sort on the last-name field in a student file will reorder the records in the file based upon the last name of the students. Most databases allow multiple-key sorts, allowing you, for example, to sort an address file by state and then by last name inside each state.
View an application-specific way to look at data in a database. Oftentimes, you only want to see part of the data in a large database. Most database programs allow you to specify different views for working with the same data. Each view uses a subset of the fields that make up a database.
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muhaneously. Searches can be quite detailed; a criteria filter holds up to 254 characters and Boolean operators, but as with indexes, you can use only one f i ltcr a I a time.
Math is ()rganize!’s main strength. You can choose from five math operators, thirty-two math functions, five date functions, three financial functions, eight comparison and logical operators, conditional logic, date arithmetic, and summary calculations.
The simple forms for generating reports let you arrange fields in any order, or choose not to display any if you wish. You can add text to a form screen and temporarily change field titles for output to screen, printer, or disk. You can save a sorted file with any ASCII-compatible word processor for more complicated mail merge and boilerplating reports. Labels are quite easy to create.
Organize! Can read ASCII and dBase III files (except memo fields or dBase indexes). While you can have only one index or search filter active at any time, the filter criteria are extensive, the method for entering, displaying, and sorting data is flexible, and the math and calculation functions are impressive. Finally, the capacity for integration with other Micro-Systems soil ware adds value. (Organize! Was revieioed as part of The Works! By Boh Ryan on p. 64 in the May SS issue of Amiga World.)
The Other Guys $ 79.99. Omega File is a full-featured database program. You can create up to 25b fields of three types (text, integer, or number), each containing 200 characters. Files can consist of 32.000 records with 5000 characters each. You can move around the database with either the mouse or keyboard. And perform ascending and descending sorts on up io 20 fields.
Once vou have created vour database, you can alter the characteristics only bv saving the data as a sequential file, creating a new format, and then reading the data back in. You can also clone a database structure without the data. You can keep multiple databases open at the same time, and with cut- and paste* like options, you can move data easily from one to another.
Omega File offers complex search parameters such as NOT, AT, IN, and the use of parentheses. You can save searches and even delete information based on a search. Because Omega File lets you sort and select information before saving it as a sequential file, it is ideal for creating reports.
Omega File’s unique math functions and report- generating features make it an ideal candidate for scientific applications. The math features extend to exponential functions, logical operators, trigonometric functions, and more.
The program includes a mini-text editor with boilerplate commands and options, although you can employ any text editor or word processor that saves
in ASCII format and still make use of Omega's numerous dot commands for report generation. These dot commands encompass even rudimentary programming-like structure features similar to nested FOR NF.Nl loops; while a hit confusing, thev give you near-complete output control.
The ability to cut and paste between databases, extensive data manipulation based on sorts and searches, custom sequential file creation, exhaustive math functions, and completely customizable reports combine to make Omega File very powerful.
Abacus $ 79.95, DataRetrieve features a high degree of flexibility, tremendous capacity, and an icon interface. Most of the entering, searching, sorting, and printing features rely on a "mask” (template) concept. The maximum Field length is 32,000 characters, records can contain 64,000 characters, and a file holds up to 2,000.000,000 records. You can have up to eight databases open at the same time and cut and paste information between them. DataRetrieve is disk based, and while that attribute can cause some delavs, it also allows larger files than RAM-based programs.
Setting up a database is a simple matter of creating fields of any of six types: text, date, time, number, IFF, and “choice" (where the data entered must match a set of criteria, such as yes or no, male or female, and so on). You can further define each type as input, repeat, verify, auto, or required, and the formats are variable and customizable (as with a date field). There are two levels of password protection.
DataRetrieve’$ math functions arc impressive; they include the basics plus logical operators, geometry, and trigonometry (modulo division and current record count are especially unique features).
Once you have set up the record template, you can customize the mask to a great extent with a paint- program-like icon interface that lets you adjust color and fonts, enclose fields in boxes or circles, and create lines of various thicknesses or even patterns. You can add text to the display for quick screen-dump reports.
DataRetrieve will sort any field or combination of fields (high to low or low to high), and you can specify any level of precision, from one character to 999. Search options include wild cards, range searches, and alternative matches, all of which can he performed anywhere in a field or record. There is no limit on simultaneous multiple-IIeld searching.
Report generation is a matter of defining another mask. Your report mask can include headers, text, and footers (with numbering), auto subtotals, and a trigger to induce form-feeds for printing information categories within fields on separate sheets. You can perform sorts, searches, and reports on blocks of data, and save information as a sequential file for use with word processors or other database programs (you can even specify field separators). Although not relational, DataRetrieve is vcrv flexible and custom *-
HardFrame 2000 8-UP! The Eight Megabyte
The Super-speed, DMA, SCSI Hard Memory Card with Amiga-specific
Disk Interface with 1.3 Autobooting DRAM Controller Logic
How fast is fast? HardFrame 2000 transfers data at Amiga bus speeds! It's actually faster than the hard disk mechanism itself! And even more important in the Amiga's multitasking environment, HardFrame 2000 has extremely efficient DMA circuitry to get on and off the bus in almost no time at all: 280ns to get on; 200ns to get off. HardFrame 2000 autoboots under AmigaDOS™ 1.3 and is fully compatible with the new Fast File System. The core of any DMA SCSI interface is its SCSI protocol chip and DMA chip. MicroBotics has chosen the new, high performance Adaptec AIC-6250 SCSI chip, capable of up to 5 megabytes per second raw transfer speed, and the Signetics 68430 DMA chip running at 12.5 megahertz. Then we added additional FIFO buffering and enabled 16-bit wide data transfers for maximum throughput. The sophisticated design of HardFrame 2000 provides for automatic SCSI arbitration, selection and reselection. The hardware supports either synchronous or asynchronous data transfer. HardFrame 2000 can function as either the SCSI bus initiator or the target and can reside in a multiple master environment. Physically, HardFrame 2000 is optimally flexible: the compact, half-size card comes attached to a full length, plated aluminum frame. The frame has mounting holes positioned to accept standard, 3.5" SCSI hard disk units such as those manufactured by MiniScribe, Seagate, Rodime, and others (hard disk mechanisms must be supplied by the user or his dealer as a separate purchase item). Alternatively, you can cable-connect to a SCSI drive mounted in your Amiga's disk bay or in an external chassis. As many as seven hard disks may be connected to a single HardFrame. There is no size limit on each disk. HardFrame 2000 includes a 50-pin SCSI cable and header connectors for either 50-pin or 25-pin cable connection. Also included is a current tap to power frame-mounted drives directly from the slot itself. HardFrame 2000 comes complete with driver, installation, and diagnostic software. Available September 1988. Suggested list price, S329 (hard disk not included).
All the memory space you and your Amiga 2000 need -in a modern, highly integrated FastRAM
expansion board. In 8-UP!, MicroBotics went all the way to
provide you with a truly Amiga-specific memory design to meet the special demands of the Amiga's high speed multitasking environment: The heart of any memory expansion is its DRAM controller circuitry. Rather than compromising with off-the-shelf parts, MicroBotics developed its own, custom controller design and built it into high-speed, Programmable Macro Logic chips (Signetics PLHS501). These new, super chips (each 8-UP! Uses two PML's) permit MicroBotics to employ sparse refresh technology to assure that your 8-UP! Is a truly zero wait-state minimal-refresh- collision memory design. If you're putting eight megabytes in only one slot, that means that you probably have plans for your other A2000 slots. 8-UP! Gives you new freedom to do that planning since, unlike other ram peripherals, it is an extremely low- power memory card- a single, fully-loaded, 8-megabyte 8-UP! Draws an astoundingly efficient 0.800 milliamps! That's less than two-fifths of the power "budget" for a single slot! Low power draw also means that the card is cool-running for reliability and long life (not to mention a cooler Amiga!). 8-UP! Offers you maximum flexibility in memory configuration: it is organized into two separate PIC's (Amiga-speak for autoconfiguring peripherals). Each 8-UP! PIC consists of four SIMM module sockets; these sockets accept either 256k-byte or 1 megabyte SIMM's (Single Inline Memory Modules). You can also purchase optional PopSIMM boards from MicroBotics; fill them with conventional RAM ; then use PopSIMM's to fill your 8-UP! The card can run with as little as 512k of memory or as much as eight megs -with many intermediate configurations possible (particularly the six megabyte configuration, most desirable for use with a BridgeCard™). 8-UP! Is speedy, efficient, custom memory technology for your Amiga
2000 -and it's available now! 8-UP! Suggested list price is 5199 (Ok installed). Optional PopSIMM's are $ 49.95 per pair.
The 8-UP! Photo shows the card half populated with conventional SIMM modules and half with MicroBotics PopSIMM's. PopSIMM's (without DRAM installed) are available as separate purchase items.
The HardFrame 2000 photo shows the product with a MiniScribe 20 megabyte hard disk installed. Hard disks are not included in the purchase price of HardFrame. Note that if placed in the first slot, HardFrame uses only one slot.
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izable. (DataRetrieve was reviewed by At Widen on p. 7-J in the June ’88 issue of Amiga'World.)
Note: DataRetrieve Professional, with advanced features, is scheduled for release later this fall.
Precision Software Ltd. I SI49.95. Superbase Personal combines highly powerful features and simple mouse and menu operat ion. The size of a Superbase Personal file is limited only by available RAM and disk space, as is the number of files you can keep open sim u 1 taneous 1 y.
When creating a file, you must specify field types (including “external" for picture files) and formats (a wide variety of numeric, date, ancl monetary formats are available); you can even specify that data must fall within a range. The program allows you to assign required status to any field, and index status to as many as 999 fields. You can also set up fields to perform calculations based on values in previous fields; numeric, Boolean, and 29 other functions are built in.
Entering data, editing, and formatting the screen is all done with mouse and icons. Moving around a Superbase Personal file is like operating a VCR with 12 control buttons: You can fast forward, rewind, and so on. Filc-display options are table, form, or record formats. In form mode, you simply click and drag the fields on the screen to customize your output.
Templates called queries are the vehicles for sorting and searching. These templates, which you can save to disk for later use, are highly flexible, allowing you to specify which fields to search, the search order, any filters or limitations, and what types of file calculations are to be performed. The program uses queries to structure reports and labels as well, and while they offer many options, boilerplate features are not available.
Superbase Personal’s ease of use and sophisticated search and calculation routines make it one of the best for data manipulation and structuring. (Superbase Personal was revieioed by At Widen on p. 66 in the July August '87 issue of AmigaWc>iicl.)
VersaSoft Corporation I $ 199.95. dBMAN is a relational database program that allows an infinite number of files and virtually limitless file and record sizes. The program offers three functions: information management, program development, and report and label printing. The disk contains a tutorial and a point-and-click guide to using the software, as well as a simple checkbook manager.
DBMAN accepts four data types: character, numeric, logical (yes no and true false), and date. You can retrieve and relate data from ten files simultaneously. Your display options are wide ranging: You can display an entire file (or the portion that fits on
screen) and type in commands to scroll through it; you can also display selected records (using ALL and FOR commands) or fields within records, or simply the file structure (size and number of fields).
Communicating with the program involves enteringcommands on a CLI-likc line. The EDIT command lets you change data within records singly, while the REPLACE command can change the specifics of many records at once. Changing your database structure involves making a temporary copy of your file, restructuring (inserting or erasing fields, or changing field name, type, or size), and then refilling the file with the stored information.
To move through files, use the SKIP and GOTO commands. You can sort or index files in multiple levels by any category, in ascending or descending order. Two different commands let you search and display occurrences; one works on indexed fields within files, the other in unindexed files.
The COUNT command will yield a total number of records meeting a specified criterion, and the SUM command performs addition on numeric fields. You can selectively copy files, records, or record structures, using scope modifiers and the FOR expression. The APPEND command can read data from another dBMAN file, a DIF file, or a delineated ASCII text file, and tack it to the end of your current file. The UPDATE command will make changes to specified records based on information contained in another file. You can also convert dBase II and III files to dBMAN by making some minor program changes.
To format printer output, define top, bottom, and left margins, lines per page, and headers and footers including page numbers. You can format up to 20 columns and generate detailed or summary reports, l'cxt can be underlined or set in bold, and you can change the type size. (dBMAN was reviewed by Ted Salamone on p. 85 in the September October '87 issue of Amiga World.)
Note: dBMAN version 5 is due out in early autumn.
Taurus-Impex I $ 299.95 Acquisition is a relational database with capacities beyond most Amiga configurations in the home. It boasts field capacities of 10 megabytes, a maximum of 10 million fields per record, and 100 million records per file for a total file size of one gigabyte. Files may contain IFF graphics.
T he two-disk system offers an impressive assortment of utilities, which arc separated into modules. At the heart of Acquisition is a user-interface language called Acorn, a combination of BASIC ancl C that is similar to dBase Ilfs Prism programming language, or Paradox’s PAL. Using Acorn and the 300-page manual, you should be able to customize almost every aspect of file creation, data entry, data manipulation, and reporting.
When building a database with the creating, pasting. And bridging editors, you can specify field names, ?
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length, type, and field streams (auto-exec files activated when the field is accessed), how information is to he shared among up to 1 6 files, and more complex system and relational pathways between files.
One module lets you customize data entry and editing formats, and simple one-file report generation formats. Another program handles more sophisticated report generation using text files. There is even a decimal hex calculator module.
You can design macros and larger Acorn programs to perform just about any type of search, sort, or manipulation imaginable, including 16 relational paths per file. Because the programs in the Acquisition system are not needed after they complete their functions, mathematical and Boolean searches and sorts are performed in RAM with great speed.
Report generation is done through a linking program using a text file. You can establish a tracing routine that determines which parts of the filing system are used in the report. Acquisition offers a nearly unlimited number of ways to access data. You can write your own data-manipulation and reporting programs using Acorn, or you can access the database with the built-in reporting interface or your own BASIC and C programs.
Acquisition is highly sophisticated. To use it effectively, you must have not only programming experience, but also a good idea ol exactly what you want your database to do. This is not a takc-it-out-of-the- box-ancl-pop-it-in program for keeping the family holiday list. Acquisition is for the serious database programmer who needs raw horsepower anti refined tools. Acquisition was reviewed by Al Widen on p. 82 in the November '87 issue of AmigaWorld.)
Precision Software Ltd. I $ 349.95. Superbase Professional is a step beyond Superbase Personal. The limits of Superbase Professional arc roughly the same as that of its older sibling, but there are differences. 1 he Pro version has a forms editor and an integrated programming language called DMI. (Database Management Language). ?
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You create files as you would with Personal, except that there is an added “external” field type for graphics, sound, and text files. You can display IFF graphics on separate screens, play IFF sound files (speed controls let you adjust digitized sound files), and display text files with Superbase Pro’s mini-text editor.
The program displays data in three ways: record, table, and form views. You can enter data in hatch mode (which saves writing to disk until you are fin ished), and use queries (search criteria files that can he saved to disk) to select a range of records to update
or even edit automatically.
Sorts are done on an indexing system as file records are loaded. Using an icon-based requester window or DML, you can create complex, multilevel search criteria and filters. DMI. Is a very powerful addition to Superbase. Similar to BASIC, with functions such as DIM, REM, FOR NEXT, and GOSUB, DML will execute single command lines immediately (like command mode in BASIC) or allow you to write entire
programs. There are 120 DML statements and functions; you can do anything in the program that could he done from a menu. In addition, you can customize menus, requesters, and dialog boxes. Programs written in DML can he saved in Superbase format, ASCII, or encrypted files.
A simple report-writer utility will “compile” your form into DML, hut you can design specific reports yourself, too. A special editor allows you to create custom forms of up to three pages, (>(i lines each, 80 characters per line. You can combine graphics, colors, patterns, boxes, lines, text, and, of course, filtered data on a single page. Creating a form is a click-and- drag process with a hierarchical layout logic (text supercedes patterned background, data supercedes text, and so forth).
Superbase Pro allows you to share information from one file to another while modifying other files automatically. With the addition of a forms editor and DML, Superbase Professional is one of the most powerful databases available. While easy to learn, it is a sophisticated program and database language that takes a hit of study. (Superbase Professional was reviewed by Mark L. Van Name and Bill (latchings on p. 56 in the June '88 issue of Amiga'World.)
The terra cognita of database software extends across a wide range, both in terms of functionality and in terms of price. If you need to interrelate numerous and lengthy files for a complex business, you'll surely want a relational database manager to make your life easier. For simple home use, however, such a program would likely he a waste of money. Yet even among the more simple database programs and file managers, there is great disparity: Do you just want to keep your phone list on disk, or would you like to catalog your assets and have room to grow, too? ¦
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THE AMIGA HOME
A step-by-step, how-to guide for using your Amiga to spice up your home movies with snappy titling and some simple, yet impressive video effects.
WHEN WAS THE last time you viewed your home movies and wondered which relatives these were in the footage or what the name of the place you visited was on that vacation you took four years ago? Wouldn't ii he nice to he able to go back and put that information on the videotape permanently? Learning some basic video-titling procedures can solve your problem and, in the future, allow you to create lilies as you complete your home video product ions.
In addition, mastering some equally basic videographics techniques can open up a host of creative home movie-making opportunities. Adding special effects such as “transporting" people in and out of scenes, setting up “force fields" to separate tilings from their environments, or even landing spaceships in otherwise ordinary scenes will give you the kind of cinematographical options you thought only people like Steven Spielhcrg could enjoy.
All that is required are a video camera, a VCR, your Amiga (with a genlock), and the appropriate software.
A first step in spicing up your home movies is to provide titling hy means of a character generator
(CC) a device that creates text and places it in the form of titling (and other information) onto video. You can transform your Amiga into a character generator with a number of excellent programs, such as
By Wayland W. Strickland
Pro Video CGI and Pro Video Plus (PVS Publishing), Video Tiller (Aegis Development), TV*Texl and TV*Sho v (Brown-Wagh Publishing), and, for sophisticated 3-D tilling, VideoScape 3-D (Aegis). These represent only a small selection of what’s available. (For a more complete listing, see “Videots l)eliglu,M
p. 23, in the March ’88 issue of Amiga World.)
Casting Your Characters
Here are some tips on using a character generator for the first time:
¦ Watch your home-produced videotape all oi the way through and make notes on what you want your titling to “say” and where on the screen it should be placed with respect to spacing and readability,
¦ Do not choose a font that is difficult to read.
¦ Do not choose a font color that clashes with videotaped subjects and or material.
¦ Do not clutter the screen with CG information.
¦ When you display your information, do not leave it on screen longer than it takes for you to read it twice.
Because videotape, unlike film, does not permit multiple exposures, you cannot simply reexpose the film in the camera to produce titles. You must add the titles while you arc copying from one VCR to
another. To achieve this, you must connect the com-
posite video output of the first VCR to the composite
video input of a genlock, and then connect the composite video output of the genlock to the composite video input of the second VCR. Finally, connect your monitor, or television, to the second VCR's composite video output (if using a monitor) or RF output (if using a television). (This may seem complicated, but if you consult Figure 1, you will see that this scheme of connecting the components is not as difficult as it sounds.)
Before we move on, a brief discussion of the genlock component mentioned above is in order. In addition, we will try to explain the differences in capabilities and features among genlocks, as well as the specialized “video loop-through” feature found only in select models of genlocks.
A genlock synchronizes the video signals between a VCR or camera and the Amiga, permitting video created on the Amiga to be overlaid on top of video coining from the VCR or camera. T hus, the background video (color 0 in the Amiga palette) always originates from your external source (the VCR or camera), while your Amiga always generates the foreground video.
Genlocks come in two basic configurations. The less expensive units, such as Mimctics' AmiGen and Commodore's A1300, do not allow the Amiga’s graphics to be “faded in” or “faded out.” The graphics are simply “full up” or “full on” all the time. More expensive genlocks, such as Digital Creations1 SuperGen and ClennLoc’s RM-2, do allow you to “dissolve” computer-generated graphics over external video. SciTech’s Gen Key, although priced comparably with SuperGen, also does not allow for fade- ins and fade-outs.
Both GenKey and SuperGen do, however, have what is known as a “video loop-through ” T his permits another monitor or TV display to use the same video source as the genlock. T hus, you can observe your source video on one display while watching, on another monitor (connected to VCR 2), your source video with graphics overlaid. In this way you can separate the two images in your mind, stopping to adjust and fine time your productions as you go.
72 Septnriher 1988
II you do not have another monitor to attach to this video loop-through connector, then your video may look too “hot” (contrast and brightness are too high, resulting in a “bright” picture). To solve this problem, first check your genlock manual to see if the genlock has a built-in switch that will correct for this brightness problem. If not, visit vour local electronics store and purchase a 75-ohm video terminating resistor and connect it to the video loop-through connector.
Roll Those Credits
The next step is to power up your computer and load the CG program of your choice. Select a font, font size, and color, and size and direction of the drop shadow. Then compose your pages in the order in which you are going to record them onto vour videotape. Many of the character-gencrator programs permit fancy ways of displaying the information on the screen, such as slides, wipes, checkerboard patterns, and so forth. Select any special screen transitions desired and, depending on the program, save the information for use when you copy the “home movie.”
Insert the master videotape (the one you want to add titling to) into VCR 1 and insert a blank videotape into VCR 2. You should note that when copying a videotape, there will always be a slight loss in picture and sound quality. This loss, however, can be minimized by recording the original and the duplicate in the fastest speed on your VCR (SP for VMS, B1I for BETA). A good habit to get into with your initial productions is to make a test recording before dubbing the entire videotape. Place VCR (source machine) into play mode while simultaneously placing VCR 2 (record machine) into record mode. Clear the computer screen in your CG program or go to a blank page and try your test recording. If the test recording turned out favorably, you are ready to begin dubbing. If it did not record properly, check to see that the cables arc firmly connected, the genlock is plugged in, and your computer is on.
Using the notes you made from an earlier screening, watch the monitor (or television) as the part of the videotape you wish to add titling over is shown. Depending on your C(J program, initiate the proper command sequence to display the titling information. Repeat this operation until you finish adding all of the titling you wish to your videotape.
ADVANCED VIDEO EFFECTS
With the same set of components used for titling, you can put your Amiga to work creating a repertoire of special effects for your home video productions. For instance, you can transport yourself and a friend to faraway places or planets, create a force field (to keep away monsters, in-laws, or presidential aspirants), or land a spaceship in your backyard. No longer are these well-known special effects limited to professionals. How, you say, can all these be simulated? We’ll try to provide some explanations, and advice, concerning the creation of a few of your favorite effects.
Gett ing Away From It All: The Transporter Effect
The transporter effect has been used in a number of television programs over the years. Its original method of creation involved dropping aluminum dust through the beam of a high-intensity light as the subject was being photographed. An optical printer was then used lo matte the effect on top of the person or object to be “transported.” You can accomplish this effect more simply by using almost any paint program with die ability to cycle colors (such as DeluxePainl II), a video camera, a VCR, and a monitor.
Choose an object (or person) to “transport” and set up your video camera so that your object is aligned in the center of the screen. Connect your video camera’s composite video output to the composite video input of the genlock. (Note that because some older home video cameras and camcorders are not equipped with a composite video output, you may need to purchase a power supply for your specific model of camera that will furnish you with such an output.) Connect the composite video output of the genlock to the composite video input of the VCR. (See Figure 2 for a diagram of the setup described above.)
Turn on the power to your Amiga and load the paint program (DeluxePaint II, in this example). When the prompt appears, select interlace mode and then select palette from the project menu. The best colors for the transporter effect are blue or yellow- gold. (In our example, we will use gold.)
Select the lightest color of gold in the palette and copy it to the top of the third column and the bottom of the fourth column, proceeding from left to right. Select the darkest color of gold and copy it to the bottom of the third column and the top of the fourth column. Use the pointer to select the light gold at the top of the third column. Select the “spread” icon and touch the dark gold at the bottom of the third column. Repeat this step for the fourth column. You should now have a range of gold that begins with a light shade, gradually darkens, and then lightens again.
To make the transporter effect look real, you must cycle the complete range of gold shades. To accomplish this, touch the light-gold shade at the top of the third column, select the “range” icon, and touch the light-gold shade at the bottom of the fourth column. Now select the cycle speed normally about one-half to three-quarters on is fast enough to appear real. Exit the palette menu and then trace the outline of the object that you will be transporting. When you ?
Finish tracing the outline, turn on the dithering mode by pressing the right button on your mouse and select the paint can. There are three dithering types you can select. The first is identified by an icon box that is an up down arrow; this is the icon we will use. (For more complex and interesting effects, you might experiment with the other two icons.) Move the slider all the way to the right so that the individual colors are thoroughly mixed.
T he next step is to outline the object you wish to make disappear with one of the colors in the range. Using the paint can, fill in the outline completely (which may take a few moments). Now press the tab key to begin the cycling effect. Depending on your genlock, you can either dissolve the effect over the object or “cut” the effect (for a sudden appearance) 011 the object. To “cut" back and forth between the effect and the object, use the ] key. This will swap the current page in DeluxePaint II with the background page. If your genlock will perform a dissolve, this is the best way to achieve this effect.
