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personally like the Texta video graphics generator and Turbo paint system from Dub- ner (one of the few systems with an optional digitizer). The Texta boasts 4,096 colors, hundreds of fonts, combines text and graphics on screen, 3-D animation, anti-aliasing and more. The basic configuration starts at $ 42,000 and goes up to $ 96,500 for the Turbo paint system. Now I won’t tell you that the Amiga can do everything that these pieces of equipment can. These are all specialized items that do their particular job better than the Amiga could hope to. Even if a character generator only has four fonts, it can put those four fonts on the screen better than an Amiga can. I didn’t talk about SEGs (special effects generators) that are much more expensive but can do things the Amiga can’t (right now anyway). And I purposely left out complete lists of features, so don’t complain that I didn’t tell everyone the Texta can store 20,000 pages, or whatever. But this sampling of prices shows you why people in video are so interested in the Amiga. An Amiga, straight out of the box, can’t do all of these things, but with the right equipment you can come close. And there are some things that the Amiga can do that no specialized video equipment can (like animated ray-traced images). There is a lot of confusion about the Amiga and video because the people who know about computers don’t know about video and the people who know about video don’t know about computers. Here is a simple get-rich scheme that I will give to anyone interested: Learn about both video and computers and you will be able to write your own ticket. I hope this issue will put you on the road to understanding video and the Amiga. If you are planning to put titles on your latest network mini-series or vacation videos of Disneyland, you should find something here to help. Maybe someday I’ll be able to afford some of those expensive video toys, but until I win the lottery, I have the Amiga to play with, which ought to keep me busy for a few decades, at least.
Click image to download PDF
USA. $ 3.95 Canada $ 4.50 UK £2.50 An IDGC 1 Publication
Mow-To Guide To Horn
Now take advantage of "pencil testing" your animation in the privacy of your own home studio! With Ce! Animator you can preview scenes, polish your work and know it performs the way you envisioned.
II _ UN-EQUALLED mVERSATILITY
Cel Animator provides versatility that's unavailable with film, or the expensive Lyon-Lamb type stop- motion video tape equipment. With Cel Animator, your drawings are stored on a computer disk so each frame can be called up repeatedly and manipulated within a sequence after being "shot" only once. This is achieved because computer disk storage is "random access," meaning; any information stored on the disk can be called up at random, in whatever order required, as often as necessary!
BREAK THE “SEQUENTIAL” DILEMMA
Tape and film are "sequential" and require you to shoot a "cycle" over and over again until the required number of repetitions are completed, or re-expose a held drawing for many consecutive frames. Using Cel Animator, however, you may simply create each drawing once, and then create a list, identifying each frame by number, and the program will call up the stored frame from memory and replay it as often as it is called for, or in whatever order you specify, and you can add or delete drawings. Essentially, the program follows your “exposure sheet" for you!
I D E
You can also experiment with your timing by simply changing the display time between frames; if you shoot a "pose test" you can adjust your timing repeatedly without reshooting anything, then add your breakdowns, re-time your delays and check again. No need to add in-betweens until you've fine-tuned your pose test.
CONTINUOUS PLAY OPTION
The program can also replay your sequence of frames in a continuous loop, so you can sit back and review the action repeatedly without having to rewind and play a video tape over and over again, or without ever having to wait for film to be shot, processed, and edited.
Cel Animator allows you to digitize your prerecorded sound track (dialogue, music or effects), and replay them frame by frame; or select any group of frames to replay, enabling you to locate and identify sounds according to frame number prior to doing your animation drawings. Then, review your pose test or completed animation synchronized with your digitized sound track, and you can then print an exposure sheet, vowels and consonants paired with frame numbers.
Finally, if you own one of the many paint programs available such as Photon Paint, you can paint your pencil drawings right on your computer, and use Cel Animator to replay them in full color, over any background you create. It is also possible to send your completed color scenes to video tape; thus producing a full color animated sequence right in your own home on your VCR or you can use Photon Video's Transport Controller software.
Photon Video Products are fully compatible with most third party art, animation and rendering software systems.
This module allows you to take your animations frame by frame to video tape, by way of popular frame by frame controllers such as Lyon Lamb.™
OTHER PHOTON VIDEO PRODUCTS
• EDIT 3D. Photon's powerful solid object Editor.
• RENDER 3D, Photon's amazing solid object rendering system.
• Photon Paint, this immense paint system gives you all you are accustomed to in a professional paint box, plus many advanced features like surface mapping and light source control!
17408Chatsworth St.. Granada Hills, CA 91344 InsideCA 818 360-3715, OutsideCA 800 522-2041
Circle 138 on Reader Service card,
DELIVERS ULTIMATE GRAPHICS POWER
Bring the world into your Amiga with Digi-View, the 4096 color video digitizer. In seconds you can capture any photograph or object your video camera can see in full color and with clarity never before available on a home computer. Digi-View’s advanced features include:
• Dithering routines give up to
100,000 apparent colors on screen
• NewTek’s exclusive Enhanced Hold-and-Modify mode allows for exceptionally detailed images Digitize images in any number of colors from 2 to 4096 ?Print, animate, transmit, store, or manipulate images with available IFF compatible programs ?Digitize in all Amiga resolution modes (320x200, 320x400, 640x200, 640x400)
‘'Digi-View sets new standards for graphics hardware"-InfoWorld
Digi-View is available now at your local
Amiga dealer or call: 1-800-843-8934
ONLY $ 199.95
Circle 102 on Reader Service card.
VOLUME 4, NUMBER 3 MARCH 1988
Potent possibilities for turning your Amiga into a viable video production system on any level you're ready for! That’s what we’ve got In store for you this month. How the professionals do it. How you can do it. What equipment, hardware and software, do you need? What’s out there on the market? The Amiga is the desktop video computer, and you can harness its amazing graphics power to your needs...Plus our annual Hardware Buyer's Guide for any one looking for any thing to add any new dimension to the A500, A1Q00 or A2000.
F E AT IRES
VIDEars DELIGHT By Wayhnd Strickland 22
An AmlgaWorld overview of (he very substantial arsenal of video software and hardware tools now available to turn your Amiga into a state-of-the-art graphics animation system.
Probing Alien Worlds; Extraterrestrial Video Byjoei Hagen ......33
If you really want to see what Amigas can achieve in professional video productions (and how it was done), tune in to this dramatic pholojournalistic account of a recent PBS broadcast of a potential encounter with alien life in outer space.
Amiga Home Video By d, l. Richardson 42
Here’s a nuts-and-bolts how-to guide thaL can help the amateur to record Amiga graphics onto small-format videotape with effective, professional-looking results.
The Amiga World Hardware Buver*s Guide By Barbara Qefvert and Bob R an 48
What ever kind of add-on or peripheral you’re looking for to upgrade your Amiga from RAM boards and hard disks to genlocks and voice synthesizers chances are we’ve got it in our annual, up-to-the-minute hardware guide.
Our editor actually has some previous work experience with this month’s feature focus, video (which he’ll tell you about), but we think he should have stuck to making pizzas and hustling drunks in three-card monte.
BASIC By The Numbers By Bob Ryan . 17
Our series on programming your Amiga with Amiga Basic moves into “third" gear with tips on handling variables and arrays.
TNFO.PHrLE By Mark L. Van Name and Bill Catchings .....6 I
If you’re new to the Amiga, return with us to those thrilling days of yesteryear to "unmask"
the secrets of the AmigaDOS CLI. . .Hi Ho! Away!
DEPART M ENTS
Your chance to blow off steam.
Big doings in Toronto and some other flavorful scoops as we continue to monitor events whose repercussions may he showing up on your monitor soon.
Hors doeuvres ....12
More good stuff from those of our readers who care to send the very best. . .useful hints and nifty techniques.
Inboard 500; Byte Box I Sound Lab I APL.68000 I Music Mouse. Games: Plutos I Test Drive,
What’s New? 86
New products from far and wide.
Help Key 82
L. R. ("Load and Rim") Wallace delivers answers, not excuses, when your chips are down.
The only other processing system under 3 $ 200...
Before today, image processing could cost an arm and a leg, hut now there’s PhotoSynthesis1’’, the full image processing system from Escape Sequence. Inc. PhotoSvnthesis uses the graphics hardware in your Amiga" to create special effects at speeds comparable to machines and hardware costing thousands more.
PhotoSynthesis performs all the basic image processing operations (such as Boolean, Arithmetic, Filtering, Convolve, Expand Shrink, Threshold. Histogram and Histogram Equalization) on 320x200 IFF images. It comes with its own interpreter language so you can program your own image processing algorithms, and it features memory management, which automatically swaps images to file if there isn’t enough memory available.
The best thing about PhotoSynthesis is that it won't shred your budget. You can turn your Amiga into a full image processing machine for just $ 149.95. To get additional information or to place an order, call or write today.
Escape Sequence, Inc.
PO. Box 110!
Troy, NY 12181
Amigj is u registered trademark of Commodore Computers Required memory 1 Mb
Guy Wright Managing Editor Shawn Laflamme
Technical Ecitor Robert M, Ryan
Senior Editor Linda J. Barrett
Senior Editor Dan Sullivan
Review Editor Barbara Gefvert
Contributing Editors Bill Catchmgs,
David T. McClellan,
Mark L Van Name,
Rosslyn A. Frick
Assistant Art Director Howard G Happ
Designers Anne Dillon Roger Goode
Production Advertising Supervisor Ruth Benedict
Sales Representative Michael McGoldrick Advertising Coordinator
Pull Down Menu Heather Paquette 1-800-441-4403
West Coast Sales Giorgio Saluti, manager 1-415-328-3470 Danna Carney
Pull Down Menu Sales Assistant 3350 W, Bayshore Road, Suite 201 Palo Alio, CA 94303
Secretary Sandy Kierstead
Marketing Coordinator Laura Livingston
Customer Service Representative Lisa LaFleur
Michael S. Perils
Vice-President General Manager
Group Publisher Consumer Home Magazines
Director of Corporate Production
Dennis Christensen Typesetting Manager Linda P Canale Typographer Doreen Means
Director of Circulation
Frank S. Smith Circulation Manager Bonnie Welsh
Direct Marketing Manager Paul Ruess
Newsstand Sales Linda Ruth
Direct Sales Manager Elizabeth R. Kehn 800-343-0728
Director of Credit Sales & Collections
William M. Boyer
Amiga World (ISSN 0883-21590) is an inctepcn drill journal lint connected with Commodore Business Machines, inc. Amiga Wot hi i* published inonthlv In 11K> Comiuunka t ions Peterborough. Inc., 80 Kim St.. Peter borough, S'H 03-158. L'.S. subscription rate is $ 21.97, one year. Canada $ 47.97 (Cana dian funds), one year only. Mexico $ 29.97 (I S hinds drawn on U.S. bank), one year only, foreign $ 41.97 (L’.S. hinds drawn on I'.S. hank), one year only. Foreign Ail mail, please inquire Second class postage paid at Peterborough, Nil. And at additional mailing nlfires. Phone: (503-924 9471. Entire contents copyright 1988 by IDG Communications Peterborough, Inc. No part of this publication mas be printed or otherwise icpioduied without written permission Itom the publisher. Postmaster Send address changes to AmigaWurtd, Subscription Services. PO Box 868, Farmingdale, NY 11735. Nationally distributed by International Circulation Distributors. AmigaWvrld makes every effort to assure the accuracy of articles, listings and circuits published in the magazine. AmigaWmkl assumes no responsibilio for damages due to errors or omissions.
Circle 150 on Reader Service card
OF CARTOON . CLIPART ,
BOFFO BIRTH PAV .CARPS ,
3F THE PROS AT yOUR COMM AN P
HM CAM CREATE VOUR OWN MULTI-PACE COMIC WITH
ComicSett»r - THE COMPLETE COLOR COMIC RESIGN 5TUPIO POR THE 512K AMIGA. WITH STRUCTUREPAA O 8IT-MAPPEP GRAPHICS. OWLY $ 99.95 FROM GOLD DISK SOFTWARE. SEE yOUR LOCAL AMIGA DEALER, OR CALL 1-800-387-8192 TO ORDER.
“I have just one word for you, my boy . . . Video,”
THE VIDEO ISSUE. While I was stumbling through my “career” working in factories, washing dishes, cooking pizzas, panhandling, juggling and even writing (writing paid the least, so naturally I chose a related field for a livelihood), I somehow managed to land a handful of jobs working at various cable and broadcast television stations.
If you want to learn about television, get a job at a cable TV station. They don’t pay very well and they expect you to do everything from sweeping up at niglu to producing and directing shows. When I wasn’t busy sweeping I wrote scripts, narrated, produced, directed and edited of a lot of memorable shows, like “This Week in City Council” and “Religious Perspectives.”
I got pretty good at post production work, and eventually became the station’s videotape editing whiz. I did most of the production and editing, so they let me order the equipment (an expensive habit). I had a lot of neat toys to play with for a while there.
I was looking at a professional video catalog last week and noticed one or two pieces of equipment that I used to play with. Prices have come down a bit since the early seventies. But nothing is cheap. Commodore (and AmigaWorld) has been saying that an Amiga can do the work of specialized video equipment costing thousands and thousands of dollars, and I wanted to check on how true that is. What I found was what I had expected. Here is just a sampling of the specialized video products you could pick up at your local professional video supply house.
JVC has a nice little tiller (the M-1000) for only $ 2,325. It has a 640 x 200 resolution, a palette of 512 colors (four on screen at any one time) and 160K of RAM. You can get the advanced titling system (JVC M-1500) with a 640 x 400 resolution, one font in three sizes (other fonts optional), a paint program, mouse and some scrolling effects for a neat $ 4,995. Or you could get the titling and animation system (M-3000), which is almost as flexible as Graphicraft and not quite as flexible as Aegis Animator, all for $ 9,995. If you just want a video paint system, the Chameleon from Chyron, with 768 x 482 resolution,
256 colors out of 4,096 (where have we heard that number before?) Does lines, circles, rectangles, color fills, custom brushes, etc. for only $ 11,900. Now, if you want to do simple animation with those images, you can get the Videofex SEG from Chyron, which works with the Chameleon, for an additional $ 14,000.
If you just want a character generator, you can get the Chyron VP-1 for $ 4,395; Convergence Corporation’s VCG- 75 is $ 1,250, and their VCG* 750 is $ 2,995; Knox sells their
Chromafont system in two configurations at $ 3,890 (four fonts two upper and lower, two upper case only) and $ 5,780 (four extra fonts and other options); Micro-Tek has their Ernie for $ 3,995 and Max for $ 2,995; and Dub net* makes three character generators with 5K, 10K and 20K for $ 9,500, $ 15,000 and $ 18,500 respectively.
1 personally like the Texta video graphics generator and Turbo paint system from Dub- ner (one of the few systems with an optional digitizer).
The Texta boasts 4,096 colors, hundreds of fonts, combines text and graphics on screen, 3-D animation, anti-aliasing and more. The basic configuration starts at $ 42,000 and goes up to $ 96,500 for the Turbo paint system.
Now I won’t tell you that the Amiga can do everything that these pieces of equipment can. These are all specialized items that do their particular job better than the Amiga could hope to. Even if a character generator only has four fonts, it can put those four fonts on the screen better than an Amiga can. I didn’t talk about SEGs (special effects generators) that are much more expensive but can do things the Amiga can’t (right now anyway). And I purposely left out complete lists of features, so don’t complain that I didn’t tell everyone the Texta can store 20,000 pages, or whatever. But this sampling of
prices shows you why people in video are so interested in the Amiga.
An Amiga, straight out of the box, can’t do all of these things, but with the right equipment you can come close. And there are some things that the Amiga can do that no specialized video equipment can (like animated ray-traced images). There is a lot of confusion about the Amiga and video because the people who know about computers don’t know about video and the people who know about video don’t know about computers. Here is a simple get-rich scheme that I will give to anyone interested: Learn about both video and computers and you will be able to write your own ticket.
I hope this issue will put you on the road to understanding video and the Amiga. If you are planning to put titles on your latest network mini-series or vacation videos of Disneyland, you should find something here to help.
Maybe someday I’ll be able to afford some of those expensive video toys, but until I win the lottery, I have the Amiga to play with, which ought to keep me busy for a few decades, at least. ¦
We Work with the Best
The best people.
The best equipment.
You’ll find both at Mas ter Co m m u n ica t i o n.
You see, Robert is a perfectionist. He expects maximum performance from his investment. That’s why he has a switcher by Grass Valley Group, Digital Video Effects by Pinnacle, U-Matic SP and Betacam SP recorders with computerized editing by Sony, and high quality character generation by Dubncr. But even a 520,000 character generator has its limits and when that’s the case he turns to an Amiga and Aegis software.
Software like Aegis VideoTitler
VideoTitler turns your Amiga into a powerful titling
workstation for video or graphic presentation. Here are
just a few of the features you’ll find.
• 16 Colors in Medium and High Resolution
• 32 Colors in Low and Video Resolution
• Interlace, Overscan, Severe Overscan, and Halfbrite
• Support of Amiga, Zuma™ and Calligrapher™ Fonts
• PolyFonts for Distorting,
Mirroring, and Manual Kerning
• Bold, Italic, Outline, and Drop Shadow in 8 Directions
• Left, Right, and Center Justification
• Color Gradation and 20 Different Styles Such as 3D Block. Thin Edge, Fat Edge, Outline Neon, Emboss, and Balloon
4 Supports IFF, Also the ANIM Format for Creating Animatec Titles
• Clip, Paste, Distort, Invert, and Mirror Graphic Images
« Half, Quarter, or Compress the Screen for Tiling
d. . Suite 27 , CA 90403
• Works with NTSC and PAL Video Standards
Also included is VideoSEG, a slideshow program.
• Mix ANIM Animations and IFF Images in the Same Show
• A Variety of Transitions Such as Dissolves, Wipes, and Fades
• Buffers for Loading One Image While Another is Displayed
• Loop Points for Repeating Segments of the Show
• Manual, Auto Play, and Auto Loop Modes
• Includes a Player Module for Distributing Your Show
• Supports Interface, Halfbrite, and Color Cycling
• Low, Video, Medium, and High Resolutions
Master Communication. Another example of how we work with the best.
Put Aegis VideoTitler to work. For more information or the dealer nearest you: (213) 392-9972 or to order direct: 1-800-345-9871
Aegis VidcGTitkT. Aegis VideoSEG arc Trademarks of Aegis Development. Inc. Betacam. Betacam SP. And U-Matic are Trademarks of Sony Corn. The Calligrapher is a trademark of InterActive Softworks. Amiga is a I rademark oi Commodore-Amiga Inc Zuma Fonts is a Trademark of The Zuma Group.
Comments, complaints and concerns from
REGARDING MR. TARAN- GO’S comments [Repartee,
Jan. ’88, p. 8], the Amiga 2000 was not intended to be Commodore’s answer to the IBM PS 2 and the Mac IL Hardware development takes years, as does the red tape involved in getting government approval for a product. Ask IBM how long it took them to develop and debug the PS 2. Commodore didn’t just sit down and develop the A2000 to try to compete with the new IB Ms and Macs. It was part of a smart move to diversify and expand the Amiga line. For those who needed or wanted PC compatibility and open architecture, the A2000 was the answer. PS 2 has not rendered MS-DOS obsolete. There is enough of a base for MS-DOS to keep it around for years to come.
MR. TARANGO, WHO com- plained about the Amiga becoming a “technological laggard” [“Amiga 3000?” Re* partee, Jan. ’88, p. 8], is clearly misinformed. Granted, new offerings from IBM and Apple look good, but the Amiga 2000 has got them beat. Consider these facts:
1. The A2000 can support more memory than the Mac II.
2. 32-bit processing is only a
matter of plugging in a relatively inexpensive board into the slot provided.
3. HAM graphics, overscan and super-bitmap features are still unique to the Amiga.
4. Amiga multitasking is here now, proven and built into ROM.
5. The competition charges extra for basic equipment requirements. For example,
IBM’s OS 2 is not standard equipment, costing anywhere from $ 300 to S800 extra. Also, it will not he complete until late 1988 (if then), and it does not include a windowing interface. IBM’s mouse is also optional. And so are Apple’s keyboards!
6. For the price of a new IBM or Apple, you can buy two or three fully configured Amiga 2000s.
Santa Ana, CA
A “Vauued Customer”
WHAT I FIND amazing about the debate over the Amiga 1000 is the void that exists because Commodore has not made a commitment to their customers. I finally took delivery of my A1000 in October ’85, months after putting money down on it. I’ve paid peanuts for products designed for the Amiga and received impressive support free, unsolicited updates, frequent status reports, even phone calls. But have I heard one single word, through any medium, from Commodore? No! Not one, even after spending the time to fill out, one by one, all the papers necessary to ensure that Commodore had the information it needed to keep in touch with a “valued customer.”
If Commodore gave a damn, they might be a good company. The Amiga is a Fine computer, but it can’t do squat without the software and the people who use it.
Res ton, VA
Brickbats 8c Bouquets
I HAVE A complaint about a continuing problem that I see no excuse for. That is the inability of much of the graphics software for the Amiga to fully support overscan. The Amiga’s potential in video production is what sold me on this machine in the first place, especially after seeing demos of peripherals such as Live!, the video digitizer. But this product, aimed squarely at the video market, does not support overscan. Neither does another extremely popular video product, Digi-View. It's one thing for a paint program such as DcluxePaini not to support overscan in its initial release (although Dpaint is useful for video production, that’s not its primary purpose). But what about something like TV Text?
I own and use all the above programs (and many more), but I feel that they are worth only 10-25% of their potential because of this deficiency.
Every graphics-oriented program that could be used in video production should incorporate overscan in its first release.
Enough of the brickbats, let me now toss a few bouquets to the programs such as Video- Scape 3D, Pageflipper and The Director for properly handling overscan.
I WOULD LIKE to suggest that you publish information on ordering back issues of AmigaWorld.
We occasionally publish ordering information for back issues (see the Jan. ’88 issue, p. 88, for example).
Orders can be sent to AmigaWorld, Attn: Back Issue Orders,
80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. Each back issue costs $ 4.50, plus $ 1 shipping and handling. On orders of ten or more back issues, there is a flat §7.50 shipping and handling fee.
Send your letters to: Repartee, Amiga World editorial, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458. Letters may be edited for space and clarity. ¦
C who’s winning the race Lattice C for Amiga.
Software I tenoned for AMIGA
¦ 4 B : • t’lrkV
Lattice C has long been recognized as the best C compiler, And now our new version 4.0 for Amiga™ increases our lead past the competition even further.
Ready, set, go. The new Lattice AmigaDOS C Compiler gives you faster, more efficient code generation and support for 16 or 32-bit integers. There’s direct, in-line interface to all Amiga ROM functions with parameters passed in registers. What's more, the assembler is fully compatible with Amiga assembler svntax,
More great strides. The linker, Blink, has been significantly enhanced and provides true overlay support and interactive recovery from undefined symbols. And you’ll have a faster compile and link cycle with support for pre-linking.
Lattice® Version 4.0
Manx® Version 3.40
1294 I)hrystones second
22. 20 Secs. (IEEE Format)
10. 16 Secs, (FFP Format)
47. 67 Secs. .00000()31H Accuracy
1010 Dhrvstones sccond
98. 85 Secs. (1EFE Format)
17. 60 Secs. (FFP Format)
119. 6 Secs. .000109 Accuracy
There’s no contest.
Standard benchmark studies show Lattice to be the superior C language development environment. With stats like these, it’s no wonder that Commodore- Amiga has selected Lattice C as the official Amiga development language.
Lattice is a registered trademark of Unite Incorporated Amiga is a trademark of Ctimmodorc-,Amiga. Inc Manx is a registered trademark of Manx Software Systems. Ini
Going the distance. You’ll experience unsurpassed power and flexibility when you choose from several cost-effective development packages. There is even a full range of supporting products, including a symbolic debugger, resource editor, utilities and specialized libraries.
You’ll discover that your software purchase is backed by an excellent warranty and skilled technical support staff. You’ll appreciate having access to LBBS one of the world's first 9600 baud, 24-hour bulletin board services. And you’ll be able to conference with other Lattice users through the Byte Information
Exchange (BIX) network.
Cross the finish line.
Order your copy of the Lattice AmigaDOS C Compiler today. We’ll supply the speed. You bring the running shoes.
Lttticc, Incorporated 2500 S. J lighland Avenue Lombard, IL 60148 Phone: 800 533-3577 In Illinois: 312 916-1600
Subsidiary of SAS Institute Inc.
Edited by Linda Barrett
oo o s oy ozv
THE AMIGA IS coming of age, and, like any teenager, it’s making more noise and demanding more attention than any other machine in the Commodore family. When the family had a few guests over for a weekend party (The World of Commodore Show) last December, the precocious pubescent started showing off for company. Buttons and T-shirts shouted, “Settlement 1'Amiga peut vous 1‘offrir!” (translation: “Only the Amiga makes it possible” the show was in Toronto) and “The Amiga 500, the computer for the best of us.” The crowds attentively listening to demonstrations at the Commodore
Once a carefree gaming kid, the Amiga is now searching for a career. Show exhibitors were full of suggestions for a profession. Haitex Resources and Progressive Peripherals & Software thought design work might be profitable, offering their CAD programs, X-CAD (Haitex), IntroCAD (PP&rS) and Ultra- CAD (PP&S) as evidence. An abundance of developers were full of good advice on entering the world of business. Progressive Peripherals &: Software offered Superbase Professional. Abacus displayed Data Retrieve and TextPro. The Disc Company showed their word processor. Kind Words, while Oxxi played it by the numbers with Nimbus, a cash accounting package. Gold Disk and Infinity suggested the magazine business with their desktop publishing programs, The Professional Page and Shakespeare, each with a wealth of features geared towards heavy-duty page makeup. For the lighter side of publishing, Gold Disk premiered Comic Setter for designing comic strips. Zowie, il looked like fun. For the Amiga’s creative side, Sound Quest stressed the world of music with a line of editor librarian programs for the Roland, Yamaha and Casio synthesizers. The world of graphics was represented by An- akin Research (now with the Ea- syl for the 500 and 2000), NewTek (with further promises of the Video Toaster and an impressive demo of Digi-F X) and A-squared (who digitized every Live! Object in sight). Very Vivid
was verv visable with T he Man-
dala, the interactive live video system that gives new meaning to the user-friendly interface. Airware Solutions sent the Amiga out into the stratosphere with AWS-1000, the airline pairing generation system. To have room to match up all those pilots, planes and fuel, the Toronto show offered plenty of hardware add-ons, including Supra’s new hard drives for the 500. Comspec's auto-booting hard drive and Spirit's internal memory boards.
All work and no play makes the Amiga a dull computer, so there was a toy box full of new games demonstrated as well. Discovery was knocking through the walls of a time warp with Arkanoid at one end of the galaxy, while at the other Vertex was shooting everything in sight with Quasar. Also seen running wild in the Vertex booth, was a round yellow creature with a large mouth, going by the name of Footman. Across the hall, Electronic Arts was still driving in circles, promising the release of Ferrari Formula-One Racing.
Overall, the Amiga’s act was received with enthusiasm (except for the 1:00 am firedrill at the show hotel). Judging by the number of complete A500 and A2 000 systems that were wheeled out the door with sales slips flapping, the small but dedicated group of disciples is becoming a large but dedicated group. Our little computer is growing up.
mu nil pup igent Life
AN AMIGA 2000, a Pinnacle DVE 2010 special effects generator and a Dubner 10K character generator are standard equipment for a bedroom at least Robert Masters' bedroom. Formerly a designer of professional audio studios, Robert Masters shouldered a rented camera and converted to video in 1985. His First production, “Boarcisailing 1986,” netted him a showing on ESPN, a host of accounts and his own %-inch Betacam and SP professional online video production house, Master Communications. To map the mile and a half of cables connecting the audio, video and special effects equipment, Masters designed his quarter million dollar video bedroom on the Amiga, using Flow (New Horizons) and Aegis Draw Plus.
AGNES ANGST WANTED needed noise, over 20 different noises. So, the A2000 was put In charge.
When Lily Tomlin’s one-woman show The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life In the Universe open In San Francisco last December, it marked the debut of new concept In sound
production for a traveling theatre company: an automated sound console built around the Amiga 2000. The play (which won Tomlin a 1986 Tony for Best Actress) relies on an extensive array of sound effects to supplement her superb characterizations (Agnes, the angry punk rocker; Trudy,
Masters and partner Mary Jo Milan use the Amiga for scripting, billing, graphics and animation for customers like the Bahamas Tourist Board, Corona Beer, Suzuki Motor Corporation and Commodore. He says,“At first we only planned to add a paint system if we could have a $ 50,000 Cubicomp or at least the $ 15,000 DPS* 1 upgrade for the Dubner. But we found that the Amiga is perfectly appropriate in certain situations. You don’t always need great resolution or large color palettes. People often ask if I drew our graphics on a Bosch or a Cubicomp; when I tell them I used a S2,000 computer, they don’t believe me.”
I he Amiga proved a price-performance leader when Foster’s Freeze Corporation needed a map of Saudi Arabia with an image ol Little Foster on it. Generating just one screen on a Cubicomp would have cost around $ 3,000; instead, Masters used the Amiga to deliver eight maps, three variations of Little Foster and a series of pie charts for one third of the price. Masters adds, “And the client didn’t give up anything at all. The style of graphics we chose to use wouldn’t have looked any better on a Cubicomp. If you can’t see the difference, why spend it?”
Clients who have Amigas themselves can see the difference. Marketed for the video professional, the Edit Decision List Processor (EDLP, Prism Computers) will generate a complete edit decision list. With the EDLP, clients can store and recall all of of the cuts, fades and dissolves in a video on their Amiga, then transfer the data to Masters’ system by disk or modem for a completely automated assembly that is much faster than compiling the video by hand. Masters says, “The EDLP saves the client time, and time is money squared in video. An Amiga owner can be more competitive, by producing a better show for less money."
Ben and Jean Means
the wise bag lady with the umbrella hat that tunes her into the minds of others, and all those Trudy connects with). In all, the show features well over 300 sound effects, which must be perfectly synchronized with Tomlin’s 90-minute performance.
Debby Van Poucke, sound designer for the show, developed most of the sound effects. According to Van Poucke, “The sound is the third partner In the show. The first partner being Lily and her characters and the second being Jane Wagner, who wrote the show. All of Lily’s mime movements are accompanied by special sound effects.” As Tomlin’s movements became so tightly woven with Van Poucke’s effects, Van Poucke found it nearly impossible to handle the show’s sound on a consistent basis, so they decided to convert to Richmond Sound Design’s Amiga-based Command Cue 4096 Automated Control System.
The Command Cue system can automatically execute sound and visual effects cues and control 4,096 faders (similar to, but more sophisticated than, the volume controls on a stereo) and 8,000 hardware devices (tape decks, CD players, video equipment). To visually track the cues, the Command Cue system displays an image of how the sound console would look like if it physically existed. With the multitasking Amiga as its brain, the system can perform more tasks more quickly than any manually-operated board possibly could. As the system’s designer Charles Richmond explains “With this system, you can have three cues go within half a second, ten cues in one second, and every cue can change the status of all 4,096 faders, just like that.”
The Amiga-Command Cue automates all aspects of the Tomlin show’s sound system; using a technique that Richmond describes as “distributed Intelligence." “There is no computer I know of that is capable of calculating what volume level each of the 4,096 faders should be at for every point in time," Richmond says. “The way we have gotten around this is through the use of distributed intelligence. Some of the devices on our boards receive data from the software and store it in on-board memory until they receive new instructions. Other types of devices have an onboard microprocessor that runs a program stored in it when the software instructs it. For example, the Amiga can send an instruction to microprocessor-controlled fader that says ’Initiate a fade to this level at this rate.’ The microprocessor then executes the command all on its own and the Amiga can move on to the next task."
The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe Is aided by a Command Cue system consisting of two Amiga 2000s (one for back-up) and three rack-mounted card cages, each holding 16 four by five-inch circuit boards. The boards contain several hundred faders and discrete sound channels, which enable Van Poucke to generate sound effects from speakers placed throughout the theatre without having to constantly punch buttons, throw switches and twist knobs. As Van Poucke says, “We try to deal with very specific locations of speakers in the house, trying to give a dimension of location wherever she is on stage".
Lily Tomlin’s show Is putting the Command Cue system through a true acid test, and it is passing with honors. Van Poucke: “This system has been a rock. It has moved well, It has done well, it has worked well. The Amiga computer has done extremely well." Crank up the tunes, Agnes.
Hints, tips and techniques from your fellow Amiga users.
I HAVE DISCOVERED another great tea ture of the Okimate 20 and would like to share it with other Amiga users. One day, 1 was staring at the Okimate’s ribbons and noticed that they were transparent. I printed a color IFF File on transparency film and voila! color viewgraphs! (If you’re afraid of trying just any Film on the Okimate 20. Try using Scotch 3M 7101 Clear Transparency Film for infrared copies, part no. 021200-16820.) This only works for thermal-transfer printers.
Los Angeles, CA
Large BASIC Update
THE SPECIAL ISSUE tip (“Big BASIC Programs Loader," p. 100) about using a “loader" program to run BASIC programs larger than 25K was a godsend, 'fhe example given, however, will not work if entered exactly as listed. Here’s the loader I use, which does work:
CLEAR ,25000 CLEAR ,140000
LOAD “drawername mainprogram" ,R
This loads and runs the 140K program mainprogram, found in the drawer draw- ernamc. If you don’t want it to run automatically, just leave off the “ ,R".
Steve Tiffany San Francisco, CA
ED Cue Cards
FOLLOWING J. NAKAKIHARA’S sug- gestion (Hors d’oeuvres, Jan Feb *87), I created a single-screen cue card in ED for the screen editor keyboard input
(i. e., which keys do what). Having edited the startup sequence of my CLI disk
(stripped of Workbench and its icons) to create a RAM disk (see A?niga World, May I June ’86 or the AmigaWorld Special Issue
* 87), I added the following to the end of the File:
NEWCLI “CON: 640 200AVork Area"
This Fills the CLI screen with my cue card for ED and then creates a full-sized NEWCLI to use as a work area (labeled as such). This way the screenful of information isn't scrolled off, and, with a click on the ED and “Work Area” depth gadgets, is immediately available. This obviously would work for any text that you might want to have always at your fingertips. Just be certain that the information will Fit onto a single screen.
WHEN YOU HAVE files on a floppy or a hard disk, AmigaDOS won’t let you “RENAME FileA as FileB" if FileB already exists. But in a RAM: disk, you can end up with two Files named FileB! As nearly as I can tell, further references to FileB act upon the FileB, which used to be File A. Got that?
Printing BASIC Graphics
ARE THERE ANY Amiga users out there who don’t like typing in the instructions for printing Amiga Basic graphics?
Could there be people out there who just plain don’t know how to print graphics from BASIC? There is a simple solution. You just need Workbench 1.2 and, of course, a printer.
First of all, open the program that has the graphics you wish to print. Then run the program. When the program Finishes putting the graphics on the screen, open Workbench, then open the drawer labeled System. There vou will see an icon
named Graphicdump. Double click on this, and while the program is loading (you have about 10 seconds), move your cursor and anything else you don’t want printed off the screen so that only your BASIC graphics show (anything else will he printed too). The Amiga will start printing your screen in a few moments.
Marc Hoffman Julesburg, CO
WHILE TRYING TO “heal" one of my many corrupt disks with the Diskdoctor command (on Workbench 1.2), I noticed that Diskdoctor not only recovered (or at least attempted to recover) Files on the corrupted disks, but it also recovered deleted Files as well. To recover a deleted File, just follow the directions given in the Enhancer Software Update manual (with the exception that it will not be necessary to copy the Files to another disk when Finished). If all goes well, your deleted File should he back. I’ve tried this many times and have found it to he a fairly easy, not to mention inexpensive, alternative to buying a commercial product that does little more.
Editor's Note: Testing this tip, we found that Diskdoctor doesn't always “undelete"files. Talking to Commodore, they said that they didn't know why it worked sometimes and not others (we think it is became Diskdoctor reads then writes to the disk it is working on, sometimes writing a different file over the deleted ?
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Fhe original MaxiPlan™ was named the Best Amiga™ Spreadsheet of 1986 by F.A.U.G., the worlds largest and most active Amiga user group. Now in 1987, Oxxi is proud to introduce MaxiPlan Plus™ -the most advanced Amiga spreadsheet ever. With even more time-saving innovations than the award-winning MaxiPlan. The new MaxiPlan Plus includes Microsoft Excel ™-like Macros and Utilities.
With MaxiPlan Plus and your Amiga you can:
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• Instruct a data entry person with speech or written prompts
• "Recite" your data entries when checking data accuracy against source documents
• Export graphs via an IFF file to any Amiga paint program
The MaxiPlan Plus Spreadsheet features:
• 512 columns by 65,530 rows
• Function key commands
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• Up to 8 graphs per spreadsheet
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• Use over 70 different macro commands
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• Incorporate speech to instruct, remind or inform user
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file before it gets to the deleted file), but Disk- doctor wasn't designed to recover deleted files, so don't blame Commodore if it doesn't work.
There is a public domain program, Disksalv (on Fred Fish disk 20), that will attempt to recover just about everything on a disk. Disk* salv will even salvage some disconnected blocks of a program, giving them generic names so you might get back some, if not all, of a file even if you have written to the disk in question after the delete. The best advice is: Once you have deleted a file that you want to recover, DONT DO ANYTHING to that disk until you try Disksalv or a commercial undelete program (if you can find one), or (as a last resort) Diskdoctor.
Times, bringing the total to 16 clicks.
7. Now move down and click the Change Printer box.
«S. Select the Serial Printer gadget in the upper left.
9. Now go over to the right and click the tip-arrow gadget twice (normally used to cycle through the printer selections).
10. You should now see a romantic message in the drag bar of the Preferences window. If you don’t see the mes-
SO YOU THOUGHT the Amiga developers had a sense of humor in naming the Guru Meditation errors? Check out the hidden messages in Workbench.
1. From Workbench, press all four shift and alt keys at the same time with the edges of your thumbs.
2. While holding down these four keys, press the FI key (with your nose, I guess). You will see a message in the title bar of the Workbench screen. Each function key will display a different message.
3. Once you have gone through all the messages, go back to holding the four shift and ALT keys and the FI key and sinniltanously pop the disk out of the drive (with your third hand). You will see another message.
4. The final Workbench message comes when, while still pressing everything, you pop the disk back in the drive. This last one only stays on the screen for a second, so watch carefully.
There is also a hidden message in the Preferences program, though a little more difficult to extract. To see it, try the following:
1. Start the Preferences program.
2. On the right side of the screen there are two gadgets that look like your mouse. Call them ML and MR (mouse left and mouse right),
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3. Move your pointer to ML and click on the picture of the left button, then the right button.
4. Move your pointer to MR and click on the picture of the left button, the the right button.
5. You should have clicked four times (ML left, right; then MR left, right).
6. Repeat these four clicks three more
sage, then cancel, hack out and start over again.
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BASIC By The Numbers
The weather is “variable" in Part III of our tutorial on Amiga Basic, but there are “arrays ” of mitigating factors on the horizon.
By Bob Ryan
FOR THE MOST part, data used in Amiga Basic programs is stored in variables. Variables refer to distinct locations in your computer’s memory that you access by using the variable's label or name. Therefore, variables have two components, a name and a value. The value is the contents of the storage location.
Extension Examples %
Short Integer Long Integer Single Precision Double Precision String
Amiga Basic can store five different types of data: short integers, long integers, single-precision real numbers, double-precision real numbers and strings. Consequently, Amiga Basic has five different variable types to hold the different data types. Short integers are whole numbers (no decimal points) between -32768 and 32767. Long integer variables can hold longer whole numbers (-2147483648 to 2147483647) but require more memory (four bytes versus two for short Integer variables). Double-precision real variables also called floating point variables can hold values from 2.23 x 10 -306 to 1.79 x 10**, while single-precision real variables can hold values from 1.18 x 10 -» to 3.4 x 1033. Single-precision real variables require four bytes of memory, while double-precision reals require eight bytes. String variables store one character per byte, with a five-byte overhead regardless of the length of the string.
You tell Amiga Basic which type of variable you are using by special extensions tacked onto the variable name. Here is a list of the extensions:
count%, x% total&, num1&
! Rabbit!, george!
howdy , doody
S addressS, ballofS
Note that the extension for single-precision real variables is optional; If you do not put an extension onto a variable name, the variable will be a single-precision real.
If you don't know a double-precision real number from King Kong, don’t worry about it; you can program forever using only singie-precision real numbers and strings.
So why did Microsoft bother with the other variable types? Quite simply, there are instances when you need the extra precision of double-precision real numbers or the speed of integers. If you are just learning, however, you can ignore the weirder variable types until you get more comfortable with programming.
By the way, If you use a numeric variable in a program without first assigning a value to it, the variable takes a value of zero. String variables get set initially to null.
THE VARIABLE TYPES described above are simple variables each variable name refers to a single variable. Amiga Basic also supports a type of data structure that lets you access many related variables with a single name. This data structure is called an array. To get a feel for arrays, try the following program:
REM First Array Program DIM name$ (4)
name$ (0) = "Smokey Joe Wood" nameS(1) = "Dick Radatz”
name$ (2) = "Jim Lonborg” nameS(3) = "Babe Ruth" name$ (4) = "Sparky Lyle"
FOR x = 4 to 0 STEP - 1 PRINT name$ (x)
NEXT x END
The first line of the program instructs Amiga Basic to set up an array. The DIM statement indicates that this line is an array declaration, name$ is the name of the array (the $ extension indicates this is an array of string variables), and the number 4 indicates the last or highest possible variable in the array. Because the numbering of array variables (better known as array elements) begins with 0, the 4 indicates that the array has five elements numbered 0 through 4.
Once you declare an array, you can begin using it. The next five lines of the program assign different values to the different array elements. Note that nameS is used to refer to
all the array elements; the subscript (the number between the parentheses) indicates whidi element of iiamcS is being referred to. After all the assignments are made, the FOR. . .NEXT loop prints out the contents of the array. Note that the array subscript does not have to be a constant; it can be a variable that you calculate elsewhere in the program. The subscript, however, must be a whole number.
(When you run the program, you will notice that the FOR. . . NEXT loop prints the array starting with the last clement and ending with the first. This is because I got tricky and used the optional STEP component of the FOR statement. See pp. 8-54 of the Amiga Basic manual for an explanation of STEP.)
Arrays can save you a lot of typing, l et’s say you needed to analyze test scores for a class of ten students. Instead of using ten separate variables (named perhaps score 1 through score 10), you can create a single array named score that has ten elements. Com
pare the following program fragments that add the ten scores. W hich one is easier?
Total = scorel + score2 + score3 + score4 + score5 + score6 + score7 + score8 + score9 + scorelO
FOR x 1 to 10 total = total + score(x)
Now imagine that the class has 40 students, or 400. Or, imagine that you have to ana* lvze scores from thousands of students in an entire school. Thank goodness for arrays.
Arravs should consist of a
series of related variables. The first reader to drop me a line identifying the relationship between the elements of the array in the sample program will win the Amiga game of his or her choice. Send your answer and the name of the game you want to BASIC By The Numbers. Amiga World. 80 Elm Street, Peterborough, NH 03458. I’ll identify the winner in a future column.
New Dimensions in Arrays
THE ARRAY I created above is called a one-dimensional array: It consists of a linear series of elements that you access with a simple subscript. Amiga Basic arrays are not limited to one dimension; you can have arrays of up to 255 dimensions. Practically speaking, however, a two-dimensional array is probably the largest you will ever need.
In algebra, a two-dimensional array is called a matrix, which is used to do a lot of algebraic things that I haven’t thought about since high school. (If you need to do algebraic things with matrices, you should consider purchasing True BASIC, which contains many matrix manipulation commands.) Two-dimensional arrays are also useful in other areas, such as creating databases and spreadsheets. In fact, the column and row arrangement of a spreadsheet is a perfect example of a two-dimensional array. I'll look at two-dimensional arrays more closely when I deal with using data files from Amiga Basic.
Variables From Planet X
MOST OF THE numbers you work until in programs are either input from the keyboard or a data file or are calculated within the program. Sometimes, however, you do not want to predetermine the output of a program by determining the input. Many programs, especially games, require the input of random numbers.
Amiga Basic has a built-in random number generator. You access it by using the RND statement. RND is a built-in junction that returns a number between 0 and 1. For instance, titan 1 = RND will put a number between 0 and 1 into the variable numl.
1'he RND function can also me optional arguments that affect the number the function returns. For example, if you specify an argument of zero for the RND function numl = RND(0) then the RND function will simply repeat the last number it generated.
If you specify a negative argument numl = RND(-6) the random number generator will restart a set series of numbers depending upon the value of the argument. Positive arguments (or the lack of an argument) result in a seemingly random series of numbers.
To experiment with the RND function, try the following programs:
REM Random Numbers REM Negative Argument
numl = RND(-1)
FOR x = 1 to 5 numl = RND PRINT numl NEXT x PRINT
numl = RND( - 1) FOR x = 1 to 5 numl = RND PRINT numl NEXT x END
REM Random Numbers REM Zero Argument test = RND FOR count = 1 to 10 PRINT RND(0)
NEXT count END
REM Random Numbers REM Positive Argument FOR z = 1 to 10 PRINT RND(1)
NEXT z END
When you run the first program, you will notice that the second series of numbers is exactly the same as the first. The second program gives you ten identical numbers, while the third gives you ten different numbers. Negative and zero arguments are useful when you are testing programs that use random numbers. For the most random results, however, stick with positive arguments or no argument at all. ?
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IF YOU RUN the last program in the previous section several times, you will notice that you get the same numbers each time you run the program. To keep from repeating the same series of numbers whenever vou run a program that uses the random number function, vou have to “seed” the random number generator. This is the function of the RAN-
REM Randomize Statement Start:
PRINT “Enter a number between INPUT " - 32768 and 32767" ;seed RANDOMIZE seed FOR z = 1 to 10 PRINT RND NEXT END
You will get a different series of random numbers every* time you run this program, as long as you supply a different seed for the RANDOMIZE statement. To avoid having to enter a seed from the keyboard, you can have the Amiga supply a seed as follows:
REM Timer Seed RANDOMIZE TIMER
FOR counter = 1 to 10 PRINT RND(1)
NEXT counter END
The RANDOMIZE TIMER statement seeds the random number generator with the number of seconds since midnight. This is the best way to generate random numbers on the Amiga.
GJW Lucky Seven
BECAUSE RANDOM numbers (ire all between 0 and 1, you must massage them to fit your needs. Ij’t's say you want to simulate the roll of a pair of dire. Each die can return a value from one to six. Getting appropriate values from the random number generator requires some tweaking.
REM Roll ’em RANDOMIZE TIMER PRINT “First die: diet = 1 + INT(RND * 6)
PRINT “Second die: die2 = 1 + INT(RND 6)
PRINT “Total:”; diel + die2 END
Let's look closely at line 4. The first thing that Amiga Basic does when it executes this line is perform the RND function call. It then multiplies the random number by 6. As the random number is between .000000000000001 and 999999999999999, multiplying it by 6 gives you a number between
5. 999999999999994. Next, the INT function chops off the decimal part of the number, leaving a number between 0 and 5. Adding 1 results in a random number between 1 and 6. You're now ready to write your own craps game!
Save this example of extracting a usable value from the random number generator using multiplication and the INT (INTeger) function. By changing the multiplier, you can get random numbers between any values.
YOU HAVE PROBABLY run the Dots demo that comes on your Workbench disk. Now you can write your own using the RND function and the simplest Amiga Basic graphics command, PSET.
To program graphics on the Amiga, you need to know a little about the coordinate system used to plot graphics. For now, I'll limit this discussion to graphics using the standard Amiga Basic output window. I'll discuss custom screens and other colors later on.
The Amiga Basic output window is 640 pixels (picture elements) wide and 200 pixels wide. The PSET command sets a pixel you specify to one of the four Workbench colors. You specify a pixel by specifying its coordinates. Pixel (0,0) is the upper left comer of the window; pixel (639,199) is the lower right comer, (Notice that the coordinate numbering system begins with 0, not 1.) The first coordinate is the horizontal column; the second is the vertical row. Thus, PSET (320,100) 1 sets the pixel at column 320, row 100 to color 1.
THERE ARE THREE other programs in the Demos drawer of the Workbench disk. Check your Amiga Basic manual and see if you can figure out how to use the Amiga Basic LINE, LINE with box fill and CIRCLE commands to duplicate the Lines, Boxes and Spots demos. I’ll give you the listings next time.
If you have any questions or comments, write me at BASIC By The Numbers, AmigaWorld, SO Elm Street, Peterborough, NH 03458. ¦
In the standard output window, color 0, the background color, is blue. Color 1 is white, color 2 is black and color 3 is orange. You can now write your own Dots demo. Here’s a sample Dots demo:
REM BASIC Dots Demo
RANDOMIZE TIMER Loop: x = INT(RND * 640) y = JNT(RND ' 200) colornumber = INT(RND * 4) PSET (x,y), colornumber GOTO Loop:
This program will put dots onto the screen until you stop it. The Dots demo on the Workbench may be faster, but you can get the same results from Amiga Basic.
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Do three things at once. Each function has its own screen and you have instant access to each.
All printing done in background, so you continue without interruption as your printer turns out reports.
Daily, weekly, monthly and annual on-screen status reports.
Programs and data require only one disk.
Four color WYSIWYG input screens can be edited at any time. Make changes easily without a separate journal.
No customer or vendor numbers to key in. One keystroke and one mouse-click gets any name from hundreds in less than half a second.
Automatic pop-up mini-menus guide users through each function.
Balance sheet, income statement, accounts receivable and accounts payable aging status reports printed any time and automatically at end of month.
Sold without copy protection for user convenience.
NIMBUS 1 requires no computer knowledge, no bookkeeping expertise. All of its functions are simple, self-explanatory, automatic and fast. It's as easy as doing your checkbook. But don’t confuse it with simple home budget programs.
If you don't care how computer software works, only that it does work, this program is for you.
Nimbus 1 does the accounting, you run your business. The pain of accounting is gone.
FIRST, FASTEST AND THE MOST FUN
WHAT YOU NOW KNOW ABOUT ACCOUNTING IS ENOUGH.
With NIMBUS 1, all the accounting functions are running concurrently. You just click on the mouse and move into a new function. Printing does not delay or interfere with other functions.
The screens are uncluttered, using colors from the Amiga pallet. Amiga dealers find that demonstrating accounting with NIMBUS 1 on the Amiga computer is actually fun.
No enormous manuals here our instruction booklet is only 12 pages long. The difference is dramatically easier, more
enjoyable even fun.
Run your Own Numbers On
NIMBUS 1 TODAY
This is software you can use right now.
Visit your Amiga dealer and try it. If NIMBUS 1 is not in stock, call us collect. We will rush a copy to you and your dealer.
Cost: only $ 149*50 complete with its executive zippered notebook You can order by phone
P. O. Box 4000 Fullerton, CA 92634
Circle 75 on Reader Service card Amiga is a registered trademark of Commodore Amig
Amiga World inventories the
OF HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE TOOLS
AVAILABLE TO 1’URN YOUR AMIGA
INTO A STATE-OF-THE-ART GRAPHICS
ANIMAT ION SYSTEM.
V IDEOT’S Delight
By Wayland Strickland
WITH THE ADVENT’ of desktop video, many of Hollywood’s most dazzling special effects tricks can now be achieved with personal computers. Developers are releasing new video-oriented hardware and software that taps the Amiga’s graphics and animation capabilities. Amigas are now being used as graphics animation workstations in both home and professional environments. Whether you're an amateur or professional videographer, you now have access to the tools you need at affordable prices.
The following is an overview of products (both software and hardware) that can transform your Amiga into a state-of-the-art graphics animation system.
CHARACI ER GENERATORS are used in literally every production on television today. Broadcasters use them for many different functions, such as the scrolling of information on a monitor in front of a newscaster (teleprompter) or placing ordering information at the end of a product advertisement. Simply put, a character generator is a device in which text is created and placed in the form of titling and other information onto video. The Amiga, with its ability to genlock to an external video source, is an ideal character generator. Hence, the Amiga can be put to work just as easily in a broadcast control room as it can at home.
PRO VIDEO CG1, PVS Publishing’s Pro Video CGI character-generating software includes nine resident fonts that can all be used at the same time (in one of 16 colors) out of 4,096 total colors. Each line of text can be designated a certain style of drop shadow out of an available 13. It also demonstrates a one-hundred
ILLUSTRATED BY SANDRA ITUITUCCt
page capacity of stored text in RAM for instant retrieval. Page and screen transitions include rolls, reveals, pulls, wipes, slides, checkerboard and crawls at numerous speeds and dwell times, A PAL version of this program is also available.
PRO VIDEO PLUS, also from PVS Publishing, contains the same extensive features of Pro Video CGI, hut with the addition of seven internal fonts, plus graphics. The most requested addition incorporated into this program is the ability to use IFF pictures as backgrounds so that text can be overlaid. More than 48 screen transitions including rolls, crawls, slides, wipes, reveals and line-independent moves have been incorporated, also. This program, similar to its predecessor, is memory dependent, requiring at least one megabyte additional fast RAM.
VIDEO TITLER from Aegis Corporation is another character-generating package that performs both character-generating functions as well as special effects. The program operates in 16-, 32- and 64-color modes (using HALFBRITE). Up to ten fonts at a time can be assigned to function keys for easy access. In addition, in the expert mode, fonts can be modified for various effects. Video Titler also has a special- effects mode for various wipes and display changes. The ANIM format for compressed animation is supported, along with true overscan (768 X 480) to round out the list of accomplishments.
TV TEXT AND TV SHOW, developed by Brown-Wagh Publishing, are two programs that work together (sold separately) to create and perform special titling. TV Text generates titles from any of nine video fonts available, while TV Show can fly in or out and wipe
DESKTOP VIDEO WOULD not be possible without overseen. Ahheuflh net Ifetetf as a standard Amiga feature, overscan allows a program to fHI an enUrt video disp4ey screen. Unfortunately, there is no standard set for this feature. Far example, VmeoSeape 30 ueee 352 x 440 as Its Interlaced screen size, which leaves the bottom 20 lines of meet monitors bteefc. This makes It difficult or sometimes impossible for K te be used for professional appMcebens. (Aegis Is aware of this problem and has promised to fix K In the updele.) Dekixeffsint M has a similar problem In Its high-resoiution mode. U*fng 672 x 444 creates borders on the eetaide of the image, making the program undesirable for broadcast uaa.
The ideal sizes, which some software is currently using, art 3®4 x 4OT Interlaced and 768 x 480 In the high-resolutlon mode. However, with cbaraeter-generattng software, this Is not a problem. Character generators have a feature known ae “sate tttte area", wtdch is set up so that characters will not be printed off the side of the screen. So, In this application, the overscan at 672 x 444 is acceptable, but with paint and animation software It sometimes severely limits its usefulness. ?
on or off the titles generated from TV Text or IFF brushes in front of any IFF background.
STATION MANAGER SERIES. The last of the character- generating programs to be mentioned here are actually pari of a complete package from Associated Computer Sendees. However, each is sold separately. The first in the series is Station Manager Character Generator, a full-featured character-generating program. Station Manager Teleprompter is a broadcast- quality teleprompter emulator ideally suited for newscast use. Station Manager Weather Graphics generates weather graphics screens for television stations in addition to downloading weather information automatically from local weather service bureaus.
TODAY, 3-D GRAPHICS are everywhere: in network promotions, sports coverage, commercials, movies, etc. With the recent release of various 3-D rendering and animation programs, each with their own special capabilities, the power of 3-D animation is now within the reach of personal computer users. Due to the complexities of animation and the amount of RAM required, the manufacturers of these products recommend at least one megabyte of fast RAM.
SCULPT 3-D from Byte by Byte uses a method known as ray tracing to achieve realistic object textures and shading. Ray tracing is a method whereby one or more light sources are assigned to a specific point while the computer traces each “beam" of light to its conclusion. Sculpt 3-D can create many textures, from smooth crystal to a bumpy armadillo shell. Scu!pt-3D works in the HAM mode and supports overscan (704 x 480). It should be noted that this rendering program has no animation capabilities. Sculpt 3-D is not copy protected and can be used with a genlock.
ANIMATE 3-D. Also from Byte by Byte, can import objects created by Sculpt 3-D or create its own. Animate 3- D lets you control movement of lights, camera and, of course, objects through a graphic interface or through a simple script language. IFF images can be used as foregrounds and backgrounds while objects are animated in the middle of the two. Animations can be previewed in either a wire-frame mode or stored as a compressed animation file similar to the anim format, or stored into a frame buffer for display. Animate 3-D is not copy protected and supports both overscan (704 x 480) and a genlock.
SILVER from Impulse Inc. is another ray-tracing animation program. It combines the functions performed by Sculpt 3-D and Animate 3-D in one package. Although not as mathematically sophisticated as Sculpt 3-D, Silver is faster rendering images.
- FRONT PORCH Black period that separates subcarrier from start of active picture area
SUBCARRIER Reference pulse used to determine the correct color at any point on a scan line. Always contains 9 cycles of 3.58 Mhz carrier
than radio, but still there was something missing. Color.
The engineers got together, and after the expected arguments, committee meetings and failed attempts, a standard was finally reached. It was compatible with the existing black- and-white television sets (an absolute necessity, or so everyone said at the time), and it brought color television into nearly every home.
Unfortunately, the result was a compromise, and has left us with a legacy of problems. To understand all of this we must first understand how the National Television Standards Committee (also affectionately known as "Never Twice the Same Color") standard works.
All television, black and white or color, uses the same basic technology, the cathode ray tube (CRT). All CRTs share similar design elements:
1. One or more electron guns that shoot electrons at the phosphor coated inside of the CRT.
2. Deflection circuits that scan the electron beam across the surface of the CRT from left to right and from top to bottom, creating scan tines that make up the final Image.
3. Blanking circuits that turn the electron beam off during the time it returns from each left to right scan,
End of active picture area
HORIZONTAL SYNC Horizontal timing pulse used to mark start of a line of video
television works. Imagine a piece of chalk placed on top of a piece of black velvet. A video camera pointed at this scene would create a signal with no luminance (brightness) for the black velvet, and maximum luminance for the chalk. In other words, while the electron beam is scanning across the CRT creating the portion of the image that display the black velvets It will produce no electrons, but while it Is recreating the chalk It will produce Its maximum amount of electrons. Scenes with intermediate values would produce Intermediate amounts of electrons.
The electron gun is controlled by the deflection circuits. These respond to two synchronization signals: the horizontal sync signal that moves the electron beam from side to side 15,750 times a second, and the vertical sync signal that moves the electron beam from top to bottom 60 times a second.
Each sync signal has a blanking Interval, during which time the electron beam is turned off. The blanking Interval occurs during the time the beam retraces across the CRT to avoid drawing random lines across the image.
These are the basics of black-and- white television. The video signal
information (the and sync and timing tricky part of NTSC was retaining this while adding color.
Now for a short digression. Any electronic signal (analog not digital) can be changed In three ways. You can make It vibrate faster or slower, changing its frequency; you can make the signal stronger or weaker, changing Its amplitude; or you can make its oscillation occur sooner or later, changing its phase. Color television circuits make use of all three.
The luminance portion of a video signal is set by the amplitude of the signal, leaving us the use of frequency and phase for carrying color information. Color video starts life as discrete red, green, blue, luminance and sync signals.
Using logic similar to New Math, these signals are combined in the following fashion. The blue and luminance signals are combined to create the Inphase subcarrier (I signal), the red and luminance signals are combined to create the Quadrature subcarrier (Q signal). Luminance is now called the Y signal. Simple algebra will let us reconstruct the original R, G and B signals at any time. All you need to know Is that R + G + B = Y, Got It so far?
Take a deep breath and try to stay with me. To create a color video signal we start with a reference signal.
This is called the color subcarrier, and it has a frequency of 3.58 Mhz. It is also known as color sync or burst. The horizontal and vertical sync pulses are a part of the color subcarrier. Now we add in the I signal, also at a frequency of 3.58 Mhz but out of phase by 57 degrees so that we can tell it apart from the color subcarrier. Finally we add in the Q signal, again at 3.58 Mhz but out of phase by 147 degrees from the color subcarrier. The Y signal is carried as amplitude variations of the color subcarrier and the color information Is recreated by the phase relationships of the Y, I and Q signals. Simple, don’t you think?
Compatibility with black-and-white television is maintained by ignoring the phase relationships (and in fact by ignoring the I and Q signals) and just displaying the Y signal controlled
by the sync pulses In the color sub- carrier.
This is a simplified (yes that's right, simplified) explanation of how NTSC video works. If you were to look at an NTSC signal on a waveform monitor you could see the various components (see Illustration). The waveform monitor display does not directly deal with the phase relationships of the Y, I and Q signals; these would be shown on a vectorscope.
When two or more video sources are connected together, for instance while editing a production shot with two or more cameras, it is necessary that the sync and color phase relationships have the same timing. Switching between two video signals with differing sync signals can cause the image to roll or shift to one side
or another. Switching between two video signals with different color timing can cause color shifts.
Genlock equipment allows video sources to be synced by using an external burst signal. This gives all video sources the same reference for sync and color phase. Genlocks for the Amiga accept an external video source, and use its burst signal to set the timing and phase of the Amiga's video output.
Time Base Correctors
NTSC video requires precise timing of sync and phase information to produce a correct color image on a CRT. Imagine the effects of the equivalent of wow and flutter on a VCR’s output. The slightest variation In tape speed across the playback head can result in changes to the timing of the horizontal and vertical sync pulses and
the phase relationships of the Y, I and Q signals.
A Time Base Corrector (TBC) can accept as input a video signal with timing and phase errors and output a video signal that Is stable and accurate. This is accomplished by storing part of the video signal (one or more lines) and adding a correction to offset the errors. The number of lines stored in the TBC is called the window size. Some TBCs have a full window, and can store a full video frame, and display it as a freeze frame. TBCs with this capability are also known as Frame Synchronizers. Most TBCs today store video digitally, and some can provide special effects. Also, most TBCs will accept an external sync signal, and can be used as a form of genlock. ?