Finally, you are ready to “transport” your object. Insert a blank video cassette into your VCR and record the object without the ef fect, then record the effect overlaid on the object. While the effect is still being displayed, pause the VCR. Move the object out of the camera's frame of view, press PAUSE to begin recording again, and remove the effect (either by dissolving or cutting, as discussed above). Rewind the videotape, play ii back, and see how easy it is to make an object transport to any imagined destination.
If you’ve used your VCR for any length of time, you are no doubt aware of the “glitch” that occurs every time you pause the VCR or perform an edit. T his happens because the tape is not at the proper speed to start recording and the video head did not erase part of the old recording before starting with the new. To avoid this and other problems, VCR manufacturers began incorporating into recent units a feature called a living erase head. When making an edit on units so equipped, the VCR will initiate what is called a pre-roll. The VCR will back the tape up about five seconds to allow sufficient time for the tape to get up to the proper speed. Once the VCR comes to the frame where the new video is to start, the flying erase head will erase the old video from that point on, creating blank space for the new information to be placed on tlie tape. T his eliminates the glitch and the problem.
Behind Partially-Closed Doors:
Setting up a “force field” is similar to creating the transporter effect, except that the former does not apply to merely the outline of an object; a room or any “field” you wish affected can be subjected to this effect. An ideal place, for instance, would be a doorway where you would have someone stand behind
the area in which the force field will exist. (For the sake of continuity, we will use the doorway example throughout the explanation.) Position the video camera directly in front of the door so that the camera sits approximately eight to ten feet from the physical
Set up your color palette as described earlier for the transporter effect and outline the interior of the doorway with one or more of the colors in the range. Use the airbrush to fill in the outline, leaving some space for the camera to “see through” in order to permit the viewing of persons present behind the effect (as if, for instance, you are in a type of holding cell with the force field keeping you imprisoned while a “guard" is outside the cell door). Again, depending 011 your genlock, you can either dissolve this effect in and out (fade in about halfway a “ghost effect” is most ef fective), or use the J key to cut the effect on and off.
Close Encounters: The Spaceship Landing Effect
This effect requires a bit of preproduction planning and also requires a two-dimensional animation program, such as Aegis Animator or DeluxeVideo Construction Set, or a solid-object animation program, such as VideoScape S-I) (which we will use for our example) or Animate 3-D. If you use a 3-D program, you need not worry about creating your spacecraft; with VideoScape 3-1), for example, simply use the “infinite loop ship” (denoted in the file listing as “InfLoopShip”) on the program’s object disk. You must plot the course of the spacecraf t how the ship enters, lands, and exits the scene and set the camera angle and the position of the light source before creating the effect.
The spacecraft will enter from the upper-right corner of the screen, move to the center, then land. After a slight pause, the craft will rise, turn away, and rocket off into the distance. The following text file can be entered into a word processor and saved into the motion directory of a backup of the objec t disk:
3 DM 1
40 8 25 190 0 0
5 8 20 270 0 0
0 0 20 270 0 0
0 0 20 270 0 0
0 5 25 300 0 0
- 40 10 35 300 0 0
T he camera will be positioned at the origin. The ?
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Circle 23 on Reader Service card.
Lattice is a registered trademark oFLattice. Incorporated Amiga is a tra demark of Com modore-Amlga. Inc.
A ini Gen
PQ Box 1560
Cupertino, CA 95015-1560 408 74 [.0117 SI 79
Byte by Byte
Arboretum Plaza II
9442 Capitol of Texas Hwy. N.
Austin, TX 78759
One megabyte required
Commodore 1300 Genlock Commodore Business Machines 1200 Wilson Dr.
West Chester. PA 19380
1820 Gateway Dr.
San Mateo, CA 94404 415 571-7171 SI 29.95
DeluxeVideo Construction Set Electronic Arts
(see address above)
512K required GenKey
1450 Northwest 78th Ave.
Miami, FL 33126
Pro Video CGI
3800 Botticelli. Suite 40
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
Pro Video Plus PVS Publishing
(see address above)
Two megabytes required RM-2
ClennLoc Corporation distributed bv Wollner Assoc.
3306 Norseman Lane Falls Church. VA 22042 703 533-1236 S2500
SuperGen Digital Creations
1333 Howe Ave., Suite 208 Sacramento, CA 95825 916 344-4825 S74 9.95
TV * Show
Brown• Wagh Publishing
16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210 Los Gatos. CA 95030 408 395-3838 $ 99.95
One megabyte required TV Text
Brown- Wagh Publish ing
(see address above)
2210 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 277
Santa Monica, CA 90403
(see address above)
SI 49.95 512K required
script file for these movements should he saved info
the camera directory as follows:
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 o
After loading the information into the word processor. Load VideoScape 3-D the object, motion, and camera files. The light source defaults to the position of “shining" straight down onto the scene. Insert a blank, formatted disk into one of vour drives and
select “Begin Anim Recording” from the record menu. A requester will display asking you to select the drive in which you wish to save the anim, along with a file name. Select the drive that you inserted the disk into and press the “Begin Animation” button. (Note that the compilation will take about 25 minutes to conclude.)
After the animation has been compiled, the control window will reappear, at which time you should turn off the anim recording. Exit VideoScape 3-D and then load the CLI from the window and type “play- anim [file.name].” After the animation loads from the disk, type “2” to designate the speed of the animation, and then type “2” again to represent the number of replications of the action.
Once you are satisfied with the presentation of your animation, position your video camera at the scene (your backyard in this case) and connect the composite video output of the camera to the composite video input of the genlock. Connect the composite video output of the genlock to the composite video input of your VCR. Set your VCR in record mode and press Return on the computer keyboard to initiate the animation. Once the animation has played through completely, press Return twice more to repeat the action. Stop the recording of the videotape and view your masterpiece. Now you have documented proof of a “close encounter” that took place in your own backyard! If you wish, you can add sound effects to further enhance the realism of the scene.
These examples demonstrate only a minute sampling of the astounding array of video effects you can create with just a video camera, VCR, genlock, and your Amiga (with appropriate software). Your genlock and your software define the range of possibilities open to you; your imagination takes over from there. ¦
Way (and W. Strickland is a producer, director, writer, and graphic designer of television presentations for Chameleon Video Productions in Orlando, Florida. Write to him do AmigaWorld Editorial Department, SO Elm Street. Peterborough, NH 0345S.
SuperGen Makes it Happen
Amiga Makes It Possible...
Studio quality video production on a desktop. The Amiga makes it possible. The SuperGen Genlock makes it happen!
Video Professionals understand the power the Amiga Computer brings to the industry and the potential it has for enhancing their work. With its revolutionary hi-resolution graphics and processing power, the Amiga represents a sophisticated video production solution.
The SuperGen Genlock and overlay device is the link between the Amiga’s video potential and your own video productions. SuperGen allows you to create and produce professional broadcast quality video with special effect graphics and titles created on your Amiga.
Some SuperGen™ features:
True Broadcast quality video output
Real RS-170A. No its, ands or buts! Accurately locks to non-time base corrected signals such as VCR output. Very accurate RGB encoder for true Amiga graphic colors.
Two independent fade controls.
For external video through background and external video through graphics. Slider or software controllable.
Selectable Auto-Fade mode.
Amiga graphics black level fade.
The black level of the Amiga graphics determine the fade level.
Actual un-retouched photographs of composite video screens The flower is live video, the Butterfly is created on the Amiga. SuperGen is overlaying the Butterfly onto the flower.
Switchable 3.58Mhz Notch filter
helps eliminate chroma artifacts.
Internal or external.
The top sequence shows Amiga graphics fading in.
The bottom sequence shows the Amiga background lading in.
A500, 1000, and 2000 compatable
SuperGen™ $ 749.95
Professional Genlock by Progressive Image Technology
Circle 28 on Reader Service card
By David T. McClellan
Using SuperBitMap windows to scroll oversized images can cut some major graphics programming problems down to size.
KEEPING TRACK OF all llie code needed to display oversized graphics in simple windows turns you into a juggler instead of a programmer. SuperBitMap windows condense the many image-related variables into a manageable ball, tossing the work of monitoring and refreshing the display to Intuition. With an understanding of Intuition structures and SuperBitMap windows, you can easily write code that lets you scroll an oversized image up, down, and all around so you can see the hidden parts.
While you still have to allocate and initialize the bitmaps for your windows and screens, with SupcrBit- Maps, Intuition remembers which sections of an image are obscured by other windows, which sections are beyond the screen's boundaries, and the pieces of the image that must he copied back to the screen should the user shift the image. The accompanying program listing. BigPict see Listing
1) . Demonstrates these techniques. An IFF ILBM reader, BigPict displays and scrolls larger-than- sereen-size images from paint programs. 1 wrote the program in Benchmark Modula-2, but, if you are more comfortable speaking C, translating it should not he too difficult.
In and Out the Windows
To keep track of the images and system requirements of your screens and windows while displaying a picture, your program must call several data structures from the ROM Kernel drawing routines. Each window and screen has a bitmap, a large area of memory that Intuition and your program modify when drawing. The height and width of the bitmap limit the dimensions of the picture. The number of hit planes (also called rasters) deep the bitmap is determines how many colors arc in your picture. (For more on how hilplanes determine color, see "How the Amiga Creates a Display,” p. 30. In the March) April '86 issue of Amiga World.) Your program's Window' and Screen structures use the system structure RastPorts to keep information about the bitmap- current pen position and draw color, fill pattern, sprite list, and so on. They also call the YiewPort structure for a description of the portion of the bitmap that the screen can show. The ViewPort is always as wide as the screen (320 or 640 pixels), hut you can set the vertical size. The Layer struc*
ture describes the portions of'the bitmap visible in the window' and determines which parts of the bitmap you can draw in (some sections may be oh- r' scored by other windows). All of these structures must reside in chip memory, a precious resource when you work with large pictures. A 102-1 x 1024 eight-color picture consumes over 384K.
If you draw images smaller than the window, vour program needs to pass the RastPort's pointer to the drawing primitives, the operating system's lowest-level drawing routines. Images larger than your display need a little more monitoring. To change the portion of the graphic the program shows, you have to tell the drawing routines what to display through the Layer and the ViewPort structures. Remember, as you draw, Intuition keeps a copy of the artwork on display, but it does not know when the underlying bitmap has been changed or shifted; you have to tell it.
To make some of what the demo does easier to program, 1 used Intuition functions to build my*- screens and windows (which automatically set up the ViewPorts, RastPorts, and Layer structures for me). Intuition supplies noninterlaced (200 pixels high) and interlaced (100 high) screens in lo res (320 pixels wide) and hi res (640 wide). The windows you render on a screen, from very small to as large as the screen, inherit the screen’s type. Each program running under Intuition may have one or more windows tied to it. Because windows can over lap. Intuition uses the ROM Kernel Layers routines
and the Window type to delimit the areas of a window in which you can draw.
[lie amount of work Intuition and your program have to do to fix the imagery if a previously* obscured area is revealed determines the window’s type, for Simple Refresh windows. Intuition clears the uncovered rectangle and tells your program what needs fixing. For Smart Refresh windows. Intuition keeps a copy of covered areas and replaces newly revealed pieces as needed. In both cases, your program cannot draw into the covered areas until they are displayed again. For the Super- BitMap window used in the demo, your program must allocate and initialize the bitmaps for the window and screen, but it can draw anywhere on the bitmap and never has to worry about refreshing it. Intuition will copy whatever pieces it needs from your bitmap to its display.
In addition to keeping track of windows and overlaying areas, the Layers library routines and the Layer structure control the part of the bitmap that is visible if the bitmap is larger than the screen. You can use the ScrolILayer function to move the window around over that bitmap to display different chunks of it, similar to viewing a microfiche.
Intuition also provides an input medium for the program, via the mouse and keyboard. The mouse indicates positions and clicks gadgets and menu items; the keyboard sends either raw or vanilla kev- strokes. Each input, whether click or keystroke, is sent to the program as a message via the window’s IDCMP port. When you set up the Window structure in your program, you specify message flags, telling Intuition the kinds of messages to which the program will listen.
RawKey events send a message to the program when a key is pressed and another when the key is released. The messages consist of an escape code signaling the position of the key and a number identifying the key. These key numbers are assigned to each key based on the System Default Console Key Mapping table, while vanilla keys give you simply the ASCII value corresponding to the key. I used RawKeys in BigPict because their dual message system is the best way for the program to recognize cursor keys and shift-key combinations.
Each window can have gadgets. The most familiar gadget, the only one BigPict uses, is the button- like close gadget in the upper-left corner of a window. When you click on the close gadget. Intuition sends a close message to the program, and it shuts down, allowing you to exit.
With Simple Refresh, Smart Refresh, and SuperBit- Map windows. Intuition draws its gadgets right on the bitmap, positioning a drag bar and close buttons at the top, the resizing gadget at the bottom, and so on. If you want only the title bar displayed, you can set the Borderless flag in the Window structure (about 10 pixels high across the top of the screen). So, if your program wants to use the close gadget and title bar, it has to leave space in the image for Intuition to display them. If you scroll the image, the title bar and close gadget will disappear. Calling RefreshWindowFrame will draw the new bar into the scrolled image, but will leave the new title bar in the middle of the picture when you scroll back to the top. To solve the problem, set the GimmeZcroZero window flag, which tells Intuition to allocate another separate layer for its window accompaniments. With GimmeZcroZero, the title bar sits on the image like a plastic overlay, letting the bitmap scroll underneath it. You pay for the solution with memory. A 1024 x 1024 by eight- color pic ture with a 320x200-pixel display is a tight fit.
IFF II.BM files are the Interleaved BitMap form of the Interchange File Format, the standard for ?
Pull-Down Menus 90,000-Word Spell Checker Import Any Graphic File or "Brush" from 4, 8 or 16 Colors Full Graphic Cropping, Sizing and True What-You-See-Is-What-You- Get, Including:
Boldface, Underline, Italics,
Superscripts, Subscripts Multiple Size Fonts Multiple Font Styles Including Symbols
Compatible With All Amiga Printer Drivers Including New Workbench 1-3 Mail Merge
512 Columns by 32,760 Rows Named Ranges
Spoken and Written Cell Notes Over 70 Built-in Functions Linking of Worksheets Password Protection Conditional Cell Formatting Lotus 1-2-3 Import Capability 8 Charts per Worksheet Chart Styles Include: Exploding Pie, 3D Bar, XY Scatter, and More Two-way Dynamic Linkage of Data and Charts
IFF File Format for Export to Paint Programs
Microfiche Filer "
Design Customized Forms Data Stored as 2-Dimensional Sheet of Text and Pictures Can Display Many Pictures At Once Easy to Learn and Use Easily "Personalized" Choose Workbench vs. CLI Choose Sorting Styles Sorts on Any or All Fields Intuitive Mouse Operations Prints Forms and Pictures Select Records Using Full Logical Expressions Unlimited Number of Fields per Record All Fields Are Variable Length
One for All.
At long last, the three most powerful productivity software programs for the AmigaK are available in a single economical package the Critics' Choice1'1 Productivity Bundle. This combination of the three most popular productivity programs provides simple, one-stop shopping tor all Amiga owners.
Each of the three programs contained in the Critics' Choice, Kind Words1'1 wordprocessor, Maxiplan 500 spreadsheet, and Microfiche Filer database has been heralded by end users, magazine reviewers and dealers as the most outstanding product in its respective category. And now they all work together as a powerful, integrated system. You can have all three applications on the screen at tne same time, and move instantly from one to another. What's more, you can combine work done in one program with work done in any other.
The Critics' Choice productivity bundle is only available for a limited time. For a full demonstration of Critics' Choice, visit your local Amiga dealer. To obtain the name of your nearest dealer, call (800) 527-7014 (in Massachusetts call
(617) 875-1238, or for more information call (213) 427-1227.
Circle 60 on Reader Service card.
And All for One.
Purchased individually, these programs cost almost $ 350. But together, in the Critics' Choice bundle, all three programs are available for one tow price of $ 249.95 a savings of almost $ 100! So visit your local Amiga dealer for a demonstration of the three finest Amiga productivity programs available today, or call (800) 527-7014 for the name of the nearest Critics' Choice dealer.
THE CRITICS' CHOICE™
3135 South State Street Ann Arbor, Michigan 48108 Telephone (313) 665-5540
Amiga graphics. An IFF ILBM file contains an encoded form of the bitmap on which the picture was originally drawn (including the color palette and si e), so that any IfF-compatible program can reconstruct the image. An option for the Benchmark Modula-2 compiler, the IFF and Image Resource Library ($ 99) includes a procedure that accepts pointers to an IFF File, then checks the file, allocates the bitplanes for the bitmap, and reads in the image and its header (color information and such). Because incorporating the routine was easier than writing my own code, I used the routine in my demo program.
BigPict loads an IFF ILBM picture that is larger than the screen, and lets you scroll around with the arrow keys. The main program. BigPict, handles user interaction and the details of scrolling. It calls two procedures: Drawlt, to put an image on the
screen, and DrawClcanup, to close up and deallocate resources when ifs time to quit.
BigPict in Action
The main program, BigPict, starts up by calling Drawlt (see the listing’s DrawltIFF module), which checks for errors, opens the IFF File, allocates a BitMap descriptor (but not the memory needed) and then calls ReadPicture to load the image. A Benchmark library routine, ReadPicture, scans the IFF ILBM header to determine the height, width, and depth of the image, allocates the number of rasters it will occupy, and loads it into memory. To inform Drawlt of the image’s size and the colors it uses, ReadPicture stores some of the header information in die IBLMFrame structure provided by Drawlt. When ReadPicture returns, Drawlt allocates a 320x200 screen. Drawlt takes the depth (number of bitplanes) from the ILBM header derived by ReadPicture, reads the color set from the ILBMFrame struct, and loads the values into the Screen structure's color set. At that point it initializes a XewScreen structure and creates a screen by calling OpenScreen( ). BigPict then initializes the New Window structure for the display window. Setting the Flags Field to WindowClose, Borderless, Activate, GimmeZeroZero, and SuperBitMap gives you a borderless window (title bar only) with a close gadget. The window becomes active as soon as you open it. Set the IDCMPFlags (the flags telling Intuition what kinds of messages the program will recognize) to CloseWindow and RawKey. As the code trundles along, it remembers what it has done so that it can call the cleanup routine (DrawCleanup) to deallocate all the assigned resources and exit the program at several critical points.
When Drawlt Finishes, it returns control to Big- Pict’s main program. BigPict sets the initial posi- tion-tracker variables (specifying the position of the window's upper-left corner) that it shares with its Fry Move procedure, then waits for messages from Intuition. Messages come along the normal route the Amiga message system sends message events to a port set up by the main program. In this case, when you create the new window. Intuition attaches the message port UserPort to it. Each message port you create has a signal bit allocated to it. Through the Wait call, BigPict tells AmigaDOS it will not continue to another task until it gets a signal with the specified hit.
Once the program receives the signal that there is at least one message waiting, BigPict captures the message using GetMsg(). BigPict extracts the message class and associated message code from each Intuition message, then uses ReplvMsg to inform Intuition it is done with its message. Next the program checks for a Closewindow message. II BigPict receives one, the program calls DrawCleanup and quits; otherwise it looks for keystrokes.
The type of keystroke (arrow-key presses, shift- key presses and releases, and the Help-key press) determines the program's action. The arrow keys signal that the user is attempting to move the image in the direction of the key’s arrow. The arrow key alone calls for a one-pixel move; an arrow-key and shift-key combination signals a jump of ten pixels. When the user press a shift key, BigPict increments a shift counter; when the key is released, the shift counter is decremented. The Help key provides a quick way to move the image back to its upper-left corner. ?
real-time, LIVE! Video on your Amiga's screen.
• True Color: just as it comes from your video source: camera, VCR,
TV, anything. Direct, moving, in your Amiga’s memory...our patented technology.
• Fast: video images in black & white, 32-color, and 4,096-color HAM.
See 15 new images every second in black & white, 12 in color, 4 in HAM.
• Save: moving video, play it back, use it in other programs. Unlimited stills, too.
• Video Effects: real-time mouse-controled...posterization, fades, color- keying, strobes, more.
¦ Roll Your Oum: programmer’s video library, hardware documentation, examples in C, Basic.
• $ 295. Immediate delivery. This is hot.
To order call toll-free anytime: Nationwide: 800-452-4445, ext. 1156 California: 800-626-9541, ext. 1156
For more information, contact:
A-Squared Distributions Inc
6114 La Salle Avenue, Suite 326 Oakland, California 94611 415-339-0339
Listing 1. BigPict MODULE BigPict;
- -------------------------------------* j
(* BigPict - A Modula-2 Demo which imports a *) (* larger-than-screen-size image and lets the *) (* user scroll around in it using the arrow *) (* keys. Demonstrates use large images, *)
(* scrolling, and intercepting raw keystrokes *) (* as Intuition events. *)
(* David T. McClellan March April 1988. *)
(* For September 1988 AmigaWorld, *)
(* Written in Benchmark Modula-2. *)
(* * )
FROM SYSTEM IMPORT
ADR, TSIZE, BYTE, ADDRESS;
FROM InOut IMPORT
FROM System IMPORT
FROM Intuition IMPORT
ScreenPtr, ScreenFlags, ScreenFlagsSet, NewScreen, NewScreenPtr, CustomScreen,
Window, WindowPtr, NewWindow,
NewWindowPtr, WindowFlags, WindowFlagsSet, SuperBitMap, IDCMPFlags, IDCMPFlagsSet,
OpenScreen, CloseScreen, RethinkDisplay, MakeScreen, OpenWindow, CloseWindow,
RefreshWindowFrame,OpenWorkBench, ViewAddress, ViewportAddress,CursorUp, CursorDown, CursorLeft, CursorRight;
FROM Clipping IMPORT Layer, LayerPtr;
FROM Layers IMPORT ScrollLayer;
FROM Memory IMPORT
AllocMem, FreeMem, MemPublic, MemChip,
FROM Ports IMPORT GetMsg, ReplyMsg;
FROM Tasks IMPORT Wait, SignalSet;
FROM Rasters IMPORT RastPort, RastPortPtr;
FROM Views IMPORT ViewModes, ViewModesSet,
FROM DrawltIFF IMPORT(* Our own Drawlt, DrawCleanup;
(* Keyboard constants *)
RtShiftOn = 97; RtShiftOff = 225;
LfShiftOn = 96; LfShiftOff = 224;
HelpKey = 95;(* Use for "Go to the Top" *)
Xmax, Ymax : INTEGER; (‘maxima of screen *)
CurX, CurY : INTEGER; (* Current Upper
(* Left Corner Coords *) PROCEDURE TryMove (awin : WindowPtr;
newx, newy: INTEGER);
boundedX, boundedY : INTEGER; vwidth, vheight : INTEGER; dx, dy : INTEGER;(* For ScrollLayer *) winvport : ViewPortPtr;
(* awin's Viewport *)
winvport ViewPortAddress (awin"); vwidth := winvport".DWidth; vheight := winvport",DHeight;
IF (newx 0) THEN boundedX := 0;
ELSIF ((newx + vwidth-1) > Xmax) THEN boundedX := Xmax - vwidth;
Listing continued on p. 88
To shift the image, BigPict decides on the direction of the attempted move and calls TryMove. TryMove limits the move to keep you from scrolling outside of the image. Once the program decides on the proper distance to move, it calls ScrollLayer (from the Layers library) to move the window over the bitmap. Once the window is repositioned, BigPict tells Intuition to redraw the display by calling the functions MakeScreen and RcthinkDisplay.
After TryMove is done, BigPict waits for more input. If it receives another arrow- or Help-key
message, it scrolls; if it gets a shift press or release, the program alters the shift counter. If BigPict gets a Close message, it calls DrawCleanup to free the memory and quits. The logic follows one simple path get a key, try a move, and do a ScrollLayer, or quit.
To see the BigPict in action, compile it and then type:
Whether you are writing a custom drawing program or simply a slide viewer, SuperBitMap window scrolling techniques let you spend more time admiring the results of your labors and less time laboring. ¦
David T McClellan is a contributing editor to Amiga- World. Write to him at 104 Chevron Circle, Cary, NC 27511.
When you want to talk Amiga...you want to talk to us.
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COMPUTER MAIL ORDER
In the second episode of info.phile’s “mini-series'’ on the new version of the Amiga’s operating system, our columnists are singing the praises of the ch-ch-ch-changes to CLI commands.
By Bill Catchings and Mark L. Van Name
* Editor's Note: To get the information on version 1.3 to you as quickly as possible; the authors have had to use a "gamma’' version of AmigaDOS 1.3. A gamma version is one that Commodore circulates to developers and a few other groups so that those groups can see what's coming and help shake out any bugs. It is the last unofficial release before the software hits your dealer’s shelves.
It is very likely that the final version will have the same new CIJ commands as this gamma version, but Commodore still could make some changes before it releases the final version. To be safe, when you buy a cofry of version 1.3, plan to spend a few minutes verifying that everything works as it is described here.
AMIGADOS 1.3 INCLUDES changes to over 20 commands far more than space permits us to cover here. So, we'll hit as many of the more interesting changes as we can. One of the most important tilings that we gain from 1.3 is its new FastFileSystem, FFS. FFS makes hard-disk accesses much faster, although it does not currently help those of us with only floppy-disk drives. (Be patient, it will probably work with floppy drives in future versions of AmigaDOS.) Several commands have changed in subtle ways to work better with FFS.
ADDBLEFERS, for example, will help the performance of an FFS disk. With the standard file system, adding extra buffers did not always improve your disk's speed. If you have extra memory, ADDBUFFERS is now a much more useful command.
FORMAT' also has a few new wrinkles that make it work better with hard disks in general, and with those that run FFS ?
JCTIVITY j GRAPHICS ANIMATION
j MUSfC WDi
i Dr Ts Copyist Dr Vs KCS v1.6 i Drum Studio ... f Dynamic Studio.. ' ECE Midi interlace .
Inter Midi Gold (500)
Music Mouse ......
' Music X ....
Perfect Sound .
Amiga is a trademark of 'omrnodore-Amiga.
On ..$ 199 j Animator Apprentice .. $ 189
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$ 129 Photon Paint .$ 65 j
$ 69 Sculpt 3D ...$ 69
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In particular. The new QUICK option lets you save a lot of time when you are formatting a hard disk. If you use this option, FORMAT creates and formats only the root block, the boot block, and the bitmap blocks that it uses to control disk usage.
You can also decide whether the hard disk or hard disk partition you are formatting should run under FFS or the standard file system. You can do so in either of two ways. Commodore would prefer you to state your preference in the MountList entry for that disk or partition. To make it an FFS partition, use a DosType entry that says FFS. To make the disk use the standard file system, omit that line.
Messing around with the MountList can be intimidating. It is full of technical lines that most of us care little about. To avoid ever seeing it, when you format your partition, use the FFS option or the NOFFS (standard file system) option to indicate which file system you want the partition to use. Be sure you mean what you say here, because these options will override the disk’s MountList entry.
One other disk-related command, DISK- DOCTOR, will work a bit better under
1. 3. It will not work a great deal better, blit even a small improvement is nice when you are talking about a command that helps you save files from crashed disks.
A Bit of Real Protection
AmigaDOS has offered the PROTECT command from the beginning, but it’s never been very useful. Its one claim to fame is that you can use it to protect a file from deletion by removing its delete option (bit). For example:
PROTECT my file rwe
Version 1.3 represents another step forward for this command, but, unfortunately, not enough of a step to make it worth using frequently. In addition to the existing four options (RWED), you can set four new protection options:
The A option lets you mark files for archiving. While 1.3 does not do anything with the H option now, it seems a logical choice for a means to make a file
“invisible” to the CLI. Many other operating systems, including MS-DOS, support hidden files. The P option indicates a file whose code is “pure” (more on that term next month). Finally, the S option denotes a script, or command, file, another topic for a future column.
Rather than simply stating all of a file’s options, as you must do with 1.2, you can add new options to a file or subtract existing ones. To do this you use the ADD (or + ) and SUB ( ) keywords. For example:
PROTECT myfile ADD S
or the synonymous:
PROTECT myfile +S
will turn on the S option of myfile. Similarly:
PROTECT myfile SUB S
will remove that option, as will:
PROTECT myfile - S
Just as PROTECT has been updated to take into account the new protection hits, other commands, such as COPY, have been changed as well. COPY gives you much better control over the attributes of a duplicate file. By default, AmigaDOS copies the protection bits of the source file to the resulting destination file. The date and the comment are not copied. New options enable you to override these defaults. NOPRO specifies that the protection bits should not be copied. DATE and COM copy the source file’s date and comment, respectively. CLONE causes all the attributes the date, protection bits, and comment to be copied.
To further simplify the duplication of files, COPY will now create a new directory if the TO parameter’s destination is a director}' that does not exist.
A List of LIST
The LIST command also has been changed to support the new protection bits and to add new functions. The new protection bits are now displayed along with the old ones in a file listing. In addition, LIST will handle file patterns rather than just directories. For example, you can now type:
LIST S:S ?
To list all the files in the S directory starting with the letter S.
New or changed options permit you to tailor the output of a LIST command. QUICK now eliminates the extra spaces after file names, BLOCK lists the size of files in blocks, instead of in the usual bytes. With the FILES or DIRS options, you can restrict the output of a listing to files only or directories only.
More complex, the LFORMAT option can be used to quickly create scripts to operate on a set of files. To use the option, include a LFORMAT = “ output format>” clause in a LIST command. For each file found, LIST outputs a line using that format string. The output formal string can include any characters plus the following special meanings. If a %S is found, LIST will substitute a file name. A second %S is replaced with the same file name. If you use four of them, LIST replaces them with the file name, the path name, the file name again and the path name again. For example, the command:
LIST > RAM:movec ?,c LFORMAT = “RENAME %S CD1R %S”
will put one line for each file ending in ,c in a file called RAM:movec. Each line will be set up like this:
RENAME FOO.C CDIR FOO.C
You can execute the resulting file to move each of the files matching the template to the CDIR directory. While this example is not too earth-shattering, you can use the LFORMAT option to create scripts very quickly and easily.
SFARCH also has been improved for better use with scripts. It now sets the condition flag to indicate whether the requested string was found. You can use the new QUIET option so that the matching line will not be displayed. Two other new SEARCH options allow you to have more control. NONUM turns off the outputting of line numbers. The FILE option searches for a file name rather than a string within a file. This permits you to use SEARCH in the same way you would use the UNIX FIND command.
Along with all the improvements to the file-manipulating commands, Commodore made enhancements to some of the process-handling commands. NEW- CLI now uses a startup file. If you use a FROM option, the commands in the specified file are executed at CLI startup. If the FROM option is not pres- ?
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Em, the default file, S:CLI-Startup, is executed. This allows you to customize your CLI before you use it.
STATUS now can check for the existence of a process running a given command with die COMMAND = cmd> option. For example, the commands:
cess running a command named testprogram.
Grab Bag of Goodies
AmigaDOS version 1.3 has not only added improvements, it has eliminated a lot of the problems of previous releases. One such quirk wras the DATE command’s requirement that the month field must be two digits. Months such as September had to be entered with a leading zero. This problem has been fixed. SET-
STATUS > tempfile COMMAND = testprogram BREAK tempfile > NIL:
will attempt to find and interrupt a pro
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DATE, used to set the date and, optionally, the time of a file, has been modified similarly.
DELETE has been changed to continue deleting files even if a file deletion fails. This will prevent DELETE from stopping completely if you type the name of one file incorrectly in a long list. AmigaDOS will not delete the misnamed file, but will delete all the files following it.
Commodore removed another annoyance by permitting the INFO command to accept the name of a device as an argument. Now you can obtain information on an individual device, instead of always seeing all the devices listed.
In previous releases, the options for DIR were single letters. Now there arc more descriptive synonyms: ALU for A, to list the contents of all subdirectories; DIRS, for D, to list only directory names; and INTER, for I, to enter interactive mode.
For its temporary files, EXECUTE now uses a directory named by the logical name 'I':, if it exists, rather than the :T directory. EXECUTE uses temporary files wrhen doing argument substitution. A new copy of a script is created with the correct arguments filled in from the command line. This script is then executed. You can speed up such scripts by assigning a director)' on the RAM disk to T:.
Commodore also has changed the way the INSTALL command operates. These modifications will provide a little bit of help in the war against viruses. Viruses on the Amiga typically infect disks by means of the hoot block. To help make this task more difficult, INSTALL clears the memory it uses to build the boot block. The CHECK option compares the boot block on a disk against valid Com- modore-Amiga boot code. INSTALL returns a warning if the boot code is considered to be nonstandard. Another option, NOBOOT, makes the disk no longer bootable. It will then he a regular AmigaDOS disk.
Next time we will discuss the new RESIDENT' command and how it can make your life more pleasant. Until then, experiment with the new tricks Commodore taught these “old” commands. ¦
Mark L. Van Name and Bill Catchings are contributing editors to AmigaWorlcl. Write to them at 10024 Sycamore Rd., Durham, NC 27703.
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The end is near, Part Three Is here* If you answered the first 30 clues correctly, you're ‘thirds of the way to a chance at the Prize: an Amiga 2000 plus a Getaway id to the treasure site (including tux- :commodations for two nights and trip airfare) to collect the prize, missed the first two legs of the you can order copies of the July
i) and August (Part Two) Issues by sending $ 4.50 plus $ 1 shipping and handling per copy to AmigaWorld, Attn: Treasure Hunt Back Issue Orders, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458, or call 800 343-0728. Be
Win an Amiga 2000 Plus
sure to specify you are on the Treasure Hunt, so you will receive your magazines in time to make the deadline.
All the clues are linked so you will need to solve each one before you can move on. Decipher all the clues correctly and you’ll know the location of the buried treasure.
Be sure you have saved your answers to all previous clues (you will need them). The exact answer to each clue will correspond to the word or words marked in italics.
When you have the solution, fill out the coupon below (or a facsimile). All entries must be received at the AmigaWorld offices
by Thursday, September 15, 1988. Only one entry per return address will be accepted. The winner will be selected in a random drawing of all correct entries held on Friday, September 16, 1988. Listen for your telephone notification on Monday, September 19th. Confirmation will follow by mail. Have your bags packed for the Getaway Weekend (Friday, Saturday, and Sunday), October 21- 23 or 28-30 depending on your schedule.
In the November issue we will publish the winner's name and the trail to the treasure with the answers to each clue In all three parts of the treasure hunt.
The odds of winning will depend on the number of correct entries received. If the prize Is not claimed, a second drawing win be held to award It. Taxes and duties on ail prizes are the sole responsibility of die winner. Prizes are not transferrabie, nor are they redeemable for cash value.
No purchase necessary. All federal, state, and local laws apply. Void wherever prohibited by law.
Anyone of any age may enter. Minors must be accompanied by parent or legal guardian to claim the prize. If the winner resides outside the US or Canada, the Amiga 2000 prize will be shipped to the winner at our expense. There win be no Getaway Weekend in this case.
Employees of IDG Communications Inc., its affiliates, subsidiaries, advertising and pro
motion agencies, and their families are not eligible to enter.
Entry constitutes permission to use the winner's name, photograph, or other likenesses for promotional purposes without further compensation to the winner. Submissions become the property of AmigaWorld and cannot be returned. AmigaWorld is not responsible for lost, misdirected, or late mail. All entries received after September 15 are void and ineligible for the drawing.
The winner and his or her companion assume all risks and dangers incidental to traveling to and from the site of the Getaway Weekend and to their stay during the Getaway Weekend and agree that AmigaWorld, and IDG Communications Inc. and its affiliates, are not liable for any Injuries, loss, or other mishaps suffered during the period specified above.
62 September 1988
The Clues Part Three
31. Leave town by a route whose number is the first half of a famous rallying cry of Pacific Northwest expansionists in the 19th century.
A Getaway Weekend for 2
32. Travel occidentalfy, passing through a town whose name Is the same as a great naval battle. Shortly afterwards look for a town whose namesake, a home-run-hittlng slugger, might be deduced from the title of a novel based on the life of Louisiana demagogue Huey Long.
33. Continue on the same route in the same direction, crossing three state lines, until you foin an interstate.
34. Proceed in “Mae's” direction on the interstate. Your next route will be revealed when you stop to take a poll as to what road to take.
35. Follow the sign in a boreal direction, crossing two state lines, to the end of the route at “Tom's" place.
36. Continue in the same direction from “Tom's” on a route whose individual digits add up to the number of winners of the Triple Crown In American horse racing. Join the first interstate you encounter.
7. Stop in aVtitoenand order an omelette made with green pepp&rs*diced ham, and
onions. Proceed on the interstate in appropriate direction to a place where you could get a real sugar high.
38. Return to the interstate on which you*ve been traveling. Proceed in the same direction until you reach another interstate. Set your sights on Polaris and proceed accordingly until you reach a city whose name suggests that of the man who wrote “Bankers Are Just Like Anybody Else, Except Richer” and “Cat Naps Are Too Good for Cats.”
39. In this city, another interstate joins the one on which you’ve been traveling. Proceed in the same direction on this junction. When the roads divide, take the new interstate and cross the first state line.
40. Proceed on the interstate In the same direction, crossing another state tine, until you arrive at a town whose name is the same as that of a man famous for playing the pipes ’
41 r Here you will find your new route, whose number can be found through some NBA basketball statistics. Subtract the value of a shot made 40 feet from the basket from the highest number of points ever scored by one individual in an official game.
42. Proceed in an austral direction until you reach a town super” alias
43. Continue on the sdme route in the same direction, crossing the next state line, until you reach an interstate. Proceed on the interstate in the same direction until you reach a two-word town, the first word of which might describe the face of a poker player caught trying to do the second word.
44. Continue on the same route in the same direction until you reach another interstate, whose number is the same as the maximum filenote length In AmigaDOS. Proceed in the Santa Maria's direction on the new Interstate to the city where it ends.
45. You have reached the city where the Treasure Hunt ends. The city, however,'is not the solution to the contest. You must find the place in this city where the treasure is “buried.” To do so, go to the nearest phone and dial a telephone number whose digits you can learn from the following answers to previous clues:
Area Code: 34, first digit; 23, second digit; 22, first digit
Exchange: 17, first digit; 25, first digit; 7, first digit
Number: 8, first digit;, 36, first digit; 31, second digit; 33, first digit.
When you call, have a pencil and pad handy.
AMIGAWORLD’S SUMMER ’88 TREASURE HUNT
80 Elm St.
Peterborough, NH 03458
The treasure is buried at:_
Entries must be received by September 15, 1988
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from p. 18
on the screen with the mouse and click. Clicking again will place an identical device. For the perfect position, you can rotate devices by 90° increments. The negative logic or DeMorgan equivalents of most devices are available. To set things straight, you can display a variable size grid of colored dots. Devices will optionally snap into position on the grid so that the pins of connecting devices will line up. You can also snap signal lines to the grid, making alignments quick and easy. Among other things, the repeat function will duplicate a line for consecutive pin placement.
Signal names tie the signals to the connecter pins. You can place signal names above or below lines with automatic page reference generation, which labels every signal with the page numbers where it occurs again. Bundles of signals (busses) can be routed together to help avoid clutter. Pro-Net will generate device numbers (U1, U2, and so on), properly handling packages with multiple gates.
Io make, the most efficient use of space, you can edit your schematic. So that devices from the same package will not be placed too far apart, you can define zones. Text, non-electrical lines and arcs, and filled or hollow boxes and circles can be placed anywhere on the schematic diagram. You can adjust signal lines after placement. You can also move one device at a time while retaining conned ions. But line routing may suffer.
Two special features address the problem of later needing devices with sections tied to the power or ground plane. You can tie these pins to surface power or surface ground which will route a trace on the surface from the power or ground plane to the pin. You can later cut the trace and connect a jumper.
Post-processing functions include creating a net list, bill of materials, page references. Error list and component map. You even can type in a supplementary net list that Pro-Board will combine with the main list.
Pro-Boarcl (PROfessional pc BOARD generator) is a PC board layout program that uses Pro-Net’s net list to guide you in making the connections on the PC board and verifying that the board design agrees with the Pro-Net schematic. If you purchase the programs indepen
dently, you can create a board without a net list or enter vour own list.
Pro-Board acids small color-coded gadgets to the text line above the Intelligent function Keys. The gadgets let you select the layers of the PC board that are displayed (each in a corresponding color) and to designate the working laver that your mouse affects. The auto-layer gadget activates automatic selection of the working layer based on your actions. If graphic features of one layer overlap another, you can display them in a color derived from the overlapping colors, for a translucent effect.
Choose your templates from a library of various-sized integrated circuit (IC) solder pad patterns, connecter patterns with or without pin numbers, and miscellaneous component patterns. You start your PC hoard by drawing the exact size and shape of the hoard, and placing the components (pad patterns) and mounting or clearance holes. The program then checks the components against the net list. Similar to Pro-Net, Pro-Board’s editing features let you create or modify library parts to .001-inch accuracy. After you correct any errors, the program will do a “rat’s nest,” straight lines showing all of the connections in the net list. Bv
studying this maze, you can discover where you need to rearrange components to minimize the length and crossing of traces.
When final placement is complete,
Pro-Board leads you, one trace at a time, indicating which pads you must connect. On a .025-inch grid, you route the traces (.012-inch trace and .013-inch space mini- mums) by clicking the beginning and end points. Pro-Board will find the shortest route and place the trace. To place a via (a conducting hole through the board), just position the pointer, click, and press tfie via gadget. When autolayer is on, the program puts near-vertical traces on a different side of the hoard from near-horizontal traces. Before starting the board, you can specify the sides used for vertical and horizontal.
You can add text and graphics to any layer: component side, solder side, power layer, ground layer and silk screen (label) layer. Pro-Board creates the silk screen layer and solder mask automatically. If you wish, the program will generate power and ground planes, mark X and Y coordinates of all components.
Ancl creak* a file cross-referencing the X and Y coordinates with the device numbers.
Wired for Power
Pro-Net and Pro-Board are extremely fast and powerful professional-qualitv programs. They create well-documented, verified designs, automating normally time-consuming and error-prone tasks. The programs are easy to use, hut only once you learn them. The small, poorly- written manuals are not much help. Fortunately, Prolific’s customer support is excellent. Updates to both products, released as we go to print, promise PAL support in addition to other improvements.
Pro-Net Pro-Board Prolific Inc.
1808 W. Southgate Ave.
Fullerton, CA 92633 717 447-8792 S475 each
One megabyte required.
Drive the bridge to a Imo-cost hard disk.
By Carl Mann
WHILE 20 MEGABYTES of Amiga harddisk storage is now less than half the price of early Amiga hard-drive systems, it still costs at least twice as much as a 30-meg IBM storage kit. Imagine being able to connect your Amiga with an ST506 hard disk!
There’s no need to daydream any more. The Wedge, a hardware software combination, lets you run a standard IBM-type controller and hard drive on your A500 or A1000. It's fast, and it's less expensive than the SCSI-bus systems by a large margin. There's a price for this savings, of course, but one you may be better able it) afford than cash.
The Wedge may not perform properly if your Amiga has internal expansion RAM, but it works fine with external units offering bus pass-through (T did not test it with a card cage). By itself, The Wedge is not a hard-di.sk system; you can't plug an ST506 drive directly into
it. Instead, The Wedge attaches to the bus and accepts an XT-style controller.
The total cost of my construction project was about S4I9: $ 100 or so for a good controller, $ 75 for a cheap, 10-meg drive, $ 75 for a hard-drive power supply and case, $ 10 for cables, and The Wedge ($ 159). To that you can add assembly time (the amount will depend on the components’ pedigrees, plus your technical skills and resources). My initial assemblage was complete in four hours, but it looked like something from
Careful the exposed Wedge is fragile.
A bad science-fiction movie. Another six hours produced a neat, presentable package.
1 rated The Wedge’s various characteristics on a scale of one to ten. In the categories of materials quality, reliability (once you get it to work the first lime), and performance. The Wedge gets perfect scores. In the assembly division, considering both ease and quality, it gets a seven. Software and documentation score six and five respectively.
The quality-of-assembly rating would improve if the unit were encased so that cats, stray elbows, and gravity could not separate The Wedge’s components. The edge connectors don't lock, and separation is an ever-present possibility in the current “naked” design. I accidentally nudged the unit during a disk-write operation with disastrous results; an elaborate web of rubber bands now holds my system together.
The low score for software quality would be higher if the "verify disk” function of The Wedge's low-level formatting program (FMT) would perform properly, and if AmigaDOS were able to find Bill- disk.device in the DF.VS directory, as it should. At present, FMT counts the cyl- ?
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inders but neglects to move the read write head from track to track on the actual drive, and AmigaDOS can locate the device only in the CII directory.
The product designers wrote the documentation. 1 hey’re too close to the subject, and as a consequence, some vital matters are obscured (the section on howto configure a mountlist is confusing) while others are omitted (there is no discussion of building a startup-sequence for fast booting). Although disk files attempt to explain it all, the authors made too many assumptions about the users’ technical proficiency.
RSI Systems, maker of The Wedge, attempts to compensate for the documentation deficiencies by providing excellent telephone support and access to their MindLink bulletin-board system (where you can reportedly find answers to many- technical questions). Unfortunately, a call to British Columbia is expensive for many of us.
In dealing with RSI Systems, two things became obvious. The RSI team is anxious to please; they return calls, dig up esoteric drive statistics, produce custom-configured system files without being asked, and generally knock themselves out. Secondly, the software and manual are still somewhat under development. Officially, The Wedge now falls under KCC rules for “experimental apparatus" (it does not contribute noticeably to my system’s RF-interferencc characteristics. Though). You must he prepared to work closely with RSI Systems to resolve any bugs in your configuration.
RSI also sells assembled Wedge-based hard-drive systems. If you’re a hacker at heart, though, you’ll probably like the do-it-yourself package despite its idiosyncrasies.
Not everybody needs a SCSI port and full networking capabilities. A Wedge- based hard-drive system costs much less than the SCSI subsystems, and it supplies the essentials.
The Wedge RSI Systems
9651 Alexandra Rd.
Richmond, BC Canada V6X 1C6 604 270-0064 SI 59
ST506 hard drive and controller required.
D-50 Parameter Editor Caged Artist's D-50 Editor Librarian The D-50 Master Editor Librarian
By Bob Lindstrom
ALTHOUGH THE Roland D-50 is easier to program than most FM synthesis keyboards. The fact remains that a few hundred values may be altered in the ere ation of just one D-50 voice. Each individ ual voice consists of two tones of two partials, and those two tones are combined with a full array of additional paid data. Whew. . .can the Amiga help out?
It can! There are at least three editor librarians on the market to help you pit gram the D-50 (and D-550 rackmount module) through your Amiga: Go Software’s D-50 Parameter Editor, The D-50 Master by Sound Quest, and the Caged Artist s D-50 Editor Librarian from Dr. T’s Music Software.
D-50 Parameter Editor
Musicians who blew the hank account to buy their D-50 550 may admire the Go Software package by Brian Gontowski. It provides no-frills patch editing at a low price. It also commits itself fully to the analog control panel ideal. Instead of numbers and values, buttons and sliders imitate the tweak-tempting interfaces that appeared on early analog synthesizers. These are matched with envelope graphs to access the I)-50’s many sound possibilities.
In addition to the basic ability to receive and transmit patches to the Roland, this editor allows you to save patches to disk. Without a librarian screen, however, the D-50 Parameter Editor is not as capable as the competition when it conies to mixing and matching
individual patches into banks.
The program includes one module for printing patch parameters; another provides an on-screen keyboard with slider- adjustable key velocity that can "play" the synthesizer (a great way to test patches).
The main drawback of this editor is that it has leaned too far in favor of the analog panel, l he screen does not dis* ?
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Play the numerical values of your adjustments. Therefore, while the Parameter Editor provides the means to creatively manipulate patches, it produces little in tlie way oi specific feedback. If you want to enter patch values printed in books or magazines, you'll have to set aside this program and use the front panel of the D-50 550.
The D-50 Master Editor Librarian
If you’re using the Texture sequencing software (Sound Quest), look no further. The Master editor is the only way to go. As it supports Texture’s use of the parallel port for MIDI output. This deluxe editor librarian boasts a wealth of other superb features, too.
'fhe miracle of the Sound Quest editor is that it shows so much patch information on a single screen without crowding or obscuring the display. You can find virtually everything at a glance.
To enter data, simply click and hold the left mouse button on a value. Then edit with left-right mouse movement or the up-and-down cursor control keys. Mouse response is very efficient and sensitive (sometimes too sensitive), vet direct
keyboard entry would have been a convenient alternate means of changing values.
Pitch, filter, and amplitude parameters are displayed as envelope graphs. Just click a point on the graph and move it to your desired position. As in all other editing operations, the change is sent to the D-50 550 instantly so you can immediately hear the results.
Sound Quest has provided a superior librarian in this package. You can cut, paste, and delete patches from a sound bank and save or load them to or from disk. Better yet. You can keep more than one sound bank window open simultaneously (available RAM is the limit) and cut and paste between them.
Such basics, however, arc only the be- ginning. During editing, you can lock together several parameters; then, changing one will alter the others hy the same amount. You can mix and match portions of various sizes (tone, partial, and patch data to those fluent in Ro- landese) among patches. All altered values in a patch are highlighted so you can easily see which numbers have changed during an editing session.
The D-50 Master’s several random patch generators help you create new sounds. You can combine two patches in various ways to produce an entirely new bank of sounds. If you prefer, you can go to the Variations screen containing a bank of sliders that determine how the program will randomly generate new patches. Considering the intricacies of programming the D-50 550, it may prove effective to lei the computer randomize new voices and then choose or fine-tune the best of the bunch.
One weakness concerns the playback options. Menu selections allow you to play a single note, a chord, or a preset sequence at the touch of a mouse button. The program doesn’t let you play the synthesizer from your keyboard control-
* j J
ler, however, a feature that would be a real asset for matching music to timbre. You can easily remedy the problem with the appropriate MIDI hook-up or by multitasking a MIDI merge utility. Still, Sound Quest might have added the option and saved us the trouble.
With its many other features and the help screens throughout (a necessary addition to the technically high-level man*
flickerFixer and Microway
are trademarks oi Microway, Inc. Amiga is a registered trademark ol Commodore. Multisync is a registered trademark of NEC.