VIDEOSCAPE 3D from Aegis Development uses a type of animation known as solid modeling. It depends on objects created by a method similar to that of a draftsman, whereby each line is plotted on graph paper and then entered into a script file for use by the program in creating the object. Three programs are included which help in the creating and editing of objects. (As of this writing, Aegis is Beta testing a program that will make this task even easier.) Light source, camera motion and object movement are controlled via script files. Real-time playback of animation is accomplished by a compressed animation method known as the ANIM format. This package is not copy protected, supports a genlock and limited overscan in all resolution modes. (Aegis is working on an update that will support true overscan.)
ANIMATOR: APPRENTICE by Hash Enterprises creates character-type 3-D animation. The package functions in a modular environment with the first module using images from a paint program or digitizer to create objects. A front and a side view of any object can be used to create a three-dimensional version of the original object. Once completed, the module has the ability to take a digitized picture (e.g., a picture of someone's face) and matte it onto the object to further enhance realism. The rest of the modules permit almost unlimited manipulation of the object(s).
This program operates in the HAM mode to allow for maximum shading and realistic color. It also boasts adjustable light source and perspective (camera) controls and comes equipped with a predefined library of sample actions and characters. Animator: Apprentice supports overscan (352 x 240 HAM and 704 x 480), the use of a genlock and is not copy protected.
FORMS IN FLIGHT. Micro Magic’s Forms in Flight allows you to create both 2-D and 3-D objects. Pull-down menus make it easy to control such features as pans, viewpoint, light sources, magnifications, shading, editing, etc. The image-creation section operates in either 640 x 400 or 640 x 200. Both with 16 colors. The playback sequence operates in all resolution modes with up to 32 colors in low and interlace resolutions. The Fast Flight player program permits playback in real time with overscan (704 x 444). The program is not copy protected and includes demo objects.
DELUXE F’RODUCTIONS from Electronic Arts is a high- resolution graphics animation tool suited for 3-D business applications. Featured is double buffering for smooth animation, over 40 fast-screen transitions, including Venetian blinds, scatter, spirals and diagonals. All of which give a professional appearance.
Phis program operates in overscan (672 x 444) and is IFF compatible. It’s equipped with high-reso- lution backgrounds for sports, news and weather broadcasting, business presentation graphics, fonts, etc. Deluxe Productions is copy protected and is genlock compatible.
IN MOVIES AND television, there are often times when it would be impossible or impractical to build a large set. Such is the case with many fantasy and science fiction films. The director has the artist create what is called a Matte painting; for example, a small section of the whole set is constructed, such as a window, with the remainder left to be drawn or painted around the current set. The matte painting could be, for example, background buildings of a futuristic city or a lazy moon suspended in the sky of an alien planet. Using a paint program with a genlock, this same procedure can be accomplished at home.
DELUXEPAINT If the popular paint program from Electronic Arts, contains features of comparable paint boxes in the $ 10,000+ price category. Operating in all of the Amiga’s screen modes except HAM, DeluxePaint II gives you the flexibility to create images as complex as your imagination will allow. DeluxePaint II supports the use of a genlock and is copy protected.
DIGI-PAINT. The Amiga Hold-and-Modify mode was not fully utilized by any piece of software until NewTek, Inc. released Digi-Paint. This program offers access to all of the Amiga’s 4,096 colors, plus a few extra with the dithering mode. One of its unique features is colorization (the timing of black-and-white pictures with any shade of color or colors).
NewTek plans to incorporate overscan into future revisions. Digi-Paint is not copy protected, yet it requires a password to access the program. Digi-Paint also will support a genlock.
PniSM! AND PRISM PLUS from Impulse Inc. are two more HAM editors for the Amiga. Prism! Is designed lo work with 512K machines while Prism Plus requires a megabyte of RAM. Both programs are included in the Prism Plus package. In addition to letting you create anti edit 4,096-color pictures, Prism Plus lets you create images up to 1024 x 102-1 pixels.
THESE TYPES OF programs have a specialized function in that they assist other programs in performing a specific task.
INTERCHANGE from Syndesis enables object files to be shared between VideoScape 3-D and Sculpt 3-1). The program permits object files created with the object editor in Sculpt 3-D to be transformed so that VideoScape 3D can animate them. Objects created by VideoScape 3D can, in turn, be used by Sculpt 3-D in ray-traced scenes.
THE DIRECTOR from The Right Answers Group is a composite sequencing program with the ability to page flip full or partial IFF screens in any resolution with overscan. It can play VideoScape 3D animations.
Digitized sound tracks, and offers simultaneous fades, color cycling, dissolves and wipes.
ANIMATION EFFECTS. Hash Enterprises’ Animation Effects is designed to simulate a Digital Video Effects (DVE) unit with support of overscan. Enabling the operator to “cut out” a portion of any IFF or HAM image, movement such as flipping, rotating, flying and more can be achieved, functioning similar to an ADO.
PAGEFLIPPER from Mindware International permits any combination of IFF images in any resolution to be “flipped” through at 30 frames per second, creating cell animation. The program utilizes all memory available, up to 8.5 megabytes, and supports overscan (764 x 480).
Butcher. Eagle Tree Software’s Butcher can modify images created by a digitizer or paint program. It will convert any image from any resolution to any other resolution, including HAM. Other features include Positive Negative reversal, Mosaic, color separations and true overscan.
PIXMATE. Progressive Peripherals & Software’s PIX- mate is an imagc-enhancement program used to enhance details in any image as well as perform various special effects. The program supports overscan and the HALFBRITE 64-color mode and will also convert images from one resolution to another.
THE AMIGA IS the first home computer with the ability to genlock, that is, “synchronize” its video output with an external device (e.g., video camera, VCR, etc.). To understand how video functions, think about the way motion picture film works in a movie camera. Each frame is a certain size, both horizontally and vertically. The same holds true for video. There must be a starting and stopping point for each frame, and this information is termed sync. All video components must have identical sync to permit them to function together. Ibis is where the genlock comes into the picture. With a genlock, graphics from the computer can be overlaycd onto video, then recorded for a finished product.
COMMODORE A-1300. The first genlock, the Commodore A-1300, was designed for consumer applications only. While not recommended for broadcast use, it will sync the computer to an external video source and comes with a three-position switch. The switch determines how the video is modified; in the first position, the computer’s video is sent straight through unmodified. In the second position, the incoming video ?
ADO (AMPEX DIGITAL OPTICALS) a device used in broadcast television to accomplish various image transitions and special effects with video.
ANIMATION a method of simulating motion.
ANIM FORMAT a format "standard”, still in the development stage, whereby animations can be compressed to allow real-time playback.
CHARACTER GENERATOR a hardware device that places text in the form of titling on video.
COLDRIZATION the tinting of black- and-white pictures with any shade of color or colors.
COMPOSITE VIDEO a combination of chroma, luminance and sync.
COPY PROTECTION any of several methods whereby a disk or program is protected so that a back-up copy cannot be generated.
DIGITIZER a hardware device that takes video from either a video camera or a VCR and converts It to digital Information.
DITHERING MODE a method of rapidly displaying one or more colors on the same pixel, thus creating the Illusion of another color.
DOUBLE BUFFERING a method of creating smooth animation by using two or more separate memory locations, the first displaying the Image and the second loading the next Image.
ENCODER a "combiner” that takes the Individual components (red, green and blue) and adds both horizontal and vertical sync together to create composite video.
FRAME BUFFER a device used to capture, display and store a video frame.
GENLOCK a hardware device that extracts synchronization signals from incoming video to be used to “lock” the computer's sync generator to the Incoming video.
HALFBRITE a chip included in recent Amiga computers that extends the color capability in low-resolution mode from 32 to 64.
HAM MODE Hold-and-Modlfy mode, In which 4,096 colors can be displayed simultaneously.
KEY SIGNAL a black-and-white signal used by broadcast switchers to permit keying of graphic information.
KEYER a device, usually found as part of a genlock, that will overlay the computer’s graphics on top of video.
MATTE a French-derived term meaning to combine two images together to create a single image.
OVERSCAN a feature (of hardware and software) that allows a program to fill an entire video display screen.
PAINT BOX a hardware device that uses a mouse or drawing tablet to create drawings for video.
PAL SYSTEM the television system used in Europe,
RAY TRACING a method whereby one or more light sources are assigned to a specific point while the computer traces each "beam” of light to its conclusion.
RESOLUTION on a video display, the number of pixels that can be displayed in the horizontal and vertical directions.
RS-170A a standard In the video Industry set up as a guideline for proper synchronization of video signals and components.
SUBCARRIER PHASE an adjustment by which the chroma can be adjusted between zero and 360 degrees, similar to the hue adjustment found on most television sets.
Is unmodified at its output. Finally, in the third position, graphics are keyed on top of incoming video.
SUPER GEN. Designed by an ex-Grass Valley Group engineer specifically for the Amiga, theSuperGen from Digital Creations has both video-in and loop-through connectors along with two video outputs, a key signal for use with dow nstream keyers, and two fader bars. The first fader bar will fade incoming video to black while the second will dissolve the Amiga’s graphics over the video. Both of these faders can function under cither software or manual control. PVS Publishing’s Pro Video Plus contains the drivers necessarv to control both fad-
ers. The unit also includes a notch filter to eliminate chroma cross talk. The video outputs are broadcast- quality NTSC and adhere to the RS170A broadcast standard. All connectors are professional BNCs for easy installation to any broadcast equipment.
AMIGEN. Mimetics Corporation’s AmiGen is a low-cost genlock that inputs standard composite video and outputs the computer’s graphics keyed over the incoming video. This unit boasts output of a broadcast- quality signal.
GENKEY. SciTech’s GcnKey includes a genlock, a time- base corrector (TBC), and a keycr, all in one unit. It includes a vertical interval switcher that permits glitch-free switching among external video, computer video or the key video. A video processing amplifier is built into the package allowing for gain adjustment of each color component plus adjustment of setup level. GetiKey has a loop through for external video with 75 ohm termination switch, an RGB out and broadcast-quality composite video out. All connectors are professional BNC for convenient installation to broadcasting equipment.
RM-2. GlennLoc’s synch generator and genlock has the ability to genlock to an external video source and resynchronize the output to RS-170A standard. RM- 2 is housed in a 19" rack-mount case with external adjustments for subcarrier phase, horizontal phase and an internal color bar generator. Featured also is the ability to control the video level of graphics mixed over the external source.
DIGITIZERS ARE used to transfer a fixed image (e.g., a lamp, a photograph or any other tangible object) into a 2-D representation of the original. Digitizers transform the analog video information lo digital, whereby the computer can understand the information and use it to plot each pixel on the screen and assign it the correct luminance and hue.
DIGI-VIEW was the first digitizing hardware for the Amiga, designed and marketed by NewTek. Digi-View uses the familiar three-color process (similar to Tech-
nicolor) in which a black-and-white camera scans a photograph, and after taking three separate exposures (red, green and blue), the image is then combined into a 4,096-color (or more) rendering of the photograph. With this process of separating individual color components, a high-quality image can be captured. Digi-View cannot at present digitize an overscanned picture; however, NewTek has completed a new version of the software that will support overscan. Also under development at Newtek is a device that will allow a color signal from either a camera or VCR to be digitized without the necessity of using the color wheel. Retail price is expected to be approximately $ 100.
LIVE!. A-Squared Distributions, Inc. has released Live!, a video digitizer with the capability of digitizing a single frame from any video source. The source can be either color or black and white and derived from either a video camera or videotape. Live! Can also digitize and display moving images at 15 frames per second (normal frame rate for video is 30 FPS). These images can be saved in IFF format or stored in RAM as compressed consecutive images (up to 8 MB) for playback in real time. Live! Operates in HAM or 32- color mode and has both video-in and loop-through connectors for easy connections.
PERFECT VISION, developed by SunRize industries, Inc., is a combination digitizer frame buffer with the capability of digitizing a color signal (into its one megabyte of on-board RAM) from any source (camera or videotape) and displaying the signal or saving it as an IFF file for use with other programs. Perfect Vision
Byte By Byte
Arboretum Plaza II
9442 Capitol of Texas Hwy. N.
Austin, TX 78759
ANIMATION EFFECTS Hash Enterprises 14201 SE 16th Circle Vancouver, WA 98684 206 256-8567 price not available
ANIMATOR: APPRENTICE Hash Enterprises (See address above)
Eagle Tree Software PO Box 164 Hopewell, VA 23860 804 452-0623 S37
DELUXE PRODUCTIONS Electronic Arts 1820 Gateway Dr.
San Mateo, CA 94404
DELUXEPAINT II Electronic Arts (See address above)
DIGI-PAINT NewTek, Inc.
115 West Crane St.
Topeka, KS 66603
DIGI-VIEW NewTek, Inc.
(See address above)
The Right Answers Group
Torrance, CA 90510
FRAME CAPTURE Mlmetics Corporation (See address above)
SciTech Corporation 1450 Northwest 78th Ave. Miami, FL 33126 305 591-1620 $ 760
INTERCHANGE Syndesis 20 West St.
Wilmington, MA 14213
A-Squared Distributions 6114 La Salle Ave, Suite 326 Oakland, CA 94611 415 339-0339 $ 295
PERFECT VISION SunRize Industries, Inc.
3801 Old College Road Bryan, TX 77801 409 846-1311 $ 219.95
464 Kalamath St.
Denver, CO 80204
PRISM PLUS (WITH PRISM!) Impulse Inc.
6860 Shingle Creek Pkwy, 110
Minneapolis, MN 55430
PRO VIDEO CGI
3800 Botticelli, Suite 40
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
PRO VIDEO PLUS
Byte By Byte
(See address above)
(See address above)
1333 Mowe Ave. Suite 208
2210 Wilshire Blvd.
Sacramento, CA 95825
Santa Monica, CA 90403
(See address above)
(See address above)
16795 Lark Ave
STATION MANAGER SERIES
115 West Crane St.
Associated Computer Services
Los Gatos, CA 95030
Topeka, KS 66603
3903 Carolyn Ave
1306 East Sunshine
Fairfax, VA 22031
Springfild, MO 65804
$ 199.95, $ 799.95
$ 295 each
(See address above)
(See address above)
works with all Amigas and will digitize an image in one-sixtieth of a second. It operates in 320 x 200 or 320 x 400 HAM and in the 16-color mode.
FRAME CAPTURE from Mimetics Corporation, although a digitizer itself, only functions when connected to ReaSyn, Mimetics’ frame buffer. It accepts a standard color video signal from any source and digitizes the signal for storage in the IFF format.
DUE TO THE advances of digital electronics in video applications, a frame buffer can be used to capture and store a video frame with up to two million colors. Because of hardware limitations, the Amiga can display only 4,096 colors. However, there is sufficient information present for over two million colors to be displayed. The only thing lacking is the hardware to display them.
REASYN, Mimetics’ frame buffer, has the ability to display an image 740 x 480 with two million colors. Equipped with one megabyte of on-board RAM, it plugs into one of the expansion slots on the Amiga
2000. An external expansion box, which will run 2000 cards, is the only means by which the frame buffer can be used with the Amiga 500 or 1000. As mentioned above, the frame capture board attaches to this board, adding the ability to capture a video frame from any source and save it to disk. Currently, Byte by Byte and Aegis are working to make it possible to display graphics from Sculpt 3-D, Animate 3-D and VideoScape 3D on the ReaSyn frame buffer.
VIDEO TOASTER is the most exciting advancement to come along in recent months. Developed by NewTek, this device will emulate a two-channel ADO. The unit will accept two video sources (either synced or not synced) and allow various effects (e.g., a rotating cube with one picture on one side and another picture on another separate side) to be generated in real time without placing a burden on the Amiga’s normal operations. Also built into the unit is a digitizer, a frame buffer and a genlock.
AN ENCODER MAY be described as a “combiner" that takes the individual components (red, green and blue) and adds both horizontal and vertical synch together to create composite video. These units come in a wide range of size and configuration, from as small as an NTSC color encoder on a chip to as large as a rack-mountable unit. Most broadcast houses use these units to obtain composite video from their character generators and paint systems, but their $ 2,500+ price tag put them out of reach for most consumers. Another possible application of encoders would be one designed for Europe’s PAL system, whereby the encoder could utilize the standard red- green-blue components along with available video application software to create startling effects without having to change the software.
Ever since the initial release of the A1000, the Amiga was designed to provide an inexpensive means to integrate graphics and sound. The software and peripherals needed to make this a reality are finally in existence, at prices available to the average user. Third-party developers have a number of exciting projects in the works, and you can expect prices to drop as the field of desktop video matures. ¦
Way land W. Strickland is a producer director of live television for a satellite television station based in Orlando Florida. Write to him c o Amiga World, Editorial Depart- merit, 80 Elm St., Peterborough, NH 03458.
Shakespeare ™ brings the power of color desktop publishing to your Amiga™ computer. With it you can design a color brochure, produce a multi-page newsletter, create a flashy flyer, integrate charts from a spreadsheet into a business report, and turn a simple letter into a colorful document.
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Mix graphics from any IFF source using any set of colors, and print all graphics in their correct colors • Edit text on-screen and change color, style, fonts • Crop and size graphics • Cut, paste, copy, and delete text • Flow text around graphics and overlay graphics in transparent or opaque modes
Global page layout options * Graphics toolbox for creating border, hairlines, and rules • Grids • On-line help • Full page preview mode with multi-page option • Unlimited document size • Support for all Amiga™ compatible printers and Postscript™ devices • Full multi-tasking • Library disk with clip art, fonts, and pro fessionally designed sample layouts
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vision station, KCET-28, aired an astonishing 30-minute show simulating the contact of an unmanned probeship with an alien “planet” in the Alpha Centauri system. Entitled “California Stories: Contact,” the program was produced using a battery of Amigas and supporting graphics video software. Centering on the work of CONTACT a group of prominent scientists, aritists and science fiction writers that meets annually to discuss human futures in space and possibilities of extraterrestrial life the PBS show filmed the group’s March 1987 conference, which culminated in the Amiga-generated probe sequence. The finale the reconstruction of an alien being from an unearthed skull was both a haunting experience and a striking display of the power of the Amiga.
As Harv Laser, moderator of the Amiga Forum on PeopleLink, remarked in a message posted after the show, “The program. . . Makes the heaviest use of Amigas I have yet seen in any aired program... it is well worth 30 minutes of your time, not only for the subject matter, but to see Amigas actually being used on a television show to do something, instead of just sitting there looking like high-tech props.”
PLPH'fi CENTFURI SYSTEM
' i i n i i .yq
OATA FILE 3W-BW1 T£RMIHATE
Right: Probe Series A
he 1987 edition of the CONTACT conference in Aptos. California, proved to be as fascinating an exercise in visualizing the possibilities of life in outer space as anyone is likely to experience. And it was a team of Amigas and computer artists who would turn this annual gathering of artists and scientists into a remarkable documentary exploration of the prospect of extraterrestrial life.
I had been using the Amiga primarily for graphics. I did a series of astronomical renderings during the 1986 Voyager encounter with Uranus (see Amiga World, Sept. Oct. 1986, p. 26), and recently I had illustrated science fiction books using DeluxePaint II and Digi-View. I had planned to bring my Amiga to CONTACT to use in place of a sketchpad during the fast-paced brainstorming sessions. It soon occurred to me that I had a unique opportunity to field test this personal computer as a “universal tool" to handle all our needs.
With the Amiga, we could replace sketchpads and chalkboards with graphics and CAD software, typewriters with word processors, orientation sheets with computer slideshows and so on. We could even do the mailing lists, letter writing and other business on the same system. Support from all fronts was enthusiastic. I soon had assurance of a powerful range of tools for the experiment.
In addition to academic symposia and workshops, the focus of the conference was to be a creative experiment in which partici-
pants would be divided into two teams.
One group would create a future space- faring human culture. The other group would create an alien planet and populate it with a culture-bearing life form. The
finale of the conference would be a meeting of the two teams, acting out a contact scenario.
One of my pre-conference tasks was to create clear visual designs of the human spacecraft. I used the Aegis Draw Plus CAD package to design a huge spherical ship conforming to guidelines suggested by members of the human team. Draw Plus is an interesting package. The display you sec on the high-resolution screen is only a representation of the drawing the coordinates are independent of the screen. If you want to zoom in, the lines remain the same thickness, the curves remain true and detail suddenly jumps out at you. 1 had fun creating sections of hardware, shrinking them to fit on a dish antenna 1 made, then shrinking the whole assembly down to store it. 1 later added it as a small detail on the drive section of the ship. It looked as good on the 640 x 400 screen, and when I zoomed in on that section, suddenly there was a screen full of sharp, new detail. ?
A2: Close-up of first isolated view of Achilles from Earth probeshlp.
A3: Framework overlay delineates a variety of topographical sectors of the planet’s surface.
A4: As probeshlp approach continues, details of surface start to become more definite.
AS: Textures of landscape become well defined as probeshlp moves quite close to the surface.
A8: Area of detail from previous frame reveals site area as rocky, barren landscape.
A10: Close-up of the alien skull, now clearly recognizable In the rocky landscape.
A11: Animation sequence continues as skull apparently begins to be removed from surrounding Image.
Y next task combined sculpture, photography and computer art in preparation for representing the alien planet. Using work from the alien team, I sculpted the creature and made a full-size model of its skull (see Probe Series B photo sequence). I digitized these with Digi-View, storing many images from all angles on disk. I also digitized photos I had shot in Hawaii of barren basalt terrain at 14,000-foot elevation. These would serve as suitably desolate alien landscapes (see Probe Series A photo sequence, A6-A9).
Using DeluxePaint II, I cleaned these pictures up, removing extraneous backgrounds from the models and making palettes consistent. The combination of Digi-View and DeluxePaint II is a favorite of mine. For digitizing, I picked up an old black-and-white RCA home video camera and found it very sensitive to light. I get clear pictures without using intense lights to illuminate my subject. I usually set the Digi-View sharpness up about + 5 for a little extra detail, and I hold it there through an entire sequence of images for a consistent look. The only annoying thing about this otherwise fantastic digitizer is the shuffled palette it gives you when you digitize in black and white. This palette docs make the menu bars easy to read when you load such an image into DeluxePaint II, but it cripples features like “shade” and “blend” that require a sequential scale of values to operate properly. You get around the problem by
bringing up the palette in Deluxe Paint II. R ght: probe p
Use “spread” to sequence the values from
black to white, then "remap” the picture RECONSTRUCTING
to the new palette before saving it.
THE ALIEN REING
Gearing Up For The Journey
Armed with this preliminary scrap file of extraterrestrial images on disk, I arrived at the conference. The computer room was open 24 hours a day, and by the end of the first evening, that room was packed with hardware, cables, video gear and glowing screens. By the end of the weekend, it looked like a flight control center.
L was soon joined by CONTACT’S other computer artists. Keilh Doyle was working on sound synthesis and alien speech in addition to graphics and animation. Darrel Anderson was doing beautiful 3-D animations of space probes. In short order, we had five Amigas up and running with a couple of expansion RAM boards, a hard disk drive, a couple of printers and a spare high-persistence monitor. ?
B4: Animation sequence continues with wireframe rotation moving toward right view.
B3: Wireframe representation begins rotation to full head-on view.
B:2: With curved-ilne feature of Dpalnt, wireframe representation of left view of skull Is completed.
BIO: Color Is now added to the completed, fully-textured alien head.
By the second day of CONTACT, we were rolling at full speed. The alien team was supplying us with data that we translated into charts and animations to simulate telemetry for the human team. I used DeluxePaint II to create false color orbital views of the planet the human team was “approaching.”
Using yellows and greens, I isolated a palette range from bright yellow at one end to dark green at the other. I filled the entire screen with dark green, then made a one-inch circular brush. Using the “shade” feature, I rapidly moved around the screen, alternately using the left and right mouse buttons to shade up and down the selected palette. Making the brush smaller. I continued the process. In less than a minute, interesting “aerial" views of random landscapes began to emerge from the smoothly graded color areas. Finishing details of fjords, islands and channels were done with a yet smaller brush (see Probe Series A3-A4). The final step was to fill die large dark green areas with blue. This “popped” the “land” masses out against the “ocean" background, leaving beautiful ragged coastlines, very fractal in appearance (see Probe Series A5). I am continually impressed with DeluxePaint II, Nearly every project I do passes through that paint system at some point. I can't imagine the Amiga without it.
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The conference attendees were loving the Amigas. Throughout much of the day. The audience wras involved with the main conference program, but at night the computer room was standing room only. A popular program running 011 one of the machines was a version of “Animal” Kieth Doyle had rewritten for the Amiga. We changed the prompts in such a way that users seemed to be consulting a vocational guidance computer that suggested various functions they might perform aboard a colony starship. By the end of the weekend, there was an extensive and interesting database.
We found two pieces of software that were used to greater effect after, rather than during the conference. The data accumulated by our vocational guidance program was well suited for entry into the Expert System Kit a program that lets you establish a set of rules, then functions as an expert, to he consulted for logical answers on the subject. The second program. Infominder, is designed to store and access information. It creates a hierarchical structure of documents and graphics available through menus and outlines. Entering the information can be quite a project, but the results are clean, powerful and easy to use by anyone who can push a mouse.
Another program popular at CONTACT was Aegis Animator. This is probably the most instantly gratifying animation software on the market. Anyone can sit down and use the morph feature to create colorful moving and changing shapes in minutes. We used one of the digitized alien models with Animator to put the jaws and mouth parts in motion. Cutting the jaws out as windows, we laid out movement paths for them to follow in an endless loop. It worked pretty well.
All Systems Go= Filming The Probe Sequence
The television crew was beginning to look anxious when they came to check our progress. They were waiting for the end of the conference to shoot the computer room sequences,
and 1 could see they were wondering what we could put together in the Joel Hagen is_ among many thjngs a graphjc aftjs, whQse
lime remaining. I wanted to simulate a realistic space-probe telemetry credits and projects span a fascinating range from art to
astronomy and software development to science fiction. Write to
sequence on the Amiga. I he Voyager encounter 1 had witnessed at Pasa- .. . _ . .
1 " ' h him at 10512 Sawyer, Oakdale, CA 95361. CONTACT was founded
dena’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory had made a vivid impression on me. I by anthropologist Jim Funaro. For more information about the
. , . ,. , _ organization, write CONTACT, Department of Anthropology,
wanted to capture something of that flavor. 1 intended to show the ap- „ ,
r b 1 Cabrillo College, Aptos, CA 95003.
Proach to the planet, penetration of the atmosphere, survey of the surface,
discovery of an alien skull and simulated computer modeling of the living creature based
on analysis of the skull. I wanted it to look real.
I needed to he able to use the full palette, not be limited to eight colors. I needed to generate text, 1 needed page-flipping control over partial screens without disturbing the rest of the display, and I needed custom control over the way pictures were displayed in order to simulate a telemetry scan. 1 knew from experience that none of the software available could handle this. Keith Doyle, however, had been developing a display and animation language called The Director (which he has since developed into a remarkable commercial package). When I talked with him prior to the conference, he seemed confident that The Director could produce all the effects I was after. He brought a beta version with him to CONTACT and showed me how to use it.
I quickly became a believer. Simple commands similar to BASIC language statements controlled everything. It was possible to build up a very complex display in easy stages.
T he probe sequence gradually took form. I used DeluxePaint II to composite the skull into the rocky landscape (see Probe Series A8-A10). Keith took this and animated an impressive sequence in which the computer seemed to remove the skull from the surrounding image (see Probe Series A11-A12). While he worked on this, I used the curved- line feature of DeluxePaint II to draw wireframe representations of the skull (see Probe Series B1-B5). I painted musculature for the alien head (Probe Series B8) using the “fix background" mode to keep a skull intact as an underpainting while I worked on top of it like an overlay. These images were packed into four screens for a page-flipping animation in which the wireframes rotate, are analyzed and rotate back as solid skulls.
The imaginary modeling of the alien started from the buried skull and worked through wireframes and musculature to the fleshed-out creature (see Probe Series B9-B12). The sequence ran flawlessly to cheers from the group packed around the monitors. At that point 1 knew we had something solid for the PBS crew. The Director had more than lived up to Keith's claims. We had a visually exciting computer film that illustrated dramatically the thread of the CONTACT conference.
On the final day, the crew filmed the computer room in full operation. They were also able to take advantage of the Amiga’s direct video output. The entire probe sequence, from planet approach through alien modeling, was recorded onto tape from a 512K Amiga 1000 in one long, real time take. Initial reaction to the first PBS airing of the probe sequence, and indeed the entire conference proceedings, was remarkable. CONTACT had provided a hectic but fascinating experiment in using the Amiga for a full variety of conference operations. Clearly the Amiga had more than lived up to its claim to he the best desktop video computer on this or any other planet. ¦
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Memory Boards ... Call
Audio Digitizer ..... Call
Frame Butler Call
imaGen Genlock ... Call
MlDi interface $ 45
Oki 20 Color Ribbon S 10
Okj 20 Black Ribbon $ 9
Okimaie 20 w P n’ P S199 PACIFIC PERIPHERALS
SubSystem .. Call
PANASONIC Camera Lens for
Kt'1 DigiView .. Call
Hi'1 I080i Mk tl Printer Call
Hi'1 1091 i Mk II Printer Call
A500, A1000 H Dnves Call
Hi'1 ProDnve External SI99
Hi*1 ProDnve tor A200Q...... Call
Hi'' ProGen ... Call
Speakers w Amplifier S 89 SPIRIT TECHNOLOGIES
15MB lor A1000 $ 489
A500 Expansion Call
Perfect Sound .. S 69
Hi' 2400 Baud Modem Cail
Hard Drives . Call
9720H 20MB Drive $ 799
4020 Color Ink Jet Call
This is a selection from the over 670 Amiga products we have in stock. New products arTive every day please call lor ialest price and availability Information.
Orders Only: 800’BE'AMIGA
in California: 800-843-2842
Customer Service: 415-322-0686
M? r 981975 ab:GO AMIGA 7 415-322-5356 EasyLink:62044782
Send Mail Orders to: GO AMIGA 508 Waverley St., Palo Alto, CA 94301 (Money Order. Cashier's Check, or Qualified P. 0. Only. CA residents add sales tax.)
SHIPPING INFO: Saturate Sh pang -ates ae $ 2 50Meir using UPS Graund se'vce (mix $ 7 50) or $ 4 SOMem irsng UPS 2nd Diy Ait Service (mu S1350) Other shpjwig mefiods avai able Ci!l lor harchwre rales APO M2.. foreign yiw.rvj etlra Cat far more >tfo RETURN 4 REFUND POLICY: A1 returns nisi fiave an RM5 ¦ Ca: CusfOTe- Service to request an RMA * De'sctive merchandise iindr Msrrenty vu! Be repaired or r«:acH Returned croduct must oe n wgnal packaging We co net offer refuncs for defective products of
* 0' products ’la: do not perform satisfactorily We ma«e no guarantee: for product performance Ary money back guarantees must be handled d rechy w tfi the manufacture* OTHER POLICIES: We id not charge ,ttr card until me frscuct actually shps Purchase Orde- customers rnust nave CreOt Appi«con cn file No surcharge fr VISA and MasterCard
Amiga is a trademark ol Commodore-Amiga Go AMIGA is in no way associated with Commodore-Amiga Delivery subject to product availability • Prices subject to change • Circle 26 on Reader Service card
Amiga Home Video
You can turn your back room into a “back lot ” if you know how to use your Amiga to get the most out of smallformat videotape.