P. O. Box 79 Kingston, MA 02364 USA
NOW FCC CLASS B APPROVED
flickerFixer eliminates your Amiga 2000’s interlace flicker and visible scan lines. The result: superior quality color or monochrome graphics and text for a full range of demanding applications, including CAD, desktop publishing graphics animation and video.
FlickerFixer fits into the Amiga video slot, is fully compatible with all user software, and does not modify the standard Amiga video signals. The board also upgrades the Amiga 2000 with a flicker free 4096 color palette, has an overscan mode that features a screen size of 704 x 470 pixels and drives most of the popular PC Multiscan and VGA monitors, including the NEC Multisync and Mitsubishi XC1429C.
Reviews are impressive: Amiga GURU 6 88: "The display is fantastic ... It is the best display we have ever seen on any computer system." AMIGAWORLD 5 88: “Our writers loved it .. . Compare the difference between night and day!"
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flickerFixer is priced at $ 595. It is made in the USA by Microway, Inc. For more information or to order, call Microway Sales at (508)746-7341 or your Amiga Dealer.
32 High St., Kings-Upon-Thames, U.K. 01-541-5466
ual), Sound Quest’s D-50 Master is an excellent example of how much muscle and creativity an cclitor lihrarian can contribute.
Caged Artist’s D-50 Editor Librarian
The Caged Artist program has a "right tool for the job” feel. Without the glamour or exotic add-ons of the Sound Quest editor, this product stresses speed of operation and the kind of editing convenience that will appeal to a no-nonsense professional.
Instead of showing all parameters and envelope graphs on the screen at once, this editor moves between several independent screens to alter the D-oO’s par- tials, tones, and patches. The advantage over Sound Quest's approach is larger, more readable displays; the disadvantage is an inability to get the whole picture at a single glance.
Dr. T's data entry method is the best of the three editors, providing both mouse-slider control and direct keyboard entry (very handy when entering patch parameters from magazines). Altered values are highlighted and remain so until
changed back to the original value. You can edit envelopes by selecting a point on the graph and moving it. All alterations are sent immediately to the
By holding a mouse button and moving the cursor across the screen, you can play strings of notes to test a patch, changing both pitch and velocity. In keeping with its professional performance orientation, this editor also offers integral MIDI merge, which allows you to play new patches from a controlling keyboard. If you’re playing music through a multitasking sequencer while editing, the MIDI implementation lets you filter program changes from the sequence (it saves a lot of confusion, believe me).
The patch librarian can hold two complete 64-patch voice banks in memory at once. You can swap patches between them to generate new patch hanks. You can also save individual tones and complete voices to disk for later mixing and matching in new patches.
The Gaged Artist provides patch randomizing capabilities comparable to Sound Quest’s Variations screen. A mask
screen determines how much each aspect of a patch will he effected. After randomization, an undo function can restore the original. It works well, but because this editor is divided into several screens for each portion of a patch, you must run the process seven inconvenient times to alter every part of the voice.
MIDI merge and type-in data entry are the outstanding merits of the Caged Artist editor. Like the other Dr. T products, the D-50 editor librarian is not pretty, but it does a great job.
Only Amiga Makes it Patchable
The Amiga beats all other MIDI-com rolling computers because it lets you mix and match software you’re not locked in to any particular combination. I effectively multi tasked all three editors with two different sequencers.
If you’re on a tight budget, Go Software’s editor will get you started. If you can afford it, though, 1 recommend one of the others. Which is better? It’s a matter of taste. The Gaged Artist editor offers more efficient note entry and good live performance features, while Sound Quest’s randomizing is excellent and its?
GEN ONE"1: Professional Quality Gen- locking For All Amiga Computers
Specially designed for compatibility with the Amiga® line of computers, GEN ONE is the premier genlocking encoder. If you’re serious about your video graphics, this interactive desktop accessory is a no-nonsense component. And to back our commitment to quality and customer support, we give the best warranty in the business. GEN ONE from CSI...Quality. With the commitment to match.sm
GEN ONE s Advanced Features Include: USER CONTROL
• Separate RGB and Video Gain
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with 1 year warranty Call For More Information And A Free Brochure
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interface takes advantage of the Amiga’s Intuition. None will teach you how to program the Roland D-50 550. But all will streamline the job,
D-50 Parameter Editor
RR 1, Box 442. Spicer Rd.
Thompson, CT 06277
512K and MIDI niter face required.
The D-50 Master Editor Librarian Sound Quest
5 Glenadeti Ave. E.
Toronto, Ontario Canada M8Y 2L2 416 234-0347 $ 150
512K and MIDI interface required.
Caged Artist’s D-50 Editor Librarian
Dr. T's Music Software
220 Boylston Street, Suite 306
Chestnut Hill, MA 02167
512K and MIDI interface required.
Animation: Effects Animation.* Stand
Build a video-effects studio on a budget.
By Wayland Strickland
WHILE THE 3-D modelling programs arc quite flashy, with the right special effects, two dimensions can look equally professional. Hash Enterprises offers two ways to got your IFF and Hold-and-Mod* ify (HAM) flics moving Animation: Effects and Animation: Stand.
Comprised of three separate programs Wipe, Scroll, and Flip Animation: Effects enhances your video presentations. For example, you can use Wipe to make the transition from a digitized picture to video input from a genlock, or use Scroll to roll the credits for your creations.
Wipe loads an IFF or HAM image in overscan and displays it over live video.
You can wipe (move a new image over the current screen display) from left to right, right to left, top to bottom, or bottom to top. II you want to be fancv, you can perform a box wipe from the center out to the edges of the screen: the image begins as a small rectangle in the middle of the screen, then expands in all directions. Ihe box wipe works best with lores, non-interlaced images; the higher the resolution of the image, the slower and rougher the wipe appears. The other wipes perform smoothly in all resolutions. Another transition option is to fade in or fade out the image. You will fade in and out to black, however, not to the background color, color zero, that a genlock uses. To load your image and select a wipe, you use the function keys and the arrow keys.
If wipes are not your style, you can try Scroll. The mouse-driven program loads any IFF text file or IFF image lilt* (except in HAM and overscan) and scrolls the text or picture up and down the screen. The up arrow scrolls vour image from top to bottom; the down arrow moves graphics from bottom to top; the space bar pauses the scroll. You cannot.
16 MHZ 68000 PROCESSOR BOARD with MATH COPROCESSOR SOCKET
Processor A ccelera tor
The Processor Accelerator is THE affordable processor "speed-up" product for the Amiga. The creative engineers at CMI have designed a circuit board incorporating the new Thompson 16 MHZ 68000 technology. The PROCESSOR ACCELERATOR is compatible with all three Amiga computers, and comes with a software switch to insure compatibility with ail of your software and other hardware. The PROCESSOR ACCELERATOR Is also easy to install.
- MIDI IN
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however, adjust the scrolling speed. The information and images move at a moderate speed suitable for reading. After using Scroll in both low and interlaced resolutions, I did not notice any speed degradation. The text and pictures scrolled up and down the screen smoothlv.
Scroll does have some quirks. You can load five lo res images into memory at once, hut can only load two interlaced images at a time. I could understand this curious limitation on a low-memory machine, hut 1 tested the program on an Amiga with four megabytes of RAM. Be sure that all information you wish to scroll has ihc same number of palette colors and the same resolution. If not, the program terminates, dropping you hack to the Workbench screen without any warning. Even more annoying is that the program will not completely scroll the last page of text or graphics off the screen; the scroll stops about mid-way, leaving half the image on the screen.
The final and most complex member of ihe iriumvraie is Flip, which lets you animate an IFF or HAM image. First, you must load the image and block off
the section you wish to flip, making a matte. Although you can use any resolution to obtain the matte, the program's output is in low resolution (352x240) or hi res (704x480) overscan only. Mattes
from interlaced images appear to be stretched from top to bottom when generated in lo-res and squashed from left to right when in hi-res. Until Hash Enter* prises releases an update to correct this, you can easily compensate by rescaling the matte.
After saving the matte to disk, you must create a choreography or motion file, a relatively painless process compared to similar programs. You use icons to represent the matte's position on screen and the direction the matte is facing, similar to the method used in Hash’s Animator Apprentice. To roll, tilt, and swivel your image, you rotate it along the x-, y-, and z-axes. At each key frame you can control the number of frames the program generates between the present frame and the next key frame, as well as designate how many frames to use to eliminate choppy movement. All
of this information is stored in a kev
frame list, premitting minute changes to the key frames. You can also adjust the size and scale of the matte at each key frame.
Besides let line you control the matte's
movements, Flip allows you to adjust light intensity, the position of the single light source, the camera’s perspective, shading, and the matte’s pivot point. You can take a last look at any frame in your choreography flic before you record. When you are ready to record, you have a choice of three modes, IFF lets you ?
Test Drive S33
HardBall $ 33
Graphic Studio $ 38 Activision
Shanghai $ 28
Music Studio $ 35
Gee Bee Air RaJley$ 28 Aegis
Animator $ 84
Audio Master $ 38
Draw Plus $ 156
Arazolds Tomb $ 25
Dig* $ 51
Videoscape 3D $ 127
VideoTitler $ 88
Byte by Byte
Animate 3D $ 95
Sculpt 3D $ 66
Arkanoid $ 35
Marauder II $ 28
Grabbit $ 22
Amnix $ 37
KCS $ 178
Copyist V1.4 $ 147
Electronic Arts All Products CALL
Winter Games $ 27 World Games $ 27 500 XJ Joystick $ 14 Gold Disk
Professional Page $ 227 Laserscript $ 29
Hash Enterprises Anim. Apprentice $ 187 Animator jr. $ 51
Infinity software Shakespeare 5142 Inter. Softworks Calligrapher 1.05 $ 82
Lions Fonts $ 38
Aztec C Pro $ 149
Aztec C Dev. $ 220
Aztec C Com. $ 344
Source Level Deb. $ 55 Michtron
Gold Runner $ 28
Insanity Fight $ 28
Slaygon $ 28
Time Bandits $ 28
Micro Magic Forms in Flight $ 50
Discovery Series $ 23
Faery Tale Adv. $ 31
FirePower $ 16
Galactic Invasion $ 16 Photon Paint $ 66
Planetarium $ 48
Excellence Flipside Online Scribble 2.0
$ 95 $ 190 $ 38 $ 45 $ 66
The Works $ 126
Mindscape King of Chicago $ 35
Harrier Combat $ 35
Indoor Sports $ 35
MasterType $ 28
Perfect Score $ 55
Q-Ball $ 21
SDI $ 35
Shadowgate $ 35
Sinbad $ 35
Rocket Ranger $ 35
Three Stooges $ 35
Uninvited $ 35
Digi Droid $ 51
Diga FfX Call
Diga Paint $ 41
Diga View $ 139
Vvl410 Camera $ 238 Precision Software Superbase $ 95
Superbase Pro $ 207
IntroCad $ 51
MicroLawyer $ 38 Pixmate $ 44
Pro Gen $ 369
Sound Quest AU Products CALL Sub Logic
Flight Sim. II $ 36 Jet $ 36
Right Answers Director $ 44
Top Down Dev. Footman $ 22
Space Knight $ 22 Vyper $ 22
Wordperfect Wordpcrfect $ 199 WP Library CALL Accessories Mouse Pads $ 9
40 Disk Holder $ 10 DSDD Disks (10) $ 15
20 MEG $ 599 40 MEG $ 829 65 MEG $ 899 A1000
20 MEG $ 659 40 MEG $ 879 65 MEG $ 949
EXTERNAL PRO DRIVE S195 CAL. ACCESS $ 185 AIR DRIVE $ 159.95
PRO DRIVE $ 149
AIR DRIVE $ 139.95
IF it's not Listed CALI.. We carry over 500 Products.
105 LYNN ST. NACOGDOCHES, TX 75961
Shipping In o: Software Shipping rate* are Si .90 itcm UPS Ground Service mu 6.00) err S3 JO Atczn UPS 2nd Day Air Service (mu $ 12.00). Call for hard ware shipping, Refund A Return Policy: All retumt must have an RA . Call Customer Service 409-560-2826 m requcat an RA I.. Defective merchandise under warranty will be repaired ot replaced. Returned poduct must be in original packaging. We do not offer refund for defective product* or Tot products that do not perform sausfactonly. We make no guarantee* for product performance. Money back guarantees must be handled directly with manufacturer. _
Price* subject to change without nouceiXUvery subject to Availability.
Store frames in the IKK formal for use with paint or page-flipping programs. Pack compresses the images so that you can play them back in pseudo-real time and keeps them compatible with other Hash products. A tightly compressed storage format, Anim is compatible with player programs written for YideoScape 3D (Aegis). With the companion program, Display, you can play hack the compressed images from Pack and Anim formats at speeds ranging from 4 frames per second (fps) to (50 fps. Anim files play back somewhat faster than files in the Pack format. Klip adds an extension to each file's name to help vou identify its contents. The extension, such as .PAC32L, reminds you of the method of storage (PAG), the number of colors (32), and the resolution (L).
The only drawback to Flip is its slow compilation time for animations. To compile each frame. Flip apparently rereads the matte image for each frame it generates, instead of keepitig the information in memory. Storing the choreography file and the animation in a RAM disk did not speed things up much. Relatively slow times, however, are inherent in compiling compressed animations. The program is 68020 68881 compatible, for those who don't mind an expensive acceleration solution.
Designed to simulate an animator's camera stand, Animation: Stand offers effects such as distortion, which lets you stretch an image in various directions. You can also perform repetitive background cycling, called a pan; the seemingly endless living room Fred Flintstone runs through is an example. You can zoom into and out of any part of an IFF or HAM image. Through interpolation, Animation: Stand maintains picture integrity when zooming in and out. Of course, the higher the resolution you use, the more realistic and detailed the zoom appears.
Animation: Stand does not offer full overscan, but merely 352x480 and 704x480. The program records images in much the same manner as Flip does, hut currently does not support the Anim format. Rendering full-screen images is time-consuming, so Animation: Stand will scale down and draw your image to
75, 50, or 25 percent lot a quick look in a fraction of the time.
Animation: Effects and Animation: Stand will run from either Workbench or the CIT and both support the European PAL standard. The manuals for the two programs are informative and pertinent: both Flip and Animation: Stand have well written tutorials. The packages require at least one megabyte of RAM. But, considering that animation is quite memory intensive, you may want another megabyte. If you have room left over to run other programs, only Flip is capable of multitasking.
After putting them through rigorous tests, I recommend Animation: Effects and Animation: Stand for video amateurs and professionals who are on tight budgets.
Animation: Effects Animation: Stand Hash Enterprises 14201 SE Kith Circle Vancouver, WA 98684 206 25(5-8567 $ 49.95 each One megabyte required. ?
Get on board...
Three-Slot Expansion Chassis for A1000
¦ 3 slots for A2000 expansion cards (Zorro 2).
¦ Space for 3.5-inch half-height hard disk.
¦ Separate power supply.
¦ Pass-through and slots buffered.
Two-Slot Expansion Chassis for the AMIGA 500**
¦ Allows you to use two (2) Amiga 2000 cards (including
Bridgecard**). Optional 3.5-inch floppy drive. Separate power supply. ¦ Only 1.5 inches tall.
Direct Memory Access (DMA) SCSI Interface
¦ Amiga 2000'* hard drive controller card.
¦ Operates 7 hard drives or other SCSI devices.
¦ Attach a hard drive to the OverDrive and it becomes a "hardcard."
¦ Provide DMA speed for your A500 A1000 in our Subsystem*
¦ Easy to use soft ware... all you need is the mouse.
¦ Supports Amiga Workbench** 1.3 and "auto booting."
¦ Variety of hard drives available.
PO Bo* U575 Fremont. CA 94539
' Trademarks of Pacific Peripherals ’Trademarksof Commorlore-Amiga. Inc
Metacomco, the authors of AmigaDOS, announce the release of version 2 of their unique single pass Pascal compiler. It is the most pov er- ful and useful ISO Pascal on the Amiga with the friendliness and ease-of-use of a Turbo Pascal type environment.
The new manual even includes a section covering conversion of Turbo Pascal programs to Metacomco Pascal.
Ideal lor beginners and experienced
programmers. O l£w.yu
"DOWNUNDER” BUT NOT OUT
MONTHLY AUSTRALIAN MAGAZINE ON A DISK S9.95
See your local dealer or send order plus check direct to Metacomco. Please add $ 12 for postage.
AUSTRALIAN OFFICE: Unit 3. 94 Excelsior St, Toronto, NSW 2283, Australia. Tel: (049) 596336 SCANDANAVIA:DATA Team Scandanavia, Erikslaltsgatan 71A. 214 65 Malmoe, Sweden
Tei 040-944-711 DEALERS WELCOME
METACOMCO PASCAL NEW VERSION 2!
Other extra features in the new release which are optional extensions to the ISO standard) include: ¦ Dynamic strings
¦ Separate compilation and conditional compilation ¦ Single and double precision (loating point ¦ Bitwise integer operations
¦ Full 32-hit pointers ¦ Enhanced I O error handling ¦ Sequential and random access fifes ¦ OTHERWISE in CASE statements
¦ Complete access to the graphics and sound capabilities ol the Amiga, with extensive examples* Includes linker and MAKE utility
¦ Extensively rewritten 330 page manual.
26 Portland Square, Bristol BS2 8RZ, UK.
Telephone 44 272 428781
Fax 44 272 428618 Telex 444874 METACO G
C MEUCOMCO 1938 Amiga is a trademark otCommoaore-Amiqa Inc Turbo Pascal 15 a trademark of Borland Internal anal
THE BUDGET DRIVE:
For the budget-minded a slrm, reliable, low-power drive in attractive metal case KfT *139.95 ASSEMBLED S149.95
DISK DRIVES FOR THE DISCERNING USER
UNIDRIVE™ $ 169.95
THIS RUGGED WORKHORSE IS ONE OF OUR TOP OF THE LINE DRIVES
' Fujitsu drive (from Japan's leading computer co.) * Supersiimline (height 1"] ' Quiet ¦ 12 months warranty * Quality round cable (detachable) ‘ Hinged dust cover
* Can be powered from the computer or from an external 9v DC powerpack! * Beige metal case
* Very tow standby power (typically 6mA) * Does not click when diskette removed ’ Switch on rear panel allows drive to be disabled
TWINDRIVE™ $ 299
TWO 3.5" DRIVES IN ONE CASE ’ Pass thru
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* A neat compact package, whatever your requirements, now or in the future.
3. 5" EXTERNAL DRIVE FOR THE AMIGA
from $ 139.95
ORDERS & CUSTOMER SERVICE 7631 East Greenway Scottsdale. AZ 85260. USA
HEAD OFFICE: Suite 100, 1000 E. William St. Carson City, Nevada 89701. USA. Tel: (702) 8834904 Amiga* 6 a regstered trademark ol Commodore Amga Inc.
Memory And Storage Technology inc.
Circle 181 on Reader Service card.
C rcle 16 on Reader Service card.
IMAGE MASTER GENLOCK FOR AMIGA
a true BROADCAST quality genlock for the AMIGA™
• The NERIKI IMAGE MASTER™ PRO GENLOCK outputs 520 lines of encoded NTSC resolution (600 lines in PAL). It incorporates an adjustable luminance keyer and has a chroma phase control.
• The NERIKI supports all graphics modes & resolutions and is compatible with all AMIGA models.
• This rack mountable unit supplies a full complement of BNC input & output connectors, integrating all your professional and broadcast studio requirements.
North American distributor: COMPUART International Distributor: TELMAK PTY LTD
P. O.Box 712, Victoria Station, Unit 12, 126 Queens Road
Montreal, Qc., Canada H3Z 2V8 Five Dock, N.S.W. 2046,
(514) 483-2080 I (514) 737-5865 Australia 2065 ® (02) 745-3466
Neriki Image Masier is a trademark of Neriki Computer Graphics PTY Ltd Amiga is a trademark of Commodore Business Machines Ltd
THE CLASSIC ARCADE games Space Invaders. Pac Man. And Donkey Kong
are those you want to play even after the novelty has worn off. Emerald Mine holds your interest in the same way.
Emerald Mine is not unusual in that it is a series of puzzles you must solve in sequence. This game, however, contains over 100 levels! 1 must take that number on faith, as I have only made it to level 22 so far. The levels are often difficult to master: you must learn the rules of each, maneuver around obstacles, and avoid the merciless creatures.
In each level, your objective is to gather all the emeralds in the allotted time. Besides emeralds, you will find: diamonds, which carry three times the point value of emeralds; rocks, which you can topple onto creatures watch out they can fall on you if you're not careful); explosives; keys to locked rooms; wheels that attract enemy bugs;
and more. Robots will chase you through one level. On other levels, “eater" mouths try to gobble you, pots overflow with boiling acid, and amoeba-like creatures spread deadly green slime. Some strategy is involved you must keep an eve on tlie creatures and plot your path but for the most part, you just need to explore.
A smooth-scrolling view screen displays part of the large playing area. I he sound effects add to the game without distracting you. And the graphics arc adequate.
Emerald Mine is fast paced, but it doesn't require the reflexes of Superman. You control your miner with a joystick; movement is smooth and responsive. One or two people can play; two-player mode lets you and a friend [day simultaneously as a team. The game saves 30 high scores for each level on the copy protected disk. It also has an unusual feature for saving eight players’ names, total scores, and the number of levels each has mastered.
I'm addicted. My children love Emerald Mine. Even my jaded friends are hooked. If you want a game you will not quickly tire of, dig in! ( 519.95, KingSoft, distributed by Constellation Software, 17 Saint Man's CL, Brookline, MA 02146, 617 731- S187. 512K and joystick required.)
Louis Wallace ¦
ComtSmiLtag to be THE source for AMIGA products
3D Object Font Designer -IJ
Now you can turn your 3D Modeling program into a Video Titling System!
Create 3D Object Fonts from the bitmap fonts on your Workbench disk, or any other Amiga fonts.
Create the Font just once. Then use the easy Interchange system to create 3D Objects from whole blocks of text.
Create fonts for Sculpt 3D, VideoScape 3D, Turbo Silver *or Forms in Flight *
A full Intuition interface makes InterFont easy and fun to use.
The complete system including the InterFont Designer, Interchange and the InterFont Conversion Module is just SI 19.95 InterFont Designer and Conversion Module available separately for just $ 79.95
Amiga 500 .$ 549
Amiga 2000 ...CALL
1084 Monitor ...$ 299
501 Ram Card ......$ 159
Amiga 1010 Drive .$ 209
3. 5" Internal Floppy......$ 138
2088 Bridgeboard .$ 535
2090 SCSI Board .$ 325
2052 2MB RAM ....$ 399
2010 3.5 Internal ...$ 160
A2000 68020 68881 ....$ 949
A500 68020 68881 ......$ 749
DtgiView .....$ 149
ProGEN Genlock ..$ 369
Starboard2 512K ..$ 379
20MEG Hardcard .$ 549
Animate 3D .$ 94
Bards Tale II $ 41
Deluxe Paint II .$ 89
Diga! .....$ 45
Digi-Paint .....$ 44
Excellence! ...$ 189
Interceptor ...$ 34
Jet .$ 32
Marauder II ..$ 29
Photon Paint ...$ 69
Professional Page $ 246
Sculpt3D ......$ 72
Superbase Profesional $ 219
Videoscape 3D .....$ 125
Videotitler ....$ 93
Word Perfect .$ 209
Available now at your favorite dealer.
If not, call us. 0
* Turbo Silver and Forms in flight Conversion Modules sdd separately.
AD product names arc Trademarks cxRegi.stenxi Trademarks of their respective companies
20 West Street Wilmington, MA 01887 USA 508-657-5585
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Join others, such as Walt Disney World, Harvard and General Dynamics In recelvjng the best Amiga pricing and service
Amiga is ihe registered trade mark of Commodore Business Machines
THE READERS’ CHOICE
“HOW COULD HE be so positive negative about such an awful outstanding program? I could rate it better than that!” Go ahead* now’s your chance to tell us what you think. For the past two years, we editors have applauded our favorite products with the Editors’ Choice Awards. This year we leave the voting up to you. On the supplied coupon (or a postcard), rate your hardware and software over a scale of one (the lowest) to 10 for each of the three criteria (A, B and C) listed in the appropriate category. Send your votes to: The Readers’ Choice, AmigaWorld, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458.
In the December issue, we'll present the 1st Annual Reader’s Choice Awards with all the pomp and glitter they deserve. However, unlike the Academy Awards who employ the prestigious accounting firm of Price 8c Waterhouse for their tabulations, A yniga World's results are entrusted to the firm of Cutrate & Watergate, infamous for their security leaks. While they can count accurately, they can’t keep secrets. In upcoming issues, watch for pre-ceremony peeks inside the envelopes.
CREATrVTTY (graphics, video, music, desktop publishing)
A) ease of use
B) flexibility (special equipment needed, integrates with other programs)
C) professional features (Can you use it in your business studio?)
B) presentation (graphics, sound)
C) longevity (How long does it hold your interest?)
HARDWARE (memory expansion, hard drives, digitizers, genlocks)
A) ease of installation
B) ease of use
C) technical support
HOME (educational, finance)
A} ease of use
B) documentation (complete reference, examples, tutorials)
C) flexibility (Does it have a variety of uses or will you grow out of it?)
PRODUCTIVITY (spreadsheets, databases, accounting, telecommunications, word processors)
A) ease of use
B) flexibility (import files from other programs, a variety of applications)
C) advanced features (Can you grow into the program?)
Programming (languages, utilities)
A) documentation (complete reference, examples, tutorials)
B) flexibility (integrates with other libraries, routines)
C) advanced features (Will it support more complicated applications?)
Miscellaneous (whatever is left)
A) ease of use
B) documentation (complete reference, examples, tutorials)
C) performance (Does it do what was promised?)
Products You Would Like To See Reviewed
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You have a large technical audience that speaks English and is in need of the kind of microcomputer information that
IDG Communications Peterborough provides.
Provide your audience with the magazines they need and make money at the same time. For details on selling AmigaWorld, RUN, 80 MICRO, CD-ROM Review, PC Resource and inCider contact:
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SCSI 20mg w Cltd contrl 3.5hdrive . S569.00
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The Software Shop is an international Mail Order Company and Direct Outlet. Come to our 1500 sq. ft. Showroom and examine our huge selection of software and hardware.
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The Accountant ....S1 99.00
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investor's Advantage -...... S69.0O
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Winnie The Pooh ....S20.00
A C Basic ...S1 39.00
A C Fortran ..$ 195.00
Assem Pro ....$ 69.00
Aztec C Developer ..$ 199.00
Aztec C Professional S1 33.00
Benchmark Iff Library......S68.0Q
Benchmark Modula 2.....$ 1 39.00
Cape 68k ..$ 63.00
Developer Tool Kit ...535.00
Lattice C .$ 139 00
Lattice C Professional.....$ 249,00
Library's Sources ...S1 99.00
Metacomco Lisp ....5139.00
Metacomco Pascal ..$ 65.00
Macro Assembler ....$ 69.00
Metascope Debugger____,..$ 65.00
Source Level Debg ...$ 55.00
TDI Modula 2 Comm 5199.00
TDI Modula 2 Dev ....599.00
TDI Modula 2 Reg ....S42 00
HARD DISK DRIVES
SCSI 20MG Drive A2000 SCSI 3.5 32MG A2000 SCSI 3.5 48MG A2000 SCSI 3.5 48MG Drive
5420. 00 $ 565.00
$ 599.00 $ 470.00 $ 525 00 $ 725 00
28 MS .....
SCSI 40MG 5.25 Drive SCSI 65MG Drive 5.25
Phoenix Hard Drive____
A500 1000 .....
GVP SCSI Controller
1 MG OK .
GVP SCSI Controller
2MG OK .
S299.00 S1 75.00
CLTD SCSI Controller.
Draw Plus ...$ 157.00
Dynamic CAD ......S325.00
Home Builders CAD S137.00
Intor CAD .....$ 55.00
Logic Works ..... 569.00
Acquisition 1.2F ....S210.00
Data Retrieve $ 55.00
DBMan ...$ 1 39.00
Microfiche Filer,..., .569.00
Rolobase Plus 562.00
Softwodd File tl GS ..$ 85.00
Superbase $ 99.00
Sony 3.5 DS DD Diskettes ... $ 21.00 KAO 3.5 DS DD
Color Diskettes ......522.00
TDK 3.5 DS DD Disks 521.00
Fuji 3.5 DS DD Disks $ 21.00
City Desk S105.00
City Desk Art Companion... S20.00
Page Setter $ 99,00
Professional Pago ..$ 249.00
Publisher Plus $ 69.00
Shakespeare . S145.0O
A500 A1 000 A2000 PERIPHERALS
A1010 External Diskdrive... 5220.00 A1010 5.25 External Drive..5215.00 A1680 1200 Baud Modem ..$ 125.00 A2052 2MB RAM
Expansion .. .$ 595.00
Bridge Card w 5.25 Drive .. .$ 569.00 A501 51 2 K Mem A500
A2090 Hard Disk
Controller $ 325.00
GRAPHICS & VIDEO
Real Time Video.
Animate-3D .. $ 103.00
Animation Effects ..,.$ 35.00
Animation Stand .....$ 35.00
Animator w lmages ..S85.00
Animator Apprentices 5189.00
Art Gallery I ..522.00
Art Gallery II ..522.00
Art-Pak I ...$ 22.00
Art Parts I ...... $ 22.00
Art Parts II $ 22.00
Butcher ... $ 29.00
Color Splitters $ 74.00
Calligrapher Help ....$ 30.00
Deluxe Paint Help ....S24.00
Deluxe Paint II $ 95.00
Deluxe Photo Lab .$ 69.00
Deluxe Production ....$ 139.00
Deluxe Video II $ 95.00
Digi-Paint Help ......S24.00
Digi-View $ 140.00
E FX Station Mgr ...S195.00
Express Paint .S67.00
Forms in Flight ...S54.00
Graphics Studio ....$ 39.00
3-Demon $ 74,00
Impact ..,$ 57.00
Page Flippor ..S37.00
Photon Paint ..S67.00
Photon Paint Help ...S24.00
Pix-Mate ..... $ 45.00
Prism ......$ 45.00
Provideo Plus $ 199.00
Sculpt 3-D .$ 65.00
Seasons & Holidays ..S22.00
Silver Turbo .$ 169 00
TV Show ..$ 67.00
TV Text ....S67.00
Video Scape 3D ..S129.00
Video Tiller ...S95.00
Aaargh ..$ 26.
Alien Fires $ 30.
Alternate Reality .....$ 30.
Amegas $ 25.
Arazoks Tomb. ..S30.
Archon II ..S35.
Artie Fox ..$ 28,
Arkanoid ..... $ 23.
Auto Duel .. S35.
Awesome Arcade ....S34.
Balance of Power, ...S35.
Bard's Tale S35.
Bard's Tale 11 .$ 42
Black Cauldron ......$ 30.
Black Jack Academy $ 29
Boot Camp ... $ 29
Breach .. $ 29
Bridge 5.0 .S22
California Games ... S29
Casino Fever ..$ 29
Champ. Baseball ....S29
Champ. Basketball ..529
Champ. Football .....S29
Chessmaster 2000 ...S3S
City Defense ....$ 15
Constellation ..$ 15
Contra . $ 29
Crazy Cars ...... $ 29
Dark Castle .. $ 29
Death Sword . $ 18
Deeps pace.. ....S24
Defcon 5 .S29
Deja Vu, ...S34
Detonator $ 29
Defender of the Crown ..,. $ 34
Dr, Xes ....S33
Earl Weaver Baseball S35
Ebonstar ..$ 28
Emerald Mines ...... $ 15
Empire $ 35
Fairy Tale Adv . S33
Famous Courses S1 5
Ferrari Formula One... S35
Fire Power S18
flight Path 737 ......SI 7
Flight Simulator .... $ 35
Footman ..$ 20
Frost Byte .$ 20
Galactic Invasion S17
Galaxy Flight ..S20
Galileo II .S45
Garrison ...$ 33
Garrison II $ 33
Gee Bee Air Rally ... $ 29
Gettysburg ..$ 42
Golden Path, .$ 30
Golden Pyramid ......$ 20
Goldrunner ... S2S
Grand Prix S18
Grand Slam Tennis..,,.,
Grid Start ..
Guild of Thieves ..
Hacker II ...
Harrier Combat Sim......
H ex ...
Hollywood Poker ..
. .$ 24 OO
Hunt Red October
. $ 30 00
Indoor Sports .....
Insanity Fight .....
. S29 00
Into The Eagle's Nest
Jewels of Darkness......
. .. S39.00
Karate Kid If ..$ 29.00
Karate King ......515.00
King of Chicago ......533.00
King's Quest I .$ 35.00
King's Quest II $ 35.00
King s Quest III ......$ 35.00
Knight Ore -----S33.00
Land of Legends .....$ 35.00
Larne ......S1 5.00
Leader Board .527.00
Leather Neck .529.00
Leisure Suit Larry ....529,00
Mindwalker ...$ 35.00
Moebius $ 42.00
Paladin .. $ 29.00
Phantasie III ..S29.00
Ports of Call ....533.00
Q-Ball ...... $ 20.00
Quintette ..$ 29.00
Return to Atlantis ..... S35.00
Roadwar 2000 ...... $ 29.00
Roadwar Europa .....$ 29.00
Romantic Encounter .529.00
Sargon III ......533.00
Scenery 7 ...S18.0O
Scenery 11 $ 18.00
Scenery Europe ...,..$ 18.00
S. D.I $ 33.00
Shadow Gale 533.00
Silent Service .....529.00
Silicon Dreams ......$ 20.00
Sinbad ..$ 33.00
Sub Battle $ 35.00
Skyfox $ 17.00
Skylox II ...S29.00
Smoolh Talker $ 35.00
Space Bailie S21.00
Space Flight ..$ 21.00
Space Quest ..535.00
Space Quest IE ..... S35.00
Starlleet I $ 39 OO
Stellar Conflict .S29 00
Strip Poker ...... . $ 29 00
Super Huey ...$ 29 OO
The Surgeon ..... $ 33.00
Telegames .....$ 25.00
Telewars ..$ 22.00
Temple ol Apshai ....$ 1 7.00
Terropods . $ 29,00
Test Drive .....$ 33.00
The Pawn ...$ 18.00
Three Stooges S33.00
Tournament Disk ....S15.0O
Turbo ..$ 20.00
Ultima III ..529.00
Vader ..... $ 20.OO
Vampire Empire ...S30.00
Video Vegas ..$ 25.00
Winter Games .S29.00
Witchcraft .$ 25.00
World Tour Golf ......529.00
SOUND & MUSIC
Back Songbook ..
Dr Drums ..
Dr Keys ....
Dr T's Keyboard ..
Dx Heaver .
Dynamic Studio ..
Hot Cool Jazz.....
Hot Licks ...
Matrix 6 ....
MT 32 ......
Promidi Studio ...
Rock & Roll
Sound Sampter ...
..$ 80 00
Circle 134 on Reader Service card
"1 i f ) | ') i ) S |i
(Orttera ® filly) support sos} fax (sod) rmmm
22 Front Street, Worcester, MA 01614 RETURN POLICY:
All returns must have RA= Merchandise found defective will he repaired or replaced We do no) ofler refunds lor defective products cr for products that do not perlorm satisfactorily We make noguarnnlees for product performance
Orders 9 z y; 800-872-8882 (outside CA) 213-370-2009 (inside CA)
4453 Redondo Beach Blvd., Lawndale, CA 90260 Mon-Sat 8AM-6PM PST FAX: (213) 214-0932
Special Aegis Promotion:
Buy any three Aegis products and get Ports of Call free! Or: Buy Ports of Call and get a Ports of Call T-shirt free
(while supplies last).
Great Valley Products
Impact SCSI Controller and memory board, 1 meg or 2 megs space Will autobwt with 1.3 - Hard drives available up to 80 meg capacity- Call for prices. GVP Hard Cards available. Please call. Quantum 84 MB 12 ms 3.5" hard disk: $ 995!! Shock mounted, 64KB cashe (for 12ms speed), SCSI interface. Compatible with IMPACT or A2090 boards.
Sonix S49.98 Draw - CAD $ 49.95 Videoscape 3-D $ 124.98 Videotitler $ 99.95 Impact -Business Graphics $ 62.46 Arazok's Tomb $ 31.25 Ports of Call $ 29.71
Digaf -Teiecornmunications $ 49.98 Audiomaster $ 37.48 Animator + Images $ 87.48
New Aegis products: Lights, Camera, Action! Modeller 3-D
64 . 97
DELUXE VIDEO 1.2
BIG PICTURE OKIMATE
28 . 80
BLACK JACK ACADEMY
BLITZKRIEG AT ARDENNES
25 . 97
BORROWED TIME-TEXT ADVNTR
30. 90 |
DIGI PIX 2
BREACil SCENARIO DISK
BRIDGE 4.0-CARD GAME
20. 55 1
DIGI-VIEW 3.0 UPGRADE
11 . 95
BRUSH WORKS 2
BUMPER STICKER MAKER
DISCOVERY EXPANSION DISKS
DISCOVERY GAME DISK
BUTTON AND BADGE MAKER
DISK MECHANIC, THE
DISK PRO PLUS
C. A.P.E. 68K ASSEMBLER
DISK TO DISK
32. 4 6
DOCTOR TERM PROFESSIONAL
DONALD DUCK'S PLAYGROUND
DOS TO DOS
37 . 82
CB TREE PLUS
DOUG'S MATH AQUARIUM
CELEBRITY COOKBOOK, THE
DPAINT ARTtUTIL. DISK *1
DR. T'S CAGED ARTIST EDITORS
CHAMPIONSHIP SPORTS GAMES
DR. T'S BACH SONCBOOK
DR. T'S DRUMS
19 . 95
DR. T'S KCS
161 . 98
DR. T'S DR. KEYS
DRAW PLUS IAEGIS)
CITY DESK ART COMPANION
32 . 47
CLIP ART SERIES 1-6
DYNAMIC STUDIO 1.2
COMICS ON DISK
12 . 96
EARL WEAVER BASEBALL
34 . 95
25 . 96
13 . 97
25 . 95
EUROPEAN SCENERY DISK
DEFENDER OF THE CROWN
FAERY TALE ADVENTURE
FAERY TALE GUIDEBOOK
DELUXE HELP CALLIGRAPHER
FERRARI FORMULA ONE
DELUXE HELP FOR DIGIPAINT
21 . 84
DELUXE HELP FOR DPAINT II
21 . B4
DELUXE HELP FOR PHOTON PAINT
21 . B 4
FINANCIAL TIME MACHINE
DELUXE PAINT II
FIRST LETTERS i WORDS
DELUXE PHOTO LAB
DELUXE PRINT + ART DISK
DELUXE PRINT ART DISK 2
FLIGHT PATH 737
FLIGHT SIMULATOR II FLIP FLQF FLIPSIDE FLOW
FONTS AND BORDERS FOOTBALL FACTS FOOTMAN
FORMS IN FLIGHT
FOUR IN ONE
GEE BEE AIR RALLY
COLD DISK FONT SET 1
GOLD SPELL II
GOLDEN PYRAMID (GAMESHOW)
GRAND SLAM TENNIS GRAPHICS STUDIO, THE GREAT STATES GREAT STATES II GRID START GRID, THE
GRIDIRON-FOOTBALL GAM. GUILD OF THIEVES HACKER II HAICALC
HALLEY PROJECT HARDBALL
HARRIER COMBAT SIMULATOR HARRIER MISSION HEAD COACH HEX
HITCHIKERS GUIDE HOLLYWOOD HIJINX HOLLYWOOD POKER HOME BUILDERS CAD HOT « COOL JAZZ HOT LICKS
HUNT FOR RED 0CT03ER IMPACT-BUSINESS GRAPHICS INDOOR SPORTS INGVATOOLS I INSANITY FIGHT INSTANT MUSIC 1.2 INTELLITYPE INTERCEPTOR INTERCHANGE
INTERCHANGE CONVERSION INTERCHANGE OBJECTS fl INTO THE EAGLE'S NEST INTROCAD
64 EMULATOR 2, THE
AC BASIC-COMPILER FOR AMI
ADVENTURE CONSTRCTION SET
ADVENTURES OF SINBAD
AEGIS ART PAXtl-CLIP ART
AIRT SYMBOLIC LANGUAGE
ALL ABOUT AMERICA
ALOHA FONTS 2
ALOHA FONTS 3
AMIGA DOS EXPRESS
ARCADE ACTION PACK
ARCTIC FOX 1.2
ART GALLERY FANTASY
ART GALLERY I
ART GALLERY II
ART OF CHESS, THE
ART PARTS *2
AZTEC 68 AM-D
AZTEC C PROFESSIONAL
B. E.S.T. BUSINESS MGMT.
BALANCE OF POWER
BARD'S TALE CLUE BOOK
BARD'S TALE II
BASIC Grammar SERIES
We carry over 800 products. Call for unlisted items.
IT'S ONLY ROCK £ ROLL
25 . 99
SOUNDSCAPE UTILITIES 1
SOURCE LEVEL DEBUGGER
57 . 16
54 . 99
JET SET FONT SET
JEWELS OF DARKNESS
KARATE KID II
KARTING GRAND PRIX
KEY TO C
25 . 95
STOCK MARKET-THE GAME
STRIP POKER DATA DISKS
12 . 97
KING OF CHICAGO
PHASAR-FIN' L MGMT
STUDIO FONTS VI (COLOR)
KING'S QUEST I, II, III
32 . 95
SUPER HUEY-COPTER GAME
23 . 36
LAND OF LEGENDS
93 . 73
LATTICE C 4.0
LATTICE C PROFFESIONAL
SYMPHONY SONGS (EACH VOL)
15 . 95
2B . 10
LEADER BOARD TORNA DISK
PORTS OF CALL
28 . 95
LEADER BOARD-GOLF GAME
22 . 95
T £ L GALLERY
LEARNING THE ALPHABET
TALES FROM ARABIAN NIGHTS
31 . 95
LEATHER GQDESSES OF PK030S
TALKING COLORING BOOK
LEISURE SUIT LARRY
TASS TIMES IN TONETOWN
PRO MIDI STUDIO
23 . 95
LIBYANS IN SPACE
PRO VIDEO CGI
LINKWORD LANGUAGE SERIES
PRO VIDEO FONT SET fl
72 . 00
TEMPLE OF APS!1AI
PRO VIDEO FONT SET 2
LION'S AMIGA AfllT STUDIO
PRO VIDEO PLUS
34 . 95
LISP 1.3-BY METACOMCO
64 . 93
A A A C
12 . 96
247 . 50
LITTLE RED HEN
THREE LITTLE PIGS
l. PD FILER-DBASE
35 . 95
l. PD WRITER-KP
QUARTERBACK-HARD DISK BACKUP
30 . 90
68 . 72
R. R. AESOP'S FABLES
READ £ RHYME
REASON:AT£7 WRITERS W.B
RETURN TO ATLANTIS
MATH TALK FRACTIONS
ROAD TO MOSCOW
TYPING TUTOR WORD INVADER
MAVIS BEACON TYPING
UNCLE D CON SOUND TRATION
MAXIP LAN 500
MEAN 18 COURSE DISK
14 . 96
MEAN IB GOLF
VIDEO EFFECTS 3D
SAF-T-NET HD BACKUP
SANTA PARAVIA £ FIUMACCIO
SCENERY DISK 11 EAST CCA
SCENERY DISK 7 EAST COAS
SEASONS AND HOLIDAYS
MIND LIGHT 7
SEVEN CITIES OF GOLD
WINDOW PRINT II
WINNIE THE POOH
25 . 95
SINBAD £ FALCON
14 . 95
WORD PERFECT LIBRARY
25 . 96
MUSIC STUDIO. THE
33 . 95
SOFTWOOD FILE SG
WRITE 'N' FILE
NEWSLETTER FONTS COLOR
SOFTWOOD LEDGER VI.2
NIMBUS 1:RECORD KEEPER
SOUNDLAB MIRAGE SOUNDQUEST SYNTH EDITORS
ZING! SPELL ZOOMf
ZUMA FONTS VOL 1,2,3
b 7 . 9 5
4 8 . 10
15' CAMERA CABLE 12.97
ALEGRA WITH OK 166.95
ALPS ALQ30Q COLOR 24PIN 599.00
AMIGA 2052 2 MEG RAM 399.00
AMIGA LIVE! 270.00
AMIGEN GENLOCK 149.95
ASDG 8 MEG BOARDS W 0K 399.00
AVATEX 2400 BAUD MODEM 229.18
BYTE BOX OK-RAM OPTIONAL 249.00
C LTD 33 MB A1000 HD 799.00
C LTD 50 MEG HD 899.00
C LTD 512K UNPOPULATED 49.95
C LTD SCSI CNTRLR A1000 219.95
CA-880 FLOPPY DRIVE 219.00
CLEANING KIT SMALL) 8.95
CPS 500-POWER SUPPLY A500 74.97
EASYL TABLETS (ALL AMIGAS) 369.00
ECE MIDI 500 2000 48.71
ESCORT 2 UNPOPULATED 249,00
ESCORT 500 UNPOPULATED 309.00
EXP-1000 1M A500 419.95
EXP-1000 1M UNPOPULATED 219.95
FLICKER FIXER (HARDWARE) 499.00
FUTURE SOUND-AUDIOSAMPLER 142.20
IMPACT SCSI 1M RAM 541.20
IMPACT SCSI 512K RAM 429.95
KWICK START 149.47
MICRON 2 MEG FOR A2000 499.00
MICRON 2 MEG FOR A500 CALL
MIDI GOLD 64.20
MINISCRIBE 20MB 3.5" FAST 329.00
MINISCRIBE 8051S SCSI 40M 615.00
NEC COLOR ?6 621.20
NEC P2200 PRINTER 399.00
OKIMATE 20 W PLUG N PRINT 199.00
OVERDRIVE HD CONTROLLER 199.95
PANASONIC WV1410 CAMERA 224.96
PANASONIC WV1500 CAMERA 319.95
PERFECT SOUND 67.47
PERFECT VISION 169.95
PRCDRIVE 2000 149.00
QUANTUM PRODRIVE 80S 1199.00
SCRI6E-CARD 30 FOR 2088D 420.00
SPIRIT 0 MB FOR A1Q00 249.00
SPIRIT 0 M3 FOR A5G0 249.00
STAR N324-10 545.96
STAR NX1000 PRINTER 199.00
STAR NX1000 RAINBOW 249.95
STARBOARD 2 PRODUCTS CALL
SUBSYSTEM 500 199.95
SUPRA 2400 MODEM 152.49
SUPRA DRIVE 20 MEG A10Q0 699.00
SUPRA DRIVE 20 MEG A500 699.00
SUPRA DRIVE 30 MEG A1000 859.00
SUPRA DRIVE 30 KEG A500 859.00
VI 2000 RF 79.95
XEROX 4020 INK JET COLOR 1140.00
Yes, we carry accessories! Everything from blank disks to joysticks to Amiga dust covers to printer accessories to copy stands to computer cables to RGB encoders to power strips to modems, & much more! Unfortunately, there's too much to list here, so please call us for anything and everything you need for your Amiga that isn't listed here.
Creative Computers is both a mail order company with a store's support and three store showrooms with mail order prices, if possible, drop by a store and you will be Amazed! Store front addresses:
318 Wilshire Blvd, Santa Monica, CA 90401
Tues. - Sat. 11-7 p.m., Sun. 11-5 p.m. phone; (213)394-7779
4453 Redondo Beach Blvd., Lawndale, CA 90260
Mon - Sat. 11-7 p.m. phone: (213) 542-2292
2112 E. Thompson Dr., Ventura, CA 93001
Tues - Sat 11-7 p.m., Sun. 12-5 p.m. phone: (805)652-0325
MINIMUM ORDER: $ 20
SHIPPING INFO: 1% surcharge fcr Visa and MasterCard; call lor shipping rates.
INTERNATIONAL PHONES MAIL ORDERS ACCEPTED
RETURN POUCY: Defective merchandise under warranty will bo repaired or replaced. Returned product must be in original package. We do not offer any refund on defective products or for products that do not perlorm satisfactorily. We make no guarantees for product performance.
CONDITIONS: Creative Computers reserves the right to limit the sale ol any items to local in-person pick-up only. Prices subjoct to change without notice.
WE ALSO RUN A 24 Hr. BBS: Call (213) 394-5968 with your modem.
SCHOOL AND LARGE COMPANYPURCHASE ORDERS ACCEPTED.
Bringing you the latest products from far and wide.
Compiled by Barbara Gefvert and Linda Barrett
WHETHER YOUR interests are scientific or artistic. VS Graphics has something to please. Logic Lab ($ 29.95) teaches digital logic by letting you create logic circuits from basic logic elements. Point and drag your elements into position; point at two elements and the program connects them. A strip chart shows the state of inputs and outputs as you build. Tlie software's interpreter then simulates the cirucits. For the artist, the Condis package of utility programs ($ 19.95) converts IFF graphic images into IBM format. Send your images from IFF formats of 320x200 in two, four, or five bitplanes to IBM's CGA, EGA, and VGA formats respectively. Send your questions to YS Graphics, PC) Box 518, Hatfield, PA 19440.
SHHH! THE Fdata 10 single- floppy drive (SI49.95) and the Fdata 20 ($ 299.95) dual-floppv drive promise to sit quietly alongside your Amiga and keep a low profile. Flexible Data Systems, 10503 Forest Lane, Suite 148, Dallas, TX 75243, 214 609-3999.
Till There'S a Cure
A SILICON vaccination, Virus Infection Protection (V.I.P.) cannot repair an infected disk, but will seal your healthy disks against viruses. The intuition- based program is available in English, German, Danish, French. Italian, and Spanish for $ 49.95. For information on preventative medicine, contact Discovery Software International, 163 Conduit St., Annapolis, MD 21401 800 342-
Officer in the Color Force
DOUG S COLOR Commander
lets you change the colors in non-HAM system screens and IFF flies. Rather than altering RGB components one color at a time, you can change all 32
IF YOU’RE IN need of drafting help, UltraCAD from Progressive Peripherals k Software could he your new assist- ant. Besides offering the standard CAD features, the de* sign program lets you compile drawing elements into template libraries. Zoom into or Pan through your creations, and customize text relative to drawing or output size. Auto- diniensioning and the snap-to feature should make drawing
colors at once. Spice up your artwork for $ 29.95. Send your questions off to Seven Seas Software, PO Box 411, Port Townsend, WA 98368, 206 385-1956.