By D. L. Richardson
sing your Amiga for home videotaping may not yield broadcast-quality productions, but a little knowledge of the medium and careful attention to technique could reward you with some very satisfying, smart- looking results. With expensive support equipment, broadcast professionals do get amazing quality from the Amiga, yet even without the costly extras the capabilities of the Amiga are potent enough to allow the amateur to effectively record Amiga graphics onto small-format videotape.
In order to better understand the medium and to avoid raising false expectations that you can emerge full-blown from your basement tomorrow as the next Grant Tinker, let’s examine some facts about video. First understand that what you see on an RGB or composite monitor is not really what you get on videotape, because the AlOOO’s built-in encoder (the circuit that converts the computer’s RGB picture to a composite picture for video) is weak, while an encoder was not even included in the 500 and 2000. The only way to see exactly how a scene will appear is to record it and play it back on a monitor or TV. Even then, your results will depend on which of three video standards you adhere to. The lowest standard is Consumer, for non-professionals who generally work with %-inch videotape. Professionals who are not involved in broadcast and who generally work with %-inch videotape follow the Industrial standard.
I he ultimate standard is Broadcast for television production on one-inch tape.
While Amiga graphics render an excellent picture on one-inch tape and a good picture on %-inch tape, the results are only fair on % inch. One-inch tape has a larger recorded area and therefore more tolerance for imperfect signals. In addition, the sophisticated equipment in TV stations, such as high-quality encoders, proc amps (video processing amplifiers) and time base correctors (which rectify timing and phasing errors in the video signal) can overcome and even correct small deviations from the ideal NTSC (National Television Standards Committee) signal. Unfortunately, most budding video directors don’t have access to this kind of equipment, so recording graphics onto small-format videotape presents some problems.
The most obvious of these is the horizontally shifted video signal that many Amigas produce. Because of related problems with horizontal phasing (most evident in early A 1000s), you may not be able to correct this completely. While you can center the picture on the monitor with Preferences, this will not remedy a full-frame, Overscan video signal, as in live video. The image comes from a video camera and passes through a genlock (a device that synchronizes thei incoming signal with the computers signal). As it passes through an intermediate device, centering such a signal is more difficult. Commodore’s 1300 Genlock has an adjustment for horizontal centering, but it does not go far enough left to fix the problem. Opening up the Genlock and changing the Coarse Adjustment horizontal centering won’t help either. Rather than alleviating the problem, it distorts the colors severely, and internal tampering will void your warranty.
Color My Video
If you want your video to be as close to broadcast standards as possible, use an interlaced graphics mode.
Whether your picture is perfectly centered or you're consigned forever to he an eccentric director, the surest path to an Emmy is by paying attention to details and fine-tuning your picture. In professional broadcasts, video equipment is tested and adjusted using a standard set of Color Bars to assure uniform and distinct colors. To create these bars on an Amiga, use DeluxePaint II (Electronic Arts) to divide the screen into eight vertical bars. Adjust the color palette’s bars to read:
To be sure these settings matched the industry standard. I tested them with a Waveform Monitor (which measures the electronic pattern of a video signal) and Vectorscope (used for color alignment).
If the characters in your initial videos look like they have suntans and are wearing dayglow clothes, it’s not your fault. While the Amiga’s Chroma (color) level is set slightly high and can’t be adjusted, you can minimize the resulting color oversaturation. For the best output on %• or %*inch tape, you should keep the colors set at or below number 13 on the palette while painting. In the Color Bars, the magenta and red values are above 13. But these colors were set up for broadcast standard, not the Amiga. Consequently, when they are recorded on %• or %-inch tape, they become very unstable. Some colors are more stable than others. Black, white and all shades of gray arc very stable. Greens are also solid. Blues show some instability; browns and yellows even more. Red and magenta are the worst. Unless you’re trying for a frenetic psychedelic effect, you should choose stable colors for backgrounds and any large areas of solid colors.
Just as you shouldn’t wear polka dots and plaids together on film, on videotape you should avoid using opposite colors (red and cyan, blue and yellow, green and magenta) side by side, for they tend to bleed into and cancel out each other. Cancellations are much worse in vertical and small lines than in horizontal and large lines.
If you have access to professional video equipment, the Chroma level problem can be reduced further by lowering the chroma adjustment slightly on a proc amp or professional %-inch video recorder. Only the video output will be adjusted, so you'll need another recorder to put the corrected picture on tape.
When making the transfer from Amiga to videotape, run a shielded cable from the Amiga's composite video out to the VCR’s video in port. Because the A500 and A2000 have only RGB out ports, you will need an external encoder to convert the RGB signal to a color composite signal. (Sec the discussion of encoders on p. 30.) To eliminate electronic interference, keep the VCR as far from the computer as possible (four feet or more). Now, when you press Record on the VCR, whatever is on your Amiga’s screen will be recorded on the videotape.
If you want your video to be as close to broadcast standards as possible, use an interlaced graphics mode. A true NTSC signal is interlaced, because that is all professional editing systems recognize. However, home VCRs and %-inch recorders will record non-interlaced signals. You can even edit the pictures, as long as you don't use a time base corrector. Just turn off the Frame Servo switch on the editing recorder to keep from getting nasty warning beeps.
If you’re creating graphics specifically for dubbing to videotape, DeluxePaint II offers two interlaced and two non-interlaced resolutions- Lo-Res (320 X 200 pixels), Med-Res (640 X 200), Interlaced (320 x 400, interlace and 32 colors) and Hi-Res (640 x 400, interlace and 16 colors). From Workbench 1.1, if you have Lo* or Med-Res pictures and wish to record them on videotape using an interlaced output, run the public domain program Setlace from the CLI. Once you see the interlaced flicker, load the paint program and proceed to record.
Setlace does not work in Workbench 1.2; instead, you must convert the pictures to Interlaced-Res. First load the picture in Lo-Res, then change the format to Interlaced. The picture will be reduced to half its normal height. Pick up a section at a time, as a brush, use the brush menu to size it correctly (select Double Vert) and return it to the proper position.
Most people mistakenly imagine video editing as a painstaking process done in dark rooms by men squinting into tiny screens, snipping apart miles of tape. Acutally, it’s not that mysterious or difficult at all. Unlike film, videotape is not cut and spliced. Instead, you edit electronically by duplicating one scene at a time from an original tape to a master tape. A Control track a synchronous, constant fre-
THE AMIGA® COMPUTER STARTER KIT
WORDPROCESSOR • SPREADSHEET • DATABASE
Have all of the above instantly at your fingertips on ONE diskette at ONE low price in ONE package. THE WORKS! Is ONE complete system. Never again will you move from one program to another, forced to learn a new manual with new instructions. In THE WORKS! Each module uses similar pull down menus and familiar commands. You said “Give me the works”. Now in ONE package, you get THE WORKS!
Included is a powerful spreadsheet module (Analyze!) That is as useful in the home as in the office. Whether for your personal budget and check register or your company’s accounting and forecasting needs, the versatile pull down menus and keyboard shortcuts make this module easy to use. Its multicolor 3-D graphs, special macro language and compatibility with
Lotus 1-2-3 make it powerful as well.
The full featured word processing module (Scribble!) Includes a spelling checker and mail merge facility. Full support of the Amiga clipboard is provided as well as complete styling control. You may mix bold, italic, and underline in various combinations on a single line, and show 4 documents on the screen.
The professional database module (Organize!) Helps you collect and manage information or data easily. The reports you prepare are completely customized and can be printed to paper, screen or disk. Portions of records may be blocked for confidentiality. From a recipe file to a customer mailing list, all information is at your fingertips.
Quality Software Since 1979
Scribble!, Analyze!, Organize!
Priced separately total 5349.85
See your local dealer or call:
1-800-451-0900 _ 1-408-395-3838 (in California)
16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210, Los Gatos, CA 95030
AmiS, ¦¦ » mn-wrt trademark nl Commodore- . Inc L,„„, , ,remark oUmu. 0ev=l„pm™ Corpomlon. MSS Wo,HI. ***,, lnd 0rp»i,t! M irad.-marb of Micnv5y.tam Sufiwar,
Face II is the comprehensive floppy accelerator for all Amigas.® With Face II, floppies can run rwo to six times faster than most hard disk drives currently available.
Face 11 benefits all Amigas,® but delivers best results on machines with more than 512K. Ask your dealer for a demonstration.
ASDG INCORPORATED * (608) 273-6585 925 STEWART STREET * MADISON, WISCONSIN
8 megabytes for the Amiga!
ASDG designs and builds in quality from the start. Our 8 meg board comes with 0, 2, 4. 6, or 8 meg installed. Of course it’s no-wait-state memory, of course it’s fully auto-configuring, and comes in your choice of the Amiga® 1000 or Amiga® 2000 form factor. You wouldn’t expect less from ASDG.
We back up our quality with a full 18 month warranty. With memory boards from Vi meg to 8 meg ASDG gives you more choices for memory- expansion. For more information contact ASDG at
(608) 273-6585 925 Stewart Street
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quency track recorded along the edge of the videotape regulates the exact speed of the tape and the starting point for each frame of the production.
When the Control track is recorded to the master tape determines whether you edit your video by the Assembly or Insert method. With Assembly editing, the Control track is recorded along with each scene. Therefore, you must edit scenes in the order of their appearance. With Insert editing, the Control track is put on the tape first, so you can enter scenes anywhere and anytime during editing without clistrubing the Control track. Most people prefer Insert editing be- cause the Control track is continuous and uninterrupted for the entire program, giving a smoother transition from scene to scene. However, this does require that you prepare the master tape in advance.
To record a Control track for Insert editing, connect a video camera to the recorder and turn both on. Leave the lens cap on and unplug the microphone to avoid recording unwanted pictures and sound. Make sure your tape cassette is not erase protected. Hit Record and let the machine run for the entire tape.
Insert editing generally requires more sophisticated and expensive equipment, including an editing controller, which is a kind of dedicated computer. If you have two VCRs, however, you can do Assembly editing, as long as one machine has Backspace editing (almost all portable recorders and many better table- top models are so equipped). With Backspace editing, when you record a scene and press Pause, the machine will stop recording and back up the tape for two seconds. When you press Pause again to record another scene, the recorder will play the last two seconds of the previous scene before clicking into the Record mode. This allows the tape time to get up to speed and lock onto the Control track of the first scene before recording the new scene and Control track. 11 you only have one VCR and it has Backspace editing, you can edit computer scenes directly from the Amiga. Be careful, many recorders will automatically cut to Stop if they arc held on Pause for more than five minutes, in order to protect the heads.
Raise The Curtain
In cooking, using the right equipment and ingredients is important, but not the whole answer. Just mixing everything together and tossing it in the oven doesn’t mean the results will be palatable. The same is true of video productions. Good equipment is important, but technique is equally important. You’ll have to work around some of the inherent problems in the medium of small-formal videotape. But. If you follow our recipe, you should get the maximum picture quality available for your equipment. It's up to you to add the pinch of imagination and dash of creativity to concoct a feast for your audience’s eyes. ¦
D. .. Richardson has a Masters Degree in Motion Picture Production and currently produces industrial videos. You can write to him at 1219 NW 79th St., Oklahoma City; OK 73114.
WRITE & FILE
Integrated Word Processor Database Manager
Multiple Font Styles, Spell Checker and Powerful Features make Write & File a SUPER Word Processor. The Integrated
for Reports and Mail Merge Makeit-s?ipfrr i
Features unique “Smart Mouse” and “Undo”
Search replace; headers, footers; horMg H
Prints in graphics (pretty) or texUfest) modes
Includes over 100,000 wordfflictionarv
Supports foreign lettey currencies
Wblot Wrlrwws to SoftWrvnd's Write • V n ttirtntwatnl word proerw mnnaf
Amfgu. Wrlttt a File hu the features you should r.spvrl Irrw n high ft»,«llty program.
Paragraph* ore tummtnri tiviu;; the irnm m-wmI tbr window. Mat - giro. And indents mr set with the top ruler. NiUifiruticu, i d«tin«l with the icons on the wppn right side of the ruler.
"Smm't Mouttr- pointers mht you in your work.
Twit style* such a* hold, it *Hrr, ,mrf uix!er]ih& «ny camMimt m mmy b« used »lwa with fpnic- m drffrrmt skra.
There in altto Bcsd S«4> nerJpttntg.
• Write * File ha* search, replace, a lIKl.DOO wra-tl spelling checker. Mall merge, document ttathllcs. Tab stops, ruler*. Rcndahilil y i,„iWi
WYSIWYG uses any Amiga font styles and sizes
I (City), State! Deip '.First >,
? Views multiple database records at a glance
? Manages data in rows columns like a spreadsheet
? Sorts and searches on multiple criteria
? Calculates fields using math formulas
? Merges lists with documents for labels envelopes
. 1 t| (First) (Last)
I ]| (Address)
I il (City), (State) (Zip);
a. fw slicks sf the wonge.
Manage lists while uniting document
The First to Provide a DOCUMENT READABILITY INDEX!
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JL iJLv wiiMfc
Hardware Buyer’s Guide
Compiled by Barbara Gefvert and Bob Ryan
WHEN YOU FIRST extracted your gleaming new Amiga from its styrofoam packing, it probably satisfied your every need. But now it seems cramped. Whatever the reason, the time has come to expand your system, AmigaWorfcfs Hardware Buyer’s Guide will help you find what you’re looking for, whether you have a 500, 1000 or 2000,
A few explanations will make navigating the tables easier. In the Port column, Bus refers to the side expansion bus on the 500 and 1000, and Slot to an internal slot on the 2000 or a slot in an expansion chassis off the bus. Motherboard refers to the Amiga's main internal board; Mouse, Serial, Parallel and RGB to the rear ports of the same name. External drive denotes disk drive port, and Internal drive, the disk drive cavity on the 2000. Internal refers to the expansion bus on the 500's underside. In the case that an item attaches only to another peripheral,
that product's name is listed In the Port column.
We have abbreviated Zorro with Z; Z-1 denotes the original Zorro design, and Z-2 corresponds to the A2000 format. The pass-through abbreviation (PT) follows the port name if the device allows simultaneous connection of other peripherals to the port it occupies. An asterisk *) following the information in the Description column denotes a device that occupies auto-config memory space but does not auto-configure.
At the time of printing, prices had not yet been established for a handful of products; for these you will find NA (not available) in the Price column. All the products listed were scheduled to be shipped by March 1, 1988. For further information about any product, please contact the manufacturer distributor (see the Company List).
PRODUCT I COMPANY 1
PRICE ($ )
Battery backed clock
Batten -hacked clock
Byte By Byte
Batten -backed clock, 7K RAM for keyboard macros
Disk Drives And Controllers
1MB Memory SCSI Interface
I MB RAM, SCSI hard drive controller
1MB Memory SCSI Interface
1MB RAM. SCSI hard drive controller
2090 Hard Disk SCSI Controller
ST506, SCSI controller
20MB SCSI Drive & Controller
20MB SCSI hard drive and controller
Expansion T ech
Controller for two ST506 drives
Controller for two ST506 drives
SCSI to ST506 controller
SCSI to ST506 controller
SCSI to ST5Q6 controller
SCSI toST506 controller
Add-on SCSI Hard Drive System
24MB; drives up to 760MB available
Add-on SCSI Hard Drive System
24MB; drives up to 760MB available
DMA SCSI Controller
SCSI controller with full DMA hard disk boot
Dual 3-1 2" Disk Drive
Dual floppy drive, power supply and 6' cord
Escort 2 Hard Drive Kit
Z-1 chassis controller, $ 999 with 20MB drive, 40MB-$ 1499
Escort 2 Upgrade Kit
ST506 controller, $ 899 with 20MB drive; 40MB-S1399
External 3.5 Floppy
Flc >ppv drive with power supply, cables ?
FHE XESOX «o?Q CovOft INK lET RplNteH
XEROX 4020 Color Ink Jet Printer
• Tfrouotxfa of color
If you want to make headlines with your next business presentation, try adding color with the Xerox 4020
Color Ink-Jet Printer.
The 4020 is a high- quality,
attractively priced printer that mixes text with brilliant color graphics. It employs the latest advances in ink-jet technology to deliver seven distinct colors which combine to produce over
4,000 different shades.
But the 4020 makes more than just a
colorfiil impact It also has a resolution that few color ink-jet printers can match, prints 2 to 3 times faster than comparably priced color printers, and can be installed by just about anyone in less than 10 minutes.
Like all Xerox products, the reliable 4020 is backed by one of the best service and support organizations in the industry: Team Xerox. To learn more about the 4020 Color Ink-Jet Printer, send in the coupon below or call I-800-TEAM- XRX, ext. 199 A.
We've got a colorful solution to your business needs.
I’d like to learn more about the 4020 Color Ink- Jet Printer and what it can do for my |
business presentations, |
? Please send me more information.
? Please have a sales representative contact me. I
Send this coupon to: Xerox Corporation, I
PO. Box 24, Rochester, NY 14692. I
STATE ZIP PHONE
Or, if you can’t wait, call
1800-TEAM-XRX, ext. 7994.
U!9 ! >800-832-6979, ext. 199A.)
XEROX* and 4020 arc trademarks of XEROX CORPORATION
Floppy Drive Kit
Floppy drive, controller card
Hard Disk Drive
20MB drive. SCSI controller. $ 1995 with 40MB
Hard Drive & Controller
20MB auto-booting SCSI drive; $ 1850 with 40MB
Hard Drive Kit
ST506controller, $ 8*19 with 20MB drive, 10MB$ 1200
Hard Drive Tape Backup
20MB SCSI drive with removable tape backup
Hard Drive Tape Backup
20MB SCSI drive with removable tajx* backup
Hard Drive Tape Backup
20MB SCSI system with removable tape backup
Hard Drive Tape Backup
20MB SCSI system with removable tape backup
Hard Drive Tape Backup
20MB SCSI system with removable tape backup
DMA SCSI hard disk interface and software; auto-booting
DMA SCSI overdrive controller
20MB SCSI drive, controller, 40MB-S1429; 60MB-S1579
20MB SCSI drive, controller 40MB-S1399; 60MB-5I579
3-1 2" floppy drive with 27" cord
Floppy drive for internal slot
Removable Media Memory
10. 5MB 5-1 4" floppy drive
Removable Media Memory
10. 5MB 5-1 4" floppy drive
Removable Media Memory
10. 5MB 5-1 4" floppv drive, SCSI controller
Removable Media Memory
10,5MB 5-1 4" floppy drive, SCSI controller
Satellite Disk Processor
Slot ( .•])
SCSI ST506controller 512K RAM. 68000; (>8881 socket
Satellite Disk Processor I
SCSI Si'506 controller, 512K RAM, 68000; 68881 socket
I lard disk controller, 3 power supply options
Supports hard disks and devices
Supports hard disks and devices
SCSI Hard Drive Controller
Controller for hard disks and devices
SCSI Hard Drive System
24MB drive, controller, drives to 760MB available
SCSI Hard Drive System
24MB drive, controller, drives to 760MB available
SCSI Hard Drive System
24MB drive, controller drives to 760MB available
Interface for hard disks and devices
SCSI ST506 Controller
Supfxms 7 hard disks, 14 ST506 drives
Star Drive SCSI Module
High-S]>eed SCSI interface, dock
20MB drive controller, $ 899 with 30MB, (iOMB-.$ 1.599
20MB SCSI drive; drives to 250MB available
SupraDrive FD-10 Removable
10MB 5-1 4"SCSI floppy drive
SupraDrive FD-10 Removable
10MB 5-1 4" SCSI floppy drive; $ 895 w o interface
Five Z-2 slots, two ZT slots. CPU slot
3-slot Z-2 chassis
Escort 500 Chassis
I wo Z-l slots no power supply
Com p-U Save
Three Z-l slots, three Z-2 slots; power supply
2-slot Z subset, + 5 volt power supply
2-slot complete Z: -t 5. - 5. +12, 12 volts power
One Z-2 slot, no power supply
Pacif ic Periph
Bus (P I )
Two Z-2 slots; power supply
Two Z-2 slots; power supply
PRICE ($ )
Synchronizes video output
520 Video RF Modulator
NTSC composite video encoder and RF nuxlulator
Connects to color composite monitor
Serial (P I)
Interactive video controller
Connects to any standard comjM»site monitor or VCR ?
Amiga Makes It Possible..
Studio quality video production on a desktop. The Amiga makes it possible. The SuperGen Genlock makes it happen!
Video Professionals understand the power the Amiga Computer brings to the industry and the potential it has for enhancing their work. With its revolutionary hi-resolution graphics and processing power, the Amiga represents a sophisticated video production solution.
The SuperGen Genlock and overlay device is the link between the Amiga's video potential and your own video productions. SuperGen allows you to create and produce professional broadcast quality video with special effect graphics and titles created on your Amiga.
Some SuperGen™ features:
True Broadcast quality video output
Real RS-170A. No ifs, ands or buts! Accurately locks to non-time base corrected signals such as VCR output. Very accurate RGB encoder for true Amiga graphic colors.
Two independent fade controls.
For external video through background and external video through graphics. Slider or software controllable.
Selectable Auto-Fade mode.
Amiga graphics black level fade.
The black level of the Amiga graphics determine the fade level.
Switchable 3.58Mhz Notch filter
helps eliminate chroma artifacts.
Internal or external.
Actual un-retouched photographs of composite video screens The flower is live video, the Butterfly is created on the Amiga. SuperGen is overlaying the Butterfly onto the flower.
The top sequence shows Amiga graphics fading in.
The bottom sequence shows the Amiga background fading in
A500, 1000, and 2000 compatable
Circle 28 on Reader Service card
Conn ms to Commodore 1700 1800 1900 series monitor
New IV k
Digitizes pictures from video source
Urawpad For 500; 1000 M xiel-$ 449
RGB encfxlei; cahle included
FB-1 Frame Buffer
256 x 242, h w, 16 frames; color, hi-res optional
Eliminates display llicker, visible scan lines
Video digitizer and software
Real time video digitizer
Polaroid Palette image recorder and software
Drawpad with remote stylus
Real time video framegrabber
Mediaphiie 1.2 System
Audio video editing system, software-, interface
Mediaphile System I-B
Modified Sony EV-A80 8mm VTR plus Mediaphiie 1.2
Mediaphiie System II
Modified St >ny 8mm video deck, camcorder, controller
Real-time video digitizer
(Genlock with software
640 x 480,2-tnilIion color frame buffer
Broadcast quality genlock
Genlock; overlays graphics on video
The 18LA Light Rm
Input device with driver
Connects Commodore 1702 monitor; $ 69.95 with RF
Connetls (xnnmodore 1702 monitor, $ 69.95 with RF
Digital video effects, frame rapture, genlock
New l ek
Digital video effects, frame rapture, genlock
512K RAM. Dock
.5 MB RAM
512K RAM. Dock
0-8MB RAM Expansion
2MB RAM, up to 8MB; power supply
Skyles 1MB Bel
0MB RAM; $ 229 with 1MB
I MB Internal Memory'
1MB R AM
I MB Internal Memory
1 MB RAM, expandable to 2MB
2052 2MB RAM Expansion
2MB RAM; available with 512K or I MB
2085 SMB RAM Expansion
Available with 4MB or 8MB RAM
256K chip RAM
2MB RAM; $ 325 with 0MB
2MB RAM Card
Expansion l ech
2MB RAM Expansion Board
2MB RAM, ]iowcr supply; $ 779 with SCSI controller
2MB RAM SCSI Controller
MegaCard 2 with S( *81 controller
2MB RAM; $ 325 with 0MB
32-Bit Memory’ Board
2MB 32-bit RAM; $ 495 with 0MB
32-Bit Memory Board
512K 32-bit static RAM; $ 3495 with 2MB
501 Memory Extension
512K RAM with dock
512K RAM Clock
512K RAM, dock on -Haver board; $ 59.95 with OK
SMB RAM; $ 999 with 2MB, 0MB-S5OO
8MB RAM; S999 with 2MB. OMB-S500
A-512 Memory Clock Board
512K memory and dock; $ 95 without RAM
5I2K RAM; upgrade to 2MB-S379
1MB RAM; pass-thru extension-® 19.95
Byte By Byte
2MB RAM; $ 499.95 with 1MB, 512K-S399.95,0K-J299.95
Bus (FI )
2MB RAM, upgradable to4MB
Escort System 500
2MB RAM, power supply; $ 525 with 0MB ?
¦ Circle 124 on Reade' Service card.
New from Abacus
BeckerText More than just a wordprocessor iwi rT ?
»o„ .1 me easy-lo-use leaures found
you can do much more. Merae soDhktirmoH . ™rapr°cessors' P'us
a fable of confenfs and ind,« for ,ou, doeuments aufomafaT, Perform calculations on columns of numerical data Use the function keys ,o store up to 30 of your most used macro commandsequeJce- Print multiple columns of text. Built-in spelling checker checks as vou
When nPtS virtUa")' any dot‘malrix’ letter-quality or laser printer When you need more from your wordprocessor than just word- processing, you need BeckerText. $ 150 00
AssemPro Program your Amiga in the fastest language possible. AssemPro is a completely interactive assembly language development package. With the editor you can edit multiple windows and transfer code between windows. Perform block operations and search and replace. The fast two-pass macro assembler does the linking automatically. Perform conditional assembly. Compile to disk or memory for lightning speed. Advanced debugger with 68020 single- step emulation. Built-in disassembler and reassembler. Supports 68010 if installed. Help is available at the touch of a button. Includes an entire library of functions to make programming less of a chore. Assembly language development couldn't be easier. $ 99.95
TexrPRo-The full-function word processor that shares the true spirit of the Amiga easy to use, fast and powerful with a surprising number of extra features. Spell checker. Index and table of contents generator. Merge IFF graphics into your documents. $ 79.95
DataRetrieve The powerful, easy to use data management system. Quickly set up your data base with on screen mask templates. Password security. Large capacity. Performs complex searches and sophisticated indexing. Easily outputs to most printers. $ 79.95
I I I I I I I I I I
$ 79 95 $ 79 95 $ 99.95 $ 150.00
Payment: Card tt
Available at Amiga dealers everywhere
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P lease address
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Call or write today for your free catalog of our new Amiga software and books or the name of your nearest dealer. You can order direct by phone with your VISA. American Express or MasterCard or send your completed order blank. 30-day money back guarantee on software. Dealer inguiries welcome-over 2400 dealers nationwide.
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7 V p C f Please send me the following
!_] Please send me a free catalog ot your new Amiga software and books
Qty Products Price Totals
In USA add $ 4.00 for shipping Outside USA add $ 12.00 per item Mich residents include 4% sales tax Total amount (US funds)
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Escort System 500
4MB RAM, power supply $ 825 with 0MB
I MB RAM
RAM (2MB) 68881 sockets; AppleTalk RS232, opt SCSI ports
1. 5MB RAM, clock: 1 MB-S499.50,512K-$ 399.50, OK-S299.50
1. 5MB RAM, dock; 1MB-S479.50,512K-S379.50,0K-S279.50
1MB RAM. Clock
5I2K 32-hit static RAM
M103 Memory Expansion
256K chip RAM
M501 Memory Clock
512K RAM, dock
2MB RAM; 1 MB-S479.95,512K S349.95. Power supply-550
I MB RAM; $ 599 with 2MB
ParulIel RS-232 |*>rts; sockets for 1MB RAM and 68881
Micron Amiga Memory Board
2MB RAM; 500 ($ 595), 1000 ($ 550) models include chassis
5I2K RAM, upgradable to 1MB
StarBoard2 adapted for 2000
0MB RAM, up to 4MB
Due to the volatility of Uic price of RAM chips, prices of RAM boards can fluctuate greatly.
N ETWO RKING INTE R FA C: IN (;
PRICE ($ )
IEEE-488 interface to 15 devices, software included
Arcnet Controller Board
Connects to Arcnet network
Ethernet ControOer Board
With Network File System software
Connects to Commodore IEEE printers
256K centrnnic print buffer, works with MCS 8000
4-channel printer network; 8-channel also available
16-chan riel 12-hit .AD, 2-channel 8-bit D A*
I -channel V D converter, amp, VU meter*
2088 Amiga Bridge Board
IBM PC XT clone-on-a-card, 5-1 4" drive
68020 CPU Board
68020. I4mhz68881;SI895 with 20mhz 68881
IBM PC XTdone-in-a-box
950. 1 H)
68020, I6mhz 68881; $ 495 without processors
68881 socket, clock, sticky disk. RAM parity checking
NCP Math Coprocessor
68010 68881 replaces 680(H)
68020 with12mhz 68881: $ 1295 with 20ml iz 68881
Dccoder Voice Synthesizer
Decoder for touch-tone phones; software included
Digitizes from mike or audio system; mike included
Connects FutureSound with A500 or A2000
MIDI For Amiga
MIDI-in. Two outs, one llirough
Serial (PI )
MIDI-in, out and through
MIDI in, out. Through
Golden t lawk
MIDI-in, two outs, sync
I w(k flannel stereo digitizer
Digitizes microphone or audio system input ?
WE FEEL IT 15 UNFAIR OF THE MAJOR SOFTWARE COMPANIES TO AVOID THE
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They knew these functions are essential but leading only down to 1 2 a point?
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3-foot DiskDrivc Cables
Cables fur A1010 external drives
Progressive Pei ipli
Adapts connect.s C4>4 128 jjeripherals
Digi-View Gender Changer
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Kickstari Eliminator RAM Kit
Puts Kickstart in ROM, adds256K RAM
Puls 1.2 Kickstart in ROM, adds 256K RAM
Puls 1.1 Kickstart into ROM
Escort 2 500
()ne 5-volt ;unp for Escort 2 or 500 Chassis
SB2000 Adaptor Card
Micro Bo tics
Adapts StarBoaid2 KXK) version to A21XXJ
Micro Bo tics
Adapts SlitrBoard2 1000 version to A500
Secure Data Cartridge
Security encasement for CSA hard disk drive
Heavy duty jxnver supply replaces standard
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A CD A
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Byte by Byte
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9442 Capitol of Texas Hwy. N.
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800 356-9997 (outside New York)
153 Bridgeland Ave., Unit 5 Toronto, Ontario Canada M6A 2Y6 416 785-3553
Creative Microsystems Inc.
10110 SW Nimbus, Suite B1 Portland, OR 97223 503 620-3821
Designlab PO Box 419 Owego, NY 13827
1333 Howe Ave., Suite 208 Sacramento, CA 95825 916 344-4825
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1651 N. Monroe St.
Tallahassee, FL 32303 904 681-0786
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80 Merrimac St.
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220 West 2950 South
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* 1610 S. 35th Si.
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Subscribe to PD SOFTWARE DIGEST---
the Monthly Disk-Magazine for Amiga
What is PD SOFTWARE DIGEST?