Easier, while the various layer- by-layer coloring features such as ghosting and dimming will make your creation livelier. You can set the coordinate system to either English or metric measurement. Instead of a salary, UltraCAD will go to work for a one-time flat fee of $ 249.95. For references, contact Progressive Peripherals & Software, 464 Kalamath St., Denver, CO 80204, 303 825-
Free from Sight
THE AMIGA 500 Freedom Machine brings Amiga power to the blind. The Freedom Machine system includes computer, monitor, and 2400 baud modem, as well as Mouse-Free A-Talk, a talking terminal emu lator that is completely keyboard controlled. Plans are in the works for a talking word processor, database, and spreadsheet, as well. All documentation and installation instructions are in Braille and on cassette, as well as in standard print for sighted friends. Cables and connections are marked in Braille and large raised print. The system lists for .$ 1950; contact Inspired Interfaces, 30 Warren Ave., Amesbury, MA 01913, 617 388-
We are o Delias based Wholesale Company selling Amiga Products since 1985 !o customers in over 30 nations. You may have seen our full page adds in Amazing Computing or Computer Shopper. Now, for the first time we offer our service also to the Amiga World readers ! InterComputing Inc. is a Member of the BETTER BUSINESS BUREAU in Dallas.
Here is on overview of some of the AMIGA products we stock.
Starboard2 Memorycords: Versions for the A500
A1000 and A2000
fJM Hfc er Masler
Reduces Interlace Flicker dramatically. For the price-conscious customer who doesn’t want to buy a high persistence monitor or Flicker Fixer. $ 9.50
Real Time Video Image Digitizer
The super high quality real time Color Digitizer
from Progressive Peripherals !
$ 499.00 (Cali for Demo Disk!)
Miniscribe Hard Drives for the A2000 20MB ST-506 t 275
20MB SCSI 1349
42MB SCSI $ 495
Powerful conversion and processing utility for digitized Gf graphics ! $ 21.50
Ricker Fixer $ 499.50
Get rid of interlace Flicker; PERIOD !
Mitsubishi AjJM 1371A
The perfect Monitor for Flicker Fixer $ 499.50
$ 64.75 (NTSC or PAL)
only $ 99.50
Deluxe Photo Lab
Vol. 1,2 and 3
I 27.50 each
A fun collection of comic art and
o 'How to’ guide for a very special T kind of graphics. Full IFF compatible'
Vol. 1,2 and 3 only $ 27.50 each
Anti Virus 2.0
Virus protection and 'Boot Track' backup!
A ’must' if you use PD-Softwore or download from BBS's Systems. $ 39.95
Professional PCM-Sound samples in IFF format, Compatible with most Sound editors for the Amiga !
Volume 1,2 and 3 only $ 27.50 each
$ please call for pricing !
The "Power" Word Processor $ 189.50
The down of a new generation of computer graphics ! 3D Effects on your Amiga-screen in full color ! Special LCD Shutter-Glasses allow incredible effects. A 3D-Space Game is included ! U
and more (please call for a complete Listing) I VISA
2100 N. Hwy 360. Suite 2101 Grand Prairie, TX 75050-1015
Phone : 800-531-4747
_(In TX coll 214-988-3500)
We stock o full line of Amiga soft and hardware since 1985.
Most of our employees own an Amiga and use the available products.
We may be new to you, but we’re experienced with the Amiga !
Check our prices, and you’ll see that we are very competitive.
Our Terms are easy; Up to 101b S H is 3.00$ in the US for UPS-Ground.
If it’s over 101b or if you want special delivery you pay the octual Freight Charge. That's it. No COD-Fee Creditcard surcharge etc. Fair enough ?
Ameristar Internet Package®
Use your Amiga 2000 in Unix Network environments with Ameristar's Software Hardware Solution. Now your Amiga can share files transparently with other systems using NFS, Login to other hosts and act as a networked Multitasking workstation terminal while still running native Amiga applications!
10 Mbit s Ethernet controller.
Industry standard NFS.
W Support of TCP UDP IP protocols.
FTP, TELNET with VT100 emulation.
Unix compatible Socket interface.
Fur more in onrniuon contact
47 Whittier Avenue Medford, NY 11763
NFS ! . :i trademark ol Sun Mii-rosysti-itis, Amiga is a trademark ol Commodore Busiiu-sn Miiihines. Ethernet is a imdeniark of Xerox Corp.aiulUrvtxisii trademark of AI & I Bell Laboratories.
Circle 39 on Reader Service card
AVE MO> T QUALITY!
$ 1.19 ea. 3.5" $ .29 ea. 5.25"
100|$ i» Certified above American j Nalicmal Standards Institute (ANSI) .sjjecH for quality and yalue.
Price includes Sleeves. Labels 6c [ WP labs.
Money back Guarantee.
8 AM-10 PM Mon-Fri EST 10 AM-6 PM Sat EST
See us on CompuServe's Electronic Mall-GO DM
3. 5" DS 135TPI
$ 1.19 ea. Qty 100
1. 29 ea. Qty 75. 50
1. 39 ea. Qty 25
5. 25" DS DP Soft Sectored
$ 29 ea Qty 100 Tyvek Sleeve, add 40 Prices subject to change Free Delivery for $ 100+ orders. $ 3.50 Others. MC. V or M0 Accepted. Ohio residents add
5. 5% sales tax.
TO MAKE IT easier for you. The Disc Company, Oxxi Inc.. and Software Visions arc working together on Critic’s Choice Productivity Package. Comprised of KindWords, MaxiPlan, and Microfiche Filer, the package combines
Organize Your Roots
THE IMMEDIATE FAMILY is hard enough to keep track of. Never mind remembering all your ancestors. MicroMaster has a solution: Your Family Tree, a genealogy database. The program can catalog 65,53-1 individuals with up to eight spouses and 40 children per person. Each record includes complete names, titles.
THE AMASDIS assembler disassembler linker uses just 50 generic 68000 instructions with four-character mnemonics to speed your work, hut you can expand the set to 100 instructions and add your own mnemonics. AMASDIS features
High Seas Hijinx
WHO KILLED RENE Vallette? What do the button and the paper clip really mean? These and 14 other questions, plus untold mysteries await detectives aboard the S.S. Bourgogne in Murder On The Atlantic. The year is 1938. You are given over 60 clues, and must search booby-trapped rooms for the 40 suspects.
Each game package includes a contest entry form; the sleuth who submits the most correct answers for the 16 questions will win $ 10,000. For $ 39.95, book passage with IntraCorp., 14160 SAV. 139th Ct., Miami, EL 33186, 305 252-9040.
Business essentials a word processor, spreadsheet, and database. The bundle is priced at S249.95. For more information. Contact the project's coordinator, I he Disc Company, 3135 South State St., Ann Arbor. Ml 18108, 313 065-5540,
sex, place of birth, dates of christenings, marriages, and death, plus a ‘1000-character memo field. For familv reunions, you can print charts and trees. Keep track of all vonr forebears and cousins for $ 40.95. Contact MicroMaster Inc., 1289 Broadhcad Rd., Monaca. PA 15061, 412 775-
Interactive auiomode assembly, relocatable object modules, ancl a definable RAM buffer of up to 32K for parameter passing. The assembly system is $ 39.95 from Aclen Electronics, 107 W. 40th St., New York, NY 10018, 212 629-4003.
IT'S NOT JUST for the Atari ST any more. After two years of evolution, GFA BASIC 3.0 is here for the Amiga. With its structured form and lack of line numbers, GFA is not your traditional BASIC program. Features include an interactive editor, reentrant program code, and graphic support that lets you create a f illed polygon with one command. The Menu Construction Tool helps you build menu lists and pulldown.s. GFA Amiga is compatible with the Atari ST version, so current program listings are within your reach. Get down to GFA BASIC for $ 99.95 with Mich I ron, 576 Telegraph, Pontiac, Ml 48053. 313 334-5700.
III) ! UIHH!
Fly to Learn
PILOT IS NOT another flight simulator. It’s Programmed Inquiry, Learning, or Teaching an authoring language for computer-based instruction. The Amiga version lets you import IFF files even in Extra Halfbritc and HAM modes. It also supports overscan. Features include program flow control, text input matching, computation, text output including special effects, and answer input including touch- panel and mouse. Small modifications will convert IBM, Apple, and other PILOT programs to the Amiga. For details contact ’ferry LaGrone, PC) Box 91723, Anchorage, AK, 99509-
1723. 907 276-6719. Orders only: Flight Training Devices, 312 Imperial Ave., FJ Segundo, CA 90245, 800 321-9139.
CITY DESK 2.0 offers text flow around irregular graphics, scalable PostScript fonts and landscape printing in PostScript, a full-screen sizable text editor, movable columns, and auto-hyphenation with exceptions dictionary. You can also import HAM graphics into the civic environment now. Get the package for $ 199.95 (or an upgrade for S35) from Micro- Search. 9896 S.W. Freeway. Houston, TX 77974, 713 988-2818.
A Different Essence
IT WAS TEXTURE, but now it's The Quest Sequencer Stage 1: Texture. It did require a Roland MPU-401 and .Music- Soft interface, but now a standard MIDI interface will do.
The price is lower (SI50). But otherwise it’s the same all Texture 2.4 features are included. Contact Sound Quest Inc., 5 Glenaden Ave. E., Toronto, Ont., Canada M8Y 2L2, 116 234-0347.
Tlrn It Up
IS YOUR A2000 too soft spoken? The Audio 2000 is a stereo amplifier designed to mount in an A2900 ST-506 slot. Audio 2000 offers replacement controls for the standard power and hard* drive lights, plus up front volume controls and headphone connection. The unit drives four to eight ohm speakers, provides over four watts per channel, and promises less than one percent distortion. Hear the difference for $ 79.95 at Day's, 17538 Glen RcL, Gam- bier, OH 43022.
THE 64 EMULATOR version
2 offers many new features. You can now read 1584 disks on Amiga 3 Vi-inch drives and 1541 1571 disks on Amiga 5!4* inch drives. You can power C- 64 printers from Amiga software. And transfer protected programs to Amiga disks with the Freeze option. ReadySoft has also worked to improve raster interrupts and sprites. Contact ReadySoft Inc. (PC) Box 1222, Uwiston, NY 14092, 4 16 731 -4 175) for information on the four upgrading methods. ¦
LISTEN .. .DO you want to know a secret? You can learn the pro’s techniques in Secrets of the Computer Artist, a videotape available in VHS and Beta versions. Successful Amiga artist Sheryl Knowles demonstrates commands such as fill and merging screens, and how to use color cycling to create motion with Amiga paint programs. Get the classified information for $ 21.95 from Oasis Productions, Suite 2123, 550 S. Barrington, Los Angeles, CA 90049.
A500 SCSI RAJVi Hard Disk add-on subsystem.
Offers Everything any
A500 owner has ever dreamed of, in one compact, easy*to- install, add-on subsystem.
° IMPACT A500-SCSI HD20, $ 795 suggested retail 0 IMPACT A500-SCSI HD45, $ 1095 suggested retail.
• Combines a DMA SCSI controller with a built-in 3.5" (20MB or 45MB) hard disk and an optional 2MB plug-in FAST RAM AutoBool expansion module, into a single compact A500 add-on unit.
• Comes complete with power supply and built-in FAN.
• External SCSI connector for attaching additional SCSI devices.
For MORE INFORMATION and for your nearest GVP DEALER call us TODAY at 215-889*9411.
225 Plank Ave.. Paoli, PA 19301 Tel: 215-889-941 1 Fax: 215-889*9416
A2000-HC 20 and A2000-HC 45
The first AFFORDABLE SCSI Hard Card for the A2000:
° IMPACT AutoBoot A2000-HC 20, $ 599 sugg. Retail ° IMPACT AutoBoot A2000-HCJ45, $ 850 sugg. Retail.
• High-performance, DMA design, SCSI controller with a 20MB or 45MB Hard Disk mounted directly on PCB, freeing up a valuable and scarce A2000 peripheral bay.
• External SCSI connector for attaching up to 6 additional SCSI devices,
• AutoBoot directly from I lard Disk with VI.3 Kickstart and GVP AutoBoot EPROMs installed.
• Easy “dick-and-go" software installation.
A2000-1 0 and A2000-2 0
The first Amiga A2000 Multi-function Expansion Adapter. ° Original IMPACT A2000-1 0, $ 325 suggested retail 0 NEW IMPACT A2000-2 0 (Max 2MB FLAM, OK installed) SCSI RAM controller, $ 360 suggested retail
• Combination high performance DMA SCSI controller and 1MB or 2MB FAST RAM expansion in one slot!
• AutoBoot directly from a hard disk with VI.3 kickstart and GVP AutoBoot EPROMs installed.
• External and internal SCSI connectors for handling up to 7 SCSi devices.
GREAT VALLEY PRODUCTS, INC.
More New Products From The IMPACT Peripherals People!
NEW!?A2000 SCSI HARD CARDS.
Multi function scsi ram controller
THE WORLD’S LARGEST DISTRIBUTOR OF AMIGA" PRODUCTS
HARDWARE... HARDWARE... HARDWARE... HARDWARE
SCSI Hard Cards
• Takes up one A2000 Slot
• Does not use Drive Bay • DMA
• AutoBoot with 1.3 • 28 MS Access
30MB: $ 749 50MB: $ 899
Other Sizes Available.
Compatible Monitors from $ 450 Ends Hi Res Flicker Now! A2000 Only
We have RAM Expansion, Hard Drives, Digitizers & More Just for You!
Don’t Be Left Behind!
H**' Live! A1000 .S259
HlJ Live1 A500 ... Call
Alegra 512K . Call
Time Lord ...S 34
Programmer's Reference ..15
H*J Transvestor 2500 . Call
Easyl ......$ 399
Easyl 500 2000 .... Call
ANCHOR AUTOMATION Omega 80 ...S165
SMB Board InStock!
RAM Boards Boxes Call
Satellite Board ..... Call
1200HC Modem ...S115
BYTE BY BYTE
Byte Box for tne
A500 A2000 InStock!
TIC ..$ 49
C View Cables ....S 39
Timesaver ...S 54
Kickstart Eliminator Si09
lor the A50G Call
H*%' Video Interlace
for the A2000 ... Call
Bernoulli Boxes Call
H,%' Over 30 Board Call
H«*' 68020 Boards
lor All Amigas Call
H. *' Turbo Hi-Rise ...... Call
SuperGen ... Call
MIDI-500 . Call
U. J MIDI A1000 ......S 58
MIDI A2000 .S 58
EX-800 ... Call
All models available..... Call
Ht*’ Escort 2 . Call
Escort 500 ... Call
Ht*’ Escort Hard Disks . Call
Exiemal 3 5 Drive S174
Hurricane Accel. ..... Call
works wf A500, WOO, 2000
10D-S Disks $ 19 «
Disk Head Cleaner S 15
30 Disk Case .$ 10
H,*' ImageWriier II Cable Call
Printer Cables ......S 25
Modem Cables .....$ 25
Mousepad ...$ 10
Sony Monitor Cable.....S 35
H,J Swilch Boxes ...... Call
GOLDEN HAWK TECH.
MIDI Gold S 69
GREAT VALLEY PRODUCTS
Hi*’ A500 Interlace ..... Call
SCSI Controllrw RAM... Call
HYPERTEC H**1 Deluxe MIDI Interlace...S 74
Light Pen S 99
A500 Command Center. Call
Hi*1 Command Ctr. Deluxe. . Call
Hi*1 CA-880 3.5” Drive......S169
A500 Expansion ... Call
Drive Ext. Cables .. Call
Insider .... Call
Multi-Start ... Call
A2000 Adapter ..... Call
A2000 Products ... Call
Starboard 2MB .... Call
Starboard2 A500 .. Call
Other Sizes Available
2MB lor A2000 ... Call
AlOOO. A500 Boards... Call
MICROWAY Flicker Fixer
AmiGen Genlock $ 157
Audio Digitizer . Call
Frame Butter Call
MIDI Interlace .....S 45
Hi*1 External SCSI Drives.... Call
Oki20 Col. Ribbon $ 8
0ki20 Blk Ribbon ..$ 7
Okimate 20 with Plug n' Play .....$ 199
Subsystem .. Call
PANASONIC Camera Lens for
DigiView ... Call
H**’ Variable Ins Lens . Call
I080i Mk 11 Printer......$ 179
1091 i Mk II Printer Call
A5Q0. 1000 H-Drives ... Call
CPS500 F>wr Supply.....$ 84
Hi*’ Sonic Speakers ....$ 89
1 Frame Grabber ..... Call
ProDnve External .S189
ProDrive for A2000 ProGen ...
1. 5MB for A1000.
Perfect Sound .....S 69
Perfect Vision ......S199
SURFSIDE COMPONENTS Hi*’ Master 3A 3 5” Drive $ 169
240QB Modem ..... Call
Hard Drives .. Call
Hi*' Trackball __________$ 39
4020 Color ink Jet Call
ELECTRONIC ARTS SOFTWARE
• Three Years in Business
Why buy from GO AMIGA?
• Amiga Only
• Largest Inventory
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• Mainframe Order Processing System
Non-Commission Sales Staff
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Deluxe Video 1 2
Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing Mother Goose. .....
Adventure Construction Kit ......
Donald Duck .....
Opnnt Data Disk
Alternate Reality ......
Earl Weaver Baseball......
... $ 35
New Tech. Color Book...
... $ 19
One on One ...
Archon II ...
Fprrari Formula 1
Pub Games ...
... $ 26
Arctic Fox ..
Arts Pan f ..
Financial Cookbook .....
Reach for the Stars
Arts Part II
.. .$ 19
Golden Oldies ......
Return to Atlantis
Awesome Arcade Pak ...
Hnt A flnnl .1377 Disk
Battle Droidz .
Hunt for Red October.....
Seasons & Holidays
Black Cauldron .....
Instant Music .
... $ 32
Seven Cities of Gold......
Instant Music Data
Deluxe Music .
Skyfox II ...
Deluxe Paint II .
King's Quest 1,2.3......
Space Quest II ......
Deluxe Print II
Marble Madness ...
Winnie the Pooh ..
FREE 1986 Teams Disk
with Earl Weaver
INTERCEPTOR - HERE NOW!
NEW PRODUCTS ARRIVE DAILY!
EVEN MORE SOFTWARE!
AssemPro ...... %!2
BeckerText ...... $ 11*
DataRetrieve ... 559
TextPro ... $ 55
? Amiga Mach-re Lang $ 2*5
- A.mga Tncks 4 Tips ... $ 17
Disks and other books available1 ABSOFT
A C Sasic . $ 139
AC Forjan $ 199
Fortran 020 ...Cal
Leader Board Dual Pack. $ 26
Tenth Frame ...... $ 28
World Oass Leader Brd $ 29 ACCOLADE
ApOid IB. ...... $ 31
Bjbtole Ghost ..529
Famous Course D sk $ '7
right Nght ..$ 34
4th a Inches . $ 31
Graphics Studio ......$ 42
Hardball ..... 537
Mean 18 .527
PmbaH Wizard .....$ 29
Power At Sea . $ 31
Test Drive .. $ 3t
The Train ... $ 31
Brush Works 1 or 2 _____ 524
Grade Manager ...569
Muse Student I ...Call
Qjz Master .... 564
Capone $ 32
Creature .... Can
Phaser Gun ..Cal
P. O.W . Cat
Beyond Zork 535
Gamestar Titles .Call
Gee3ee Air Rally . . $ 28
Lurtung Horror .....529
Music Studio ......538
Portal .$ 29
Shanghai . $ 29
Tass Times ... $ 23
Arnica Manuals .Cal
Puppy Love ..... $ 24
Animator.'Images $ 84
Arazok's Tomb ....$ 32
Art Pa* 1 $ 24
Audio Master $ 43
Dga ...$ 56
Draw Plus .. $ 149
Lghts Camera Acton Call
Modeler 3D ... Call
- Ports ol Call ....$ 36
Son* ..$ 49
Video Titter .$ 119
Video scape 3D 20 .5’29
People Meter .$ 53
Ad 01 Chess Can
fight Path 737 .... $ 19
Gnd Start . $ 19
Hamer M.$ $ joii $ 19
Karting Grand pnn .$ 19
Las Vegas .... $ 19
M ke The Wage Dragon Si9
Sky Fghter .. $ 19
XR35 ... $ 19
Sargon III ......In Stock
Brdge 5.0 .. 527
Certerfoid Squares .$ 25
Lmkword Languages . $ 24
SiripPoker ..... $ 32
Strip Poker Data 4 , Si S
Strip Poker Data *5 $ 15
Thai Boxing . $ 17
Cube Master ......525
FACCII ..... $ 27
AVANT-GARDE Benchmark Moduia 2 $ 139
Benchmark C Library ......$ 74
Benchmark IFF horary ...$ 74
Benchmark Simpif ed $ 74
8 E.S.T INC
General Ledger .....$ 65
Business Mg-nt, 2 0 ..... $ 319
AmigaDOS Express $ 25
Video Vegas .....$ 29
Sound Lab Amiaa .Call
BROWN-WAGH Express Pant 2 0 Ca'I
Publisher * ...... Si49
ScTwooc File II sg .. . . $ 74
Stellar Conlpt ...... $ 29
TV‘Shw .... 574
TV’Text .$ 65
Wordpex _ .....$ 25
Wnte and Fie .$ 79
BYTE BY BYTE
Ammate 3D ....Call
Ifilorrunder ... $ 69
Sculpt 3D .. Call
Sculpt Animate Jr ..$ 44
Sculpt Animate Pro Call
Jet Set $ 35
Jet Set Font Sets ..Call
CAPILANO COMPUTER SYS
Logic Works ..$ 79
CENTRAL COAST SOFTWARE
Disk 2 Cck $ 39
Dos 2 Dos $ 39
Preasety ..... $ 64
Quarterback ..._ $ 54
Delender of ne C'own $ 31
King of Chicago ...$ 3i
Lords of the Rising Sun Can
Rocket Ranger ......Call
SDI $ 31
Smbad $ 31
Three Stooges in Stock'
Blitzkrieg1 Arcennes ..$ 42
LexCheck ......$ 34
Deluxe Maps Vol. 1 ...$ 19
Gnome Ranger ....$ 15
Ka-ateKmg __ .... $ 19
Lane A The Ardies ..$ 15
Space Battle .$ 19
- Defcon 5 ......InStock'
Super Huey- .$ 26
CREATIVE SOLUTIONS INC
Multi-Forth $ 79
CRYSTAL ROSE SOFTWARE
Analytic Art. .$ 44
Key to C (V 2 02) ... $ 25
J Forth .. £89
Gizmoz .$ 49
LPD Wnter ...$ 99
Amegas ...... Cat
Cever A Smart ....Cal
Drum Stud o .$ 35
Final Mission ..... Can
Holywood Poker ...Can
- ThunoerBoy ..$ 26
Vamp-re's Empire In Stock '
- Critic's Choice .....$ 178
Kind Words ..S74
Arkanoid $ 23
GrabW ...$ 24
Marauder II ....$ 25
- Zoom1 .Call
- Spelirg Tutor .$ 21
- Vocabuia7 Tutor ...._..S21
All Products ..... Cali
KCS ..... $ 177
The Copyist ...Si 49
EAGLE TREE SOFTWARE
Butcner 2 0 ......S25
Amga Karate ...$ 24
?Casino Fever $ 32
Pro Sound Desgner Call
- Encore .In Slock1
California Games .... .$ 29
- Death Swc’C InStock1
Deshcyer . 529
D-ve Bomber .. .529
Rogue ...... ¦ 5’S
Street Cal St9
Summer Games 525
- Sub Bade 536
Temples ot Apsha St 5
Wnter Games -......$ 29
Financial Plus ....$ 188
Photosynthesis ..In Stock!
Dr. Xes ..... 537
Talker $ 46
FIREBIRD Black Lamp $ 1S
Camer Command 533
Enlightenment ......$ 19
GuldolTheves ..$ 32
Jewels of Darkness .....525
KrghtOrc ....$ 34
Pawn $ 32
Silicon Dreams . 525
StarGider .... $ 33
? StarGKSer 11 ..- Cat
Un.v Military Sim. ...... Cal
First Letters and Words S36
First Shapes ..$ 34
Kid Talk ..534
Mad L bs $ 16
Math Talk ..$ 34
Math Talk Fractions .534
Smooth Taker $ 36
Spelter Bee ..$ 34
Prime Time ..Cafi
Twlght Zone ......Cat!
FREE SPIRIT Ultimate Dos Utls . $ 46
Preyed D .... $ 37
FUTUREWORKS LexCheck $ 34
Unt .. S85
GOLD DISK Comic Setier $ 74
Font Set 1 .... $ 26
? Gold Spell 2 ..$ 34
Laser Script ....$ 35
Page Setter 594
Professional Page 1 5 Cal
- Mastering CLI .....In Slock'
A Drums ..Call
Haicalc .$ 44
HASH ENTERPRISES Anmaton Ejects 535
Ammatcn Stand .$ 35
Animator Jr . $ 56
Animate Apo-entice .. Call
Apprertce Libraries Ca'I
H LTON ANDROID
Aesop's Fatses .... $ 19
Chicken Utile .$ t9
Little Red Hen ...$ 13
Three Little Pigs .. $ 19
Ugly Duckling .$ 22
GOMF'2 2 ..Can
- GOMF Bution Call
Turbo Siver h Stock'
Gatiieo 2 ..$ 49
Grand Slam .....S38
Ho:Lcks ...... ..537
- Shakespeare vl.1 $ 169
Video Ekecs 3D $ 142
CAPE 68K .....Call
Fewer Wircows 2 5 . . $ 65
Emmetid Skimmer .Call
Galaxy Fight .. $ 23
Garrison .$ 36
Gamson II ....Ca'-i
Mousetrap ...$ 20
- TurboPnnt ......$ 38
Witchcraft $ 35
INTERACTIVE SOFTWORKS Ca'lgrapher i 06 $ 79
Lon's Cal graionis......Cai
Newsletter Fonts $ 32
Stucio Fonts 532
INTRACORP Murder On The Atlantic .InStock1 ISM
Surgeon ....$ 39
Pro Video CGI .... 5149
Pro Video Plus . Ca't
Font Libraries .. $ 79
JENDAY SOFTWARE Ccnvers W Computer . . $ 24 KARA
KaraFonts ..$ 54
The Accourtant.. ... $ 199
KINGSOFT City Defense $ 16
EmerakJ Mines $ 18
FupTsop ..... $ 15
Fortress Underground $ 16 KONAMI
SootCamo ...$ 31
Contra ...$ 31
Jacka' ......$ 31
Hush'n Attack .... ..Call
LAKE FOREST LOGIC
Disk Mechanic ....$ 67
Amix. .. Call
C A.Q-Professiocai ....$ 284
C 4 O-Regua* $ 153
- Compfef Companion $ 78 dbclll Library $ 119
Other Products . Ca l
LIGHTNING PUBLISHING The Bg Pojre $ 23
LYNN'S LUNA C
WBExras ...$ 25
R-.rk Panther ...... $ 34
- Clio AH Disks 1-6 (Eachi $ 15
Texture . Call
Ubra7Source $ 199
Ar.ec C-Dev $ 199
Ar.ec C-Prof $ 149
Source Level Debugger $ 57 MARKSMAN
PHASAR 3.0 ... $ 6!
F jed $ 18
- Kckstad 2 $ 17
NmiaMsson $ 18
Space Range' $ 18
Zng! ..$ 49
Zng1 Keys .....$ 36
- Zing'Spell .....$ 57
METACOMCO Cambridge LISP $ 154
- ISO Pascal iNew Version). Call Macro Assembler 579
Shell .$ 45
Tod Kit .....$ 35
Metasccpe . 579
Cashman ..... $ 24
Karate K«! II ......528
MICRODEAL Gold Runner . . $ 28
OXXIINC A-Talk Prus ________ ________________CaJI
Wtath of Nicodemus $ 29 STAR SOFT Slock Market Gane $ 19
Irsanitv Fen: $ 29
? Leathernecks $ 29
MaxiPfan 500 $ 99
? Santa Para via in Stock'
Siaygon .....$ 29
Maxi Plan Pius $ 12
Time Bandits $ 28
Nimbus 1 ......$ 99
European Seer«7 . ..In Slock'
MICRO ENTERTAINMENT Golden Pyramid . Call
PDJ SOFTWARE AiRT .$ 52
Flight Simulator 2 $ 32
? Japan Scene7 ....In Slock >
Jet ...$ 37
Sceney Disk *11 .$ 29
MICRO ILLUSIONS Black Jack Acad $ 29
PEACOCK SYSTEMS CB Tree ...Call
Discovery Data ....Cal
Dvnamic CAD Cal
UCSD Pascal Call
S:ene7 Disk 7 .. . $ 18
SUNRIZE INDUSTRIES Desktop Art s' $ 23
Dynamic Word ..$ 139
Moduia 2 Cali
Faerv Ta!e S34
POLYGLOT SOFTWARE Crossword Cfe3tor . $ 35
Studio Mage . InStock1
lnva snn ClQ
Dominoes $ 18
- Extend . In Stock'
Ud i7w - 1 ¦ J 1 7
Lana of Legends ..Soon'
MuSCX ......$ 219
Photon Part ......Call
- Photon Part Expanson .... .. $ 23
?&ai f iva L Pad
Heme Inv Manager . 527 Vdeo Cataloger .529
riWI vifvv1* ....____
PROGRESSIVE PERIPHERALS Access 64 Call
SYNDESIS Interchange ..$ 40
Photon Viceo Can
Planetarium .. $ 51
Climate ..... $ 25
DiskMaste* ...$ 40
Interchange Object $ i 5
TAURUS Xcad $ 425
Romantic Encounters .... 529
? Trarftrc C?7
DR Term Pro ......$ 79
IntroCAD ....$ 63
Acquis tion Cal
TDI SOFTWARE INC
Amiga Editor..... ... $ 39
Example Programs ....
I'uLC-j . ..vC '
Turbo .$ 19
Log stix ...$ 85
Forms in Flight 2 0 .... -Cali
Silent Service ...... $ 24
MICROSEARCH r ,tv inn
MIC OLJWyBf - ....,,,. **4
Pixmate $ 54
Scperbase Personal $ 89
Superbase Pro! ..ft92
Ultra Cad ......Call
Mod'jIa-Z'Comm $ 207
Modu'a 2'Dev . 5109
Amiga Grid F ie ......$ 39
Moduia-Z'Std .....$ 64
THE OTHER GUYS
ijr Wfsh ...... j i u
An Companion .. ..Cali
VizaWnte .. $ 81
Head Coach . 539
MiCROSMrrns Tied Pus ..... $ 57
Pro Board $ 425
MICROSYSTEMS SOFTWARE Anayze'20 ... $ 74
Pro Net .... $ 42s
THREEStXTY Da7 Caste...... $ 24
BBS PC $ 106
A'era ..$ 15
- Winter Cha'lenge In Slock1 TIGRESS DisVwik 536
i-AWC’C r-c iv'
Fun iripi SV
Barbarian .. ....$ 23
Online!,, ..... $ 42
Deeo Space ...
Organ-ie1 ... 563
Scribble! ......$ 61
READY SOFT 64 Emulator 2 ....Cal!
Crazy Cars Ca'I
The Works' , ......$ 144
MIOITALK TX81LIB ... $ 67
? Ganymed .InStock1
- BombBusters In Stock1
Footman ..... Call
Vyper . $ 24
MIMETICS 3 Demcn ....In Stock1
Mission Elevator .$ 33
Spaceport ......$ 33
TRUE BASIC Deve:oper's Tooikt .$ 39
SourdScaoe $ 130
Uti r es i S40
¦ Iir • mec n dc
Western Games 533 RGB VIDEO CREATIONS
l"Wi vaMal-t C 2!’
Runtime Package .... $ 109
True BASIC 2 0 .....» .$ 74
Balance oi Fowe'..... $ 31
B:oc>buster ...$ 27
U iuXcnelu. ,.,.lll.l.u.L.....uiin>lwdu
Available for DeJuxe Pant II,
Phctcn Pamt and Catgrapher' RIGHT ANSWERS GROUP
Libraries (Each) .$ 39
B'aiacas $ 32
i wvy't PahJo 53.1
DejaVu. . 532
Trie & rector $ 49
All Atymi? Lrnfl'u*!
- Modular Accounting ....Cat’
nJ1 riLKJJ l fvi nyr ltd ..
Ha-ley Project .... $ 30
Arabian Nights ....$ 35
Harr.e* Combat...... $ 35
High Rofer ...Cali
StlX)NA bOF 1 WARE Money Mentor ......$ 74
Fraction Action 533 Kinoerama $ 33
Indoor Sports $ 35
SEVEN SEAS SW Color Commander Cali
Log-c Master .Cafl
Uiv al UvThe 536
Into Eagle's Nest .Can
Keyboa'd Cade; ...$ 29
Doug's Math Aquarium ....$ 59
Matn Wrzard .....$ 35
Read S Rhyme $ 33
MasterType .. 529
Perfect Score SAT 552
DMA Mus>c, ...Call
Fractal Musk: .....Cali
Read-A-Rama .... $ 33
Wnrri Ma i!pr $ 35
Protem Muse ...Call
1 IL'I J lYflJlC1 ..JJJ
UNISON WORLD An GaHery 1 or 2 $ 20
SLIPPED DISK Lotto Mage .$ 19
Shadowgate .. . 533
SOFT LINK Mu t Prefs ...$ 23
Er.n*e fi QnrAorc Pifl
Uninvited .....$ 31
Fonji a DufOPS ... ... Avfl !
Print Uador Pliic til
NEW HORIZONS SOFTWARE Few . ...569
SOFTGANG Final Tfip ...$ 10
rilTll WdiitD “US « BjJ
VIDEO VISIONS Data D sks For PageFippe’ Cat VIP TECHNOLOGY Professional Cal
Prowri'e 2.0 ....-.....$ 75
NEW TEK D>g?a."!2 0 .. Ca!
? Power Pack (3 Games) ...CaR
Space Fight......$ 18
Vader . .518
Mmdbghl 7 .$ 178
WILLIAM HAWES Arexx S39
Dgi-Drod $ 74
- Dgi-View 3.0 .. ......Cal'-
SOFT IOGIK Publisher Pius. Call
Video Toaster Cat
investor's Advantage ......$ 79
SW INTEGRATIONS Oriental Ar ....$ 29
Sound Oass In Stock1
W-Shel' $ 39
Dynamic Stud o ....Call
OMMITREND Breach .... $ 29
Telegames .....$ 26
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Paladin . $ 29
SOFTERWARE VISIONS Microfiche Filer .....$ 79
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If you’re behind the eight ball, take a cue from Lou and pocket your troubles.
Q: read your comments about flickering Amiga Basic BOBs in the April ’88 Help Key (“Safety First," p. 85) with distress! I had planned on using BASIC, for animation. What should I use instead C, PASCAL Modula-21 Will 1 need a hard drive to use these languages? Do they support sound, speech, mouse, and joystick?
I also need to generate a white noise sound. What would the wave array look like?
A: Sorry to be the bearer of bad news, but Amiga Basic does not handle BOBs properly. In most cases, C and Modula-2 compilers can access all of the Amiga's features far belter than Amiga Basic. Benchmarck Modula-2 from Avant Garde (2213 Woodburn. Plano TX, 75075, 214 964-
0260) would fill your needs nicely, as would a C compiler from Manx (One Industrial Way West, Eatontown, j 10541, 800 221-0440) or Lattice (2500 S. Highland Ave„ Lombard, IL 60148, 800 533-3577).
On the bright side, Commodore has requested that Microsoft correct some problems with Amiga Basic, including the flickering BOBs. The update will not be available until sometime next year when Commodore releases version
1. 4 of the operating system.
As for the noise waveform, it has no shape or pattern and
By Louis R. Wallace
consists of random values. In Amiga Basic, the values fail between - 128 and + 127. Use the RND function to define the waveform.
Read More About It
Q: Could you recommend a good Amiga-specific book on 68000 assent bly prog a m min??
Las Vegas, AT
A: As of this writing, 1 have seen Amiga Assembly Language Programming (SI3.95) by Jake Commander, published by TAB Books Inc. (13311 Mon- tcray Lane, Blue Ridge Summit PA 17294-0850, 717 794-
2191) . And ads for Amiga Machine Language (SI9.95). published by Abacus Software (2201 Kalamazoo SE, PC Box 7219, Grand Rapids, MI 49510, 616 241*5510).
Q: I want to use the SAY command to write talking letters to my son. Could you tell me how to use the SAY command from the CLI?
T, Mitchell Ilorseheads, NY
A: Open a CLI window, and type SAY HELLO THERE SON. After loading the translator device, the Amiga repeats aloud what you typed. As you know, the Amiga will recite the contents of an ASCII file; type SAY -x filename. Here’s a complete list of SAY prefixes and their meanings:
- m male voice
- f female voice
- r robot voice
- n natural voice
- s speed 40-400; 150 sounds best
- p pitch 65-320; I 10 sounds best
- x filename recite contents of filename
Another way it) practice from the CLI is to type SAY and press Return. Two windows will open; one accepts your typed input and the other shows you the translated phoneme representation of what you typed. To quit, just press Return and you will return to the CLI.
Q: How do I pass parameters (such as file names or data) to my AmigaDOS batch files when I execute them?
A: Passing parameters to AmigaDOS is not difficult.
You use a technique called parameter substitution, which requires you to pass information along with the EXECUTE command and the batch file’s name. Start off I lie batch file with the argument template using the .KEY directive, which defines a variable name for the incoming parameter. For example, to send a text file to the primer and the narrator, you could use the following batch file, SpeakPrint;
RUN SAY -X lilename>
RUN TYPE filenamc> TO
The .KEY directive indicates that the parameter information passed to this file will be used wherever the word “filename” is found. The file uses this information in the second line to speak the file, and in the third to type it to the PRT: device. If you have a text file called mailinglist, you could use SpeakPrint by typing:
EXECUTE SPEAKPRINT MAILINGLIST
By the same method, you can pass multiple parameters. If you wanted to print four files with one command, for example, you would use the .KEY directive with the four variable names separated by commas.
El 1.E3.FI LE4
You would then pass four file names to the batch file. You can use parameter substitution with a variety of AmigaDOS commands, such as IF ELSE EN1)IF, ECHO, COPY. For more information, see The AmigaDOS Manual (Bantam Computer Books. 666 Fifth Avc., New York, NY 10103, 212 765-6500). ¦
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AmigaWorld Back Issues
March April 1987 Th mka 2000. CaDturmg miga graphics on paper. Creating ci§Q[k)Qal 0 |Tok at 1.2 Workbench improvemments.
January February 1987 Desktop video. Digital sound samplers. Hardware Buyer's Guide. Creating menus with Intuition.
November December 1986 Software Buyer’s Guide. Going online with the Amiga. A look at color printers. Amiga Basic graphics primer.
September October 1986 Animation techniques on the Amiga. Using libraries from Amiga Basic. File management advice.
Jul Aug 1986 Music a
Designing Amiga’s Jynthesis. Profes
sional musicians and the Amiga, Amiga Basic music, Fundamentals of C pt.I, Apple connection. Reviews of Rags to Riches, Time and Task Planner, CD20 Hard Disk System, Brataccas.
May Jun 1986 Software Explosion
Using CLI, using the Amiga editor, computerizing a small business, AI in business, business graphics, Amiga Basic overview, Amiga in the schools, IFF standard. Reviews of OnLine, Okimate 20, One-on-One, Seven Cities of Gold, Borrowed Time, Mind- shadow, Monkev Business
Mar Apr 1986 Interactive video
VIVA from Knowledgeware, interactive videodisc technology, A-Squared Systems and the Amiga digitizer, Basic graphics, CD- ROM, programming in MCC Pascal, Amiga Music Studio, using Intuition. Reviews of Deluxe Paint, Bose speakers, Maxicomm. Jan Feb 1986 The Creative issue
Interview with Andy Warhol, Artists and the Amiga, Personal art, wizard of Wishbringer, programming Cambridge Lisp, intro to TLC-Logo, list of Amiga regional representatives.
Nov Dec 1985 The Amiga in business Comparing the Amiga0 nd M(|"intro to spreadsheets, Music and Midi, programming in (TKeview of Textcraft.
Premier 1985 The Future is Here
First look at the Amiga computer. A peek at the 68000 chip, the Amiga as a teaching tool, and speculation about the future of the Amiga computer.
Each back issues cost $ 4.50 plus $ 1 shipping and handling. On orders of 10 or more back issues, there is a flat $ 7.50 shipping and handling fee. Quantities are limited. Send your orders (o AmigaWorld, Attn: Back Issue Orders, 80 Elm Street, Peterborough, NH 03458.
From p. 54
boundedX := newx;
IF (newy 0) THEN boundedY := 0;
ELS IF ((newy + vheight-1) > Ymax) THEN boundedY := Ymax - vheight;
boundedY := newy;
(* Calc, dx, dy, and scroll the image *) dx := boundedX - CurX; dy := boundedY - CurY;
CurX := boundedX;
CurY := boundedY;
ScrollLayer awin".WLayer*, dx, dy);
(* Tell Intuition to rebuild screen *) MakeScreen (awin".WScreen");
(* Main Program *)
drawwin : WindowPtr;
(* Window from Drawlt *) shiftcount : INTEGER; (* Shift key count *) message : IntuiMessagePtr; msgclass : IDCMPFlagsSet; msgcode : CARDINAL; sigset : SignalSet; filearg : ADDRESS;(* For argv *)
BEGIN (* main program *)
IF (argc 2) THEN
(* Run from Workbench, or from CLI w out args *) filearg NIL;
filearg := argvA[l];
shiftcount := 0;
Drawlt (filearg, drawwin, Xmax, Ymax);
* Init position trackers. *)
CurY := 0;
LOOP(* Do this forever, or until user *)
(* gets bored.*)
sigset := Wait (SignalSet CARDINAL
(drawwin".UserPort".mpSigBit)}); message := GetMsg(drawwin~.UserPort");
WHILE (message NIL) DO
msgclass := message".Class; msgcode := message".Code;
IF (Closewindow IN msgclass) THEN DrawCleanup;
ELSIF (RawKey IN msgclass) THEN CASE msgcode OF CursorUp:
IF (Shiftcount > 0) THEN TryMove (drawwin,
IF (shiftcount > 0) THEN TryMove (drawwin,
IF (shiftcount > 0) THEN TryMove (drawwin,
IF (shiftcount > 0) THEN TryMove drawwin,
TryMove (drawwin, 0, 0);
(* Ignore other Keys *) ;
END; (* Switch *)
END; (* RawKey Case *) message := GetMsg(drawwin .UserPortA);
END; * While messages available *)
END; * Event LOOP *)
IMPLEMENTATION MODULE DrawItlFF;
(* DrawltIFF - A Modula-2 Demo which loads a *)
(* larger-than-screen-size IFF image. *)
(* Requires Benchmark IFF Library *)
(* David T. McClellan March April 1988. *)
(* Written in Benchmark Modula-2. *)
Circle 175 cn Reader Service card
AC BASIC™ V1.3 - NEW
Easy to use compiler is very fast with great graphics. Plus, AC BASIC is the only BASIC compiler for Amiga that is compatible with the AmigaBASIC interpreter so your existing programs can be compiled with no changes and run up to 50x faster.
Easy to use documentation is indexed and includes over 200 examples on disk: plus a full spreadsheet written in AC BASIC and HAM graphics examples
Extensions include: SELECT CASE, BLOCK IF, STATIC arrays. Recursive subprograms. Create stand-alone applications (no redistribution fee ) NCP SI95.
Mainframe quality, full feature ANSI FORTRAN 77 compiler includes: Debugger, Linker, Library Manager, Runtime Library, IEEE math, and C interface. Supports Complex numbers. Virtual arrays, Overlays and Linking. Not copy protected. $ 295.
68020 68881 version also available $ 495.
Telephone orders welcome
Scientific. Engineering Software 2781 Bond Street, Auburn Hills, MI 48057 (313) 853-0050
Amiga trademark of Commodore Amiga Microsoft trademark of Microsoft Corp
FROM SYSTEM IMPORT
ADR, TSIZE, BYTE, ADDRESS;
FROM InOut IMPORT WriteString, WriteLn;
¦ ¦¦1 III! I I I
FROM Intuition IMPORT
ScreenPtr, ScreenFlags, ScreenFlagsSet, NewScreen, NewScreenPtr, CustomScreen, Window, WindowPtr, NewWindow, NewWindowPtr, WindowFlags, WindowFlagsSet, SuperBitMap,
¦ ¦¦t a f i * a • i
¦ ¦¦•¦a i i a a a
¦ ¦¦ft MM I I I
• III I I I I I I I ¦in ¦ 111 i i i
OpenScreen, CloseScreen, RethinkDisplay, MakeScreen, OpenWindow, CloseWindow, RefreshWindowFrame,OpenWorkBench, ViewAddress, ViewPortAddress,
mm * * + ••»«•«
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• ill * ¦ • i a a a ¦•it *i»i•11 Mil I I t I I I I
I I t
i a a ¦ a a a a a
II II It 4 *
I I I I I I I
I ¦ I I I I * I I
I I II I I II I
FROM Memory IMPORT
AllocMem, FreeMem, MemPublic, MemChip, MemClear,MemReqSet;
FROM Pores IMPORT GetMsg, ReplyMsg;
i i a a i i I • ¦ II A a ¦ a a a a
I ¦ I i I a i a a
II ¦ i a a i a a ii• • • 11«i
FROM Tasks IMPORT Wait, Signal Set;
FROM AmigaDos IMPORT
¦ ••••¦ • • ¦ ia a i a t i a ¦ III I I a a a i I* ft I ¦ ¦ a a a
I ¦ ft ft ft I I I a
II i I I I I I I
ModeOldFile, FileHandle, Open, Close;
FROM System IMPORT argc, argv;
FROM IFF IMPORT IFFP, IFFDone;
• aaaaaaa a a a Alllll¦Illl
• •••¦• 111 * i
¦ aa•a ¦ « • a ¦ ¦
¦ aaaaaaa a ¦ ¦
• 44*ft ft a a a a a
!¦¦•ft ft ft 4 l I •
llllldl I l
¦ ¦¦ft ft ft |a i * «
FROM ILBM IMPORT BitMapHeader;
FROM ReadPict IMPORT ILBMFrame, ReadPicture;
FROM RemAlloc IMPORT ChipAlloc, RemFree;
FROM Rasters IMPORT
RastPort, RastPortPtr,Raslnfo, RasInfoPtr; FROM Graphics IMPORT BitMap, BitMapPtr; ?
I I I Mllllll
I I I I I I I ¦¦¦¦
ai•ii¦¦*¦¦¦ » I I M I • *•••
r a a i i a a•¦¦¦
» a • * a a at
i¦i iiiiiivi I ¦ Mill illl
I I I I'm I i •4 a11¦¦ a a * a **¦¦•¦¦
t t I ¦ !»¦¦¦>¦
Get help with your subscription by calling our new toll free number:
ihi i linn i ii I i mill I M HIM lift a a ¦ i I'm ¦ ¦•¦ a a a a a » a a aa ¦
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between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. EST Monday-Friday
ii i • iiilili
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If possible, please have your mailing label in front of you as well as your cancelled check or credit card statement if you are having problems with payment.
Aiii¦i¦¦¦¦¦ i i i i a ¦ ¦ iftfti
a a a a ¦ a ¦ftiii
a a a •¦¦¦•¦¦¦
a a a • ft ¦ ft ftlfti
I I I Illlft¦¦¦ I I I I I ft•
If moving, please give both your old address and new address.
» a a ¦ ¦ ¦ i
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P. O. Box 58804 Boulder, GO 80322-8804
FROM Views IMPORT
ViewModes, ViewModesSet, View, ViewPtr,
WE’VE GOT IT ALL!
IF YOU DON’T SEE IT ,.. SCALL!
LoadView,Viewport, ViewPortPtr, MakeVPort, MrgCoD, LoadRGB4;
(* Screen, scene constants *)
SCRWIDTH = 320;(* LORES *)
SCRHEIGHT = 200;(* Noninterlaced *)
| Close-up-shop Bits |
CloseMaskBits = (CL_SCREEN,
(* Close the screen *)
(* Deallocate IFF Memory *) CL_WINDOW);
(* Close window *) CloseMaskSet = SET OF CloseMaskBits;
closemask : CloseMaskSet; newscr : NewScreen; newwin : NewWindow;
win : WindowPtr; (* Window from Drawlt *) scr : ScreenPtr; (* Screen from Drawlt *) rp : RastPortPtr;
bitm : BitMapPtr;(* ILBM's bitmap *} winvport : ViewPortPtr; (* win Viewport *)
(* DrawCleanUp - Cleanup code for the Drawlt *) PROCEDURE DrawCleanup;
j : INTEGER; wscr : ScreenPtr;
IF (CL_WIND0W IN closemask) THEN CloseWindow (win");
IF (CL_SCREEN IN closemask) THEN CloseScreen (scr");
wscr := OpenWorkBench ();
IF (CL_IFF IN closemask) THEN RemFree (bitm".Planes);
FreeMem (bitm, TSIZE(BitMap));
(* Drawlt - load and draw the image which (* BigPict will let the user scroll around.