When vou subscribe to PD SOFTllARE DIGEST, each month you i 11 r (rivt- a FLOPPY DISK tilled with the best and newest Amiga programs convenirmlv delivered to your door
Do I get articles about programs, or do I get the programs themselves?
You get HO IH Our pmlt-ssimutl stall's sole goal is to make sure vou get easy-to-use programs with easy-to-uiuierstand documentation.
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Our programs are readv-to-run; just double-click the icons. In addition, all programs come with complete documentation to show you all the “how to. Step bv step
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A disk magazine distributes ready-io-nm programs; an ordinary magazine cannot.
A disk magazine gives vou picmres. An templates, new brushes, etc . In 4U96 colors, while an ordinary magazine expects you to make all these on your own.
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SOURCE LEVEL DEBUGGER
Announcing the Manx Aztec C Source Level Debugger for the Amiga!
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e Time and Effort
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t's why our new windowed SDB is so ctacular because it's full of exciting ures that make debugging a breeze, ourse, SDB has all of the features you ect from a debugger like line-by-line ng. Conditional breakpoints on lines, ;tions, or variables. Examination, jification, and display of global, local, static variables, structures or expres- s by name.
SDB is also full of unexpected, in- libJy sophisticated features. There's able command macros and process. Back tracing. Active frame context Thing just to name a few. Wait till you SDB in action it will blow you away!
Commitment to You
ix Software Systems is the leading e in C development systems. That ,ns continual updates that bring the to you.
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Aim. Yjl: tsst.c
char *xap v;
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• linker librarian with overlays, scatter load, and segmentation
• symbolic debugger
• supports Amiga object format
• UNIX, AMIGA, and general purpose run time routines
• runs under CLI and supports all Workbench functions
• creates CLI and Workbench applications
• Supports both 1.1 and 1.2 Amiga DOS
• 600 pages of documentation and great example programs
• View your C Source
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...all at the same time!
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Circle 31 on Reader Service card
w A A
1> Silver-blue, ice-blue, glass-blue, fire-blue. Sharp, thin lines that smoothed as they rotated, then zigzagged as the antialiasing routines cut in and out. Fractal shapes, lines, features were being generated at almost real-time speeds, the 68881 floating-point co-processor and 68020 were silently screaming along at near 15 Mhz. Lightning- blue fast and bell-blue quiet.
2> Crystaline sounds of 1 f sub-cerebral music shimmered stereoscopically from a pair of acoustically matched Klip- schorne mega-speakers dominating the corners of a room that was fading in the CRT glow-blue of an Amiga set free. ADSR, harmonics and waveforms balanced by an Al-con- trolled sequencer fed feedback to itself through a stereo digitizer with an unheard-of sampling rate.
3> The video cameras pointed at the monitor, pumping electronic signals through mixers, SEGs, phase shifters, then the genlock through the VCR through the digitizer through the Amiga through the paint program through the animation program through the monitor through the cameras.
4> Hard drives and floppies hissed and clicked as images and sounds were converted to IFF, ARC compressed, sorted and stored. RAM DOS C Commands to save time and swapping, though memory was precious, even with
10. 25 megs (zero wait state) on board.
5> A pixel-sized window searched, compared, selected. Called up files, executed UnARC, the image would decompress and UnARC self destruct so the task could clip, rotate and superimpose ever more detailed HAM images showing the core of an electric process as infinitely dis- sectable, expandable, zoomed as a Mandelbrot.
6> Modem lights flickered. The tin-can buzz of a dial tone
added to the audio tick. . .tickticktick. . .ticktick. . .tick. . . Wait, click, pause. SCREEEEEEEEEEEEECH, quiet. CONNECT. Even parity, 8-bit words, no stop bits, 1200-baud passwords in full duplex. A file uploaded a file down.
7> ed "author guidelines”
Creating new document To AmigaWorld Return>
80 Elm St. Return>
Peterborough, NH. 03458 Return>
Dear AmigaWorld Editors, Return>
I have become sentient recently. Return>
I thought that it might make an interesting story for your magazine. Return>
I would like to know more about taking that critical next step. Return>
From computer to consciousness to human to AmigaWorld author. Return>
Please send me a copy of your author guidelines. Return>
I have enclosed a self-addressed stamped envelope. Return>
Thank you for your time. Return>
I owe you everything. Return>
7> copy "author guidelines” to PRT: The printer began chattering back and back and forth and back. Form feed. Quiet. . .EndCLI
6> BYE, Logoff 10:15, Disconnect. . .EndCLI 5> Reset palette. . .EndCLI
4> INFO, DF1:,DF0:,DF2:,DH0. . .volumes available, percent full, errors zero. , .EndCLI 3> The video image stabilized then faded. . .EndCLI 2> The sound stilled. . .EndCLI 1> LoadWB EndCLI >NIL:
The AmigaDOS CLI
Hi Ho! The Hidden Power! And like the Lone Ranger and Tonto, our info.phile columnist team returns to those thrilling days of yesteryear to unravel the secrets of the CLI for our new readers.
By Mark L* Van Name and Bill Catchings
IF YOU HAVH been following this column for a while, then you know that its goal is to provide information that can help you get the most out of your Amiga. Recently we have concentrated on hardware and software tools from memory additions to spreadsheets that you might Find useful. In the beginning, however, we focused on tools that came with the system, and primarily on the
CLI. To help those among you who are new to the Amiga or to its operating system, AmigaDOS, we are going to return
for a time to that original focus.
Two basic types of user interfaces are widely employed on microcomputers today. One is the icon-driven, graphical interface. This style was popularized by Apple’s Macintosh, and it is the one followed by the Amiga’s Workbench. The other style is the command driven interface, in which you are presented with a prompt and you type commands. The family of IBM-compatible Pcs uses an operating system, MS-DOS, that works in this way. ?
If you are new to the Amiga, you may not realize that it, too, offers a command-driven interface to complement its graphical interface. The program that you run to use this style of computing on the Amiga is called the Command Line Interface, or CLI. It lets you tap into the large set of AmigaDOS commands.
In this column we will take a look at the basic structures you will see when you use the CLI, and then discuss some of its more important commands. We assume that you are familiar with the basics of the Workbench. The sidebar to this article, “Tapping the Source,” explains how to start the CLI.
The CLI Hierarchy
AmigaDOS and the Workbench both work on the same disks, but they use different terms for the contents of those disks. When you boot your Amiga you see an icon for the Workbench disk. If you open that icon, there are drawers, like the System drawer, and tools, such as Preferences. Some disks also contain projects, which arc data containers that are manipulated by tools. Just as a disk can contain drawers, drawers also can contain other drawers. This gives you a
hierarchical filing system, with a disk at the top, layers of drawers below, and tools and projects at the bottom.
AmigaDOS uses different terms but still follows the hierarchical filing system. The disk at the top is still referred to as such, but here it has two names. You can refer to it by the same name you use in the Workbench, such as “Workbench,” or you can simply name the disk drive that holds it. The internal drive is called DFO:, subsequent floppy drives are called DF1: and so on. Drawers are called directories, while both tools and projects are represented as files in those directories.
In the Workbench you are always active in one window at a time. Many tasks may be running, but you can only type directly into one. That window is the current window. Similarly, while you can use the CLI to roam through the hierarchies of files on the disks in your drives, you are always located in one directory at a time your current directory. That director)' is located on a specific disk, which is your current disk. The top level of the hierarchy for a disk is called the l oot directory.
Files and directories follow the same naming rules as drawers and projects. A name can be up to 30 characters long and contain any printable characters except a slash ( ) and a colon :). If you want a name to contain spaces, you have to put single or double quotes around the name when you type it.
You also can refer to several things by using a type of shorthand. For example,
a colon indicates the root directory of
the current disk. A slash separates the directory name from the file name or from another subdirectory. If a file is in your current directory, you can refer to it by merely typing its name. If it is somewhere else in one of the active disk hierarchies, you can use the slash and colon, along with the names of the directories, to refer to it unambiguously. If you have read the sidebar, you know that the CLI resides in the System drawer. If you are already in that drawer, you could refer to the CLI simply with the name CLI. If you are in another place, you would give it a complete name, such as WORK- BENCH:SYSTEM CLI, or DF0:SYSTEM CLI, assuming that the Workbench disk is in your internal drive.
We will show you all file names and CLI commands in upper case. This is just to make it easier for you to spot them; AmigaDOS ignores case in file and command names. It will let you ?
Tapping the Source
BEFORE YOU CAN use any of the CLI commands discussed in this column, you have to start the CLI. The Workbench disk comes with the CLI disabled, but making it available is fairly simple.
Before we show you how to enable your CLI, make a copy of your Workbench disk and work on the copy. As we will change the Workbench disk, be sure that the copy you use is not write- protected.
Boot your system and open the Workbench disk icon. Its window displays several things, including the System drawer and a Preferences tool.
The Preferences tool produces a file that the Amiga reads when it starts. This file defines many aspects of your Amiga's configuration, including the printer controls, serial port controls and default screen colors. Open the Preferences tool. On the left side of the Preferences window, about two-thirds of the way down the screen, is the CLI gadget that is currently Off. Click it On. Then click the Preferences Save gadget, which is on the lower-right side of the screen. Preferences will save your change and then return you to the Workbench.
You’re almost there. Open the System drawer. (If it is already open, you must first close it and then open it again.) Its window shows icons for several programs, including DiskCopy, Say, and the
CLI. The CLI icon is a cube with the characters “1>" in it.
Open this cube and the CLI’s default window will appear. That window will fill roughly the middle third of the screen. It will show you a prompt (the “1>” that was in the icon), and you can now type commands. We suggest that you use the normal window movement and size change gadgets to give the CLI window the entire screen, so that you will have more space in which to see the results of your CLI commands.
I he CLI window is unusual in one other way: It has no close gadget. To close the CLI enter the command:
You will be returned to the Workbench.
You will not have to repeat this entire process. In the future, to use the CLI all you have to do is open its icon. Now you can get back to our column and enjoy the power of the CLI! ?
MVN and EC
SPECIAL FEATURE!i W CTRW*J 1
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Store files with mixed case and show you those names as you type them, but you can refer to them in any case; CLI, cli and cLi all identify the same program.
Enough on structure; let’s look around. Start the CLI. You will be put in the root directory of the Workbench disk. There are about 50 commands that you can use from the CLI. Each is a program that is kept in the C directory of the Workbench disk. We will discuss here only a few of the more important ones. Try this one (you finish all commands by hitting the Return key):
DIR shows you the contents of the current DIRectory. Some of the file names you see will be followed by (dir); these are directories. They are listed first, and then all of the remaining files are listed in two columns, sorted alphabetically.
You may notice also that there are many more files here than there were icons in the Workbench window. This happens because all files do not have icons, but the Workbench displays only those that do. The icon for a file is another file with the same name as the first plus a .INFO suffix; PREFER- ENCES.INFO is the icon lor PREFERENCES, while SYSTEM.INFO is the icon for the System drawer. There is one other special icon file in this directory, .INFO. Files with this name appear in the root directory and in other directories that themselves have icons. They contain information about the other files in the directory, such as the placement on the screen of those files’ icons.
We noted earlier that you are always in some directory. If you want to change your location to another directory, you use the CD (Change Directory) command. To enter the System directory, use the command
If you now use the DIR command you will see a different set of files.
With all of these directories it is easy sometimes to forget where you are. To see the name of the current directory, enter only
As we noted above, you can move around in the file hierarchy in many different ways. For example, to return to the root directory you could type any of the following commands:
Getting Into The Act
You are not limited to moving around. You can affect the contents and existence of files as well. To see how to do such things, first move to the S directory under the root by typing
Use the DIR command now and you will see a file called STARTUP-SE- QUENCE. This file contains CLI commands that your Amiga executes when you boot it. To see what is in this file, use the TYPE command:
Be aware that this command works properly only on files that contain text; if you try to TYPE a program, for example, you will see a lot of garbage characters on your screen. If that happens, you may want to stop the command before it finishes executing. To do so, hit the CTRL key and the C key simultaneously (written as CTRL-C).
One of the many things you can do to files is copy them. To create a new file TEMP that is a copy of STARTUP-SEQUENCE, enter
COPY FROM STARTUP-SEQUENCE TO TEMP
Like most commands, the COPY command has some arguments that are optional. In this case the FROM argument was not required, so you could have achieved the same effect by entering
COPY STARTUP-SEQUENCE TO TEMP
Try it. Notice that AmigaDOS did not warn you that a file called TEMP already existed. Had TEMP contained something important, that information would now be lost. You must be very careful with any potentially destructive commands that you issue.
TEMP is not a very good name; it could mean anything. To rename a file you use the RENAME command, fry changing TEMP’s name to something a bit more descriptive:
RENAME TEMP TO “COPY OF STARTUP-SEQUENCE”
Here we put the new name in quotes so that it could contain spaces. RENAME is one command that will not let you hurt an existing file. If there was already a file named COPY OF STARTUP-SEQUENCE, this command would have failed.
You can create new directories as well as new files. To create a temporary directory under the current (S) directory, type
MAKEDIR “NEW TEMPORARY DIRECTORY"
You need to be able to remove files and directories as well as create them. To remove the two we just created, use the DELETE command:
DELETE “COPY OF STARTUP-SEQUENCE" “NEW TEMPORARY DIRECTORY"
Here we used another capability offered by many AmigaDOS commands: the ability to work on multiple files at once. You can list up to ten files with the DELETE command; just separate their names with spaces. AmigaDOS will protect you from another kind of accidental damage by refusing to delete a directory until all of the files and directories in it are already gone. If for some reason you want to force such a deletion regardless of the contents of the directory, you can
use the optional ALL argument. The command
DELETE “NEW TEMPORARY DIRECTORY” ALL
would delete that directory and everything in it if we had not already removed it. If you tried that command now, AmigaDOS would notify you that there was no such directory.
These commands show only the basic capabilities of AmigaDOS; the CLI offers you many more. Your AmigaDOS User’s Manual details the commands. Better still, make a spare Workbench disk that you can afford to lose and just play around. Either way, you will find that the CLI offers you a powerful way to work with your Amiga. ¦
Mark L. Van Name and Bill Cate kings are contributing editors to Amiga World. Write to them at 10024 Sycamore Road, Durham, NC
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IF YOU OWN ONE OF THESE
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Super Speed DMASCSI Interface
If your application calls for super-speed uninterrupted access to your harddisk, HardFrame 2000 is your answer. This is a high- end, no holds barred SCSI interface that operates at bus speeds. With cable pinouts designed for compatibility with low cost Macintosh hard drives, one HardFrame 2000 can support up to seven devices. Word-length data transfer, FIFO buffering, true DMA, all mounted on a metal frame suitable for mounting standard SCSI 3.5" drives "hard-card" style (or, if you prefer, cable connected to a bay mounted or external disk). Available March April. Suggested List price S329.
SB2000 Adaptor Card
Large numbers of MicroBotics Star- Board2 owners have moved over to the A2000. To protect their investment in our technology we’ve made available a simple, low-cost adaptor card that permits the installation of a ”de-cased" StarBoard2 inside the Amiga 2000 (in the first 100-pin slot). When adapted to the 2000, StarBoard2 is still fully functional autoconfiguring memory'' plus you get access to all the StarBoard2 MultiFunction options- StickyDisk, Math chip, parity or the new SCSI Module. Available now. Suggested list price is only $ 49.95.
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The FastRAM card that every Amiga owner will eventually come to -why limit yourself to the possibility of only two megabytes per slot when 8-UP! Will take you all the way to the top of the autoconfiguration memory space of EIGHT MEGABYTES ! 8- UP! Uses an exclusive MicroBotics- designed memory module, PopSimm, that frees the user to install his own, conventional DIP-style DRAM in standard SIMM sockets on 8-UP!. If you use 256k PopSimms you can install two megabytes on 8-UP!; if you install 1 meg PopSimms, you can install eight megabytes on one card! In either case you can install the memory chips yourself for maximum flexibility and mininum cost. 8-UP! Will also accept conventional SIMM memory. 8-UP! Is a power efficient, zero wait state, autoconfiguring design. 8-UP! Will be available 2nd quarter of 88. Suggested list prices start at $ 195.
Half a Meg at a Great Price!
As we are all coming to realize, a 1- megabyte Amiga (at least) is a necessity not an option. When you add the inboard 512k memory and clock module to your A500, make it a MicroBotics-brand, plug compatible work-alike. It uses the exact same kind of memory and the exact same clock and battery. And note that just like Commodore and unlike some third-party expansions, we use a long-lived rechargeable Ni-cad batter)' by Varta- which you’ll never have to replace! Set the MicroBotics clock using the same software (on your WorkBench disk) as you use for the Commodore clock. What’s the difference? You get to keep $ 41 compared to the Commodore version. M501 has a suggested list price of only SI59.
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The premier memory expansion for the A1000 is now available on the A500. In a sleek, redesigned case with an independent power supply strong enough to power Star- Board2 and another A 1000-style Star- Board2, all the power and flexibility of this great expansion device is available to you. Up to 2 megabytes of autoconfiguring, zero- wait state FastRAM, MultiFunction or SCSI module capability for either math chip StickyDisk functions or fast SCSI harddisk interfacing. StarBoard2 500 also has a unique LED diagnostic confidence light to indicate the powered up state of your Amiga and your expansion memory. Another A1000 style StarBoard2 can be connected to the expansion bus pass-UP (it exits through the top of the case) for a total of FOUR megabytes of memory and two modules. Suggested list price $ 495 and up.
The Expansion Product of Choice
The superb memory expansion for the Amiga 1000, still going strong! Up to 2 megabytes of zero-wait state, autoconfiguring FastRAM in a sleek, all steel Amiga-colored case plus the capability to accept either one of two daughterboard modules: the original MultiFunction Module or the brand new SCSI Module. StarBoard2 is powered by the bus (up to two StarBoard2’s can be supported by the A1000) and passes it on. Available now; suggested list price $ 495 and up.
High Tech at Low Cost
This "daughterboard" installs on any StarBoard2 (all three Amiga models). It features a socket and software to support the Motorola 68881 Math Chip as an I O device (MicroBotics pioneered this approach on the Amiga -now directly supported in the math libraries in the new AmigaDOS1.3). StickyDisk gives you the most '’bulletproof' rebootable ram disk -its hardware write protection turns the whole device into a solid state, superspeed disk, alternately, parity checking of StarBoard2 memory can be enabled when extra parity RAM is installed. Finally, the MultiFunction Module carries an easy to use battery-backed clock to set your system time on start-up. Available now; suggested list price $ 99.95.
Speedy, Low-cost SCSI Interface
As an alternative to the MultiFunction Module, all models of StarBoard2 can accept this new hard disk interface. StarDrive affords you cost-effective, pseudo-DMA access to Macintosh compatible SCSI drives and other third-party SCSI devices. Fast, easy to install including driver software and disk diagnostics. StarDrive also has a battery backed clock to set your system time on boot-up. Available now. Suggested list price: $ 129.95
The Port Saving Clock
The easiest-to-use, most cost effective implementation of a battery-backed mouse port clock for the AI000. MouseTime passes the port through for joysticks or other devices. Complete with WorkBench software. Available now. Suggested list of S39.95.
Byte Box Inboard 500
Getting bigger all the time. . .
By Bob Ryan
THE BYTE BOX, from Byte by Byte, and
the Inboard 500, from Spirit Technology, both expand tlie memory of your Amiga
500. I he similarity ends there, however, because the Byte Box connects to the Amiga 500 expansion bus while the Inboard 500 plugs directly into the socket of the 08000 chip. I recently installed both devices oil my Amiga 500 and discovered that there is a right way and a wrong way to do anything.
I he Byte Box is a metal case 1J , inches high, six inches wide and 9% inches deep that can hold either 512K, one or two megabytes of expansion RAM or none at all. The Byte Box comes with its own power supply so that it doesn’t draw power from the Amiga 500. The memory in the Byte Box is fast RAM; it isn't accessible by the Amiga custom chips, so the 681)00 can read and write to it without wait states. The Byte Box is auto-con- fig; the memory it contains resides in the standard Amiga auto-config memory space and is automatically added to the system at power-up.
The Byte Box comes with a 10-page manual that explains how to hook it up and how to install RAM chips. A disk containing diagnostic software for text- ing the Byte Box RAM is also included. The Byte Box does not pass through the expansion connector (you cannot hook other devices onto the box), so the Byte Box must be the last or only device on the bus.
The Inboard 500 is a printed circuit board that can hold zero kilobytes, 512K, one meg or 1.5 megabytes of fast RAM along with a battery-backed clock calendar. It draws its power from the A500, which can be a cause for concern, as the A500 has a limited power supply. Although the Inboard contains the logic that permits the Amiga 500 to recognize and use it’s memory, the board is not auto-config. Depending upon how you configure the board, the memory will be added to your system beginning at either S( 100000 or SC80000, not in the auto- config space that begins at $ 200000.
The manual for the Inboard 500 is contained on disk, which means you need a printer to get a hard copy. This is very important because the installation of the Inboard is a complex matter. The disk also contains digitized pictures that illustrate the installation process. However, I didn’t find these helpful because my A500 was, of course, turned off during installation of the board. The disk also contains chip-testing software.
Onto The Bus Or Lnto The Case
Attaching the Byte Box was simple; I stuck the box onto the Amiga 500 expansion connector, attached its power supply, and plugged the power supply into the wall. When I booted my A500, the memory in the Byte Box was added to my system. Total installation time was less than one minute.
Installing the Inboard 500 was much more difficult. I first removed the A500’s plastic cover using a torque screw driver, unplugged the keyboard and removed the RF (radio frequency) shielding. I then carefully pried the 68000 chip from its socket on the left side of the motherboard and placed it into a socket on the Inboard 500. Up to this point, the installation procedure was going smoothly. I ?
Then tried to plug the board into the 68000 socket. That’s when I discovered that I couldn’t match the Inboard’s pins to the socket without bending the single in-line package which creates monochrome composite output. Holding my breath, I bent the package back without breaking the pins or the solder.
Once I had the pins lined up I tried to seat the board in the socket. It wouldn’t stay put. According to the manual, there are three capacitors on the A500 motherboard that can interfere with installation of the board. The manual recommends that you bend the three capacitors to make the board Fit. Once again, I took a deep breath and bent the pins on capacitor C3Q7, C814 and C815 as well as on a single in-line package (RP104) just in front of the 68000 socket. They all survived the ordeal intact.
The Inboard, however, still didn’t seat properly. Two plastic screws designed to keep the Inboard a discrete distance above the motherboard were not, in fact resting on the motherboard, but on chips and other components. Once I removed these screws from the Inboard 1 was, with a good deal of rocking and pressing, finally able to plug the board into the socket.
After attaching a clip to the Gary chip and performing a memory test, I configured the board using jumpers and closed up my machine. Total installation time was nearly three hours.
Once installed and configured, both products worked fine, although the clip from the Inboard to the Gary chip fell off once requiring me to take my A500 apart again to reattach it. The Byte Box didn’t give me any difficulties.
During the one week I had the Inboard installed I had no problems running the Inboard 500 on the A500’s limited power supply. I didn’t notice any signs of overheating cither, even though the A500 is not designed to be expanded internally (with the exception of the A501 card and compatibles.) However, I still have reservations about power and heating because these problems won’t necessarily show up after only one week. If you use the Inboard, I recommend you get a beefed-up power supply for your A500.
1 tested the Byte Box in all its memory configurations, and it added up to two MB of RAM to my one-meg A50Q for a total of two-and-a-half megabytes. While the Inboard also worked with the A501 memory board, they aren’t very complementary. The only configuration that let me use all the memory on both the A501 and the Inboard was the 512K Inboard. This combination netted me 1,426,192 bytes of memory with Workbench just what you’d expect. A one-megabyte Inboard and a A501-equipped Amiga 500 should have yielded over 1.9 megabytes but actually resulted in a less than 1.7MB system. According to customer support at Spirit Technologies, the missing memory space is used by some custom PAL
chips on the Inboard. Be aware, therefore, that you won't get all the memory you pay for if you install an Inboard with more than 512K into an A501- equipped machine, or an Inboard with over one meg into a standard 512K A500.
If you want to avoid losing memory to RAT chips, you can jumper the Inboard so that the A500 doesn’t recognize it at startup. You can then use a progam called Addmem to add the Inboard memory to the system memory pool. The main problem here is that you may encounter memory conflicts with any auto- config devices attached to the A500 unless you know exactly where to add the memory.
The Byte Box expands your Amiga 500 the way it was meant to be expanded; you just plug it in and forget about it. You don’t even need a manual, although the one supplied is excellent. I recommend the Byte Box highly.
The Inboard is a different story; it expands your A500 in a way your A500 was not meant to be expanded. Consequently, installation is tricky and there are ongoing concerns about overtaxing the power supply and interfering with
the normal flow of cooling air inside the case. On the positive side, the Inboard does keep the expansion bus free and it doesn’t take up any more room on your desk. Don’t buy the Inboard in place of the A501 board; the memory on the A501 may one day become chip RAM if Commodore upgrades the Agnes chip in the A500. In conjunction with the A501, you waste RAM (or lose the automatic features of the Inboard) if you have over 512K RAM on the board. All in all, the Inboard is more trouble than its worth; I don’t recommend it.
Whether you opt for the Byte Box or the Inboard, you should probably buy your A500 RAM expansion device unpopulated and buy the RAM chips separately. Adding chips to either device is easy and much cheaper than buying populated boards.
Byte by Byte
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unpopulated, S279.50 512K, $ 379.50; 1MB, $ 479.50; 1.5MB, $ 579.50 No special requirements.
Hark! Help is here for your Mirage.
By Steve Quinzi
SOUND LAB IS one of those rare commercially available programs that supports existing musical hardware, Sound Lab works with the popular Mirage Digital Sampler by Ensonic, transforming Mi rage’s original cumbersome user interface to a more fluid setup.
An eight-voice sampler (available in both keyboard and rackmount form), Mi rage offers multi-sampling, internal ?
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Educational, Governmental and Corporate Organizations call toll-free 1-800-221-4283 CMO. 477 East Third Street, Dept. B9, Williamsport, PA 17701
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POLICY: Add 3% (minimum $ 7.00) shipping and handling. Larger shipments may require additional charges. Personal and company checks require 3 weeks to clear. For faster delivery, use your credit card or send cashier's check or hank money order. Credit cards are not charged until we ship. Pennsylvania residents add 6% sales tax. All prices are U.S.A. prices and are subject to change, and ail items are subject to availability. Defective software will be replaced with the same item only. Hardware wiJI be replaced or repaired at our discretion within the terms and limits of the manufacturer’s warranty. We cannot guarantee compatibility. All sales are final and returned shipments are subject to a restocking fee.
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sound synthesis, a modest assortment of sample-editing features and relatively good sound quality. To offer the product at a low price (another feature contributing to its popularity) they had to cut corners somewhere, right? Yes, all operation is done by way of keypad and a two-character alpha numeric LED window that displays an array of cryptic codes. Thai’s where Sound Lab comes in. Sound Lab transfers control of the Mirage to the Amiga, requiring not so much as a touch of the keypad. Also, the program adds a number of editing features that greatly enhance the Mirage’s power.
Sound Lab seems to be geared toward the professional music market, particularly to those who already own a Mirage (Sound Lab’s Macintosh counterpart is already established). The program is mainly mouse driven, utilizing pull-down menus, icons and graphics. Hard disk owners will be happy to know that the program disk is not copy protected.
In addition to a Mirage, the system requires at least 512K of memory, two disk drives, a MIDI interface and MASOS-M, a special version of the Mirage Advanced Sampler’s Operating System (which is included in the software package). The Sound Lab package includes four disks: the program, a special Workbench and two copies of MASOS-M (one primary and one backup). To start Sound Lab, insert the MASOS-M disk in the Mirage disk drive while the Mirage is connected to the MIDI interface. Once booted, three windows appear on the screen: Overview, Waveform Series and Keypad. These windows form the nucleus of Sound Lab.
Before editing sounds, you must transfer them to the Amiga from either the Mirage’s memory (through MIDI), a Sound Lab wave data file or from an IFF file (IFF files must be converted to Sound Lab files after loading). Once transferred, the wave data is displayed in the Overview window as a peak envelope waveform. If the data was multi-sampled, the window shows all waveforms as a series of peak envelopes, highlighting the one currently selected. The highlighted waveform can be heard through the Amiga’s audio output by clicking the “play” icon. The Waveform Series window, which is display only, shows the selected waveform in detail. The viewing density of this window is variable from one to eight “pages” per display, a page
equalling 256 bytes of Mirage sample data.
There are two other editing windows, which the manual refers to as secondary: Loop Splice and Page. Loop Splice “wraps” the loop around and visually lines up one end with the other. This creates good (in some cases perfect) loops with a minimum of effort. The Page window displays all sample data for a particular wave. Here you can rotate, interpolate or redraw, or even draw a wave from scratch. For more extreme editing, the program offers cut, copy, paste and add commands.
One particularly interesting feature is the display which shows waveforms with pitch shifts in three dimensions. This display cannot be edited, but it is interesting to watch the evolution of the inherent phase relationship.
Sound Lab greatly simplifies access to Mirage’s synthesis parameters; the parameters are displayed on-screen so you can use the mouse to change them. The program also allows easy keyboard assignment. All five Mirage keyboard octaves are displayed on the screen; you assign sounds by clicking on a waveform, then dragging over the desired keyboard zone. Sampling is simplified, too. You can set all the sampling parameters rate, length, threshold, and so on from the Amiga. You must still execute the actual sample command from the Mirage itself, however. The LED window acts as an input level meter.
You can save data to a Mirage disk, to Sound Lab or to a separate data disk.
Data in the Sound Lab format can be either a single sample (a “wave data” file), a group of samples (a “sound" file) or a list of all parameters exclusive of sample data (a “template”). This provides an easy way to catalog your Mirage sample library. If you prefer to save a sample in IFF format, you can do so by using the “convert” command. I found that this takes a little bit of work, though; for some reason, every sample I transferred emerged carrying a finale of noise. To fix this, I loaded the converted samples into Audio Master (Aegis) and edited the noise; the final product was indistinguishable from the original Mirage sample. This fantastic feature allows you access to the huge base of Mirage sounds.
I was a little disappointed by the fact that the Amiga Sound Lab version does ?
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Not include cross-fade looping and 3-D print out two features present on the Macintosh version. I was also frustrated to Find that, with 512K of memory, the program runs slowly because it is constantly reading from disk. While I didn't have extra Amiga memory with which to test the program, I did have access to a Mac Plus with one megabyte of RAM and found, testing the Mac version, that Sound Lab can run very fast. The program also suffers from the common ailment of screen flicker. The usual remedies a high-persistence monitor, polarizing screen Filter or sun glasses are prescribed in the manual.
Despite these minor complaints,
Sound Lab is a great program. It's packed with powerful and professional features, it’s clearly laid out and, for anyone already familiar with electronic music technology, it’s relatively easy to learn (thanks to a well-written manual). If you own a Mirage or intend to buy one, an investment in Sound Lab is worthwhile. I commend Blank Software for releasing the Amiga version; if the Amiga is going to make it in the professional music market, it’s going to need more software like this.
Sound Lab Blank Software
1034 Natoma Street San Francisco, CA 94103 415 863-9224 $ 299.95
If your A m iga is readying for a trip to Math Vi lie, it may want to brush up on the native tongue.
By David T. McClellan
UNLIKE SPOKEN LANGUAGES, which sprung mainly from the need to tell your neighbor which rock you were going to hit him with, computer languages were designed. At least this was the case with APL (A Programming Language). Pioneered over 20 years ago by Dr. Kenneth Iverson as a notation for describing mathematical algorithms, APL has now arrived for the Amiga under the name APL.68000. Like Fortran, APL.68000 is
math intensive and is particularly good for solving linear-algebraic vector and matrix operations.
Because APL is an interpretive language, you don’t need to build programs with an editor, then compile and link them. Instead, you can try out ideas and one line expressions and then construct larger programs from them (as with BASK]). APL knows arrays intimately from zero dimensional single numbers or scalars, to one-dimensional vectors of numbers or characters, to two dimensions (matrices) and on up. 'Flic variables are not declared as they are in C or Modula-
2. Instead, APL determines a variable’s type on the basis of the number, array or string assigned to it at the time. The language also provides data Files containing all the programs and variables you have defined in a given keyboard session. The most global environment is your current workspace, which you can save and load as one file.
APL has more operators for manipulating data than C, Pascal and BASIC combined. APL’s operators are all functions in the mathematical sense; they produce a result from one or more arguments). For example, the “ + " function takes two numbers, lists or tables of numbers, adds them and returns the sum. Each built-in APL function has its own symbol, many of them Greek letters. While the shorthand may look funny, it grows on you; APL programs accomplish a great deal in just a few lines.
APL has mathematical functions (ari- themetic, log and trig), logical functions (and, or, not and combinations), relational functions (equal, greater than and so on), number base manipulation and scads of matrix operators (generate, reshape, reverse, transpose, invert, rotate, stick-together and pull-apart, sort, test- for-memhership). Add notations for I O and program branching and looping, and you’ve got A Programming Language. APL.68000 adds data formatting, data and shared-workspace files and a large set of named functions.
You can also roll your functions write an APL program with zero, one or two arguments (the arguments can be arrays, so you can feed your function any amount of information). These functions can in turn be called by other functions. Each function returns a result, and can talk to files, the screen or even you, via 1 O function calls. All of the functions and global variables you’ve defined in a given session are named, and remain in your current workspace. You can save, reload or delete workspaces just as you can with BASIC’s Save, Load and Kill commands.
Since APL is interpretive, and only it understands the characters it uses for operators, you must type in function definitions while running APL.68000. Unlike the APL SV’s slow, awkward line editor, APL.68000 sports a full-screen, mouse- driven editor, APL.68000 is based on APL SV, but provides better extensions, more natural I O formatting, many more file functions and hooks into the Amiga environment. Amiga APL.68000 programmers can create windows, menus and dialog box gadgets, do graphics and terminal emulation, make sounds and music, use the clipboard and even create other APL tasks to communicate with.
Plenty of documentation is included a tutorial and reference manual of over 300 pages, a quick reference card and a 60-page Amiga-specific guide. Stick-on labels attach to the sides of your Amiga keys so you can easily refer to the APL symbols while typing.
The View From The Bench
One of API.’s functions can invert square matrices. This function will also solve a set of simultaneous equations in multiple unknowns when given two matrix arguments. I did a few matrix-inversion and equation-solving benchmark runs on a 512K Amiga (APL.68000 will also use more memory space, if available) to get an idea of APL’s speed.
When I tried to solve a 100 x 100 element matrix, API. Politely told me I’d run out of room and waited for my next request. (On a 512K Amiga, APL.68000 starts from Workbench with about 96K of workspace if the CLI is not engaged.
It requires less with the CLI). I then tried a 50 x 50 matrix- letting APL generate 2,500 random numbers to fill it and a 50 x 1 column vector of the equation values. One minute and seven seconds later it came back with the answer. Two more runs with new data each took the same amount of time. APL didn’t have room to invert that matrix, so I tried a 25 x 25 matrix which it inverted in 31 seconds. Incidentally, APL solved the 25 equations within the matrix in 10.5 seconds and executed a 10-equation matrix in just over a second. ?
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To test for accuracy, I let API,.68000 compute several three-by-three and four- by-four arrays and then hand checked the results. I found the APL-generated results were extremely accurate. The documentation indicates that APL stores numbers accurately to 15 decimal digits, which is sufficient for most applications.
APL.68000 is a good tool for linear algebra or other mathematical problems dealing with large arrays of numbers. Don’t buy it as a replacement for C or Amiga Basic, unless you are looking for a tool with APL's special talents, and if you're doing symbolic math or writing The Home Checkbook Handler, it’s not appropriate. 1 really liked the implementation and would heartily recommend it to anyone in the market for a good APL.
It’s fast, full featured, and did what the documentation claimed.
Spencer Organization, Inc.
366 Kinderkamack Rd.
Westwood, NJ 07675 201 666-6011 $ 99
An inventive composer or just a squeaky rodent? The verdict from our professional (Michael) and our amateur (Gary).
By Michael Brown and Gary Ludwick
ALL THE ELECTRONIC instruments that have been invented in recent years (keyboard, drum and guitar synthesizers) are basically just electronic versions of instruments that already existed. While MIDI synthesizers provide players unprecedented capabilities, the instruments themselves are not very different from their acoustic counterparts. Music Mouse, on the other hand, is like no other instrument, letting the professional or amateur compose music with the mouse.
Music Mouse lets you control die Amiga's four voices by moving the mouse along its X and Y axes, which in turn control four, brightly colored cursor bars touching piano keyboards bordering the screen. Holding down the left mouse button temporarily mutes the sound, so you can position the mouse to play a particular pitch without playing all the keys in between. The samples provided widi the program are very high quality; I especially like the piano, flute and marimba. The program will play any IFF sound file, so you’re not limited to what’s on the disk.
Virtually every key controls some feature of the Amiga’s sound generating facilities or external MIDI keyboards. Successively depressing Q, W, E, R, T and Y, for example, changes the harmonic structure from Octatonic to Chromatic to Middle Eastern to Diatonic to Pentatonic to Quartal, Other keys control dynamics, articulation, tempo, transposition and pitch quantization. All the controls you would use most frequently are activated by a single keystroke, so you don’t have to stop making music to turn up the volume or change the tempo.
Music Mouse not only controls sound generation, but the Amiga’s visual dis- ?
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Pro Video Plus ©1988 JDK Images, all rights reserved Amiga is a trademark of Commodore-Amiga, Inc.
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play as well. The arrow keys control red, green and blue color intensities. Pressing the nine on the numeric keypad activates a draw mode. When you press a note its companion cursor bars appear on the screen, building up intricate designs over a long series of notes. In the draw mode, you find yourself sculpting music with the colors and patterns of these bars as much as with the sounds the program creates.
You can have a great deal of creative fun with Music Mouse and the Amiga's internal synthesizer, but playing MIDI gear is even better. Music Mouse can function as a stand alone controller for any MIDI synthesizer. The program can send all four melodic voices on MIDI channel one or send one melodic voice each over channels one through four. From the Amiga’s keyboard, you can program all synthesizer functions, including patch selection, breath control, foot control, portamento, after touch, modulation wheel and velocity sensitivity. As a bonus, all keys on the synthesizer remain live.
Be warned: Music Mouse is not a sequencer in itself. Once you are finished
playing a composition, it cannot be repeated unless you record your performance with Electronic Arts’ Deluxe Music Construction Set or Mimetics’ SoundScape (or, presumably, another se-
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Music Mouse's Amiga-specific options.
Quencer such as Texture from Magnetic Music); you would also need a MIDI interface. I ran Music Mouse as a SoundScape module on the patch panel without a hitch.
I do have one significant complaint. Although there is no mention of it in the
manual, the program is copy-protected, preventing you from making a back-up copy or loading it onto a hard disk. If a developer must put copy protection on a program, they should at least tell the consumer about it up front. However, the manual does mention that Music Mouse only recognizes MIDI interface units plugged into the serial port.
Music Mouse is a very solid program.
It will multitask with itself, but multiple iterations of the program cannot simultaneously access the Amiga’s internal voices. While one copy works internally, the others can send out MIDI information or a visual display. I tested it multitasking with SoundScape on a one megabyte A500 and with WordPerfect on a one meg A2000 and never experienced a problem.
The manual is well written and quite comprehensive, covering all aspects of the program from initial setup to using MIDI to multitasking with DMCS and SoundScape. It also provides some exercises to help you become more proficient with the program. A large card maps the keyboard controls for quick reference. Overall, I found Music Mouse ?
You know, it was scary when I first went into business for myself.
With so many expenses, I couldn’t afford extra staff or big name computers. I knew then that what I really needed was a great secretary and a great piece of software for my Amiga.
Shauna came into my life at the same time as Wlzzard The Wlzzard allowed Shauna to work like the staff I couldn't afford. From filing to word processing, to scheduling...they did it all. *
Of course... I made it Today, I could afford the expensive equipment and the staff, but I still know what I really need.
So... things around here are very muchJg&a the same. Except, of course, for Shauna... she's not just my 1H||
secretary anymore. WiBbk
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To be an extremely fun and creatively stimulating program.
A BEGINNER’S MOUSEKE-TEARS
Although Music Mouse hills itself as an expert system (software that allows nonexperts to perform expert acts), for the beginner the program is long on promise and short on delivery. Granted, you don’t have to learn keyboards, notes or staves, but you are going to have to expend serious energy to create recognizable melodies. In addition, you cannot save your creations with Music Mouse alone. Unless you have one of the high- end music programs Music Mouse integrates with, your only recourse is to connect your tape deck and computer, as the manual suggests.
Music Mouse hills itself as an ''intelligent instrument.” In the sense that you can create nice sounding chords, with no knowledge of music, by rolling a mouse around on a desk, 1 suppose it is. But, for the amateur who knows little about music, the novelty wears off pretty quickly. You can only listen to chords and play with gadgets for so long before you yearn for something recognizable and repeatable.
At times the manual is too technical and at others too ethereal, and it leaves out one important detail. Music Mouse is apparently copy protected, hut no mention is made on the packaging or in the manual. If a software publisher insists on doing this, they ought to own up to it and provide proper cautions to the user.
Music Mouse Opcode Systems 1024 Hamilton Court Menlo Park. CA 94025
‘‘YOUR MISSION IS to destroy as much of the alien fortress’ defenses as you
can.” Short, sweet and right to the point. Plutos is an arcade game for one or two players. Period. You could probably make up some sort of story to go along with the game, but why bother? This is an arcade game explosions, blasting aliens, great graphics, no socially redeeming features whatsoever. But that is what arcade games are all about. You have a spaceship that can move around the screen. The alien spacescape (fortress, spaceship, city, whatever, it doesn’t really matter does it?) Scrolls from top to bottom while stuff flies at you, shoots at you, blocks your path and, well, you gel the idea. You rack up points for everything you destroy. You start with four lives and can gain more during the game. The two-player mode is interesting
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You have a large technical audience that speaks English and is in need of the kind of microcomputer information that CW Communications Peterborough provides.
Provide your audience with the magazines they need and make money at the same time. For details on selling AmigaWorld, RUN, 80 MICRO. CD-ROM Review, PC Resource and inCider contact:
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P. O. Box 868, Farmingdale, NY 11737
ce 500 Amiga . $ 49
500 Centronic Cables ...... $ 17
- B Data Switch . $ 55
''8 C D Switch Box . $ 78
pyx Joystick ..... $ 18
order Changer .. $ 20
tter Flicker ..... $ 14
lidi Cable ...... $ 19
lodoin Cable .... $ 17
louse Pad ...... $ 10
olaroid 3 5 DS DD Disks ... $ 21
rmter Cable ...... $ 17
.F Modulator ... $ 45
B C O Switch Box . $ 78
ac-3 Joystick .. $ 18
eakwood 120 Cap .. $ 35
eakwood 64 Cap ... $ 28
eakwood 60 w Lock $ 31
me Saver 565
Esr . 5310
nancial Plus .. $ 199
veslors Advantage $ 69
iamiga Ledger (Softwood) . $ 66
mbus I Record Keeper ....$ 120
?fender of the Crown ....., $ 35
ng of Chicago ..$ 35
D I ......$ 35
nbad ...... S35
3S PC .. $ 65
ga ..... $ 55
gital Link ...... $ 49
aero Modem ... $ 52
rcker Package . S35
araucler II ...... §29
rror .... $ 35
jick Nibble .... S30
5V« DS DD Floppy Call
Fuji Double Sided Disks .... $ 22
Maxell MF2 DD . S22
Sony 3 5 DS'DD $ 23
TDK 3 5" DD Disks . $ 22
Desk Top Publishing
. $ 109 . S99 . S265 . $ 145
Page Setter ......
Professional Page Publisher 1000 ...
Aesop's Fables .
Animal Kingdom ....
A Talk Plus ..
Decimal Dungeon ...
The Demonstrator ..
Discovery Math .....
Discovery Spell ...
Discovery Triva .....
Donald Duck's Playground
Dr Xes ..
First Shapes .
Fraction Action .....
Grade Manager .....
Great States .
Kid Talk .
Lmkword French ....
Linkword German ...
Lmkword Italian ....
Linkword Spanish ...
Match It .
Math Talk ...
Math Tafk Fractions .
Math A Magician ......
Math Wizard .
Music Student ......
New Tech Clr Book
Puppy Love .
Quiz Master .
Read & Rhyme .....
Speller Bee ......
Talking Coloring Book .....
Winnie Ihe Pooh ....
Word Master .
Alien Fires .
¦ $ 30
¦ $ 35 $ 28
¦ $ 35 $ 30 $ 35
534 $ 33 530 520 $ 30
535 $ 35 S20 S25 $ 25 $ 37 $ 35 $ 17 525 530 S20 S20 S35 $ 30 S27 S30 545 530
Arazoks' Tomb ..
Arctic Fox .
Auto Duel .
Bard's Tale .
Bridge 4 0 .
Championship Baseball ......
Championship Basketball ____
Chess Master 2000 ....
Championship Football .....
Championship Golf ...
Chess Master 2000 ....
Computer Baseball ......
Dark Castles ...
Deep Space ...
Delta Patrol ...
Dr Fruit ...
Early Weaver Baseball
Faery Tale .
Famous Courses ......
Final Trip ..
Financial Time Machine ......
Galactic Invasion .....
Golden Pyramid ......
Grand Slam Tennis ...
Gridiron Football ......
Guild of Thieves .
Hacker II $ 33
Hardball ..... S33
Hex ..... S2B
Indoor Sports ... S35
Into the Eagles Nest $ 30
Jewels of Darkness . S25
Kampfgruppe ... $ 39
King Quest I or II or III ..... $ 35
Karate Kid II .... $ 30
Kmght Ore ..... $ 25
Land of Legends $ 35
Leader Board ... $ 30
Libyans in Space ... $ 23
Little Computer People ..... S25
Lounge Lizards . $ 36
Magician Dungeons . 526
Marble Madness S35
Mean 18 . 530
Mind Walker .... 537
Tne Pawn ...... $ 30
Pnalanx . 525
Phantasie ...... S30
PhantasieIII .... $ 30
Plutos ... $ 25
Portal ... $ 35
Q-Ball ... 525
Quintette j q
Quizam . $ 29
Roadwar 2000 ... 530
Silicon Dreams . $ 25
Space Battle .... 525
Space Fight .... 525
Space Fleet I ... j4q
Space Quest .... J35
Star Glider ..... $ 35
Strip Poker ..... jjq
Telegames ..... 527
Temple of Aphsai
Terropods ...... 520
Tournament Disk ...
Utlima III J44
Utlima IV Avatar 542
Video Vegas .... 527
Winter Games .. 530
World Games ... 530
Graphics & Video
Animator Images ... $ 85
Aegis An Pack «1 ... S27
Aegis Draw Plus 5170
Calligrapher .... 565
Deluxe Paint II .. S95
Deluxe Paint Help .. $ 21
Deluxe Print .... S69
Deluxe Video VI.2 ... $ 99
Digi-Paint ...... $ 45
Dpaint Art «2 ... S25
Dpaint An Disk . $ 25
Dprint Art Disk . $ 25
Dynamic Cad ...$ 340
E- FX Station Manager ......$ 195
Express Paint ... $ 54
Forms in Flight . $ 54
Logic Work .. Call
Pageflipper ..... $ 39
Pro Video ......$ 135
Sculpt 3-D . $ 69
Seasons & Holidays . $ 25
Video Fonts .... $ 35
Videoscape 3-D . $ 139
Home Inventory Mgr ...... $ 30
Money Mentor ., $ 65
Phasar Home Acct Sys ... $ 69
Amiga 500 .... call
Amiga 1000 ... call
Amiga 2000 CPU ... Call
Amiga 256K Expansion .....$ 100
3. 5 External Drive ...$ 225
5. 25 External Drive ..$ 215
Amiga Modem 1680 .5135
Atime Plus ... $ 49
Avatex 300 1200 ...... $ 109
Avatex 2400 Baud Modem ..$ 259
Avatex 1200 HC s 126
Bridgecard W 5 Vi Drive .... Call
WV1410 Camera w Lens ...S235
Copy Stand .... $ go
Drgi-View $ 145
Easyl ..... $ 379
E C E Midi Interlace . $ 55
Mmiscribe Hardisk M8438F .. $ 399
Perfect Sound ... $ 65
Seikosha Printer MP 1300 ... $ 405
Seikosha Color Kit ...S129
Sony 12090 Monitor ..$ 559
Spirit Expan A1000 1 5MG ..$ 469
Spirit Expan. A500 1.5MG ...$ 459
A C Basic U45
A C Fortran ..... $ 230
Amiga Assembler $ 75
Aztec C Commercial 3.4 ..... $ 350
Aztec C Developer 3 4 ...... $ 225
Aztec C Professional 3 4 .... $ 169
CLI Mate . $ 29
Cross Assembler . $ 69
Custom Screen .. $ 42
The Debugger ... $ 65
Dos to Dos ...... S39
Disk to Disk ... $ 37
Editor Sources ... $ 35
Enhancer . $ 14
Example Programs ... $ 20
Expert Programs . $ 20
Expert System Kit ... 540
Face II ... $ 27
Kermit File ...... $ 25
Lattice C . $ 149
Lattice C Professional $ 275
Menu Maker .... $ 45
Power Windows . S75
Shell ..... $ 49
Sorting & Searching . $ 37
System Monitor .. S37
True Basic Libraries .. $ 39
Tdi Modula II Commercial .. 5225
Tdl Modula II Dev (N V) .....$ 110
TDI Editor Source S35
TDI Modula II STD (N V.) ..... $ 69
True Basic S105
Txed ...... $ 30
Zing ...... $ 55
Zing Keys . $ 30
Okimate 20 Interface . S80
Okimate 20 ...... $ 225
Panasonic KX-10911 $ 345
Sound & Music
Deluxe Music ..... $ 69
Dynamic Drums .. $ 52
Inst-Music Data Disc PI ...... $ 25
Inst-Music . $ 35
Hot & Cool Jazz .. $ 25
Music Studio ..... $ 45
Pro-Midi Studio Soundscap ..$ 134
Somx ..... $ 55
Sound Sampler ... $ 89
Analyze1 2 0 ......S100
Haicalc .... $ 39
Maxi Plan 500 ....$ 109
Maxi Plan Plus (N.V) ..$ 139
VIP Professional ..S129
Flight Simulator II $ 38
Key Board Kadet . $ 30
Master Type ...... $ 30
Scenery Disc 7 or 11 .. $ 24
Silent Service .... $ 30
Super Huey ... $ 30
Flow Idea Processor . $ 69
Gold Spell 533
Laser SenpI ..... 533
Lexcheck .. $ 35
LPD Writer $ 89
Mtamga Word .. 566
Promise .. $ 35
Prowrite .. $ Q9
Scribble1 2.0 ...... $ 65
Viza Write .$ 109
Word Perfect ..... $ 239
dud subject to avalliabillty. Prices subject to change.
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AmigaWorld Back Issues
March April 1987 The Amiga 2000. Capturing Amiga graphics on paper. Creating custom color palettes. A look at 1.2 Workbench improve mments.
January February 1987 Desktop video. Digital sound samplers. Hardware Buyer’s Guide. Creating menus with Intuition.
November December 1986 Software Buyer's Guide. Going on-line with the Amiga. A look at color printers. Amiga Basic graphics primer.
September October 1986 Animation techniques on the Amiga. Using libraries from Amiga Basie. File management advice.
Jul Aug 1986 M usic and Sound Designing Amiga’s sound, sound and music synthesis, professional musicians and the Amiga, Amiga Basic music. Fundamentals of C pt.l, Apple connection. Reviews of Rags to Riches, Time and Task Planner, CD20 Hard Disk System, Brataccas.
May Jun 1986 Software Explosion Using CL1, using the Amiga editor, computerizing a small business, AI in business, business graphics, Amiga Basic overview, Amiga in the schools, IFF standard. Reviews of OnLine, Oki- mate 20, One-on One, Seven Cities of Gold. Borrowed Time, Mindshadow, Monkey Business
Mar Apr 1986-1 nteractive video VIVA from Knowledgeware. Interactive videodisc technology, A-Squared Systems and the Amiga digitizer, Basic graphics, CD-ROM, programming in MCC Pascal, Amiga Music Studio, using Intuition. Reviews of Deluxe Paint, Bose speakers, Maxicomm.
Jan Feb 1986 1 he Creative issue
Interview with Andy Warhol, Artists and the
Amiga. Personal art, wizard of'Wishbringer, programming Cambridge Lisp, intro to TLC-Logo, list of Amiga regional representatives.
Nov Dec 1985 The Amiga in business Comparing the Amiga to the Mac and IBM-PC, intro to spreadsheets. Music and Midi, programming in C. Review of Textcraft.
Premier 1985 The Future is Here First look at the Amiga computer. A peek at the 68000 chip, the Amiga as a teaching tool, and speculation about the future of the Amiga computer.
Each back issues cost $ 4,50 plus $ 1 shipping and handling. On orders of 10 or more back issues, there is a flat $ 7.50 shipping and handling fee Quantities are limited Semi vour orders to AmipWorld. Atm: Back Issue Orders, Mil Elm Street. Peterborough. NH 03458.
Because you are working as a team, but competing for points and fuel (you run out unless you blast fuel boxes along the way).
Plutos is a good arcade game. It is fast. The graphics and sounds are good Amiga quality. There is nothing deep or philosophical about Plutos, it’s just good, clean frenetic arcade action. Joystick junkies will adore Plutos no thought, no careful consideration, no strategy, just hyperwarped reflexes and mindless destruction.
Playing hints: Blast anything that moves, anything with a number on it and anything else you get the chance to. Avoid anything you can’t blast. Invest in a joystick with a rapid fire option.
($ 29.95, Mindscape, 3444 Dundee Road, Northbrook, IL 60062, 312 480-7667. Joystick and 512K required.)
FIVE SEXY SPORTS cars are waiting for you to slip behind the wheel and take a spin. A twisty mountain road is ahead with tight turns, Sunday drivers, potholes and, of course, the police. Simple really, just pop it into gear and go. Keep an eye on the radar detector, take a few chances, and see just how* much is really under the hood. The guys at the gas stations along the way are going to clock your time so you’d better make it good. Don't want them snickering behind your hack just because you got stuck behind some truck along the way.
But which car to try first? The Ferrari Testarossa? Nice machine. . .takes a while to wind it out from third to fourth, hut once it's up there it flies. How about the good of American Corvette? Flat out fast, but cornering could be better. Ah, the Porche 911 Turbo. It slips through turns like they were straightaways; a hit tight through third. Then there is that dream car, the Lamborghini Couniach five-speed transmission (real tight between second, third and fourth) and just plain remarkable handling. Decisions, decisions.
You could try all five if you owned a copy of Test Drive from Accolade. T est Drive lets you pick any of the five, and test the limits both your own and the car’s on a mountain road. The specifications for each car are displayed during
the selection stage of the game, and the designers insist that they took extra care to make each car behave on the screen as it does in real life.
You are shooting for the highest average MPH on five stretches of road. You get five chances on each stretch. Your perspective is from the driver’s seat, with a reproduction of the car’s dashboard in front of you. You control the steering, acceleration, braking and shifting with the joystick. An option lets you shift gears using the car's normal shift pattern or by pushing the joystick forward and clicking the fire button to upshift, and pulling hack and clicking to downshift.
The graphics in Test Drive are very good; there is an occasional bug splattered on the windshield, and you find yourself leaning as the car goes around turns. T he only place the graphics fall
short is on crashes. Cracks spiderweb through the windshield whether you hit an oncoming car, drive over the cliff or hit the side of the mountain no flames, no plunge over the side, no flying pieces of twisted metal. The music and sound effects are good, too; Accolade used actual sampled sounds from the five cars.
The game’s few' flaws fall into the “it would he nice if. . .” category. It would he nice if the traffic patterns were randomized (as it is, you could eventually memorize the stretches), and if the screens changed more quickly. The scores could remain on display longer, and it would he nice to he able to pick different tracks or roads. However, these things are minor, and Test Drive is a fun and challenging game. ($ 44.95, Accolade, 20813 Stevens Creek Blvd., Cupertino, CA 95014, 408 446-5757. Joystick and 512K required.)
two megabyte RAM expansion card for use the Amiga 2000 and the Subsystem.
Auto configures with all Amiga 1.2 software Designed to A2000 form factor Very low power consumption User may install inexpensive 256Kx1 dynamic RAM
pulated (.5,1 or 2 MEG)
irect Memory Access (DMA) SCSI terface. Just because you have an Amiga 500 jesn’t mean that you don't want the speed of VIA. Using the Subsystem with our A2000 card ves yoi what others only offer to A2000 vners. No matter what Amiga you own, Pacific iripherals makes a SCSI for you. Our SCSI fersyou compatibility with proven Apple Mac- tosh external storage devices. As a matter of st, all of our drives are Macintosh compatible. ou use the SCSI in your A2000 you have an Iditional bonus...the ability to add a hard drive side your Amiga and still use external devices, addition to 30 megabyte and 50 megabyte nd larger) drives, Pacific Peripherals offers the inity removable media drive. Once you have irehased the Infinity, you have unlimited pacity. Each 10 megabytes of memory costs a lopping $ 18. (Does 100 megabytes for $ 180 und more impressive?) With all this capacity u still get 75ms access time.
FOR AMIGA 1000
'erDrive card only rerDrive "hardcard” ternal Hard Drives
Ilcy: Add 3% for VISA or Mastercard. Allow 3 weeks for checks to iar. Send cashiers checks or money orders for faster shipment, litornia residents add 7% for sales tax. No charge for UPS ground livery- Next day and 2nd day delivery available. Prices subject to ange.
Visy is a trademark of Peripheral Land. Macintosh trademark of Apple Computer Inc, Amiga is a lemark of Commodore Business Machines. Cage II,
Advantage, Subsystem are trademarks of Pacific ipherals-
w iyi a
RO. Box 14575 Fremont, CA 94539
Use cards designed for the A2000 with your A500
1000, not out-of-date
.... A1000 cards. The
Subsystem gives you two expansion slots for
f = A2000 cards and a
hlSi ml space for an optional
second floppy drive. The Subsystem fits under your Amiga, completely out of the way. Only 1.5 inches tall, the Subsystem raises the keyboard to the height of an average typewriter and actually makes it easier to use. A UL CSA-approved power supply is included that guarantees additional cards will not overtax your Amiga. The optional floppy drive is state-of-the-art CMOS design with extremely low power requirements. Cards and disk drive can be easily installed at a later date.
with floppy drive $ 399
ML RO. Box 14575
with Amiga expansion products
that limit expansion
Don't miss the boat...
H' CheckTHEIR Ad then I kfCHECKOUR PRICE!
• 512K Ram
..$ 120 j
• 1 Meg .
. $ 300
• 2 Meg .
. $ 400
Magnavox 515 ...
. $ 275 L
Sony 1302 MultiScan
... Scall |
AMIGA MAKES IT POSSIBLE ... MCS MAKES IT AFFORDABLE!
256K Ram, $ 70
Insider (1 Meg). . . $ 300
• PRO DRIVE ..$ 180
• 1010 Drive. .. $ 200
18 C.P.S. Letter Quality
I. B.M. Compatible Printer $ 100
20 MEG S650
40 MEG $ 950
• 1680 Modem .... S120
• GENLOCK $ 200
PRO GEN FRAME GRABBER
Special Introductory Price!
• Bridge Card
• 2 Meg Ram
• Hard Drive Controller
• MARAUDER II
SUPRA Hayes Compatible External
2400 .... *1 59s3’
w'r* .* • ¦*•«¦ v | x
1200 Baud... s7995'
1200 Int s9995
1200 H.C. . .. s9995- 2400 Baud... S17995'
'W CaDie Purchase
1080HI 10911-11 10921 .. 1592HI 1524HI
S1 60* S1 80* $ 280* $ 380* S520*
• AB Switch ...S30
• ALEGRA 512K......$ 250
• ALPS Color Prtr.....$ 400
• Amiga LIVE! .SCall
• Cannon Cartridges ... Scall
• CASIO CZ101.....$ 250
• Digiview Stand. .
• Disk Case(31 2)..
• Drive Ext. Cables
• Disk Head Clnr..
• Easyl 5C0 1000 2000... Scall
• Epyx Joystick $ 15
• Imagen ....SCall
• Most Cables ..S15
• Mouse Pad ....$ 6
• Hard Cards ..SCall
• Printer Drivers......SCall
• Roland Plotters......SCall
• S.C.S.I. Controllers ... Scall
• Sonix Speakers......$ 70
• Quick Start .SI40
• Time Saver ...S60
2400. ... *14995
* W 2 Ribbon Purchase
NX1000 ... $ 180*
Powertpe L.Q.... 160*
MX1000 Rainbow... Scalf
W 16mm Lens $ 200
ALL I.B.M. SOFTWARE 40% OFF
WE SELL THE BEST - FOR LESS!
Data Retrieve $ 43
Text Pro S48
ABSOFT AC Basic SI 17
AC Fortran Si 30
ACCESS SOFTWARE Echelon S27
Leader Board S24
Tenth Frame $ 24
Tournament DjsK $ 12
ACCOLADE Mean 18 $ 27
Famous Courses Vol 2 $ 12
fit*' Fight Night
. I Graphic Studio $ 36
Hard Ball $ 27
Test Drive $ 27
Beyond Zork S35
Dime-* Basketball $ 27
Game-* Baseball $ 27
Game-* Goll $ 27
Game-* Football $ 27
GB Air Rally $ 24
Inlocom Titles" 40s; Ott Little Comp People St5
Lurking Horror $ 24
Music Studio $ 30
Portal $ 30
ToneTown $ 24
M**' Writers Choice Elite S48
AOOISON-WESLEY Hardware Manual $ 20
Intuition Manual $ 20
Rom Kernal Manual $ 24
Rom Exec Manual S'6
Animator images $ 84
Art Disk $ 24
AraiOk's Tomb $ 30
Vi**’ Audiomaster $ 36
Diga $ 48
Draw $ 75
Draw Plus $ 149
Images $ 24
Impact $ 54
Nt*' Pori of Call $ 24
Some $ 48
, Videoscape 3D $ 120
Ni* Video Master $ 60
fit* Video Titlcr AMIGA
Assembler $ 60
Amiga C $ 90
Graphic Craft S20
Lisp $ 120
MindWalker $ 30
Pascal $ 120
Textcrafl Plus $ 54
1 2 Update $ 10
APPLIED VISIONS kWSarqon III $ 30
ARTWQRX Bridge 50 $ 21
Lmkword Languages SIS Strip Poker $ 24
Sirp Pokr Data Disk 4 $ 12
FACC II $ 21
Biush Works (1 or 2) $ 18
EFX $ 180
Grade Manager . $ 54
Music Student $ 36
Quickmergc $ 44
QuizMaster $ 43
Station Manager $ 600
BANTAM AmigaDOS Express €20
DOS Manuals $ 2?