PROCEDURE Drawlt(filename : ADDRESS;
VAR awin : WindowPtr;
VAR xmax, ymax: INTEGER);
i,j : INTEGER; xoff, yoff: INTEGER; rastbytes : LONGCARD;
(* Bytes in rasters *) iffid : FileHandle;(* IFF file *) iffret : IFFP;
(* Return value from ReadPicture *) frame : ILBMFrame;
(* Filled by ReadPicture *) iffimage : Image; (* For Drawlmage's use *)
IF (filename ¦ NIL) THEN
WriteString('Need name of IFF file!');
WriteString('1> BigPict filename>');
iffid := Open (filename, ModeOldFile);
IF (iffid = NIL) THEN WriteString('Cannot open file');
closemask := CloseMaskSet };
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Talking Color Eook . .. S18 KARA
Kara Fonts . . $ 48
Accountant Si 60
C - Regular $ 147
C - Professional . $ 260
dbD III Library $ 100
LION'S AMIGA ART STUDIO
Font Sets 1 & 2 .... $ 25
Newsletter Fonts . .. $ 25 MANX
Aztec C • Comm . $ 310
Aztec C - Devel SI95
Aztec C • Prof $ >30
Source Level Debug r $ 49 MASTERTRONIC Fued $ 15
Ninja Mission $ 15
Space Ranger . Si5
Demonstrator . $ 24
Zing ......$ 48
Zmg Keys $ 30
Zing Spell $ 30
MERRILL WARD Celebrity Cookbook $ 21
Assembler .. S60
Lisp 13 $ 120
Pascal ...... $ 60
Shell . . $ 42
Toolkit . $ 30
METADJGM MetaScope . . Call
MetaScope Debugger . $ 59
Air Ball . . $ 24
Cashman . $ 18
Gold Runner . . . $ 24
Karate Kid II $ 24
Siaygon Time Bandits S24
MICRO ILLUSIONS Black Jack Academy $ 24 Dynamic Word $ 120
Disc.-Math,'Spell (each). $ 24 Dynamic CAD $ 300
Ebon Star . $ 24
Faery Tale Adv $ 30
Fire Power $ 15
Galactic Invasion . . $ 15
Land of Legends $ 30
Music X $ 180
Photon Paint $ 60
Photon Video . Call
Romantic Encounter . . . Call Turbo $ 15
MICRO MAGIC Forms in Flight II . $ 72
MICROPROSE Silent Service . $ 24
MICROSEARCH City Desk 2 0 . $ 120
Desktop Artist 1 . . Call
Head Coach......$ 30
MICROSMITHS TxEd Plus . $ 48
MICROSYSTEMS SW Analyze 2 0 S60
B3S-PC Excellence! . .. Flipside On-line Organize
The Works MIMETICS
Midi Interface Sound Sampler .
Pro Midi Studio MINDSCAPE Balance of Power Block Buster . Bratacus
Deja Vu ....
Hailey Project Harrier Combat
Ice Hockey .....
Indoor Sports Into Eagle's Nest King of Chicago Misc Socker Plutos Q Ball
SAR Preparation . Shadowgate Smbad Superstar Ice Hockey Uninvited MiNDWARE Descartes Holmes Page Flipper Pg. Flipper Plus F X
Deluxe Help Calligr Flow .
Pro Write 2 0 NEWTEK A50Q Adapter
DigiView 2 0......
NEW WAVE Dynamic Drums. . Dynamic Studio NORTHEAST SOFTWARE
Paledm Scenerio Disk OPCODE SYSTEMS Music Mouse ORIGIN SYSTEMS AutoOuel
Moebius Ultima III Ultima IV OXXI
Benchmark Mod-2 Libraries .
Maxiplan 500 Maxiplan Plus Nimbos PECAN SOFTWARE UCSD Pascal PDJ SOFTWARE AiRT
Dr. Term Prof .
Logistix . MicroLawyer . .
Vizawrde .. $ 80
Barbarian Deep Space Obliterator Terror Pods .
RAINBIRD Carrier Command .... Call
The 64 Emulator-2 . . . $ 60 RIGHT ANSWERS GROUP
Director ... $ 42
Money Mentor .
Space Fight .
Vader ...... ......
Galileo 2 0 .
Publ Partner Prof SOFT TOUCH Custom Screens Paymaster Pius SOFTWARE ADVANTAGE Investors Advantage SOFTWARE VISIONS MicrcFiche Filer SSI
Phantasie Roadwar Europa Rpad War 2000 Wrath ol Nicodemus SUBLOGIC Flight Simulator
Scenery Disks (All)
European Scenery .. SUNRIZE INDUSTRIES Adventure WkShop Elctr Color Splitter Perfect Vision .
Studio Magic TAURUS Acqusition X-CAD Designer TDI
All Products Available Modula II * Comm Modula II - Devel Modula II - Reg THE OTHER GUYS
Match* tl .....
Promise Spell Checker Reason
THREE SIXTY INC.
Dark Castle ......
Krazy Cars TOP DOWN Foolman Space Night Vyper TRUE BASIC True Basic
9 Lib'aries (each) ..
UNICORN Aesop's Fables All About America Decimal Dungeon Fraction Action Ghostly Grammar
Land of the Unicorn Read 8 Rhyme ....
The Word Master . ..
Art Gallery 1.2.....
Printmaster Plus .
VIP TECHNOLOGY Professional WORD PERFECT INC.
Library ..... Call
Word Perfect $ 200
Customer Service: FAX:
Hours: Mon-Fri 10 a.m. - 8 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Send Mail Orders To M.C.S. 12864 Farmington Rd , Livonia. I School P.O.'s Accepted - Call For Terms
No Surcharge lor MC'VfSA DISCOVER Sorry no walk in traffic Afl returns must have RA Merchandise found defective will be repaired Gr replaced We do nof oiler relunds for detective products or for products that do rot perlorm satisfactorily We make no guarantees lor product performance Any money back guarantee must be handled directly with the manufacturer Call lor shipping & handling into Prices subject to change without notice. Shipping & Handling are not refundable.
12864 FARMINGTON ROAD. LIVONIA, Ml 48150 We cannot guarantee compatibility.
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(* Allocate BitMaps first *) bitm := AllocMem (TSIZE(BitMap),
IF (bitm = NIL) THEN
WriteString('Cant allocate bitmap descriptor'); WriteLn;
(* Load Image *)
iffret := ReadPicture (iffid, bitnr,
IF (iffret IFFDone) THEN WriteString ('Error reading file');
FreeMem (bitm, TSIZE(BitMap));
elosemask := closemask + CloseMaskSet CL_IFF};
WITH newscr DO
LeftEdge := 0;TopEdge :=0;
Width := SCRWIDTH;
Depth := INTEGER(frame.bmHdr.nPlanes);
DetailPen ;= BYTE(-1);
BlockPen := BYTE(-1);
ViewModes := ViewModesSet };
CustomBitMap := NIL;
Font := NIL;Gadgets := NIL;
DefaultTitle := ADR('DrawItlFF Screen');
scr := OpenScreen (newscr);
IF (scr = NIL) THEN DrawCleanup;
WriteString('Could not open screen');
closemask := closemask +
CloseMaskSet CL_SCREEN}; LoadRGB4 (scrViewport, ADR(frame,colorMap), INTEGER(frame.nColorRegs));
WITH newwin DO
LeftEdge := 0; TopEdge := 0;
Width := SCRWIDTH;
Height := SCRHEIGHT;
DetailPen := BYTE(1);
BlockPen := BYTE(0);
IDCMPFlags := IDCMPFlagsSet
Closewindow, RawKey}; Flags := WindowFlagsSet WindowClose,
Activate} + SuperBitMap;
FirstGadget := NIL;
CheckMark := NIL;
Title ADR('DrawltIFF Window');
Screen := scr; BitMap := bitm;
MinHeight := SCRHEIGHT;
MaxHeight := SCRHEIGHT;
MaxWidth := SCRWIDTH;
Type := CustomScreen;
END; (* WITH *)
win := OpenWindow(newwin) ;
IF (win = NIL) THEN
WriteString('could not open the window'); WriteLn;
closemask := closemask +
• CloseMaskSet CL_WINDOW};
awm xmax ymax END Drawlt;
= frame. BmHdrf.V;
PUBLICATION DATE-OCTOBER 17, 1988
Harness the power of your Amiga Learn to use AmigaDOS and the CLI Become an Amiga power user
THE AMIGA COMPANION
by Rob Peck
THE AMIGA COMPANION, a new book from AmigaWorld magazine, is your comprehensive guide to AmigaDOS and the CLI. In clear, concise, easy-to-understand language, The Amiga Companion shows you how to use the full range of powerful AmigaDOS and CLI commands to get maximum performance from your Amiga 500, 1000, or 2000. Authored by Rob Peck, formerly of Commodore-Amiga, The Amiga Companion is written with a thorough understanding and mastery of this vanguard computing system.
The Amiga Companion helps you master basic, advanced, and innovative command skills with subjects like. . .
Author Rob Peck is one ol the most respected and knowledgeable leaders in the Amiga community. While with Commodore-Amiga, Rob wrote the ROM Kernel Manual, the bible of Amiga Developers. Rob is also the author of Programmers Guide to the Amiga and numerous magazine articles, including “Reaching the Notes: Easy Access to Amiga Audio" in the July August 1987 issue of AmigaWorld.
? Overview of the Workbench Disk
? Introduction to the CLI
? Modifying Your Operating Environment
? Surviving with a One Disk-Drive System
? Understanding the Execute Command
? Startup Sequences
? Informational Commands
? Modifying Files Using AmigaDOS
? Mastering System Utilities
Plus dozens of additional subjects to tap the full potential of your Amiga computer.
Best of all, you don’t have to be a technical expert to put The Amiga Companion to work for you. The moment you open this help-filled book, you’ll get more out of your Amiga than ever before! And as your skills develop, you’ll find plenty of advanced ideas and information to make The Amiga Companion the most valuable peripheral you own.
Order Now! Use the coupon betow to get your copy of The Amiga Companion, or call 1-603-924-4061 with your Visa, American Express or MasterCard during regular business hours. Your copy of The Amiga Companion will be rushed to you. Order Today!
Special Offer to Readers of AmigaWorld!
Just $ 19.95! The Amiga Companion is not available in bookstores. This valuable book is available exclusively to AmigaWorld readers. Order your copy today! Call 1-603-924-4061, 9AM-5PM, Mon.-Fri., Eastern time, or mail this coupon.
Mail this coupon to:
The Amiga Companion, IDG Communications Peterborough, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. Or call 1-603-924-4061 for credit card order.
• Foreign Orders: All payments US funds drawn on US bank. Canada and Mexico S19.95 + $ 2.00 SHIPPING & HANDLING. Foreign S19.95 + S2.00 SHIPPING & HANDLING. Domestic orders allow 2-4 weeks delivery.
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CROWN CUSTOM COVERS, 24621 Paige Circle, DEPT. A-2 _Laguna Hills, CA. 92653 (714) 472-6362
AMIGA DUST COVERS
DIGITAL WIZARDS PRLHN1S...
Samples and analyzes music, using the Perfect Sound or FutureSound digitizers, producing a light shorn in real time. $ 29.95 + 3.00 S H Calif, residence add tan
9307 Carlton Hills Blvd. Santee, CA 92071 (619)449-1281
Laser Light Shows on the Amiga
The lowest-cost, highest-performance laser show system for any computer anywhere. Produce professional laser graphics for clubs, bands, planetariums, theaters, etc. Requires 1 meg Amiga and laser projector. Software from $ 295 to $ 995. Laser projectors from $ 1500. New! Convert IFF pictures to laser graphics.
Send SASE for free information to: Patrick Murphy, Pangolin Laser Software. 1016 N. Daniel St. 2, Arlington, VA 22201 or call (703) 527-4880.
Demo disk $ 15 Demo VHS video $ 25
Aceh Receivable Check Ledger
Inventory Accb Payable General Ledger
AMIGA USER’S GROUP of SJ
Join the largest user’s group dedicated to the AMIGA. Receive our official newsletter. Evaluations on software and hardware, advanced updatings, technical information, problem-solving, program exchange (over 50 disks in our PD library), Buying discount service, etc.
Send S18.00 US for Membership to: "ygT
Box 3761- Attn: Jay Forman-AW1
Cherry Hill, NJ 08034 39
(609) 667-2526 Add $ 1.00
Box 668-A Encinitas, CA 92024
call or write todoy for a FREE CATALOG!
INTRODUCING. . PROJECT “D”
• An easy to use, friendly & intuitive user interface.
• A powerful and fast backup tool that lets you make backups of your copy-protected Amiga software.
* A unique backup tool for duplicating other disk formats including MS-DOS PC-DOS and Atari ST.
* This product is not copy-protected in any way,
549. 95 ea
TO ORDER Send check or money order to: Fuller Computer Systems Inc.
P. O. Box 9222 Mesa, Arizona 85204-0430 OR CALL (602) 835-5018
Includes shipping and handling!
Arizona residents add 6.5% sales tax
Dealer Inquiries Invited
Arriga is a trademark of Commodore-Amiga Inc.
35mm COLOR SLIDES
from your IFF or HAM files
• Brilliant Color • No Curvature Distortion as low as $ 1 slide Call or Write for order form, price list & sample I VlVtlVIOISrD 11280 Washington Place J photographic Culver City, Ca. 90230 services (213) 390-3010
3D Animation and Rendering Power
City Desk: BBS-PC:
S. D.l. :
True & Fa be Ray Tracing Real-Time Mouse Control IFF and ANIM format All Resolutions including & Overscan! Multiple Moving Cameras Sc Views MulTiple Moving Lights Fish Eye Views' MORE’
1-800-942-WARE In NJ: 1-609-933-3802
Amiga software, lowest prices !!
Mitchelly Ulai'G Systems
431 Sprues Manor, B(Um»wr. NZ 06031
X Specs 3D
Vectorirabon of IFF imports Surface Mapping Free handed Paths Parametric formulated Paths Object Polyhedron Face Breakdown Hierarchical Object Linkage Fractal Landscape
Join the rage with RAMpage ! »
Call 1-800-535-5757 (In Arizona: 247-1490)
RAMpage, Inc. • 334 1 W. Peoria Suite 204 • Phoenix, AZ 85029
TOY BEFORE YOU BUY! VeiW'Amp"
Best selling games, utilities, '41
and classics plus new releases!
100’s of titles Low prices Same day shipping Free brochure
Frederick Bldg. 220 Huntington, WV 25701
Westwood, NJ.07675 P O Box 248
(201) 666 6011
A HIGHLY OPTIMIZED ASSEMBLER BASED APL INTERPRETER FOR FAST AND POWERFUL PROGRAMS. FEATURES A COMPLETE INTERFACE TO THE AMIGA ENVIRONMENT WITH PULL DOWN MENUS, REQUESTER AND ALERT BOXES. SPEECH, SOUND AND GRAPHIC FACILITIES.
Order Direct for S99 * 7 shipping. $ 10 Canada V1SA MC AMEX + 4% NJ res. + 6% safes tax.
14 Mqyr fum|rg 24 Hour Modem
f Fas?F gp Film f peRsivi font Lorary
fni A - j-,
p eg* ~nis disk drives
and take advantac&’fj MICRO PA E b;
* 1212 Hasan, 0
§ 512K 1M
pMfrt pv„ 3!aci-
Undulated (§K)... $ 175 S12K, 1MB, 2M|;.,,, pall E DIP Switch (41S) 792=611«
165 ° Fremont, CA 9453*
on all boards
Guru’s Guide !
Uwah, CA 954S2 residents; add §% sales tax.
AmigaWorld is a publication of IDG Communications, the world's largest publisher of computer- related information. IDG Communications publishes over 90 computer publications in 33 countries. Fourteen million people read one or more IDG Communications publications each month. IDG Communications publications contribute to the IDG News Service offering the latest on domestic and international computer news. IDG Communications publications include: ARGENTINA’S Computerworld Argentina; ASIA’S Communications World, Computerworld Hong Kong, (Computerworld Malaysia, Computerworld Singapore, Computerworld Southeast Asia, PC Review; AUSTRALIA'S Computerworld Australia, Communications World, Australian PC World, Australian Macworld; AUSTRIA’S Computenvelt Oester- reich; BRAZIL'S DataNews, PC Mundo, Micro Mundo; CANADA’S Computer Data; CHILE'S Informatica, (Computation Personal; DENMARK'S Computerworld Danmark, PC World Danmark; FINLAND’S Mikro, Tie- loviikko; FRANCE’S Le Monde Informatique, Distrib- utique, InfoPC, Telecoms International; GREECE'S Micro and Computer Age; HUNGARY'S Computerworld SZT, PC Mikrovilage; INDIA'S Dataquest; ISRAEL’S People Computers Weekly, People Cjf Computers Bi-Weekly; ITALY’S Computerworld Italia; JAPAN'S (Computerworld Japan; MEXICO'S Computerworld Mexico; THE NETHERLANDS’ Computerworld Netherlands, PC World Benelux; NEW ZEALAND'S Computerworld New Zealand; NORWAY’S Computerworld Norge, PC World Norge; PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA’S China Computerworld, Chirm Computerworld Monthly; SAUDI ARABIA'S Arabian Computer News; SOUTH KOREA’S Computerworld Korea, PC World Korea; SPAIN’S CIMWORLD, Computerworld Espana, (Commodore World, PC World Espana, Ccomunicaciones World, Informatica Industrial; SWEDEN’S Computer Sweden, Mik- rodatorn, Svenska PC World; SWITZERLAND’S Computerworld Schweiz; UNITED KINGDOM’S (Computer News, DEC Today, ICE Today, IDT US, PC Business World; UNITED STATES’ AmigaWorld, CD-ROM Review, CIO, (Computer Currents, Computenvorld, Computers in Science, Digital News, Federal (Computer Week, 80 Micro, FOCUS Publications, inCider, Info World, Macintosh Today, Aloe World, Computer + Software News, (Micro MarketworldlIj>bhar-Friedman). Network World, PC World, Portable Computer Review, Publish.1, PC Resource, RUN, Windows; VENEZUELA'S Computerworld Venezuela; WEST GERMANY’S (Computerwoche, Information Management, PC Welt, Run, PC Woe he, RUN.
Manuscripts: Contributions in the form of manuscripts with drawings and or photographs are welcome and will be considered for possible publication. AmigaWorld assumes no responsibility for loss or damage to any material. Please enclose a self-addressed, stamped envelope with each submission. Payment for the use of any unsolicited material will be made upon publication. All contributions and editorial correspondence (typed and double-spaced, please) should be directed to AmigaWorld Editorial, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458; telephone: 603-924-9471. Advertising Inquiries should be directed to Advertising Offices, IDG Communications Peterborough, Inc., 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458; telephone: 800-441-
4403. Subscription problems or address changes: Call 1-800-525 0643 (in CO, 1-303-447-9330) or write to AmigaWorld, Subscription Dept., PO Box 58804, Boulder, CO 80322-8804. Problems with advertisers: Send a description of the problem and your current address to; AmigaWorld, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458, ATTN.: Lisa l.aFleur, Customer Service Representative.
List of Advertisers
A-Squared Distribution, Inc., 53
Lattice, Inc., 45
Abacus Software, 39
Lightspeed Distribution, 57
Manx Software, 35
Ameristar Technologies, Inc., 82
MicroBotics, Inc., 33
Contest, 62, 63
Microcomputer Services, 90, 91
Readers' Choice Ballot, 75
The Amiga Companion, 93
Pull Down Menu, 94, 95
MicroMaster, Inc., 65
ASDG, Inc., 4
Mindscape, inc., 23
Brown-Wagh Publishing, 7
Mindware International, 60
Cinemaware Corp., 5
Communications Specialties, Inc., 69
Oceanic America, Clll
Compu Art, 73
Pacific Peripherals, 72
Computer Mai! Order, 55
Psygnosis, Ltd,, 19
Computer Mart, 71
ReadySoft, Inc., 2
Creative Computers, 78, 79
Redmond Cable, 66
Creative Microsystems, Inc., 70
Digital Creations, 47
SoftLogik Corp., 15
Direct Micro, 82
Software Discounters of America, 67
Discovery Software, 21
Sprite Technology, 74
Dr. T’s Music Software, 38
Star-Flite Telemarketing, 87
Elan Design, 9
Emerald Intelligence, 17
The Aamiga Center, 64
First Row Software, 18
The Disc Company, 51
GE Information Services, 37
The Software Shop, 76, 77
Go AMIGA, 84, 85
The Right Answers Group, 86
Golden Gate Shows, 64
The Software Shop, 73
Great Valley Products, Inc., 83
Word Perfect Corp., 13
Great Valley Products, Inc., 83
Xerox, Inc., 31
InterComputing. Inc., 81
* This advertiser prefers to be contacted directly
This index is provided as an additional service. The publisher does not assume liability for errors or omissions.
As a service to its readers, AmigaWorld will periodically publish the names of companies who are having difficulties meeting their customer obligations or who have gone out of business. Readers are advised to contact AviigaWorld before dealing with these companies: Computer Best, FutureSoft Applications. If you have any questions or concerns about advertisers in AmigaWorld, please contact: Lisa LaFleur, Customer Service Representative, AmigaWorld Magazine, 80 Elm Street, Peterborough, NH 03458. Through our customer service representative, Amiga World assists readers with problems they may have with advertisers. However .AmigaWorld does not assume any liability for advertiser’s claims.
J M K
' ' -
The first thing you notice about the Master 3A is its incredibly small size. But look closer and you’ll discover that it’s loaded with these great features:
Fully compatible with the Amiga®
Double sided double density 720 KB formatted capacity Durable metal case eliminates radio frequency interference and drive noise
Spring loaded door keeps out dust Consumes less power
Smaller, slimmer design (4 "w x lW'h x 9"d)
Costs less to buy
Full 1 Year Warranty
Pass through connector lets you easily add additional drives
Extra long shielded input cable (28'0 allows easy placement on either side of the computer
- i-.. , ’=4 i:'’:
Extremely quiet operation
For an even closer look at the Amiga compatible Master 3A, phone your nearest dealer:
Computer Direct 312-382-5050
M. C.S. 800-433-7756
Oceanic America P.O. Box 70587, Eugene. OR 1503-741-12221 Fax 503-741-15351 DEALER INQUIRIES INVITED
Amiga is a registered trademark of Commodore Electronics I.TD,
PROFESSIONAL ?• ANIMATION!
Now take advantage of “pencil testing" your animation in the privacy of your own home studio! With Cel Animator you can preview scenes, polish your work and know it performs the way you envisioned.
Jl UN-EQUALLED VERSATILITY
Cel Animator provides versatility that's unavailable with film, or the expensive Lyon-Lamb type stop- motion video tape equipment. With Cel Animator, your drawings are stored on a computer disk so each frame can be called up repeatedly and manipulated within a sequence after being ' shot" only once. This is achieved because computer disk storage is “random access," meaning; any information stored on the disk can be called up at random, in whatever order required, as often as necessary!
BREAK THE “SEQUENTIAL” DILEMMA
Tape and film are "sequential" and require you to shoot a "cycle" over and over again until the required number of repetitions are completed, or re-expose a held drawing for many consecutive frames. Using Cel Animator, however, you may simply create each drawing once, and then create a fist, identifying each frame by number, and the program will call up the stored frame from memory and replay it as often as it is called for. Or in whatever order you specify, and you can add or delete drawings. Essentially, the program follows your "exposure sheet' for you!
I D E
You can also experiment with your timing by simply changing the display time between frames; if you shoot a “pose test" you can adjust your timing repeatedly without reshooting anything, then add your breakdowns, re-time your delays and check again. No need to add in-betweens untif you've fine-tuned your pose test.
CONTINUOUS PLAY OPTION
The program can also replay your sequence of frames in a continuous loop, so you can sit back and review the action repeatedly without having to rewind and play a video tape over and over again, or without ever having to wait for film to be shot, processed, and edited.
Cel Animator allows you to digitize your prerecorded sound track dialogue, music or effects), and replay them frame by frame: or select any group of frames to replay, enabling you to locate and identify sounds according to frame number prior to doing your animation drawings. Then, review your pose test or completed animation synchronized with your digitized sound track, and you can then print an exposure sheet, vowels and consonants paired with frame numbers.
Finally, if you own one of the many paint programs available such as Photon Paint, you can paint your pencil drawings right on your computer, and use Cel Animator to replay them in full color, over any background you create. It is also possible to send your completed color scenes to video tape; thus producing a full color animated sequence right in your own home on your VCR or you can use Photon Video's Transport Controller software.
Photon Video Products are fully compatible with most third party art, animation and rendering software systems.
This module allows you to take your animations frame by frame to video tape, by way of popular frame by frame controllers such as Lyon Lamb.™
™T ¦ I
: W 1
, ¦ I
. A. A
OTHER PHOTON VIDEO PRODUCTS
* EDIT 3D. Photon's powerful solid object Editor.
* RENDER 3D, Photon's amazing solid object rendering system.
* Photon Paint, this immense paint system gives you all you are accustomed to in a professional paint box, plus many advanced features like surface mapping and light source control!
17408 Chatsworth St., Granada Hills, CA 91344 Inside CA 818 360-3715, Outside CA 800 522-2041
12. '. 09
Ci'de 138 on Reader Servce card.
S10 credit applet (Hler gund for .'Ul day* hum sign-up.
© 1988 General Eirrtm Company USA.
hipping info C O D only S3.50 per shipping We ship UPS Ground Air 2nd overnight shipping available. For faster delivery send Cashier Ctieck, Money Order, or use MasterCard or Visa Personal checks allow 20 days to clear. Company purchase orders accepted Cali lor prior authorization Mass residents add 5% sales tax Amiga is a trademark of Commodore-Amiga, Inc.