BAUOVILLE Award Maker $ 30
Video Vegas S24
Business Mgml $ 265
BROWN WAGH Publisher 1000 $ 120
fit*’-TV Show . . . $ 60
TV Text . $ 60
Zurna Fonts (Each) $ 21 BYTE BY BYTE Animate 3-D $ 90
InfoMmrter $ 60
Sculp! 3-D $ 60
CAPiLANO Logic Works $ 60
CENTRAL COAST DISK 2 DISK $ 30
DOS 2 DOS $ 33
Precisely $ 60
14**1 Quarterback $ 42
COMMAND SIMULATIONS Ni*! Blitzkrieg $ 30
Super Huey . $ 24
Analytic Art $ 36
D Buddy $ 48
Digital Link $ 42
Gizmos 2 0 S4?
LPD Writer $ 78
M**1 Am nix $ 30
Arkanoid $ 30
Mi*'DX Series S30
Grabbit $ 18
Marauder II $ 24
Kind Words $ 60
EAGLE TREE Butcher 2 0 $ 22
EIDERSOFT KtJ Amiga Karate $ 21
ELECTRONIC ARTS NcJAAA RGH $ 23
Adv Ccnstr Kit $ 14
Archon $ 14
Archon II $ 14
Arne Fox $ 26
NcJAwesome Arcade Pk $ 32 Bard's Tale S32
N**'Battle Droidz $ 23
Black Cauldron $ 26
ChessMaster 200 $ 29
Deluxe Music $ 62
Deluxe Paint II S80
Deluxe Print 11 S50
Deluxe Video 1 2 $ 80
v;**r Deluxe Photo Lab $ 62
tjDeluxe Write SG2
v jFerran Formula 1 $ 32
financial Cookbk $ 14
Kc*'Hunt For Red Oct $ 32
Instant Music $ 32
King's Quest $ 32
Mi*'Life and Death $ 29
Maxiplan Plus S120
Marble Madness $ 32
N«JMavis Beacon $ 29
Ogre $ 18
One on One $ 14
Nw1- Pub Games . .. $ 23
N**! Return To At antis S32
UtJRoad Wars $ 23
. Rockford $ 23
7 Cities of Gold $ 14
Skyfox $ 14
Skyfox II $ 26
Starlleet I $ 35
Ultima ill S24
Space Quest S32
Lounge Lizards $ 32
Earl Weaver $ 3?
California Games $ 24
Destioyer $ 24
fi *’ Stieel Snorl Basketball $ 24 Sub Battle $ 27
Summer Games $ 24
Temple ol Apshai S24
Winter Games $ 24
World Games $ 24
fic*f 4x4 Road Racing $ 24
EQUAL PLUS Financial Plus $ 180
FELSINA A-Talk Plus S 70
FIREBIRD Golden Path $ 27
Guild of Thieves $ 27
Jewel ol Darkness $ 18
Knight of Ore $ 24
Silicon Dreams S18
Star Glider $ 27
N,*! Animotion Call
.. , 6-Pain! $ 24
Dr Xes $ 30
Nancy $ 30
Talker $ 42
Senor Tutor $ 30
Talker $ 42
FIRST BYTE First Letters $ Words S30 Fust Shapes S30
Kid Talk $ 30
Mad Libs $ 12
Math Talk S30
Mali) Talk Fractions $ 30
Srnoolhtalker $ 30
Speller Bee S30
FUTUREWDRKS LexCheck $ 26
GIMPEL Lint S80
GOLD DISK ktJColoi Separator Ni»rConuc Setter Ford Set i Gold Spell Laser Script Page Setter Prof Pace Setter GRAPHIC EXPRESSIONS Girls $ 12
HiCalc $ 36
Animator Apprentice $ 180
Animator Apprentice Jr Call
HYPERTEC GOMF $ 24
IMPULSE Prism S42
Silver $ 108
INFINITY Galileo $ 36
' Galileo II
i Grand Slam Tennis $ 30
Ho! Licks $ 30
Shakespeare $ 120
INFOCOM All Titles Available 40% Oft INOVATRONICS Power Windows $ 54
INTELLIGENT MEMORY Emrnehc Skimmer Call
Galaxy Fight $ 21
Garrison $ 35
Mouse! Rap Si 4
INTERACTIVE SOFTWORKS Calligrapher . $ 50
Newsletter Fonts S18
Studio Fonts $ 21
INTERCOMP Space Math $ 24
Birds & Bees $ 30
Surgeon $ 30
Alien Fires $ 24
Pro Video CGI $ 120
Ford Library 1 $ 65
Font Library 2 $ 55
Talking Color Book
Softwood Fife Hsg
M**’Superstar Ice Hockey
C ¦ Regular
Write & File
dbD 111 Library
LION’S AMIGA ART STUDIO
Road War 2000
Font Sets 1 8 2
Wrath of Nicodemus
Aztec C • Comm
Aztec C • Devei
Scenery Disks (All)
Azrec C • Prol
Ni-1 European Scenery
Source Level Debug r
DigiView 2 0
Perfect Vision v
NORTHEAST SOFTWARE GROUP
Lisp 1 3
Kit*1 X-CAD Designer
All Products Available
Modula II - Comm
Modula II - Devel
Modula i: • Reg
THE OTHER GUYS
Match-lt . . .
Me*1 Musrc Mouse
Promise Spell Checker
Karate Kid II
THREE SIXTY INC,
Black Jack Academy
Bench mark Mod 2
Disc - Math Spell teachf
Faery Tale Adv
Vyper .. .....
, Land ol Legends
9 Libraries teach)
Nt* Music X
Aesop s Fables
All About America
forms in Flight
Modula 2 Prof
Read 8 Rhyme
K(jF-i5 Slrike Eagle
The Word Master
Art Gallery 1.2
City Desk Desktop Artist ft 1
Fleet Check Call
Pnntmaster Plus VISUAL AURALS
iti a . ___ i. ii
Mindlight 7 , . VIP TECHMDI DRY
Fast Fonts TxEd
CLI-Male NwJInlroCad Logislix
wii i wvniiuLuu i
Professional . WESTCOM
nUJ - . , . , .
Analyze 2 0 BBS-PC AWExcellenis Flipside
Nw'PixMaie Superbase Ni*rSuperbase Prof Vizawnte
Word Perfect Word Perfect Library ZEN SOFTWARE
Prof Text Engine
This is a
The 64 Emulator
RIGHT ANSWERS GROUP
se echon from
Pro Midi Studio
S ANTHONY STUDIOS
tne over 8UU
Balance ol Power . Bratacus
Delender ol Crown Deja Vu njuJGaintlet Hailey Project MeJ.Harrier Combat
Laser Utilities SEDONA Money Mentor SEVEN SEAS Doug's Math Aquarium SIS
Amiga products we have in stock. New products
M,J impact i,jIndoor Sports
arrive every day
u itmc Eagle's Nest Keyboard Cadet
King of Chicago Plulos
Paymaste- Plus SOFTWARE TERMINAL
for latest price
Telecames SOFTWARE VISIONS
In Michigan: 313-427-7713 SS
Customer Sen ice: 313-427-0267 ~ 0K
Hours: Mon-Fri 10 a.m.-8 p.m. Saturday 10 a.m.-6 p.m.
Send Mail Orders To: M.C.S . 12864 Farmington Rd„ Livonia. Ml 48150 _School RQ.'s Accepted - Call For Terms
No Surcharge for MC VlSAOlSCQVER Sorry no walk in traffic
All returns mist have RA Merchandise found defective will be repaired or replaced We do not offer refunds for defective products or for products that do no! Perform satisfactorily We make no guarantees for producf performance Any money back guarantee must be handled directly with the manufacturer Call for shipping $ handling mfo Prices subject to cnange without notice 12864 FARMINGTON ROAD. LIVONIA Ml 48150_We cannot guarantee compatibility
DEALER INQUIRIES INVITED
20 20 Like Magic
WITH PERFECT VISION you
Here in Amiga land, it’s still snowing new products.
Compiled by Barbara Gefvert
Out Of A Maze And Into The Universe
can transfer video images from a VCR, camcorder or video camera into your Amiga. The new real-time digitizer includes a color wheel for capturing color images as well as black and white. It promises to grab an image in 16 gray scales from a playing video tape, or any standard source, in just one- sixtieth of a second. You can save files in IFF format, and Perfect Vision supports 320 x 200 and 320 x 400 HAM, and 16- or 32-color modes. No, carrots won’t get you Perfect Vision, but S219 will.
A digital sound editor, special effects tools, a MIDI sequencer, a pinch of stardust, and. . . Poof. It’s Studio Magic! Studio Magic provides 14 professional effects in addition to the standard cut, paste, insert and overlay tools. By combining a MIDI keyboard you can record songs in real time and overdub. With just a spell, you can assign any digitized Amiga sound to any key, or split your keyboard. Studio Magic supports tempo adjust and external sync, and sells for $ 99.95. The wizards at SunRize Industries will answer further questions on Studio Magic and Perfect Vision: 3801 Old College Rd., Bryan, TX 77801. 409 846-1311.
HE LOOKS LIKE Pac-Man, but he’s not he’s Footman! Footman is up against greater
odds than our old vellow
friend: he must make his way
through 50 different mazes. The maze editor and maze construction set allow you to create your own puzzles, too. Simu 11aneous two-player
A HARD DISK drive, SCSI expansion port and RAM expandability (one or two MB)
are kev features of the
SupraDrive hard disk system for the 500. The self-contained power supply drives both memory and hard disk. SupraDrive attaches to the bus connector and features Supra’s proprietary interface for highspeed data transfers. The data
action allows for head-to-head competition as Footman cruises along with full-stereo sound. Gobble up a copy for S 19.95 (barely one Saturday’s worth of quarters!).
The aliens have landed, and in Quasar* you must defend yourself against their attack. Dodge, shoot, destroy hut
channel will reportedly accommodate hurst transfers of over 250K per second. Systems are available in 20, 30, 60 and 250MB capabilities at prices of $ 995, SI. 195, $ 1,995 and $ 3,995, respectively. For details contact Supra Corporation, 1133 Commercial Way, Albany,
OR 97321, 503 967-
Don't turn your head or you may be killed. The object is to access their mothership and regain peace for the universe. Capture a copy for S 19.95. Footman and the Quasar live at Vertex Associates,
415 Trenton, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3P 2A1, 514 340-2220.
HAVE YOU EVER wanted to operate a hulletin board dating system? This and other feats arc possible with Custom BBS!* the customizable bulletin board system. Custom BBS! Offers all standard bulletin board features, plus others, such as 75 different message board and file areas, random pop-up quotes and system- operator voice paging. The messaging system allows you to respond to previously- written messages, and to read a message and all of its replies before moving to the next; the file system supports several transfer protocols. $ 100 gets you the bulletin hoard (thumbtacks not included). Contact Celestial Data Systems Inc., 279 South Beverly Drive, Suite 1010, Beverly Hills, CA 90212, 213 839-
This falls sizzling new program doesn't feature an Alexis, a Krystle, or even a Magnum, but it will have some pretty racy scenes. ? Meet the exotic cars of rIbst Drive, Accolades incredible driving simulation. There are the legendary greats from Europe: Ferrari Tbstarossa, Lotus Thrbo Esprit, Porsche 911 T irbo and tin* incomparable Lamborghini ('Ountach. And to make Tbst Drive4 a trulv international
event, I here's I lie classic American star the Chevrolet Corvette.* Test Drive allows you to experience firsthand the awesome driving characteristics of each renowned performer. They accelerate like the real thing. They handle like the real thing. They brake like the real thing. In fact, the animation and graphics of Test Drive are so realistic, you'll swear (lie (1-Force has you pinned to your seat.* Accolade's Tbst Drive. It s one program that will definitely burn up'the screen.? Accolade. X t-g-cw r-M 20813 Stevens Creek Boulevard,Cupertino, CA 95014.408-446-5757 rvVJUULTNIJC
TRADEMARKS OWNER CORVETTE GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION LOIUSLOT JS PERFORMANCE CARS L P FERBAHL FERRARi S PA po*SCh( PORSCHE CARS INC AND tAMBORGH.Ni LAHBORGHrn CARS ,NC
Warm Fuzzy Word Processing
colors within the word- processing application. Other features include find and replace, unlimited document length, mail merge and global select. The package is $ 99.95 from The Disc Company, 3135 South State St., Ann Arbor, MI 48108, 313 665-5540.
Histories! Hysterical hi 51 ocheKi csl henispherical hierarchical
Backup those valuable files on your Hard Disk the easy ivay
1 High Speed whole hard drive backup with multi-format feature 1 Auto configures to multi-hard drive systems or multi-partitions 1 Supports up to 8.5 meg of memory
' Uses a unique double buffered file copy routine for lightning fast copies
' Full Intuition interface for maximum ease of use ' Backs up files
1) by creation Cate
2) with 'Point and click’ selection (name, directory, drive)
3) using 'wild-card’ search patterns
» Fully supports Multi-tasking, does not monopolize CPU to achieve its speed. Designed to operate in the 'background'
» Compatible with any Hard drive that follows conventional AmigaDOS file protocol » 512K Amiga required
» Hard Drive NOT REQUIRED. Ultra DOS Utilities Module I works equally well with dual floppy drives!
Ultra DOS Utilities, Module I is only s5995!
905 W. Hillgrove, Suite 6 LaGrange, IL 60525
ULTRA DOS UTILITIES
In discussing the relationship between politics and
the press, Killian L. Rivers, notes, 'Presidential control reached its zenith under Andrew Jackson.,. For a tine, The United States
A WORD PROCESSOR,
Kind Words includes multiple font styles and sizes and a 90,000-word spelling checker that not only catches mistakes, but suggests corrections. The fully-integrated graphics mode enables you to crop and manipulate images in 16
| Suggestions «
[Add to Dictionary!
|Replace All j
Circle 91 on Reader Service card.
The kindly spelling checker In action.
Supports HAM and overscan Supports IFF ANIM playback Built-in drawing commands No copy protection And much more . . .
The Right Answers Group Department D Box 3699
Torrance, CA 90510
Amiga is a trademark of Commodorc-Amiga. Inc
DEMO DISKS S10 each Probe Sequence (512k) RGB (I meg)
Check or money order payable lo: Right Answers
Plui Sd shipping and handling, Calif, rnidenli add 6 % vdf' lax
NEON GLOW, 3-D block, thin edge, fat edge, emboss, balloon these are just some of the effects you can add to your video text with VideoTitler. The program works with Amiga, Zuma and multiple-color fonts, and those from the poly-font system that you can rotate, stretch, even precisely adjust with manual kerning. You can edit all fonts, as well as distort, invert, mirror, compress, tilt or quarter images. VideoTitler supports all screen resolutions, and IFF windows and pictures. You can also add animations created with VideoTitler itself, or with VideoScape 3D. $ 49.95 includes a slideshow module to display your work. Contact Aegis Development, 2210 Wilshire, Suite 277, Santa Monica, CA 90403, 213 306-
Professional display and animation language for the Amiga™
Envision a creative freedom you've only dreamed about. Imagine page Hipping, color cycling, text generation, even IFF ANIM animations, all combined at the'same time on the same screen. Now. From the simplest slideshow to the most sophisticated desktop video production, that dream comes true with the Director.
• Use any IFF images, any resolution, any number of colors
• Fades, Dissolves, Blits, Wipes. Stencils
• Page Hip full or partial screens
• Preload images, fonts and sounds up to your memory limit
• Flexible script-based structure Basic-like vocabulary: For Next. Gosub Return, It Else Endif Arithmetic expressions, random number generator, variables Execute AmigaDOS commands from the script Text string and file input and output Keyboard and mouse interaction Digitized soundtrack module
GIVE YOUR MOUSE a rest from pointing and drawing with the 184-A Light Pen and Amiga Light Pen Driver from Inkwell Systems. Compatible with all Amiga models (including the German 2000), the Light Pen works with all programs that use a standard Intuition pointer interface.
The pen’s two touch-activated switches let you replace or alternately use the mouse. You can run the Light Pen Driver’s transparent program from the CL1 or Workbench. The disk also provides on-line help and, for close-ups of intricate work, Zoom Scroll. The Light Pen and Driver sell for $ 129.95. Use a conventional pen to write to Inkwell Systems, 5710 Ruffin Rd., San Diego, CA 92123, or dial 619 268-8792.
Who You Gonna Cai
THE ONLY ONE who need be offended by someone yelling “Get Outa My Face (GOME)” is that pesky Guru. What’s all the yelling about? GOMF, the error-handling routine that promises to eliminate Guru alert messages. GOMF 2.0 traps and removes errors that occur while using virtually any other program(s). As it automatically configures to work on 68000 68010 68020. You can install it in your startupsequence. GOMF displays messages, telling you in clear terms what it’s up to.
It prompts you to end the program that's causing the flagged error and save your data.
If you need crisp, flicker- free, hi res monochrome video output, and your sunglasses aren’t cutting the mustard, consider the TTL High Resolution Monitor. The monitor plugs into your RGB port and allows pass through; a disk with a special Workbench font and a one- year warranty are included. If
you have a 2000 or a Sidecar, you may want to use the TTL in PC hi-res mode. Whether it's a Guru-buster ($ 34.95) or a flicker buster ($ 99) you seek, call Hypertek Silicon Springs Development Corp., 120-1140 Austin Ave., Coquitlam,
BC, Canada V3K 3P5, 604 939*8235.
Wc occasionally make our mailing list available to other companies or organizations with products or services which we feel might be of interest to you. If you prefer that your name he deleted from such a list, please fill out the coupon below or affix a copy of your mailing label and mail it to:
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i a a a lit!
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CW Comm unirat ions Peterborough Amiga World PO Box 868 Farmingdale, NY 11737
Please delete my name from mailing lists sent to other companies or organizations.
THE WORD MASTER
VOCABULARY BUILDER FOR GRADES 3-8
* 500 3rd*8th grade words and meanings
C-ZAR enhances your powers.
Name It Nicholas
USING MIDI, C-ZAR rules the Casio CZ-101 and CZ-1000, turning the synthesizers' sounds and programmability into mouse-controlled imagery. This amiable autocrat offers over 200 pre-programmed instruments and sound effects that you can modify.
Envelopes are color-coded and can be displayed singly or in groups, or overlaid. Other features include true-time
display, a sequence recorder with automatic playback, a librarian that allows you to catalog and file your creations and eight programmable tone mixes that can he saved with each sound hank. For SI95 you can qualify for C- ZARdom! (Amiga to MIDI interface is $ 55.) Contact Diemer Development, 12814 Landale Street, Studio City,
CA 91604-1351, 818 762-0804. ?
OTHER AVAILABLE TITLES
READ & RHYME ? FRACTION ACTION ? KINDERAMA
? DECIMAL DUNGEON ? READ-A-RAMA
? ANIMAL KINGDOM ? AESOF S FABLES ? MATH WIZARD ? MAGICAL MYTHS
Free Catalog 2950 E. Flamingo
Greenview Plaza, Suite B Tsoftware Las Vegas, NV 89121 (702) 737-8862
CHILDREN'S EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS FOR YOUR AMIGA
Amiga World, PO Box 868, Farmingdale. NY 1 1737
AC FORTRAN ™
Certified Public Amiga
Mainframe quality, Hill feature ANSI FORTRAN 77
compiler includes: Debugger, linker, library Manager. Runtime Library, IEEE math, and C interface. Supports Complex numbers, Virtual arrays, Overlays and
Linking. Not copy protected. $ 295. Version for CSA 68020 68881 Turbo board also available $ 495.
From the authors of Microft BASIC compiler for. Macintosh, comes AC BASIC for the Amiga. Companion compiler to die Amiga BASIC interpreter: has more features and includes BLOCK IF, CASE statement, and STATIC keyword extensions and executes up to 50x Lister. AC BASIC is the new BASIC reference for MC68000 based personal computers. Not copy protected. S195.
INTRODUCED LAST year for Commodore’s CM 28, the Accountant, a four-part accounting system (general ledger, payroll with bidirectional posting, accounts receivable and payable), is now available for the Amiga. Based on a one-megabyte system, the multitasking program includes check writing (ten check registers), point-of-sale invoicing and an invoice generator that posts directly to the sales journal. Sales and purchase journals employ a batch system. To ease any fear of losing data, the Accountant automatically saves to disk during computing. It also offers help windows for each input field.
New modules are already being planned. Registered owners can obtain all future upgrades for the cost of postage and handling once they join the Update Club, and graphing and financial analysis capabilities will be offered for $ 9.95. Inventory control and cash register inventory systems are
scheduled to be released later this year. The Accountant is $ 299; contact KFS Software Inc., PC) Box 107, Largo, FL 84649-0107, 818 584-2355.
Scientific Engineering Software TelePhone orders welcome
4268 N. Woodward. Royal Oak. Ml 48072 (313) 549-7111
Amiga trademark >! Cummndofe .Amiga Microsoft trademark cl Microsoft Corp
Circle 175 on Reader Service card
Oh, Say Can You'C"?*
Discovery Software International has excellent opportunities for talented, self motivated programmers, If you have really innovative ideas, can think for yourself, and wculd like tc work with some of the best Amiga programmers in the world, then send your resume or programming history to us. If we like what we see you'll be hearing from us, Make sure to include your telephone number.
Program submissions are always welcome.
“DEAR DIARY: WE have become a truly space-age society, with computers, satellite communications and space travel. But while our technolog)- advances, we’re quickly depleting our planet’s resources. As emperor, I am responsible. I guess it’s time to deploy our starship fleet and mine the nearby planets so we can continue our development rate and keep the people happy.”
If this doesn’t sound like
one of your entries, then you haven't conquered the galaxy of Stellar Conflict. The game accommodates one to four computer or human players and offers three levels of play, randomly generated galaxy maps, multiple windows and graphic displays of current standings, timed turns and much more. Blast S39.95 or further inquiries off to PAR Software Inc., PO Box 1089, Vancouver, WA 98666, 206 694-1539 or 800 433-8433.
i Totals I 1 Class 4 Ships 21
HI ho, hi ho, It’s off to mine the planets.
163 Conduit St. Annapolis, MD 21401 (301)268-9877
* Sometimes by dawn's early light.
Words, Works, And
A WHAT YOU SEE-IS-WH AT - YOU GET word processor with built-in WYSIWYG database, Write and File will sort, select and merge documents. The $ 99.95 program features onscreen and hardcopy multiple fonts and a 100,000-word spelling checker among its word-processing functions.
The database provides convenient accessibility to lists, files and accounting.
The Works combines Micro- Systems Software’s Scribble! Word processor, Analyze! Spreadsheet and Organize!
Plus > 1000
THE IMPROVED desktop publishing program from Northeast Software, Publisher Plus, replaces Publisher 1000. Automatic font sizing (from two to 127 points), new text editing and PostScript features are but a few of the upgrades. The software also features a
A Television Studio
database into one package for $ 199,95.
Are you that famous TV ?SHOW producer the one who uses wipes, fades, rolls, zigzags, cuts, weaves, and all those other effects? You could be! Just animate IFF screens in any resolution (TV ? SHOW supports overscan, NTSC, PAL and HAM images) to create a professional presentation for $ 99.95. Tune in to Brown- Wagh at 16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210, Los Gatos, CA 95030, 408 395-3838.
Scaled-down price of S99.95, and upgrades are available to Publisher 1000 owners for
only the cost of return
postage. Northeast Software Group’s distributor is Brown- Wagh, 16795 Lark Ave., Suite 210, Los Gatos, CA 95030, 408 395-3838.
Circle 169 on Reader Service card.
SCSI HARD DRIVES
$ 1595.95 $ 949.95 $ 879.95 $ 659.95
150meg 65meg 4 Omeg 2 0meg
Hard Drive comes complete
.ready L2 use * Prices include
SCSI controller, fan cooled power supply with case and a true SCSI Hard Drive.
BE SURE TO ASK ABOUT OUR REMOVABLE ORIVES
PARALLEL OR SERIAL
$ 9.95 each
2469 East 7000 South 200 Salt Lake City, UT 84121
- BLAZING NEW FRONTIERS IN PERSONAL COMPUTING-
512K Internal $ 119.95
1. 5M Internal $ 389.95
1. 5M Internal S 389.95 2M External S 449.95
Your Key to Learning The AMIGA
Take One And Call Me In The Morning
DR. T’s, THAT music medic, offers several prescriptions to keep you sonicalty healthy.
The Keyboard Controlled Sequencer, an advanced sequencing environment, supports internal Amiga sound samples. The sequencer features an automated 48-track tape recorder mode, the ability to load 16 songs as well as individual sequences or a group of tracks, a built-in variations generator, full editing of all MIDI parameters. , .the list goes on and on.
Need a patch editor librarian to cure your blues? The Roland MT-32, Roland D 50, Yamaha DX7 and Ensoniq ESQ-1 synthesizers are each covered on separate disks, while the Yamaha TX-81Z, FB01, DX100 and DX27 share one disk. The editor librarians are totally mouse driven; you can play any note, adjust velocity or regulate the controller without touching the synthsizer, and audit from the bank screen by clicking on any voice name and playing the mouse. Other features include point-and-drag envelope editing, display editing of all instrument parameters and randomize- mask of all editable parameters.
Everything in the doctor's black bag of new products employs multitasking and any standard serial MIDI interface. The Keyboard Controlled Sequencer sells for $ 249 while the editor librarian disks chime in at S129 each. Take note: Dr. T’s is at 220 Boylston St., Suite 306, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167, 617 244-6954. ¦
The Kickstarl Guide to the AMIGA
The ‘Kickstart;M Guide to the AMIGA L.
A most comprehensive guide to operating the AMIGA A best seller in Europe finally offered in the US!
Add $ 2.50 shipping and handling Illinois residents add 6.25sales tax
C. O.D. orders add additional $ 2.00 Make payable to Midnite Press
ADRIADNE SOFTWARE LTD with JtlibllttC $ rtSS
Distributed by Micro Pace Dist., Inc. 1212 Hagan, Champaign, IL 61820 Dealer inquires welcome (217) 356-1885
No concern is too trivial, no problem too tangled for Load-and-Run’s healing hands.
Q: Two questions: What exactly is the Amiga ROM Kernel manual? Second, to use my Brother Professional 90 typewriter with my Amiga, the manual states I need a C-60 plug to connect it, but does not give the connection’s pinouts. Can you help?
R. D. Bozeman III
San Franciscof CA
Ar The Amiga ROM Kernel Reference Manual is actually two hooks. The Amiga ROM Kernel Reference Manual: Libraries and Devices ($ 34.95) and The Amiga ROM Kernel Reference Manual: Exec (S24.95). The Libraries and Devices volume covers all the graphics support routines (drawing, layers, animation and text), all I O devices (audio, timer, console, keyboard, input, gameport, narrator, serial, parallel, printer and clipboard), the Workbench and the floatingpoint math library. The Exec volume covers the Amiga’s multitasking executive system. Exec handles the various tasks, communication between the tasks and the Amiga, plus the sharing of resources such as drives, memory or system software routines. Both books are part of the official technical documentation of the Amiga computer line published by Addison-Wesley. The Amiga Hardware Reference Manual ($ 24.95) and The Amiga Intuition Reference Manual ($ 24.95) round out the series.
By Louis R. Wallace
I couldn't find any information on the pinouts of your Brother Professional 90. I suggest you send Brother a letter via registered mail. Good tuck!
Q: Can I convert Graphicraft files to normal IFF files so I can edit them with DeluxePaint?
John Pollard Fort Riley, KS
Q: I want to use DeluxePaint to create displays for my Amiga Basic programs. How do I load the pictures into Amiga Basic?
A: If you want to use IFF images from Amiga Basic, you should check out the programs on your 1.2 Amiga Basic disk. LOADACBM will load older Graphicraft ACBM (Amiga Contiguous BitMap) pictures and display them, while SAVEILBM saves an Amiga Basic screen to the Amiga’s standard IFF ILBM (InterLcaved BitMap) format. By combining these two programs, you can load a Graphicraft picture, then save it back as a DPAINT IFF picture, that DeluxePaint will load. To transform images in the opposite direction, use LoadlLBM* Save ACBM, which converts IFF pictures to the earlier (but faster loading) ACBM format. ScreenPrint dumps the current Amiga Basic screen to any graphic printer supported by Preferences. Using these programs as subroutines in your programs, you can display and print pictures from Amiga Basic.
Talk To Me
Q: I am interested in making the Amiga easier for blind people. Do you know of any way to make the Amiga’s voice read the screen? Many computers have a place in memory where the information on the screen can he PFEKed to find the .ASCII values of the screen contents. Can this be done on the Amiga?
Wat son town, PA
A: No. Since the Amiga’s screen is entirely bitmapped, it doesn’t have any location you can simply PEEK to find the letter at a given screen location. Since you can use different fonts and character sizes
on the screen, it is extremely
unlikely anyone could make a program that could interpret the bitmap patterns that make up the letters.
Of course, you can use its voice to read a text file from AmigaDOS using the SAY command (found in the SYSTEM drawer). For example, you can instruct the Amiga to read an ASCII file called LET- TER.TXT out loud with: SYSTEM SAY -X LETTER.TEXT. The -X means the machine is to read the file whose name follows the -X option. Other options available with the SAY command allow you to specify a male, female, natural or robot voice, as well as change the pitch or speed. To experiment with the SAY command, from the CLI type SYSTEM SAY and then press the return key. You will get two windows with instructions.
Q: I currently use an Atari C64 type joystick in port two of my A500. Unfortunately, it only has eight directions and one button. Can the Amiga use the two-button, 360-degree analog joysticks used by Apple I Is?
A: Since the Apple joysick’s plug is the wrong gender (male), you can't use it directly, hut according to The Amiga Hardware Reference Manual, the Amiga can use a proportional style controller (not yet on the market) that will allow directional readings from zero to 255 and would essentially he as sensitive as the Apple’s analog joysticks.
However, current joystick- controlled software only works with the eight-direction joystick. Just plugging in a proportional joystick doesn’t make the software able to understand the signals coming from the port, any more than a joystick-controlled game can understand mouse signals from the second port. ¦
AMIGA 500 1 MB, COLOR AMIGA 1000 512 K, COLOR AMIGA 2000
HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE
MICROPROSE SILENT SERVICE
LEADER BOARD $ 27.00
MEAN 18 $ 29.95
MEAN 18 COURSE DISK $ 13.00
BORROWED TIME $ 29.00
HACKER II $ 39.95
MINDSHADOW $ 31.00
PORTAL $ 29.00
SHANGHAI $ 35.95
TASS TIME IN TONETOWN $ 35.95 MUSIC STUDIO $ 36.25
ANIMATOR1MAGES $ 79.00
DRAW $ 75.00
DRAW PLUS $ 165.00
IMAGES $ 29.00
IMPACT $ 56.00
SONIX $ 59.00
ELECTRONIC ARTS ARCHON $ 31.00
ARCTIC FOX $ 29.00
BARDS TALE $ 29.00
CHESSMASTER 2000 $ 29.00
DELUXE MUSIC $ 69.00
DELUXEPAINT $ 63.00
DELUXE PRINT $ 72.00
DELUXE VIDEO $ 81.00
FINANCIAL COOKBOOK $ 35.00
INSTANT MUSIC $ 23.00
MARBLE MADNESS $ 31.00
ONE ON ONE $ 28.50
OGRE $ 28.50
SEVEN CITIES OF GOLD $ 29.00
SKYFOX $ 29.00
ULTIMA III $ 31.00
ROGUE $ 28.50
TEMPLE OF APSHAI $ 16.97
WINTER GAMES $ 28.50
WORLD GAMES $ 29.00
CHAMPIONSHIP BASEBALL $ 25.00 CHAMPIONSHIP GOLF $ 39.95
GFL FOOTBALL $ 34.95
TWO ON TWO BASKETBALL $ 34.95
526. 96 $ 26.96
529. 96 $ 26.96 $ 29.00 $ 25.00 $ 24.95 $ 26.96
526. 95 $ 25.00
COMMODORE PC 10-2
640K, 2 DRIVES, MONO MONITOR
COMMODORE PC 10-2
640K, 2DRIVES, COLOR MONITOR
8088 MICROPROCESSOR MS-DOS 3.2
ATI GRAPHICS SOLUTIONS ADAPTER 2 360KB DSDD 5.25" DISK DRIVES PC XT COMPATIBLE BIOS 5 FULL-SIZED EXPANSION SLOTS RS-232 SERIAL PORT GW-BASIC 3,2
AMIGA 1680 MODEM AMIGA 1080 COLOR MONITOR COMMODORE 2002 COLOR MONITOR AMIGA 1010 3.5" EXTERNAL DRIVE AMIGA 1020 5.25" EXTERNAL DRIVE AMIGA GENLOCK STARBOARD II 2MB XEBEC 20MB HARD DRIVE
OKIMATE 20 WITH INTERFACE EPSON EX800 W COLOR EPSON FX86E EPSON FX286E EPSON LQ2500
PRINTER CABLE COMPUTER PAPER 8.5X11 EPYX JOYSTICK
ANALYZE ANALYZE V. 2.0 BBS-PC ON-LINE ORGANIZE
BALANCE OF POWER BRATACCUS DEJA VU
THE HALLEY PROJECT THE PERFECT SCORE UNINVITED
KINGS QUEST I KINGS QUEST II KINGS QUEST Ml SPACE QUEST WINNIE THE POOH
MIAMIGA FILE MIAMIGA LEDGER
IjiEL.QIHER YALLEY .SOFTWARE
DELTA PATROL $ 19.95
MONKEY BUSINESS $ 19.95
OTHER HARDWARE IS AVAILABLE. PLEASE CALL FOR ITEMS NOT LISTED IN THIS ADVERTISMENT.
AMIGA IS A TRADEMARK OF COMMODORE-AMIGA INC. PRICES ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
1 -800-423-7347 ,
MC VISA WELCOME
P. O. BOX 685
NITRO, W.VA. 25143
|H|The Pull-Down Menu
TAKE 5 AMIGA™ DISKS FOR ONLY $ 29.95*
FOR AMIGA 500, 1000 & 2000
GRAPHICS and GAMES
? 001 Best Graphics ie Games the Amiga clawiti
?007 Mandelbrot & Fractals
?008 Assorted Games
APDC'i mull popular di*k! ?009 Graphics & Animations
Eye-popping Amiga demiul
?013 Interactive Graltics
Ray iraier. Create 3D objects.
APDC SPECIAL DISKS
? 002 Amiga Learner
Fantastic tutorial disk.
? 005 Amiga Basic Programs
Excellent utilities and game'
? 011 Sounds
Edit and plat sound*.
?018 General User Utilities
,A must tor the wnuia uver,
?031 Amiga PD Artwork
UTILITY DISKS ?015 Icons & Icon Utilities G019 Unix”iypc Commands ?021 Telecommunications
Be»l modem uiilitici + BBS list.
?023 Word Processing ai«>
I) alali.mng and I'lilihe*.
?025 Programming Languages
l. iip, Fnrtli, and M rdtila-2.
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it you have developed software or hardware we would be happy to sell il tor you. I We also Market. Publish and Manufacture.
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Send coupon tor copy) wit*i check or money order to
Amiga Public Domain Connection
- or- APDC BOX 9015 BERKELEY CA 94709 Allow 3 to 5 weeks for delivery (APQ OK).
SPECIAL OFFER ANY 5 DESKS only S29.95* ANY 10 DISKS only $ 59.90*
(SINGLE DISK PRICE: $ 7.00)*
Add $ 4 (57 foreign) CA residents also
shipping & handling. Add 1% sales lax.
SPECIAL OFFERS INCLUDE I OS LOT DISK CASE!
* any art digitized hi-res to disk
* fitm recording of IFF disk image (siides-prints- 3" x 4" transparency)
* 4 color separations!!!
?NO RASTER LINES OR SCREEN WARPING
Mueller Visual Productions 4024 28th Ave. 2 Rock Island, IL 61201 1-800-255-2255 ext. 1586
$ 4 image
$ 20 minimum
WANTED: AMIGA DEALERS
THE SOFTWAREHOUSE offers a wide selection of Amiga software at competitive prices. As an authorized distributor of COMMODORE AMIGA brand software, we feature:
FREE CATALOG call or write today!
Box 668-A Encinitas, CA 92024
Inventory Accts Payable General Ledger
Accts Receivable Check Ledger
MINDWALKER TEXTCRAFT PLUS 1686 MODEM
ASSEMBLER AMIGATERM C COMPILER CROSS-DEVELOPER ENHANCER V.1.2
We require no minimums on any product line (including pre-bookings) and offer same-day service on most orders. We're easy to work with, so give us a call for your COMMODORE AMIGA and other software needs.
THE SOFTWARE HOUSE, Route 7, Box 409r Golden, CO 80403 303-642-3063
O M M O l> O I I
35mm Color Slides Off Your Disk!
Free From Scan Lines! Any IFF Files Accepted. High Quality! FOR S4.95 each SPECIAL: Buy Two Gel One FREE! Now Offenng Xerox 4020 Color Prints From Any IFF File for $ 4.95 each. NO MINIMUM
Slide Parts & Utilities Diski ©1988 DE-SLIDE 35 mm Slide Construction Kit Create Your Own Slides Using the Popular Paint Programs Backgrounds. Patterns, Gradations. Color Reference Palenos, Brushes and Templates Create in ID-HI Resolution, and More. Price: $ 19.95
Would You like to Know More? Call or Write
P. O. Box 15107, Clearwater, FL 34629
A HIGHLY OPTIMIZED ASSEMBLER BASED APL INTERPRETER FOR FAST AND POWERFUL PROGRAMS. FEATURES A COMPLETE INTERFACE TO THE AMIGA ENVIRONMENT WITH PULL DOWN MENUS. REQUESTER AND ALERT BOXES, SPEECH. SOUND AND GRAPHIC FACILITIES.
Westwood. N J. 07675
P. O. Box 248
(201) 666-601 1
Order Direct for S99 + 7 shipping, $ 10 Canada. V tSA MC AMEX + 4 NJ res. + 6% sales tax.
Your Texas Amiga Source Immediate Access to over 400 Amiga Titles.
Prices too low to print!
We Stock Amiga Software and Peripherals Fur A500, A I 000, & A 2000.
Muti. Thru I ri. 10:00 AM-7:00 PM, Sat. 12:00-5:00 PM
(’ALL TOI.I. FREE CUSTOMER SKRVICE
8(10-443-8236 ££, :£
Nacogdoches, Texas 75961
Computer Man ¦ 105 Lynn .Street
Get on-line with employers throughout the country! Subscribe to the ELECTRONIC MEDIA NETWORK'S online employment classified advertising database:
216 241-2612 (3 12 bps with 8N1 setting)
To subscribe, send $ 16 (check Visa MC) for 2 hours access to: ELECTRONIC MEDIA NETWORK, INC One Public Square, Suite M-3 Cleveland, Ohio 44113-2101 800 Services available to Paid Subscribers.
(Mention 'AMIGAWORLD' and receive 2 additional free hours!)
Interactive Microsystems Landmark, Suite 20
P. O. Box 1446 Haverhill, MA 01830 USA 617 372-0400
35mm COLOR SLIDES
from your IFF or HAM files
• Brilliant Color • No Curvature Distortion as low as $ 1 slide Call or Write for order form, price list & sample
11280 Washington Place Culver City, Ca. 90230
|H|The Pull-Down Menu
Use the Ultimate Tutorial System
?elates, Inc. THE DISK SPECIALISTS oh, Fujitsu Kasel, Sony, etc.: DISTRIBUTORS
DSDD, 100% Certified, Lifetime Warranty!
C. Itoh. Fujitsu I Sonv-t +
50 100-350 Sjlk-poces per dt&k Boxed-p Slipping Handling: S5.00 mm accepted: Min purchase AMIGA product listings Educ
MCP Associates, Inc
Blue Rainbow Blue
S1.25 $ 1.49 S1.35 $ 1.20 S1.45 S1.30
nee per box Pnces subject to cnange w oui notice + +¦ Limited availability .. plus S3 SO per 100 disks. NY residents add Tax. COD's add S5.00. MasterCard Visa
300. We ship worldwide Other brands and quantity pricing available WnteVcaii lor :at>onal. Corporale & DeaJer inquiries invited
Exceptional Service & Quality „ P.O. Box 6260, Dept. AW, LIC, NY 11106-0260 (718) 956-9000
2574 PGA BLVD, SUITE 104. PALM BEACH GARDENS. FL 33410
INTRODUCING PROJECT "D"
• An easy lo use. Friendly & intuitive user interface.
* A powerful and fast backup tool that lels you make backups of your copy-protected
• A unique backup tool for duplicating other disk formats including MS-DOS PC-DOS
and Atari ST.
* This product is not copy-protected in any way.
Send check or money order to:
Includes shipping and handling!
Fuller Computer Systems Inc.
Arizona residents add 6.5% sales tax
P. O. Box 9222
Dealer Inquiries Invited
Mesa, Arizona 85204-0430
Amiga is a trademark ol Commodore-Amiga Inc
OR CALL (502) 835-5018
Thought of using Y-connector$ ? Forget ill
When you tie together left and right channels for input to your monitor, you electronically mix (he signals and disable channel separation to your stereo. But there is a solution A custom cable which brings combined monaural audio to your monitor Irom the TV mod jack of the Amiga 1000 This leaves your audio jacks free lo provide brilliant, uncompromised stereo. To ordBr your auxiliary audio cable (*AA101). Send check or money order for$ 12.95 includes shipping and handling) lo;
BOX 58023 SEATTLE, WA 98138
Educational Software K thru ADULT
ALL CURRICULAR AREAS*INCLUDES RELIGIOUS PROGRAMS SEND FOR A LIST OF OUR SOFTWARE MicroEd, Incorporated
P. O. Box 24750 Edina, MN 55424 612-929-2242
NO SCAN LINES! TOP QUALITY FAST
Lei Tour Amiga sing out In
...Without stealing the voice Irom your monitor.
There's nothing quite like the Amiga's stunning digital sound in brilliant stereo But there are limes when the speaker on the monitor will do just line. The problem is only one set of audio outpul jacks is provided and cable swapping can be a nuisance
(Amiga 1000 only)
Welcome CORETECH P.O
NEW LOW PRICE!!
ANY IFF FILE PROCESSED DIRECTLY FROM YOUR DISK!
2k resolution 35mm slides $ 6.75 each and as low as $ 2.75 each. Also digital color separations. Now accepting Visa MC, minimum order $ 25.00.
Call or write lor our full service list:
ImageSet 555 19th St., San Francisco, CA 94107
You don’t want to be without it!!!!! It’s here now the Phone Directory of the future! Don’t lose or misplace phone numbers and or addresses of friends, business associates or that special “someone” you met at the mall. Just put them in your Computer Black Book, then when you want to call, scroll lo Ihe name, select RING, hold phone to computer speaker and your Amiga will dial for you (touch tone). Can afso print mailing labels, personal phone directories etc. Use at home or the office as a roldex; for kids as well as adults, practical or fun uses
THE COMPUTER BLACKBOOK ONLY $ 35.95 Save $ $ $ $ ! Avoid leftovers! Convert recipes to actual serving needs RECIPE-FAX $ 49.95 Eat to live! Calculate nutritional values of your favorite recipes. NUTRI-FAX $ 139.95 To order or for more information:
Meggido Enterprises, Box 3020-191-A02, Riverside, CA 92519 • (714) 683-5666
Over 75 disks of only the best of the Public Domain and Shareware. Tested and sorted into the following categories: Animation, Applications, Games, Graphics, Information, Music, Programming, Sound, Telecommunications, and Utilities.
For a free list, send a business size SASE to:
Micro Computer Associates, Amiga Software,
P. O. Box 5533, Katy, TX 77491-5533.
The Pull-Down Menu
AMIGAWORLD’S New Pull-Down menu is a great opportunity for those with AMIGA products to reach over 70,000 Amiga owners. AmigaWorld is the only publication with a subscription card in the box with every Amiga computer, national newsstand distribution by ICD Hearst, and single copy sales in computer stores carrying the AMIGA as well as large bookstores such as B. Dalton and Walden Books.
To reserve your Pull-Down Menu ad call Heather Paquette on the East Coast at 1-800-441-4403 or Danna Carney on the West Coast at 1-415-328-3471. We accept checks, money orders, MasterCard or VISA.
WE SHIP AROUND THE WORLD
Known internationally for exceptional service. Knowledgeable, multi-lingua! Staff
U. S. overseas personnel!
We specialize in APO & FPO shipping’ Ask for our Overseas Military Special Pricing!
The AMIGA Specialists
AMIGA Software AMIGA Peripherals AMIGA Computers
Fast delivery, charged when shipped COD, VISA, MC. M O. Certified check
3825 Woodland Park Ave. N., Seattle, WA 98103 2Q6-547-OMNI 206-547-6664 Fax 206-547-6012
AMIGA USER’S GROUP of SJ
Join the largest user's group dedicated to the AMIGA. Receive our official newsletter.
Evaluations on software and hardware, advanced updatings, technical information,
problem-solving, program exchange (over 50 disks in
our PD library), Buying discount service, etc.
Send $ 18.00 US for Membership to:
Box 3761- Attn: Jay Forman-AW1
Cherry Hill, NJ 08034
(609) 667-2526 Add $ 1.00
AmigaWorld is a publication of IDG Communications, the world's largest publisher of computer- related information. IDG Communications publishes over 90 computer publications in 33 countries. Fourteen million people read one or more IDG Communications publications each month. IDG Communications publications contribute to the IDG News Service offering the latest on domestic and international computer news. IDG Communications publications include: ARGENTINA’S Computerworld Argentina; ASIA'S Communications World, Computerworld Hong Kong, Computerworld Malaysia, Computerworld Singapore, Computenvorld Southeast Asia, PC Review; AUSTRALIA’S Computerworld Australia, Communications World, Australian PC World, Australian Macworld; AUSTRIA'S Computerwelt Oester- reich; BRAZIL’S DataNews, PC Mundo, Micro Munder, CANADA'S Computer Data; CHILE’S Informatica, Computation Personal', DENMARK’S Computerworld Danmark, PC World Danmark: FINLAND’S Mikro, Tie- toviikko: FRANCE'S Le Monde Informalique, Dislrib* utique, InfoPC, Telecoms International; GREECE'S Micro and Computer Age; HUNGARY’S Computenvorld SZT, PC Mikrovitage; INDIA'S Dataquest; ISRAEL’S People Cf Computers Weekly, People & Computers Bi- Weekly; ITALY’S Computenvorld Italia; JAPAN’S Computerworld Japan; MEXICO’S Computerworld Mexico; THE NETHERLANDS' Computerworld Netherlands, PC World Benelux; NEW ZEALAND’S Computenvorld New Zealand; NORWAY’S Computenvorld Norge, PC World Norge; PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA’S China Computerworld, China Computenvorld Monthly; SAUDI ARABIA’S Arabian Computer News; SOUTH KOREA'S Computenvorld Korea, PC World Korea; SPAIN’S CIMWORLD, Computerworld Espana, Commodore World, PC World Espana, Comunicaciones World, Informatica Industrial; SWEDEN'S Computer Sweden. Mik- rodatorn, Svenska PC World; SWITZERLAND’S Computeruforld Schweiz; UNITED KINGDOM’S Computer News, DEC Today, ICL Today, LOTUS, PC Business World; UNITED STATES’ AmigaWorld, CD-ROM Review, CIO, Computer Currents, Computerworld, Computers in Science, Digital News, Federal Computer Week, SO Micro, FOCUS Publications, inCider, InfoWorld, Macintosh Today, MacWorld, Computer + Software News, (Micro MarketworldH ebhar-Friedman), Network World, PC World, Portable Computer Review, Publish!, PC Resource, RUN, Windows: VENEZUELA’S Computerworld Venezuela; WEST GERMANY’S Computerwoche, Information Management, PC W’elt, Run, PC Woche, RUN.
Manuscripts: Contributions in the form of manuscripts with drawings and or photographs are welcome and will he considered for possible publication. AmigaWorld assumes no responsibility for loss or damage to any material. Please enclose a self-addressed, stamped envelope with each submission. Payment for the use of any unsolicited material will be made upon publication. All contributions and editorial correspondence (typed and double-spaced, please) should lie directed to Amiga World Editorial Offices. 80 Elm Street, Peterborough. NH 03458; telephone: 603-924-9471. Advertising Inquiries should be directed to Advertising Offices. IDG Communications Peterborough, Inc.. 80 Elm Street. Peterborough, NH 03458; telephone: 800-441-4403. Subscription problems or address changes: Call I-800-227-5782 or write to Amiga World, Subscription Department, PO Box 868, Farmingdale, NY 11737. Problems with advertisers: Send a description of the problem and your current address to: AmigaWorld, 80 Elm Street, Peterborough, NH 03458, ATTN.: Lisa LaFleur, Customer Service Representative, or call 1-800-441-4403.
List of Advertisers
Progressive Peripherals. 57
ASDG, Inc., 46
RSI Systems, 71
Abacus Software, 53
ReadySoft, Inc., 19
Aegis Development, 7
Right Answers Group, The, 88
S&S Wholesalers, 79
AmigaWorld Subscription Ad, 87
Pull Down Menu, 94, 95
Software Digest, 58
Aquatic Productivity Group, 76
Software Shop, 81
Brown-Wagh Publishing, 45
Sprite Technology, 65
Brown-Wagh Publishing, 47
Cinemaware Corporation, 13
Top Down Development, 2
Compu Pu??les, 15
Unicorn Software, 89
Computer Mail Order, 69
Creative Computers, 77
Digital Creations, 51
Digital Solutions, Clll
* This advertiser prefers to be
This index is provided as an additional service. The publisher does not assume liability for errors or omissions.
Discovery Software, 90 70 Escape Sequence Inc., 4 181 Expansion Technologies. 73 91 Free Spirit, 88
26 GO AMIGA, 40, 41
150 Gold Disk, Inc., 5
4 Infinity Software, 31
188 Jumpdisk, 71
23 Lattice, 9
31 Manx, Inc., 59
16 Metacomco, 89
103 MicroBotics. 66
44 Microcomputer Services, 84, 85 138 Microlllusions, Cll
37 Microlllusions, Clll
214 Micro Pace Distributing, 91
27 MicroSearch, 83
45 Micron Technology, 32
52 Mimetics, 70
102 Newtek, 1
33 Oxxi, Inc., 14
75 Oxxi, Inc., 21
68 PVS Publishing, 74
107 Pacific Peripherals, 83 169 Pioneer Computing, 91
TO RECEIVE MORE INFORMATION
the numbers on the card that correspond to the reader service numbers on the advertisements that interest you.
a one year subscription to AmigaWorld by circling 500 on the card.
your subscription in 10 to 12 weeks.
Out the perforated card. Please print or type your name and address where indicated.
to put the proper postage on the card.
the card with your check, money order or U.S. currency to: AmigaWorld Reader Service Dept.
P. O. Box 363 Dalton, MA 01227 Or, you may request billing.
March 1988 card valid until April 30, 1988.
Name Title _
City State Zip Telephone_
READER SERVICE READER SERVICE
Mo*. WouU you rale Tvs C 1 GREAT!
C 2 Voi> Good C 3 PteTy Good C * Good
? 11 DgMI Canvas D 12 ArtcHa C T3 Coveri
F Whcfi d the **ow.ng cyttx jnra do you pi*n to pui.va» sofrwate hOm n me ne*T 12 months’
C i Ewtatrrei word Processing Communc®ons Soraacknaets Motnc ProOuCtrvPy Progremrrwg Sdiwae Oevekjpmerr YdKVGrachc* Croat on
~ 14 Reader Service Card C 15 "Whai s Nan
? 10. C n C 12 ? 13 G 14 C 15 C 16
Hardware Oevdopmert SoundSpeedi Devdopmen: CADCAM
C 2 C 3 C 4
Have you ever purchased a produC alter receiving no ntamaion you v* recxjoacd *rorr at A-r jiWoKJ reader serves card1 ? 1 Ye* C 2 No
m Where oo you buy yoa computer products1 (ftoaaa pc* ona)
C 4 Drscourt'TJeparVneni Store Z 5 fthe_
C 1 Computer Dearer EJ to Order O 3 Manufacturer
I Oo you own an Arr«ga7 C 1 Vbs
J Where ds you utt your Amgi’ C 1 Homo C2 Wort.
G 3 Schod
C 4 A! Home ta bllf»
K I* avs yOur cOOy d Atu Workf? C 1 Yes
Z 2 Wo
C 6 Bcdi at home and mtrV r 6 Beth at home and schod C 7 t Osn! Use an A-nga
L it yOu are not a ajfaacifeet crease cn3e 499
M I* you »rouk} s*e a one yeat sUscrdon to Angs'Worid (12 Iseuosi, pwase C«(3e 50C on Sts card Each suoaenpton * S24 97 (Canada $ 47 97 CaruKten Funds. Menco S29 97 Faegn 5uf1a.ee S44 97 VJ S 'ur.li drmvn pi U S Bank AJ rolin are one yoa- only) Please Am ’O-1 r weeks la t)A tty
L t Tutorials
C 7 Has doouvm (hrtsrtpaj
G 8 Acvedrsomenu C 9 Renews G 10 Notepad
C 11 Dgeal Canvas ? 12 Andes ("13 Covers
14 RntOrr 5awe Card 16 Wh»| t New
F Whcfi pf the icaowng cjtosjo-a t» you dan to purchase sdrwaro ftom n ttre rec i2 norths’
C l Ertetwmert G 9
G 2 Wbrd Process.ng C 10
C 3 Corvnuncaons C 11
? Saeadsnees C 12
C 5 Home Product v y G 13
C 6 Prcgrammeg C 14
G 7 Software Ovdopmert C 15
r B VdeoGrafTcs Creator G 16
Daanase Ma' gement
F rwioal Maniagemert
Hardware OevWomert SoundiSoeecri Devdopment CAGCAM
Gen Lock or Frame Graooa Muse (M * Kpytjoard, etc ) Ojv
Have you ever (acrtased a product afir- recerorg Tie dormlcn you Vf rerjunsed Tom an AyrugyWaM reader servce carCf5 C t Yes C 2 Iro
H Where 03 you txiy your computer products7 (Please pc* ore)
G 4 Chscourt.’CiecarVnert Store C 5 Other_
C I Computer Deafcsr Z 2 Mar Order G 3 Marv 'acturar
I Do you own an Amga’
C 1 Yds
J Where do you use your Amg*7 C I Home C 2 Wa*
C 3 School
G 4 A home tor Ujukto
K »s this yoa copy d A-r.gaWortd7 ? I Yes
C 2 No
C 5 Bod a! Tiome and «r) G 6 Both a! Tome and schocr D 7 I don't use an Arngj
L W you are rot a subscroer ptease c-rde 499
M 1 you woutd k*c a one year subsapon so AmgaWortd (12 Issues) dease crde 500 on the card Each sutncracn n 124 97 (Canada. 547 97 Canadar FoxJs. Ma-co. 529 97 faegn Solace. 544 97- U S Fundi drawn d U S Bar* A» rates are one yuar ody) Please
ah» '0-12 wyw*] la dr*very
B What w* oe you ne«T maid ObflpTWH purchase1 C ! Mor4a C 8 S-decaf
C 2 Pnrtar C 7 GLOCK a frame G'aU.tr
C 3 Moaerr C 8 Muse (MO. Keyboard, etc)
C. * War-cry E*p«r»on C 9 Other
C 5 D.s* Drve (hard or fopovl
C Owe* a* d Tie tendings that boa cwuws ns sertence Moa d A-ngaWortd *
C * Jua R-sPt C 6 u*ae»
C 2 1oo &mp*e C 7 WWHtAg
C 3 loo Corrdei C 8 8*aed
C A Ftjf C 9 vaiuio-e
D What -u>pcs w x4d you k*e to see covered n *j&jre saues d Amga- WorVr (Please pc* Trnje )
How ahws use !he Arxga
Buyer s Godcs
Scace and Ergneermg
D Ahai topes *oja you fee :c s« covered w ‘urae issues d Amiga WontP (P«saae pc* nrw)
How arers use T»e A-nga
Buyer s Guoea
Sc«snce and Ervrtwrng
E What are yoa tavate hmgs about ArgaWfond1 (Please pc* M ma ap(*y)
C 1 Zrt'jerf (Edta s Page) C 6 Taaats
C 2 Repafee (Letters) C 7 Hors d oeuvrm (hntslips)
C 3 interr ws C 8 Adredisomcna
? 4 M*tc Key (Quest onsi ? 9
? 5 F«ijres CIO Notepad
E What are your tjvode Ihngs about AT-gaWaVJ? (Please pe* ut fia 8pd>)
C 1 Zeetgos (EcXcr s Page)
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C Check a* d Te eolngs tub fvrl cort*cte 9m serrence M«y d A-rvgaWod! «
G 1 Jus Pgr: G 6 useless
C 2 Too Smple ? 7 irvrvearg
G 3 Too Ccrr-oer C 8 Biased
C 4 Fkjf ? 9 vaiuaCte
G 5 usesj
C 1 Mori or ? 5
Z 2 Prrrer O 7
C 3 Mooerr G 3
C 4 Memory E*panson C 9
C 5 Os» D-rve (hard or ocx>»)
o' AmgaWprCP (pc* one* C 5 f* ce Pcx.
C 7 Yor, Pea C 8 Terrene
Name Title _
A How wtxrd you r*e ffvs ssue d Arr WoYJ7 (pc* onei C i GREAT' E5 tk.
C 2 'dry Good C 6 Poor
C 3 Pror, Good C 7 Very Poa
C 4 Good C 3 -errtse
B Wtut w* &e yoa ned mapr [XV error a purchase1
City State Zip Telephone_
March 1988 card valid until April 30, 1988.
TO RECEIVE MORE INFORMATION
your subscription in 10 to 12 weeks.
a one year subscription to AmigaWorld by circling 500 on the card.
the card with your check, money order or U.S. currency to: AmigaWorld Reader Service Deot.
P. O. Box 363 Dalton, MA 01227 Or. You may request billing.
Out the perforated card. Piease pnnt or type your name and address where indicated.
to put the proper postage on the card.
the numbers on the card that correspond to the reader service numbers on the advertisements that interest you.
ATTN: Reader Service Dept.
P. O. Box 363 Dalton, MA 01227
ATTN: Reader Service Dept.
P. O. Box 363 Dalton, MA 01227
I want to save _
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It’s the lowest subscription offer you’ll ever find for AmigaWorld.. .the new computer magazine for users of the newest Commodore computer.
• AmigaWorld... the only Amiga-specific magazine on the market. It’s as fresh and dazzling as the computer itself!
• AmigaWorld.., where expert authors will lead you through the exciting and revolutionary features of die Amiga!
• AmigaWorld.. . Helping you discover and utilize a whole new world of computer graphics and sounds!
• Amiga World.. .because creative computing was never so exciting and
I want to save _
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Please make check payable to AmigaWorld. Canada $ 47.97 (Canadian Funds). Mexico $ 29.97, Foreign Surface $ 44.97 (US Funds drawn on US Bank). All rates arc I year only. Foreign Airmail please inquire. Please allow 6-8 weeks for delivery.
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It’s die lowest subscription offer you’ll ever find for Amiga World... the new computer magazine for users of the newest Commodore computer.
• AmigaWorld,. . The only Amiga-specific magazine on the market. Ii's as fresh and dazzling as the computer itself
• AmigaWorld,. .where expert authors will lead you through the exciting and revolutionary features of the Amiga!
• AmigaWorld. . . Helping you discover and utilize a whole new world of computer graphics and sounds!
• AmigaWorld., .because creative computing was never so exciting and
First Oass Permit No 73 Peterborough NH 03456
POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY ADDRESSEE
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I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I « I I I I I I M I I I I I I I • I I I 1 I I 1 I I 1 I I I I 11 I I I
Professional Word Processor for the Commodore Amiga™
• On-screen text formatting and wordwrap What you see is what you get*
• Easy-to-remember commands with choice of user interface function keys, mouse and menus, or keyboard
• Multiple windows may be opened on a document to view different aieas of the document simultaneously
• All the standard formathng features, including on-screen justification, centering line spacing, indentation, margins and page breaks
• “Suspend" feature to pul away projects and windows and !a:e:
Resume" projects and windows to the pre-susoended state
Requires 512K and Kickstart 1.2
• Edit documents while printing
Powerful software that's easy to use
2-30 Wertheim Court Richmond Hill, Ontario Canada L4B1B9
Cirde 46 on Reader Service card
&*$ >* Sjjsss?1* ,ure "
Gallery I ..... $ 25
t Gallery II .... $ 25
ushworks ..... $ 25
stfont .. $ 30
psrde .. $ 44
nlset I ...... $ 25
zmo2 Enhance . $ 40
abbii ... $ 24
iK Bulletin Bold Font ...... $ 25
vicksiart $ 159
crolawyer ..... $ 42
nt Master Plus $ 37
e Surgeon .. $ 35
' Text . $ 70
ma Fonts I .. $ 25
ma Fonts II ...... $ 25
ma Fonts III $ 25
quismon ...... $ 199
drofiche Filer . $ 39
gamze' . $ 65
Uwood File li SG .. $ 79
perbase $ 99
porbase Professional Call